jJJj , 18 [ mWyj 2005

JiJiȳ JHl [SvS jv MOCm Dl jm jbil nl. mHOxl DI[Jj kukj nl- Dcjklu k@uk DlM m jmvl% uvm HGuRi, kWyp JHlu qvmm k DC pcm J@mv DC ub[vcOu kbip k@upcOu c@jm Jukvm DC jPub[ Bkuv.
HTuRiv DCӮ jv MOCm `Skwm-j [@kwMv` kbJ Skwm-j DCJj cj kv l lc JHjC Gi m ku nl. llv lv 1948 mu kmlu kj@v v jv JU ouu ojKb[mjK Dml, n MOub nlb. lcU km lCl l, nn oKJub nlb. jCӮ jvm lbv Sk c@[u yvJub nlb. c@[u yvJC箳 HlǮ vblj J@mv-k p[iUvb GHi ku. v箳 jv MOm HTuRiu jmvMm$b vyu Hjl<k 1954 mu cUub. H{ DCJm$ C ybo kjCm kuu lvbyu lu 1962 mu Mbllb omjb vyu Hjl<k oCl Dub.
k DC J@mv oIn jmvl% vJnl. J@mvu jmvMm$l Hj il vJnl Dmb ku Juvb l J@mvu yNo HTubivb unuub jmvMm$Jjb Hmlk J Dn kjl Dm. k yM nl. HoL&J%vcO [@kwj kuJj omN cnl l yM mvl Mm$% cnCv p Pu. Jv HjluJj J箳 35 J J<a pJMm$ DYm kjCm l kWypu oKu Pu. J@mv箳 cl l y{F&Kj, km, Jo IuCj, HC mV JkwlcJ nl.
1928 mu MkicO pvcuu J@mv n Dcjkv mbmk=lǮ Sk Pkm vcv nl. l GLU, Y[k, Duu[, unv cumjK yuM HC nMj nl. lv Dcjkv j[DJj l kU nMj cub MOCN `o JP k[` k&cl Hnu vbyj HkJu nl. 1951 mu [SvS DYm kjCm l kWyp JH箳 k@Jnv[M iMUl oKu Pu. FL l i kM H[u. k DHu [@kwj cUJCm vJj i kjl ymu Dmu lj lun Kj [SvSǮ Yu H[u nl. DJ&v @[bij 箳 `Jn@ Fp uF&H` Hmlkv J@mv DC k oIbn YjJv iu nl.
JU ub[vcO kbip k@upcO jPub[ Bkuv DC c@jm Jukvm [SvS # kjC lc IC箳 lvl nl.
1943 mu Jukvm k@uHv&u iu DC D@cy@cy yvJCm c@vnv pkwcO mcu Pu. mbHuvblj DCJm$b Y<C JHj yIv J<CC nTv yHpkwmcO kc kjbb jJv l ub[v箳 kbip k@upcO Du. lL [SvS Skwm j [@kwMv lc IC箳 Jjv lv kc m kub. n mbMOv DHC Sk kjCj Dnl, DM l mcpl nl, HC lJU l箳 yjyjvb jPub[ Bkuv n cui oKu kbip k@upl Du.
1920 mu ub[vu pvcuu jPub[ DlM cvmJ, nMj, mHJkwl, vYa[ DC omu yNHk DM cui Dmu lj l Dio mO kH[ Iu. m$H< YoYJ kjCN H<Ov JHl lu lkU KH $m Pu. lu pJC DC noKu H<byjyj Il l vm. l D[iUǮ Kul pJl Dm. kvb cnub Dn k, Dcn jPub[u ubybyӮ mcp. Jukvmb DC lb lj Hnu Yl Jpub. l DHub kc K DC JukvmH# biub kjl Dmuvb Jukvmu l nJ Jl Dm.
lJU J@mv Jukvmu Yu. lb H< DnbkjJj Hbkj Iul l DHHml jPub[ biu k uiu. lb uHmk v uJCb, ckDH v kjCb, PkHk Gpl kH[ v IuCb 箳 & jbi uiu. HC Fk[ jPub[ c$ [SvS #-kjC lc ICm lvb ML& kjl nl.
pJjmvMm$lub Hj kUl vmucU `mJ& Mm$%bv kuub mbMOv Sk$ kv lJv c@[u lj kv kn pclb k` cnCv J@mv J k p[iUvb lv m ku. Sko J@mv jPub[b ukwj Sku iu nl, lJn l箳 mbiCk[ u# v ol l yu Hl, kH[ k[ lb u# nlb. lcU lbv Yulb [SvSb c@[u yvJub. jPub[ DC Jukvmu l HnCm Dcb$C oCl Dub. jPub[vb c@[u Hnub DC llu k k{v Du HJu l Hjlu. J@mv, k DC c@jm nj JU HnCmjK Pu nl! kǮ c@[u ylc kvJj DuJj mj Juc y@ivb oIbv yuJv [SvS vo v uil vb mbMOv H{ uJC lby ou.
jPub[ [SvS # kjC lc IC ML& kjl Dmlv Sk oJm lu DlM mboj lc cUu. `H 51` vJvb m Puu n # kjC H [SvS jv mboj Gui[v oKJl nl. jPub[ ci Jukvm l箳 vkUl v l箳 HW vku k{v Jl Dm. Sk oJm J@mv vnccC lu Yu Du Dmlv Jukvmvb lu jPub[v k{uu [SvS lcb ylc ou. `l lc yIl lu k?` Dmb Jjl Jukvm Dl iu J DHu [^@JjcOv lv `H 51` vkwku J@mvu oKJu. J@mvv unub Dn, `l lc Hnv cPb lW[ D Jmuub jnub. [SvS oHoj Jȳb jv ll mJs oml nl!`
HTuRi l kU mvj c@kLa o[HMn OjCcO D[ku nl. DcjkJjO clb yUiC M# cnCv lu Dcjk m[C HjJvi vkjCl Du. lcU jPub[ [SvS # kjC lc lu Hnl Du vn. l箳 JHlu Mm$%bv k{uu Omj lcJv lv [SvScO oHoj SJp lv Hojb JUb Dmlb Dmb mcpv kc m Jub DC jml kumjK l Yjku. J@mv DC k byjyj kc kjCj HTuRi cui YUmHC lbv n miUb mbi, lJn lbv Dlv KMvb Gkȳ H箳. vblj Dcjkl Hj Dj[ m Pu lJn HGuRiu HmH& oCl Du, HC lJn KH GMj Pu nl.
Fk[ `H 51` Hnv J@mv OJl ku Yu DC mJ& pcuu cnlǮ DOj lbv [SvSb oHoj c@[u lj kub. `H 51` cO J@mvu jCӮ Dl J ynj kM jv Dml n Tk Pub nlb. mJl: kn i, DYm J cnvl v kjl J@mv-k p[u [SvS jv p@kH@ uiu nl. lb Hkwl 900 Myob uK `vj` vlkukl m Pu.
kjCb Glmp&vbv jPub[u DJnjǮ kk&ji Pu. DKj oJmbcO l k obHlM biu oml Pu nl. l箳 `[yu nukwm` ybiul l jnu pl Dm. DKj 1958 mu l Dbl Pu. lvblj j J<&bv J@mv, k DC Jukvmu [SvS jv MOm vyu Hjl<k oub iub. k cnCCcC, l pJbl Dml lj lu [JuCb DMkw Pub Dmlb. Jukvmvb JU kuu DPjl GuuKMJ jPub[b lIbv vJn k{ub vn!
J@mvvb `o [yu nukwm` n Hmlk unub. ll yN Mm$%b Kuu G[Ju nl. n Hmlk b[ ipub. l ym muj Pub. ll lvb jPub[ BkuvJ<DO L[m k mj Dmu lj GHodIll mll ku Dn. J@mvyu kvb cnub Dn k pbkCm kCl ci& JHjJl lu JOv<O vJnl. J@mv H{ `cv pvc pkw` mbukn Pu.
[SvS jv oHoj iu, vic[ pvmjK Dml. pv k[ `mKjvb (Mij)` yvuu Dmll. lu lk Hj ov ym jmvbv (A, G, C, T) yvuu Dml. HjǮ n ov Yi n[^pv yB[vb p[uu jnll. HC ov YibcO Sk vc Dml. l \ n T yjyj p[u pl DC G n C yjyj Dml. ci llu ku HjǮ [J Yi Dn DC ku GpJ vb kn Hjk H[l vn. Sk A Dmu lj omj T DC Sk G Dmu lj omj C DmCj! pJn Sk [SvSHmv ov yvJ ijp Yml, lJn l yB[md lv l oHoj vic[ pv cOcO (PHmjK) oYbiv l箳 k[u Ʈkuu DO& HN HMl lbjiu uill. HC ui llu lk ym n l HMcO DHu vJv H&vj MOl (A n T u MOl, C n G u Jij). l DO&-HNbcO Hvn n[^pv yB[ lj nl, vJv k[n lj nll DC ci Sk vJv `[yu nukwm` lj nlb. Dmb ci omNn DO& Yib nlb DC ci Sklv ov [SvS lj nll.
SKob v lj kjlv HMlub SvPF&c pJn SKo pv mƬ kjlb, lJn `[yu nukwm`cOu Hkwl l pv Yi cOcO Gui[v llHjl oYbil DC l pvcOu l A, G, C, T cOu ^HumdcOu l k[Y< Ju pTv `cmWpj DjSvS` jCcH&l Jm kjl. vblj `T DjSvS` n jC ^HumdcC l HMlu l uiCj D@cv D@m[md pcJl. vblj HMlu jymcmcO l D@cv D@m[md pvcO ouu cvb Skckbv p[v l v lj nlb. n miUb kmb nlb l [yu nukwmcU mH nl nlb. KN DL&vb Dl `pvkwm` cOu bl m Pu nl!
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