y O J j, 26 D@ kw y j 2005

Dpb pi n Mm$dz pi Dn Dmb cnCll. kClbn SKob mJ&mcv JOv kum, l JU kJU `cu Jlb Dmb DmJb,` Dmb cnCvn YiCj vn. lb mcL&v kjCm Dk[JjǮ DOj J uil. p JOvb Dk[Jjv mcL&v kjl Cj vn l JOv Dp mnpmnp mJkjub pl vn. mcv cCmb pJvcv GbJub Dn k? Dmum kl? hbJ|<k pvbcU oM D|Lk Jkm Pu Dn k? ukmbK kl cCl J{l Dn? EkJ vn? vJv pvbl ybOuu OjCb kl hC l# MlǮ Ghil Dn? Dp cniF& voxMbk yjyj k{u pl EkJ vn? JijmjK Mvb Gjb J Dmum lmbybOǮ Dk[Jj iU kjJ uil. vblj l箳 DOjv kn nMy kv ci Mvb Gjb ol ll. Dhu Dpypu Dmuu DC DhC hnuu EkJ Skuu iRJv kJU DM kj Mvb Gjb ol Cj vnl J ouǮ lj l yjyj DmC Mkwl kc Dn. vov n hl Mm$dz lj vn. Dpku SKo DnJu EkJ mbMOvb hmlk DhC hnub lj hvhv DhCm kn v kn kj Dk[Jj m Dk[b mJhl, lkwlb mJhl EkJ DuK箳 hlv ouu hnJm mh[l. Dk[JjJv kn v<k<& k{l ll. n Dk[Jj DC lJv k{uu v<k<& v mcpJm nJ. Dmum mbKMm$ DYm kjCb DlJMk Dn.
pmpM pcl Sk$l nl iu lmlM mbKMm$ DJMkl Ym uiu. Dhu jplu pvM, OvM, hMM FloRyu cnl Sk$l kjCb DJMk Pub. hJa kUl mbKkdz cnl iU kjCb kc jp-cnjp k#v kj. Dhuu mJJmLl jp kjYj kjl J n lb GM nl. ku箳 DL&Mm$ln mbKkǮ GuuK DC Ghi D{Ul. pim hjc[dm ybOlv mbKkǮ Jhj kjCl Du. bihl c̳& n jCbiCl, jpkjYjl mbKkǮ Jhj kj. Dio v kUhmv mbKk n cvJ pJvb DJMk Dbi cvub plb. hjbl Mm$ ijp hnl mbKkǮ Jhj Mm$ kjCl Du. Dio v kUhmv 1921 . p@p& Dy bv ivnij DUKv k{Cm mbKkǮ Jhj ku. 1961 mu k@hv p@v @v bv pvc-c=loj DUKCm mbKkMm$ Ghi ku. h{ mbKkMm$l Jj- Jvc m nTv iCl箳 p[v n Mm$ il nl iub.
mbKMm$u mJl: DM Y< (Statistical language) DC hjY< (Terminology) Dn. mbKMm$ Ghi kJU DL&Mm$ (economics) EkJ Mlkdz (Agriculture) JijmjK J<bl nl Dmb vn. Dpku Mm$ Ghi M#CMm$ln ku pl. kCln Mm$ mcvl: ov Yi Dmll. MMm$ (pure Science) DC Ghpl Mm$ (Applied Science) mbKMm$ n m Sk kjb Mm$ Dmv l M mbKMm$ DC Ghpl mbKMm$ Dm ov Yi Dnl.
SKob JOv kjChJa Lc llmbybO cnl. h# (Data) iU ku pl. l cnlǮ i hlv svv kjJ uil. vblj mbKMm$lu mOvb (Tools) colv m$ (formulas) Jhv lJj i l Ƭ ku iu hnp. ci i hlv v<k<& k{v mJ&mcv (General) JOv kjl lb. n JOv kjCm vjvjU Mvb mck Jj kjCm DJMk mOvb lj kjCb n M Mm$b kc Dn. n mOvb yvJCN Mm$%bv M mbKMm$% EkJ mbKkdz Dmb cnCll. mbKMm$b Sk omj kj Dn. l Mm$% mJl: n mOvb yvJl vnl. hjbl lJj kuu mOv JhjCj kMu kjij n omj kj Dn. m$b Ghi kv Dk[c[ kjCb DC lJv i l v<k<& k{Cb n lbb kc Dn.
mbKMm$b mJlǮb mJh cnCp H Dk[Jj iU kjChjlb nlb. hjbl iu 150 J<l Mm$ J{ Pu Dn. Dpku M#Ck mnl Jlv kkC l, DuK Jij i D{Ull. lm DvybObk (Correlation Co-efficient), cObk (Medium), cC Juv (Standard deviation), mbYJl (Probability), Mlcbk (Percentile Rank). Flo Jvl ll. iu 20-25 J<l M#Ck mnll J<you Puu Dn. vjvjU M#Ck Mvb Dp DYm ku pl Dn. lmbybOǮ cnl c, kwu mJh Dml. SK iR Dvk kjCb Dmll. l Dvk Ik (factors) Dmll. lblu lk Ikb J kl n v jJub hnp. DOvk M#Ck Mv DC ijp mbKMm$箳 DYmcm J= kjll. SK JL& JiCk, mcp cnl, ov Ikb, JR luv, JLyjyj luv, DvJbMkl (Heridity) DC mYJlu箳 hjmLlǮ (Enviornment) JL祮 Mjjk J cvmk J{Jj nCj hjCc, l cimuhC, Dji J D|Lk hjmLl Flo Dvk J<, M#CMm$l ll k p kC DhCm mbKMm$ col IJ uil.
Yjllu mJ&l pv DC l hJuu Yjldz mbKk mbmLcH&l Dvk Gh DYmc uJu pll. DYmc o KuucC :-
1) mbKMm$lu hoJ (y.Smm. m@. n@vm&). M#Ck Dn&l- 12 J (iCl J Fbp). DYmc kuJO- 3 J<x. vJ[ Puu GcoJjbv ojcn 500 l 1000 h JJlv oub plb.
2) mbKkMm$lu hoJj hoJ. (Sc. m@). M#Ck Dn&l- mbKMm$ EkJ iCllu hoJj hoJ. DYmc kuJO- 2 J<x. M<J= ojcn 800 l 1500 h.
3) cmm& D@H mvm Fv kwJ@Jn Fk@v@ckwm (mbKkdz DL&Mm$). M#Ck Dn&l- DL&Mm$, mbKkMm$, iCl EkJ YlkMm$ EkJ DYb$klu hoJ M<J= ojcn 800 l 1500 h.
4) mbiCk Mm$lu hoJj hoJ. M#Ck Dn&l- iCl mbKkMm$, YlkMm$, Fukw^@vkwm, mbiCkMm$, JJm JJmLhv J<bcOu hoJj EkJ DYb$kcOu hoJ. GcoJjbv hoJmljb DL&Mm$ EkJ mbKMm$b %v DJMk. M<J= ojcn 1800 h.
5) iCJ, Jmn&l Ƭ mbMOvlu hoJj hoJ (kwJu juD@yu D@C[ D@hjMv jm&). M#Ck Dn&l- mbKkMm$lu hoJj hoJ. kuJO- ov J<x. M<J= ojcn 1800 hbh# DOk
6) mbKMm$%bv iCl, ukmbKMm$, DL&Mm$, mbiCkMm$, YiY&Mm$, k=<Mm$, YlkMm$, Ghpl iCl (DhuF&[ c@Lc@kwm), pJ jmvMm$ J<bcO mbMOv kjC mbO DC lm M<J= oCl l.
[v D@H m[p, Fb[v m@mku Fvm kukl ukmbKMm$- ukmbKMm$ DYm kjCm kn J<hJa cbyF& FL Fbjv@Mvu Fvm D@H h@huMv mvm mLhv kjCl Du. mbmLu Jh op& hl Pu Dn. mbmLcH&l ukmbK DYm J<lu hoJj hoJǮ DYmc uJu pl. kuJO- Sk J<&. M#Ck Dn&l mcpMm$, iCl, mbKk J<lu hoJj hoJ Dmv ukmbK DYmclu mbMOv mbO n mbmL GhuyO kv ol. mbMOv kuJO 3 J<x Dn.
h :- Fbjv@Mvu Fvm D@H h@huMv mvm, iJb[, mMv j[, oJvj, cbyF&- 400008.
< align="left">kCln J<Jj kM kC箳 GMv iU kuu Dk[b mbnC, lmb Jiak=l mJhv J kjCb k& mbKk kjl. JJO kj pvbkjl Essential for planning uil. Mmvu Gh (helpful to administration) Dmuv lu jpkjYj [U (Eyes of administration) cnCll. lmb l kocb[U mYmo, jpkjC uk, mcpmJk bvn uil. JCp Jhjun l Ghl Dn. k=<mbybOǮ J Dv DvmbOv箳 vn l cnJ Dn. . ku& hDjmv bv mbKkdz hlR pJMm$loKu Ghi ku. DC m kub k, Jkm箳 DC pvchjbhj mbl n mbKkdz DOjJj DOjuu Dn. mbKkdz Mm$ JmlJk G YlkMm$ Higher physics) Sk cK MK Dn.
mbKkdz hl n iClMm$Ǯ Sk MK Dn. mcbljcO (aarithmetical averages), iCk (co-efficient) DC EyojKdz oioM&v (Graphical represantation Mm$b mbKk mc mb#hv J kjCu J Dhml luv kjCk[ Ghi nl. l Mm$箳 GhiMJ mcǮb kn cu vn. cObk p[l vc (Law of inertia of large numbers) EkJ mbKkdz vcll vc (Law of statistical regularly) b DOjJj mbKkdz mbl DOjuu Dmll. l iClMm$箳 mbYJl mbl箳 Mathematical theory of probability) Dv m nll. mbKk Mkuubv cmck (Labour Statistics), Dik c mbck (Industrial Labour statisticion), k=< c mbck Agri. Labour Stats), k c mbck (Contract Labour Stats), cu mbck (Price Statistics), Jml mbck (Commodity Statistics), Jhj mbck (Trade Statistics), JoM Jhj mbck Foriegn Trade stats), oM Jhj mbck (Indian Trad stastics), J mck (Financial statistics),, j^dz D mcbk (National Income statistics) mjK kC ijp uil. J%v MK JLv mbKk #$l biu YJ< Dn. lJ< DOk cnl olv hju cnJu箳 iCl- mbKMm$ J<箳 Ohk jnC iJukj mbill, ``y.Smm.u pbb m@m Dmlb lb Ghi lbv D<Yj nl. JJO kj mhO& hj# Dmll. lb iCl hhj m[JCb cubv mhb plb. D@kwjp mvm Dn. ln l Ghi Dnl. D@kwjp mvm hnu lv l j hhj cubv mh pll. y.Smm. m@mvblj Sc. Smm. m@m kjl lb. Hc&mku kbhvbv, y kcku kbhvbv m@mMv ijp uil. nuuǮ D DC kchj mvmcO mcuMv n vJv kj Du Dn. ll m@mMv ijp uil. mm (SAS), m@mk (Statistica) h@kpmn m@mMv ijp uil. MSC m@mJubv D.D.. m@m kjl lb. y.Smm.u. m@m, Fk k@cyvMv Dmlb lj mJ&l biu.``
hoj cnJul y.k@c. MJ쮳 J<&u DmCj mcjpl Dpl mJbl mO ojM#C箳 cOclv nyo DmDmD Jhlv @[& HvvMu D@vum (CFA) hj# lj kjl Dn. DYmcl nCN m@kwm箳 GhiJ< mcjpl mbil, ``y.k@c.u iClyjyjv m@kwm n mJlb$ J< Dn. onJ yjJhl DmCj m@kwm n ymk uJnu Dml. hC Kj m@kwm 13 J vblj mJl nl. ynlk cu iClcC mkEji mypkw cnCv n J< Ill, vblj Hmll. kjC l u@pku, jPEvin @yuc mcpv IC lko nJ l kc h[l. iCl vn Dmb vn. iCl l Dn hC DioǮ L[b. m.SH.S.cO kbhvu SKob [kw DCb Dml, ckxcO l hPMv kJ Dml m k mOjC kju nJl n m@kwm箳 DOjv kjl l. lk HvvMu D@vumu m@ hjhj Jhj kjJ uil.`` mcjplcC jv cnln m@kwm J|Lv. l cbyF& Jhlv Sc.S. kjl Dn. l mbil, ``m@kwm Ho D@kwj mvmcO c cCl kjl l. pml kv FvJnmj m@kwm uil. lvmj lb iblJCkǮb iCl jlb. iblJCk kM kjJ, kJn kjJ n jlb.
iCl DC mbKMm$l mbMOvm Kh J< Dnl. MK DYmMJ ku Mm$dz J<bv il kjl l vn. m@mku Fk@u@p nm Sk mbMOv J< Dn. Fb[v m@mku Fvm, Fb[v D@kuj m@mku jm& Fvm vJ ouu Jlj Yjllu Dvk Jhbl Mm$箳 mbMOv箳 mmJO Dnl. hC Jhlu iCl mbKMm$ JYi Flj Jhb luvvb yj c Dn. cnJ}cOvn m@mk} J< ƵkJ} pl. y.S. (DL&m$) ITv y.S. kjCN JLv m@dm Dmlb. ƵJ y. k@c.}n Dn.
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