vJj, 10 [mWyj 2005

10[mWyj. Du[ vyu mJ[M mbMOk mc=lov. n oJm vyu hjmkj JljC mcjbYn! vyuv D<l Dc&o Ovmbho kcJu. mbhlv lv Sk vO mLhv ku. vOǮ Jvi kl&yij JR mvcvm JnJ, DM Fs lv c=lh$l J ku. YlkMm$, jmvMm$, JkMm$, DL&m$ %vMKblu cuk mbMOvm, Ʈjblv, Glk= mnlv|clm DC pilk Mbllm mc|hl YJvv DJjl PCN Jm n hjmkj Jl, Dmn lv c=lh$l unu nl.
lvmj 1901 muhmv vyu hjmkjb mJl Pu. mJ[v jpOv m@knc L n jpMn, oKC mnU ojJ<a nl.
DpJj mcj mlM vyuJpl cvJjb cboUl DJI 32 m$ Dnl. lln J%v-Jo< Dnl- H 11!
YlkMm$ J|Lv DmucU Jo<R pJvJ< Dhj klnu cvl nlb. kn j$bLblv kl=&lJMuvR kjko& DYmu DC lbv cu Phv kub. DYUSJ{ GbǮ cvmJvRv m$lJ jKuu cv yIv lbh{ vlcmlk Jn} nlb. lb mbI<&c, ljn l=hl, k=lk=l pJv knC mHl&ok Dn, l bk vn.
m$% cj kwj (1911), [jL n@pkv (1964) J yy&j c@kddkwuv@k (1983) lIR DhJo JiUl FljpCRv vyu hjmkj Dv Mm$%byjyj JYiv cUu Dnl.
1920 oMkhl jh lm Dcjkln m$u M#C箳 mbO GhuyO vJnl. YcJj pTv l# u{Cb DC J%vb DOv ov #$bl m$bv cppJ nl. mbil, mnl, ku n #$b c$ Km m$b cnCv jKJ cvu pl. llkuv mcpk cub, hjbhj J mbmkjb cMlv I[uu cl-hlbv Dhu ycv ukR G M#Cu JjO oM&Ju. lbv o# i=nC nCm DJMk l kMub Dlcml kjJl, Gc mbmj kjJ- SJ{Ǯ cHk Dh# lbv Dhu ukRk[v Ju nl. Hkwl DhJo nl- cj箳 J[ub! pbv `l H yF& cnCv pi vkm,` Dm cb$ lu ou. lkU J%vb M#C Ib lj iCl J u@v lv J<祮 DYmc hC& kjJ ui. ia kjv n DYm GvnU箳 mfl hC& kv oKJu DC i箳 Jkdz cnJul JMm Dp& ku. j uJ J yy&j c@kddkwuv@k bv Dhu J[ub Dn YckJ mjUmjU yb[ hkjub. Dhu kM yc yUJj lbv cnJul JM cUJu. [jL n@pkvu jmvMm$l il nl. l箳 moJv D@kwmH[& Jhv cuRm Dlbl c&ol cCl k nF&v, kn pi GhuyO kju mJl ku nl. hC lbv jmv iMUl c$ JM vm.
i&d[ Suv箳 J[ubJj 1929 D|Lk cboǮ ul mJ&mJ icJC JU Du. lu s s vkN kjl Dhu cnJuv M#C K& mmJ uiu. cj kwjv Dhu c ynCM- yvM kjj ku nl. mn J<x cj Sk cbl kbyl iJnvxm cnCv jnu J lv ynCǮ M#C D|Lk yp mbYUu. kjjcC h{ cjǮ M#C K& yvv ku. cjv [@kwj hoJm DYm m ku lJn mbhC& jhl oIǮpC M#C箳 MKjhl hnu nl.
DM lNnv mcJmk h<b luvl %vlmk lCRv M#Cm DOk J<x cpJ uiu. Dhu} mbMOvkjl lcU 10-15 J<x ci jnJb uiub, n mu j uJ c@vumvǮ cvl kc jnu. hoJj M#Cvblj mbMOvm Jhbk[ pJ, lj lb JƮ$ DRcU m$ kW[l mh[u nl. mbMOv kjb Dmu lj cuRv DJJnl jnJb, Dm Jhb vc nl. Guh# Dhu p[oj pj Jhl Ohk Dmu lj iMUl JM ci& mkj nl, n lCRv DvYJv cnl Pub nlb. `k@-22` cnCv m Dmuu hlv lkv mJlb$hC Dhh} ci& KUu.
cj kwjǮ kjClmj hoL祮 mbMOvl l hl hj kwjoKu mnYi Pu. m lbv Dhub bykdz hoL祮 iCOc&J<Ǯb mbMOv KMv LbyJC vC& Ilu. Sk iJp pil kwj obhlv iMU Lu. Dvk ijm, Dhj mOvmc, D|Lk CC mJ&lv ci& k{l Dhub mbMOv lbv hC&lJm vub. yy&j c@kddkwuv@k n Ju#C mJlb$ J=Ǯ lC nl. cmj Jhl mbMOv kjl Dmlv lv JJn kjC vC& Ilu. lcC Jl&cvh$l vm ou. l箳 JYicKbv lu llkU mbMOv ybo kv holi kjCm Hc&Ju. mbMOv k i=nmLc? yy&jv DKj mbMOvu Jjub. j uJv Dhu Ij箳 lUIjl iMU m ku. omN cn l kU nl. Ful kcuǮb DMbl, Dmj#l JlJjC nlb. kWy[Ǯ Db[bJj j i u. lJO&v Ik箳 MOm Db[bJj l m#c Mm$Ƭ kj. mkuv iJYj En[v l nkclv Db[ cUJ. MJC箳 m lmv, khv lv s s Gh GhkjCb lj ku nl. m#c Mm$Ƭb mJl:b Dmb lb$ lv Jkml kub.
cj cjv mcj j oMkb Dcjklu JJO Jhbl mbMOv- DOhv kub. hC mbhC& JvJlv! l hl pmH cj n YlkMm$ Ohk nl. D|Lk cboǮ PU Jhbvn mmJ uiu nl. hjCc `Ij Sk Jlv` n OjC lbv jyJub. DL&l cju kCln hoMJ mbMOv kjC mbO cUu, nn vm L[k. mJ& kl=&lJMuvRcO H cjb mbMOv mblk mJhb nlb. lu iMU DJMkl vJnl. lv Jhl Dvk Glk= JLa mbMOk I[Ju. hbp ckǮ (Quantum Mechanics) lJb Jhv DCkW箳 Shell Model mm mbkuhv lv MOu.
ia kj J ku& kj kJU n kJU hl-hlvǮ vJnl, lj mbMOvln Skckb mnkj nl. DiCl ib {iYj vWo mmbil uJC kc ia mnphC kj. ib oM ku& jJ. Dmb oIbb DYbi, Dvhc Dl kn mcpu ub vn. It is unamerican for a man to work with his wife. (Dhu hlvyjyj kc kjCb m箮 Dcjkv modi=nmLu MYl vn.) Dm klml Godij MblhC mnv kjCb oIbvn kl lvc Jub Dmu!
m JjJbl p. [. yv&u b MyocU [jL n@pkvu D@kwmH[& Jhl mbMOv kjCm hjJvi lj cUu, hC h< mnkNbv lu pC JUl kub.
jPuv u cnCp mhj Jcv DC mhj mvm! Dhu nkwkbJ< kcuǮ pik DC lm vYa[hC Pi[Cj. Jn|pv Jhl ijojhC hJ cnvl m$bv vkjǮ jpvc J ui. hC Mmvu jPuvm n vc youJ uiu. Dhlpvc JU F&hl l mbMOvciv jnu. Flkb vn, lj mlvblj on DJ[bl l hvn mbMOvk[ JUu. `mbLilv k nF&v, hC h<Ov mcp m$bv mJkjl Dn. m$bv Dhu lc GbJCm DOk c Ilu hnpl. oᳳclJ vvib[ ypu mv Dh} vmi&o vn J mnvMǮ hjhj Jhj DhC ku hnp`, Dm cl l yuv oKJ.
pilk cn箳 kUl pbJjO UJU, Dmj#l... DmJmL pvpJv, cuYl mJOb DYJ DM Dvk kjCbcU cj cj (pc&v), j uJ c@vumv (Fu) DC ia kj (PkmuJk) bv Dhu cl=YcǮ vjh ITv Dcjk D IJ uiu. cj kwjǮ kbyvn hub[cOv vmu 1891 mu DM kjCmlJ mLublj ku nl. lL lb mbMOvv il Ilu, n JmlJ vkjl l vmub lj Dhu cll J%vmjb y pJC lb Dkb# c$ OUm cUu.
omN cnl h{ Dcjk D{u iu. h< lb$%b kcljl Ym uiu. uY c$ id&[ Suvu Pu. M#Cl Kb[ h[ucU k mjǮ, lj k M#k vkj kjl l oJm k{l nl. Dl lu `yjp Jukc` vcJbl D<O kbhvǮ mbMOv iMUl kc kjC mbO cUu. pJ-jmvMm$, lj#Mm$, D<OJ%vMm$, Jj@u@p DM hN Phv Dub[l id&[v Dvk Gh D<O lj kjCl M cUJu. GMP j箳 kk&jim J AZT n S[dm箳 iCbm D ov DlM Gh D<O cnCv vJpu iu.
DM Kbyj, huo cv箳 m$bv Dhu Mjjk #cl DbcU c&o Dub[v Jhju. hjCc Mjjv Dvko Dmnkj hkju. hC l Ku vnl. cj kwj cUl vpk k=lǮ. ll kh<C, Dlblk cb Yj h[}. MJ Dnj$ kjClmj hoL祮 mVOl jnucU Mjjl jCb DvyO JM Puu. l o<hjCc pCJl nl. hbUMǮ Ijl j-jo clEyoӮ Mm$Ƭ nTvn DOӮ jnu. mYh{ JKvm GY jnlv D[Ǯ Fb Fhl shuub Y<C l J Mk.
[jL n@pkvu DJI JmJ J<a mbOJl p[u. nl-hb yb Jk[ Pu. Dy[Oy[ ybvǮ B12 pJvmJ, Fvmuv-hvmuvmjK Dlb[, kwu jCbb $cldz c@[u mkjub. Dhu JbiJ< l cnCl Dm, `c m箮, k=lMu mbMOk Dn. c nlbvǮ Jj kjl.`
p cnu mbMOkb cvv Ƭmv Hun[& J Eu[ yk DlM moJ. b mbMOk J=m h<k Dm mj Ik, kby, M#k, mcp hEy, DJl GhkjCb lbv mnpmO nl. iuY yc J mbMOvlu mll yUJj lbv J%vk kuhJj Dhu Ʈjblv c GcJu, n vƽl.
Mm$dz mbMOv JmoKu mLuk[v m#clm#ck[ nl Dn. lcU mbMOv箳 oI& Jmm DJMk v J ƮkǮ JjbJj km uil Dml. FƮsl O ilv DM-vjM DmbK Dbouvb mnv kjJ uill. Jo<Rv Dhu oo&c %vm, JlmL J= DC DJbl cbm cvmk ml iCb yUJj `DmO l mO` k}.
ljn cj kwj l Eu[ yk n m$Ǯ J%vJm Dp Dvk hh Dub[v h{ iu Dn. m$b J%vJ<Ǯ v l Dnl, hC kv DOk JMu Pu Dn... DlcJm yUJu Dn. cj kwj cnCl- `J%vl Ju#C mQo& Dn, Dmb cvCNbhk c Sk Dn. iMUl k&jl DYmk kJU lb$% vml, lj l Sk unv cumjK Dml. vm|ik Ivbk[ Jmckl nTv yICj! vmi& uu lu hjkLbcC YjU h[ll.` Eu[ yk cnCl, `J%v#$l k&jl Dmuu m$ vlv cu cCkhC Jlb k, cu cUuu vyu hjmkjcU pilu kvkhNl Dmuu lCRhl Sk mboM hu, k lc箳m mj kJ[b GI[ Dnl. lcn H lc箳 mJhvb hhjJ kj.`
Ʈ$ ijǵ vlmj