MvJj ~ 18 HyJj 2006

`vvjc vij J `h[ovMv` Jnkwj OyOyb DvYJl vnTv vI} nl. hC cOblj Db|kwk箳 DJmcjCdz mHjvblj yPu DC DpXv o#C Dcjklu oMb mjnJj Dmuu FiJm OyOy EkJ OyOyb cuk hnu DC lW[ p `D` Jmu l Flk oJm Pu lj lm Dn. FiJm pul miU hmj ovn oMl cUv hJClv l lv k. cj Dbljl hmjuu Dn DC 275 l 300 IURlv hC kmUlb.
n YV DvYJ Dn. mbl jcombv `Oyy` n Myo mu l ynO MJLjIUlu OyOy yIv. lbv pj Jnkwj EkJ FiJm H@u hnu Dml lj! lj koƮl l OyOylub `y` n D#j mbhub vmlb- Oyyyyyy...!`
iu mn-ml J<l pilu lv JMhC& puhl yIC, DvYJC mbO cUu. hl cnub k YJvMbkj hb[lb-
`kl GbJv lb G[ n km Ku pC Jclv m, hl pM hlu`
DU DJll. hC DM Icmv kmUCN hCu hl Jij cnCCb kn Kjb vn. mbl jcombv cnucC-
ijǮ cmlkR ibi
lLv }} yUb
Oyy uu Oj
Oyy l DoU
Dmb OyOy cnCu nJb. l hC箳 kmUC Jhl, Dhu kvcv kW[cj nF&u Dm l IvibYj DJp, n miUb kvbv Skv, [Ubv hnv, l箳 l<j-HJNbv Ypl OyOy mJiv DvYJu, lj cv Dl=hl jnlb. l DvYJ mbhӮ vmb Jlb. DMǮ Dl=hl vvjc vij, `h[ovMv` Jnkwj DC DJ{J FiJm n OyOy hnuJj cvl jWiUl jnu.
kJO J<hJa pJucK, Ykbh cU h=LJǮ YYi b[ GuLhuL nl nl. lM l Dpvn nl Dn. YkbhcU [WijoNb p[CI[C youl. lyjyj vb Jn youll. mjUml JnCN voǮ k[u nl DC l OyOy箳 hvb Ku kmUl Dhu vJv JJj KUUl ci&mL nl. kuIl K[kb Pp nTv OyOy cU pihmv ci nl pl. DL&l OyOy m nC n Sk kj Pu.
vij m nC箳 yyll pj JiU kj I[u Dn. mcj 18000 J<hJa nci Dbl nT uiu. lJn mO箳 Dcjk DC k@v[ oMb mjnJj Dmuu h `ukwm` Yilub yH& JlU uiub. (mO箳 cnub l DMm k l kU Dcjk, k@v[ n vJb kn DmllJl vJnl.) uk Sj Yilub yH& Dlbl Oc ilvb Gju DCjD mjJj Yik[ Jn uiub. Jl Sk k[Jv kmU uiub. l n vij. DL&l mO pL kmUl, lh# l Kh h{ DmCj.
OyOy kl GbJv h[l, Jv l Yilu puJn J Yjv kuhv T Mkl. pilu miUl GbJv h[Cj (979 cj) OyOy `Svpu H@um` JnvPJul Dn. Dhu ijmhh EkJ pi H@um vbyj GbǮ yyll pil yjJ uil. DM Gb OyOyb pi K[kb Pp PucU ci mjkCb cC Kh kc Dmlb. Dl YkbhcU YYi youu lj i JiU. Gb kc DC h[CN Jn Jmlj pml Dmu lj ci nCb cC pml Dmlb.
vij箳 yyll n Puub Dn. n kj Jnkwj DC FiJm OyOyb yylln u DmCj. lu kl npj J< pJ uilu, Dbop uJCbn kC. lhl lbb DodYl mQo& DvYJJb n yjb.
vij mboj km omu kUp Dcjk DC k@v[ ovn oMbv hjhj Ilu Dn. bou DC Gbu Jnkwj DC FiJm cnk OyOybh# kjkU Dmu lj pilu DlM Dk<&k h&vmLU cnCv vij m Dn. j$Ǯ JU jbiyjbi oJb j<CF& kucU hC b[ c PjcUl IjbiUCj jbil h[o Dhuu KUJv Jl. oJm l h[箳 ci箳 ypu pTv Ypv Ey nl l h[cOv huk[b M hnC Dvbo IC m Dn. `c[ D@H o cm`mjK sKv ylv OyOyu mcv Y[l DbiJj pul<jb HJj IC mKvYJ Ju#C Dml.
vij箳 cvnj Mvb mvcJubv YjU Ilu vml lj vJu. vij, mhjc@vmjK Ʈ$h OyOy箳 h&YcJj vIu Dnl. llu vij mvclu cuav cv DJu k DOk mboj kC, Dm Mv kCun h[u. OyOylv ybo Ehhl ymv G[ cjC GhodJhn knpCbv ku Dnl.
vij Kj ibcl GvnUl, JM<l: pv, pu, D@imcO DvYJu cUl. nJUl Sj mjJjlub hC ilb DC puJn DlM #C nl. 1848 c& cnvl lj l hC&l: iu nl. OyOyvblj hCJj puJl kW uJub plb. l hC hjJ Kb[l nT v cnCv Sj mjJjlv vij vol ov cu ubyǮ mKUu cu uKb[ ljbi ybOv m[uu Dnl. lcU mjJjlu ncKb[bv DkJ nTv Jl kW hC hjJ u jnl.
vblj JMhC& OyOy hnu l Pbyp voJj `Jnkwj H@um.` Dklu o#C iuO&l Dmuu Dbiu, k@vi DC Pby lv oMb mjno lrJj n vo Gic hJl DC PbycOv Jnl EPyyJ DC Pby ov oMb mjnJj Jnkwj OyOylv kmUl. Kjb lj Dio Duk[hl n ovn oM Sk$lhC Nn[M vJvb DUKu pl. JYpv nlv DHulv OyOyb hC Jnv vCj 30-35 kucj Sk IU, n ovn oMbcOu mjn ju.
n OyOy JMhC& DMm k, Pbyp voǮb hJCov kucj boǮb h$ DKK箳 DKKb Sk Dlbl Dbo, pclc 40 l 50 cj boǮ DC 70 l 80 cj Ku IUl kmUlb. SJ{b b[ hC hmju pi vn. l hC ynj pu DMǮ Dbo IU OyOy箳 mOjC cOJj Dn. l biu 30-35 kucjhl hC Jnv vl DC ci lb hvn vol hblj nlb. EPyyJcO l hCJj puJl v|cl ku pl.
Flkw Dbo IUl IvIj hC h[l DmucU l llkw pjl Jj GmUlb DC voh$箳 300-400 Hhl Jj HJjlb DC l<jb b[ {i lj nTv hJmmjKb Ku h[lb. ibcl cnCp pcvJv OyOy yI Dmu, lj h[l hC箳 mcj Dmuu IUǮ kJj hJml GYb jnub, lj l h[ovMv OyOy oml. kjC ovn k Sk lul Dnl. mnpk L[b pj ci iub lj OyOy om Mkl vn. omll H DbiJj kmUCj l<jb {i DC lJj GcCN FbOv<箳, upj McO omJ lM, kcv.
OyOy IU kJn lj Pu, Dbop k Ju cUu vn. hC l piu DUK 1855 vblj Pu. uJnimv n OcxhoMk kcd mbMOk kcd h&k Pbyp voǮ Jj Yil En[l Dmlv lu lLu ukbv Moioa-Tunya cnCp i[i[CN Oj箳 uyu cnl ou. lb klnu pi=l Pub. n[lv h{ iuJj lu l Ju#C M omub DC l Ju. DCK pJU iuJj l Oj vmv OyOylv Jj GmUCN pul<jb {i Dnl, n u#l l l cnju.
OyOy l<ju DbiJj I Dmlu lj Su, c, pv n cnv biu. vJnWyj-[mWyj cnvl lL puo|Y# Dmlb. FL vijmjKb hC il vn, hC mH Dlb. hC h[o m[, hC EOSJ{ Oj omu Kh cnCb.
OyOy Kj Jhl yI Dmu lj DkMl pu nJb. ln m FLb Dn. nJF& EYij (nuk@hj)cOv Hj cju k, Jnkwj H@um IUIUl Jmlj sv vpjl Yjl. hC DbiJj MjMj DCCj Ljjk DvYJ I Dmu lj cuF vlv GC kju nJb. lvk cjmkuu hbK uJuub v Dmlb n. hu DC DhC yF&kJj ymumjKb ymb. hC mu hfvb If DJUv Ib DC HjHjl Jj pb. hbK箳 Sk ku k@cj ymJuu Dml. DhC Huc ou k hu v Jj iuJj H k{l. lk Hl DhC DC JJO kvlv omCj OyOy l. Yul jcbk DvYJ Dml n. YV Jj, l<jb Lb[ij M[kJ, mylu Dhu nl n DCK kC G[lb n klnuvb yICj SKo h#. miUbyjyj `h[ovMv` OyOyb oM&v. miUb Ju#C.
Jnkwj OyOy hnuJj h# DCK YJoJ pul kn DmCj vn, Dmb Jl nlb. hC iu [mWyjcO Db|kwk箳 DJmcjCdz mHjvblj yPu DC DpXv o#C Dcjklu oMb mjnJj Dmuu FiJm OyOy EkJ OyOyb cuk hnu DC lW[ p `D` Jmu l Flk oJm Pu lj lm Dn.
yPucO Gic hJCj FiJm vo hƽck[ Jnl pJUpJU 820 k. cj Jm kv hjv vou cUl. Jl mjSk kC l kmUl. llu vkb[ vJ Sk OyOy lj 130 H cnCp pJUhm vijSJ{ GbJv h[l. hC miU OyOyb kUm cnCp FiJm H@um. Jmk npj J<hJa n OyOy mO箳 pihmv 28 k.cj h{ nl. OyOy Kj cp vJnWyj l c& kUl Dml. c, pvcO hC Dlb. 1934 cO lj 28 oJm n OyOy kj[k h[u nl.
n pilu miUl GbJv h[Cj OyOy Dn k? pilu miUbl bo (mui h[) Dn k? ovnǮb Gj `vn` Dmb Dn. hC Jmlj hnu k k DC kl hn, Dmb nTv plb. vpj HjJl HjJl ijij JU l. n OyOy nJF&, K<k DC pu lvn civ hnC m Dn. pul miU hmj ovn oMl cUv hJClv l lv k. cj Dbljl hmjuu Dn DC 275 l 300 IURlv hC kmUlb. IUR mbK OyOy箳 Jj Dbiu hTm kl h[u, Jj DJubyv Dml. n miUb hnCm nJF& EYijlv HjHk cju nJ. nJF& EYijlv n mJ& OyOy lj omll, hC hC kv kmb lb, ln sv vnUl lb. yPucOub jv H@jm m׮ Dn. lbn njJbij oM&v nlb. OyOylv mCjb hC h{ h@jiJ oMlu hjv vou cUlb. h@jiJcO lJj Fh FLb cb OjC Dn. l hC箳 pjJj pilub miUl cb cnCp 12600 c. J@ Jp vc&C kjCjb Jp v|cl kW Dn.
OyOy hClv yICb, nn Sk Ocu DvYJ Dml. OyOyhmv h{ Ku ovk kucjJj jyj n[lv mj kjC m Dn. l piJj hnCm oJmn DbOj JJ DM Ivo pbiulv Sk ^@kwji[lv pJb uilb. jyj n[l ymlv k@cj humk hMJl uhJ, Y[vb cUCj jvk DbiJj {J. hC Kjb cnCp l jvkb kn Ghi vml. h<bv yvOmlhC mO Jj ymCb i. kjC l n[Ǯ uk n[ DM kn YV uJl k l jvk k[c$ Ghi vn. mcv GOUCjb hC miUb DbiJj kmb GmUu, sv kUp Il nl l. Sk kC lj kwk Sk s OyOyKuǮ n[ Ilu. o Ocu, YulǮ cp Du. volv Jj Jnl plv olH& DmbK `hCkmU` oml nl. kn kC lj hb{jHk Oljb Jv m[umjK Jl nl. llu ll DpXv箳 ypu OyOy Kh pml Dnl. ovn oMb mjn Dmuu JUCJj cK OyOylu hC pj SJ{ pyjoml Dn, k n[lv vijmjKb mch pCb kJU DMkw Dn.
ylv 30-40 cvb YV mj PuJj K<kǮ ci&vb FiJm oM&v kjb. yPu箳 ypvb yl箳 {Glj JJmLl ybOuu J Dn. kn npj h&kb `D c c, n nF&` DjUbcOv J k{l uKb[ huJv DC hKuv ynj h[CN OyOyb l<j DbiJj Il cK OyOy箳 Ku hnb. lLb lj k hTm hTm. hC JnkwjmjK DkMlv h[Cj vJn, lj mcj Hmb[CN lcOv G[Cj hTm. DhC Ypl Dnl kCu Hkj vml. l piJv nu v, Dmb Jlb.
pbk[ DpXv Jnm Dmu lbv ln ypvb FiJm yIu nJ. l ypu JiUb Dk<&C Dn. `[Jnum L` cnCv Sk uKb[ i@uj kuu Dn. l piJj hnCm, OyOyl G[ Iu Dmmuu FiJm vou Dvk H Dnl. l miU HbJv Sk k.cj ubyǮ uKb[ hu ybOuu Dn. l hu mJl nl lLhl pCm j k.cj ubyǮ KUClu JJ DM ^v Dn. l `[Jnum L` i@ujpJU pF&hl k M omCj Dn, kuhv l vn. hC p#C lLb hnl, l#C Dhu yulǮ ybo nl. KjKjǮ SK j#m箳 IMl GYb jnumjKb Jlb. Skckbb yuCb Sk Cb DMkw JnJb, SJ{ Ykj DJp Dml l OyOy! SK c Jlv|cl kWlu 100 pvjm& Sk JU u ku, lj pm DJp nF&u, lm knm DJp Dml DC lLu k[箳 ynj nl k{u, lj vijh# kllj c ll DhC D{u pT k k, DM Yl Jl.
DM lv JMhC& OyOybvblj DCK k bM mhO& kju Dm OyOy Dmu, Dmb Jl vn. hvn Sko jcombv Jhjuu `Oyy` n mch&k Myo DJuJj Sk iclǮ Jj cvl [kJu. jcombv l Myo mu l ynO MJLjIUlu OyOy yIv. lbv pj Jnkwj EkJ FiJm H@u hnu Dml lj...! lj koƮl l OyOylub `y` n D#j mbhub vmlb. Oyyyyyy...!
kbl ui