jJJj , 20 vJnWyj 2005

25 vJnWyj n JbljJ JnC b mc=lov. lb mJdz mƮJ J vkJlav lb Jiȳ h}Jj k}} k-
jc Ov
Jj#cl DC l Myol hblj kjC n cvJm cUuu mJ&l c M Dn. mnlk DC jpkjC bm lj MǮ Ghi kjC Dhjn& Dn. cnCv jpkjC n mnlkb ybO Dmll, Dm cnu pl. oIbn cOc Myo Dn.
MJbljJ JnC b mbj#Ccb$hoJju kUJ< cP `JoUcL` bL pJn m Pu lJn vJol h{lu yN JRv cu Jju k, MJbljJ pJn cbyF& m[v ouuu iu lJn `ncu箳 mbj#Cm m pl Dn`, Dm JC&v ku nl, l Myo hnubo kC cnu nl. lGj cnCv DhCm k Jl, Dm c pJn Jjl Dm lJn l ynlk cnCl k, l Myo D& uno kMJ D$ bv cj ovkl EkJ i. $b c[Kukjbv lC Yjll Jhju Dmu hnpl. kjC l Myobl p Ghc nl l Sk mnlk oT Mku. Kj cnCp l Myo MJbljJ JnC b nl J lbv l Myo 1 c 1960 jp cnj^ jp箳 mLhvmbi Gju nl. cnj^ jp箳 v|clǮ mnUl hblOv hb[l vn bv GMv l cnCu-
``cnj^ n p jp vc&C Pu Dn l cj pvl kuC kc lj kju, hC cj Y<kb pJU p oCmjK Dn, lb pJvcO p biu Dn, p Go Dn, l pj hJ&k Ghi kjJ Dmu lj l Dcn Yjlm Lc k. kjC Dc hnuhmv Jm Dn k, Yjl jnu lj cnj^ jnu. Yjl c Pu lj cnj^ c nF&u DC pj kO Yjl箳 ncuJj mbk Du lj cnj^ m Dhu kU Hj sl ncu箳 j#Ckjl GY kju.``
l Myo pm mnlk Godij nl, lm Sk Muhkjn nl. h{ kn cnvbv pJn lbv ouuu p Dcb$C Du lJn 19 vJnWyju cbyF& kW箳 DkMJCJv cnj^箳 pvl vjh Ilv l cnCu.
``c oM箳 mJm pl Dmlv cPyjyj mǮ vO[hC, k=<C-vc&o mKul, Jvibi JMul, kWkC kUhC DC hC YJkl ITv pl Dn. p kUkUv J lUcUv c Dhu mJ ku lJ{ kUkUv c oM mJ kjv, Dm Dmv c Dhuu ol.`` Jju Y<Cl lbv ouu Ghc Sk mnlku MYlu DM Dnl.
Myo Ghi Y<Cm lm uKvm ku pl. jpkjC cnCv MJbljJbv lC Jhmv l MJhl Dvk Y<C ku. cnj^lu JmhJj lbv cKl: cjlv Y<C ku. ukmY J jpmY JmhJj lbv cKv Fbp Y< Ghi ku. ovnn Y<l l hjbil nl J lb Sk JM Y<CMu nl. Myo Gj l nUJjhC kjl DC Jj DC Myo b mbi[ Iulv lk Myo luvcuv Jhjl. Dvk jpkjCbcC lbv G mJjl Myo Jhju cP DJCl vn. Dhu Jj DC c cb[lv l DJpSJp nJYJ DC JUmbi mclnm kjl. lm Dhu [Ub Jhj kv Y<C SkCN mcoM Sk DM lm J̮jk mbJo mOl. pbv kC MJbljJb Y<C Sku Dmlu lbv l mJ& mnphC DJl Dmu.
Myo Ghi km J kJn kjJ J< lb Myol mbi lj `Myo箳 mcL&Jj J mQoJj cP vlbl Jm Dn. vJv|clǮ mp&vMu k& Myo kjll, lm mcpM OUu cUJC mbnjk mcL&n Myol Dn.`
MJbljJ mnm ubyuk Y<C kjl vml. cmo Y<C Dhumcj ymuu pvmcou hnv l kjl DC Dhu Jj cb[C Y<Cu Gl kjl. kwJƮl uK DLJ kioJj c unv l ukbmcj Y<C kjl Dml. hC nn Kj k, kCln Y<Cu pCDioj l Dhu cvl lm Dhu vykcO k J km yu J< vWo kjl Dml.
Y<C km, kl uby kjJ J<Ǯ GuuK MJbljJbv `Y< cnCp mbJo`, DlcJMu<Clck uKl ku nl. lb Myol cnCJ Pu lj : `Dp箳 kUl cP nCj JiJiU Y<C b lv-j kj kjJ uilu. jpkdz J<Jj h#m kuu Y<C, mnlJ<k mYblv kuu Y<C J ukmYcO kuu Y<C DM kj Y<Cb JiJiU i nlu. l lk GM JiU Dml J l箳m mJkju pCN Muln Hjk Dml. Dl Mul Hjk Dn, Dm pj c cnCl Dmu lj JiJiU Mul Y<C kjCj c Sk cCm DmucU cPcOu Mu mJ& kC Dml; hjbl J< cb[C箳 hll Hjk Dml.`
MJbljJb Y<Cl lbv JJO JjbJj kuu Jv DC lJj kuu Elv n mnphC lbv pCJl Dm. lb Y<Cl J< cb[C, vc& Jvo DC ukM#C n cnJ Dbi Dml. mcvl: l DO& lmnv pml yul vml.
kuhv, Jj DC Myo n cvJ plm Sk pyjoml M Dn, DC l Ghi km kjJ n MJbljJbv Dlcml ku nl, Dm cnCJ uiu. lb JcJ kllj hu nl DC lb Dvbv DC nlbv l JC&v Dhhu DvYJJv ku Dn. GonjCL& : Lj oMY, jmk cv, OjbOj clm, JjJbl, iCn, mpvcla, JJnj- jpkjC, ouoj c$ J ukb cl ijHuu vl, mcL&, mcpJo, ukMnv, ukMnǮ hjmklx, Lj j$mbhV mcpmJk, DY穮mbhV kujmk, mmbmk=l, iCn jpkjC- mb#h Jk, DpmJ J, JjJbl, mc= cnj^ Muhkj, mǮ lYmbhV Ych$, cj cv j Jij Jij. cu pj ov Myobl JC&v kjCm mbilu lj c lb JC&v `Myo Muhkj` Dm kjv. p cCm pvc oJj^ DM unv iJl Pu J Mu M#C kj[ L Pu, lu DM Myojv, Myo Ghi kjC #cl kM cUJ n Sk i{ Dn. koƮl k=<C hC l iC DmJ. kjC kj[cO klk mnlkb pvc EkJ yuhC i} Dmu mbybO Dn. Y<Jj YlJ klk jpkjC JRv Dml DC Dhu Y<Cv ukbv cb$ciO DC Dk|<l kjC Mn lbv Dml. cnj^箳 jpkjCl} Dp Sk GonjC J Pu lj cnj^ cKcb$ JumjJ oMcK b voxM kjJ uiu; hjbl Y<Cl ukjbpv ]kjC DC ukbv Dhu clk[ D{C SJ{ k& ynlbM jpkjC kjll. hC lk Myo pJnUv Ghi kjC n Sk mnlku Mkw Dn, Dm cu Jl.
MJbljJp lk Myou kl cnJ ol Sk GonjC cnCp ii Myo lbv Sk kC kuu JMu<C. ``pJvcO c p Ju ku, ll ii kn Yi pj Dn. ii DL& lL kl=&lJ v<Y nl Dm vJn. cv< n mJbkMl Dn, n DOlc Y< Kj Dmu lj JJnjl cv< M c&ol Dn Dm DvYJ l. DMlu Dvkvk M cvJ pJv cih{ K Mkll, n JmlmLl v|JJo cvJ uil. cCm FsM Dmc Kj, hC l hl&l mJ&mJ cvJ Dn Dm vJn, lm pj Dml lj `ii` Myo pvc nT Mku vml.``
Sk unv iJlu Mu pJvl lb cvl puu Sk Jj DJl- 1952 mu `Eno ukMnǮ YJlJ` J< hC箳 Jmbl JKvcul MJbljJ JnC cnCu k, ``ijy cvl vJ Dkb# GlhV kv lbv k&JC kjCm J= kjCSJp lbl Dmbl< hmjJC lv Pu, lj j$ lb u# l cblb lpjk[ pF&u Flk. hC Kj Mv kc jnu. hm n hbphlǮ EkJ mjkj lpjl vmv l DkMlu {il Dn. l {ilv Ku h[CN puOjbl Dn. l hC箳 Jnh vol Dn. voǮ okm cUCN kU pcvl Dn. l pcvlu Kvp mbhl Dn, l Kvp mbhj vc&C nCN J%vk b$mcl Dn, Flk vJn lj l mJv Sk m$l ybOCN cvJ箳 cvil Dn. Dm pj ijy pvlu hJv oTv lbl m=pv-M vc&C kv k&JC ku lj Dhu mJ& Mv mlu J l mCl Yjldz ukMnǮ YJlJ mcJuu Dn.``
mn-ml Jkw, hC ll kllj Jj mcJuu Dnl. lbv n Jj kv mu ? mnpk p iJl lb pvc Pu J p kj[l lb M#C Pu lL.
Dhu ouulu JmlJl lbv JM< lv kv Fbp Y<l Y<C kjC YlJ cUJu nl. cKv mbmolu Y<C l Dlbl kUphJ&k lj kjl DC J< cb[C kjlv DhC jpkjC ukbmcj yul Dnl moJ pCJ Jl. lcU l Y<C kjl Dmlv pj kC GY jnv c GJu lj l Dhu mLvJj Ku yml J l Dojv mJil kjl. Mv Gj lLu lL ol. mboY&l lJU kcvm h# OjbOj mYmo YhM ihl b DJC l. Dlbl luuK yǮ DC Fbp Y<Jj YlJ DmCj l mYmo JUJU Gv MJbljJ JnCb Y<CcO Mv Jv Jl DCl Dml. lb cK GM Y<Clu Jjb i[ p UJv pl nl l UJv ImjJC n Dm. i=ncb$ Dmlv MJbljJbv DiCl mbi lu lW[ ou. lcU MJbljJ JnC J YhM ihl b piuybo JnCbv mbmol kuu Y<C Sk cnJ Dbi Dn.
lm 1967-70 mul l Yjl i=ncb$ Dmlv l kU Dlbl DmLjl nl. pJUpJU mn-ml jpbcO kBmJlj h#b mjkj nl. l kUl DmLjlcU h#lv l h#l Dcoj DC Kmoj cvm Jm kjl nl. l `Djc DC ijc` MyobcO MJbljJbv ukmYcO JC&v ku J l JC&v Yjl箳 Flnml vWou iu. lyjyj jphu J cKcb$, jp cKcb$ J Yjl mjkj b mbybOcO yN JU kl Du nl. lmc Dvk mbi Yjl i=ncb$ cnCv MJbljJ JnCbv ukmYl J jpmYl p Y<C ku l cP cl Sk Slnmk J Dnl. lk kCmbi Dhu Yck kjhC ypJlv lbv Sk ci&oM&k llJ mJmcj hjl hjl cb[u. l lb Yjllu ukMnJj vlbl Y oM&Jl. lb Y<C vml JCmjK vnl, lj Elv kjCmjK Dnl. Dpn pJn pJn mbbJOvk mbi vc&C nll, lJn lJn MJbljJb Jj, lbv cb[uu llJ J lbv ouu ci&oM&v Mmvklv Ghi h[l.
oozJv lbv mbmol kuu Y<C Dpvhl cjl hblj kjCl Duu vn. mbj#Ccb$ DC i=ncb$hoJj Dmlv lbv kuu Y<C mbmo Flnml} Glk= Y<C mcpu pll. JM<l: i=ncb$ cnCv kuu Y<Cl MJbljJb Eh[ JM< oml. MJbljJ JnC lv n lb k& DC lb Y<C J cj Jkbhl hnJCm hblj kc nl IF&u, DM cP Dh# Dn.
Dhu mbY<Cl MJbljJ JnC Dlbl c=o Y<l yul Dml. l kCJjn jiJu cu lj DJl vn. jpkjCl pm {-Glj Dmll, lm knmbi pJU Dmuu mnkj Dvh#lhC Jj kjll. hC lbJ<m Myov pnjhC vhmbl J kjC l mllv Ull. Kj cnC lj omN jpkdz vlb v l kc yul. J< mJ. vYT uc bv `Sk cu c$` uKl JnCb Myol unu nl k, `mcvl: c kc yul, Dm Jo Dn. ll kn mlbMn Dn. JmlmLlǮ Jh&m nT uiu, cCm jKCh# oKJu plu Dm J uiu, k&mSJp k&vM nF&u, DM Mbk T uiu k, MyobJj cP Jm Hj Hj kc nl. cP kc yuC-unC n Sk kjC Dm Mku.`
MJ SJ{ cnCJ uiu k, Dhu JjMǮ DC Myo Ghi lbv Dhu Y<Cl DC uKvl ku nl. lm lbv Sk mnlk cnCv kjJ jJu Dml lj cj Y< kllj hv mc= Pu Dml, Dm Jl. kjC jpkjC JjJbl Dm Mkll, uKk Dm Mkll, hjbl mnlk kwJƮl Dmll. cj Y<kbl lu DhJo cnCp DOvk cnj^l mMukcj EMo b vJ cPmcj l. DCKn klk Dmlu. MJbljJ JnCbJ< cj Y<Jj Sk vcJbl mnlk . v. m. H[k bv `FL Pu mboj mbic, lv Dvcu iCb` uKl ku Dn. lbJ< H[k bv cnu Dn k, `MJbljJb YJ JC pM mh=nCdz Dn, lm lb uKCǮ mbjn klkmho Dn. MJbljJbb h[uub Y<C pmb kO kC Skuub vn, lcC lb Hmuu uK c kO Juu vn.` YJvv DLbyuu, YJ Y<v vuu n uKv p uKC k Mkl, l mOmO uKC vn. op& Dmmu mnlk箳 nll MYJ DMǮ l Dn.` Myou oJl cvCj MJbljJ JnC bJ< DCK kn unC DJMk Dn Dm cu Jl vn. l KjKj Myo Muhkj nl.
MJbljJ JnC b mb#hl pJvh
12 c& 1913 : oJj^, pun mlj (Dl mbiu) L pvc
1917 : J[ub hui箳 mLl c=l
1930 : cnlc ibOR Dmnkj UJUl mnYi Puyu hnu M# DC ob[
1932 : 26 pvJj 1932 jp Yjldz OJp H[kJuyu 18 cnvb M#
1933 : jJ[ lbilv mk
1938 : cbyF& Jhlv Flnm DC jpMm$ J<lv ku MK hoJ
1940 : mlj pun kBm DO#
1941 : k omN J<& hj# GC&
2 pv 1942 : HuC, pun mlj L JClFM JJn
7,8,9 D@im 1942 : Slnmk DKu Yjldz kBm mclǮ ykm GhmLl. ykl cnlc ibORv `s[ Yjl` Dbouv hkj ku.
14 pvJj 1943 : hlv JClF& bv Dk
pvJj 1944 : MJbljJb lbilv cl
1946 : o#C mlj clojmbIlv Dcoj cnCv Jp
14 Su 1946 : jp i=ncb$ cjjp omF& b mbmodz mƮJ cnCv v
1952 : kj[ clojmbIlv Dcoj cnCv Jp DC vij hjJ, mcpkuC DC Jv Kl cb$ cnCv cjjp omF& b cb$cb[Ul mcJM
1953 : vihj kjjJj mJ#j. cnj^lu mJ& Yib mcv Jkm kjC Dmv
1 vJnWyj 1956 : Y<k cbyF& cKcb$ cnCv MhL
1957 : kj[ clojmbIlv JOvmYJj vJ[, kBm JOcb[U h#箳 vlho vJ[ DC Y<k jp cKcb$
1958 : DKu Yjldz kBm k&kjCJj vJ[
1 c 1960 : mJlb$ cnj^ v|cl. cnj^ hnu cKcb$ cnCv MhL
9 c& 1962 : Gj kj[ clojmbIlv JOvmYJj vJ[, kBm JOcb[U h#箳 vlho vJ[ DC cnj^ cKcb$
21 vJnWyj 1962 : Yjl-v 箳 h&YcJj k=<Ccvv b jpvcvblj Yjl mbj#Ccb$ cnCv v
1963 : vMkcOv Kmoj cnCv yvJjO vJ[
c 1964 : mbj#Ccb$ cnCv Dcjku Y
D@im 1964 : mbj#Ccb$ cnCv mJSl mbIjpu Y
vJnWyj 1964 : mbj#Ccb$ cnCv yvu Y
mhWyj 1965 : Yjl-hkmlv
14 vJnWyj 1966 : Yjl i=ncb$ cnCv v
HyJj 1967 : Kmoj cnCv Jp
vJnWyj 1969 : kBmcO H
26 pv 1970 : Yjl DL&cb$
1972 : mlj ukmY clojmbIlv Kmoj cnCv Jp
11 D@kwyj 1974 : kWdz hjj^cb$
pv 1975 : DCyC I<l
1977 : kWlu kBm m mbhl. JjO h#vl cnCv JnC b vJ[
pu 1979 : jCEmn b cb$c[Ul GhhblOv DC i=ncb$ cnCv vJ[
1980 : mlj ukmY clojmbIlv Kmoj cnCv Jp
1982 : Fboj kBmcO JM DC DJ vpv Di DO# cnCv v
1 pv 1983 : JClF vOv
25 vJnWyj 1984 : mbkU 7.45 Jpl ouu L vOv
27 vJnWyj 1984 : kj[ L k=<C DC kv mbicJj mbhC& mjkj Flccl Dblmbmkj
1984 : k=<C k Dlcj$箳 hnu Kb[ kMv