jJJj , 19 HyJj 2006

#Ck iCJvmj lk[ v h[C箳 mv箳 DOoJj yN G}m} lƬ Jkwl nl Dnl. c iCJ JL祮 mjcmU kv lk[ vc&C kjC n mJ& JL祮 nl Dn, Dm mv cl Dn. c$ J<&vJ<x iCbvmj lk[ h[v c}bv lb #clvmj Ƶ#C oC L hUCN kn mLhl Ubv n vC& cv vn. kn cvmlp% J Ƶ#Clp%bv vC&yyl lk} cl Jkwl k} Dn, lj knRv Dvk}. kn Ubv vC& Dbc}ypJC kjCl} JJnjk D[C Dmu cn} Dn. Skbojl, n DOo cnj^ mjkjv IF&IF&v pj k} Dn, lJj DOk Jml=l & Jn} nJ nl, Dm cl Ƶ#C Jl&Ul Jkwl nl Dn. DOo hjCc cKlJ Sm.Sm. m. y[& J lln cj UbJj cKv nCj Dn. mjmk lk[ h[um mc-Fbp, hC& mbmk=l, lb$Ƶ#C D J< J<b DOhvyyl k Yck I, Dljkwl Ƶ#kbcU J{CN K&m po Dvov cUCj k, Dm Dvk v U-JJmLhkbv Y[mJl Dnl. iCbvmj lk[b mLhl JJmL n Sk k, lj n DOo cnCp omj k- D mLl Dn k? Dmum cOci& k vI kl? Ƶ#C #$l} DYm J } Ƶ#Cyyl DmL DmCj U-mb}k, Ƶ#k, h}k mJv yyyl cl DJ絳 cb[J.
Dhu lƬ 200 yobl, }HHwJj }km- }kjbi, `} lk[b Jo` Dm vco kv }}yi箳 hʳJj kio箳 Sk yp} mJ箳 D#jl }nv 28 HyJjǮ Dl hJJ. vJ[k lƬbv mOo oCl F&}.
kCln oI&kuv pv DKlv Jjbv J JJn&lu Ov u nJ. iCJvmj lk[ v h[C箳 mv箳 Doyyl oozJv Dm cnCJ }i} k n vC& cj Ub nl vn. Mmvv n vC& Ilv Dvk cnJ箳 yyR Jj k}} vn, Dm Kov cnCJ uiu.
S} 2001 cO cnj^ mjkjv `mJ& MUbcOv `ulj h@v&` DbcuypJC llkU kjJ`, Dm DoM k{} nl. JLv hj#l cUJ}} iC }#l ITv mOjChC mcv #Ck op& Dm}u JL祮 mcJ Sk lk[l kjCl J, Dm hjh$kl mhhC cn} nl. DC Dl h J<vblj mjkjv l箳 Dio JjOl} DOo pj k} Dn, lci lk&m$ k? Dio J k Yck IC vck pv k?
JuivkjC J YoYJ n Myo coul kǮ Dnl DC Dlblk YJvJJMllv l Jhju iu Dnl. MyoibcU SkC Jou nMj JLa (mcj on kwk) J Flj (vJJo kwk) Dm cluy jbi oCl Du Dn. l#l n JuivkjC-YoYJ (segregation and discrimination) vmv JiakjC Dn DC mJ& JL祮 (lb JiJiU hlUJju J̳k #cl) Jj kv lb ilm nlkjk J Gh jJ cCk nlv l pCJhJ&k kjCl Du Dn. u Ability Tracking Dmn cnCll. Kjb cnCp, M#Clp%b cl lk JL&m mJlb$hC O[ MkJC hl n M#C mJ&l DoM& hl n. n v DJJnj DC v hjJ[Cj DmucU llu ll pJU h&- Mkwl SkmbO iu Sk$ M#C oC n n.
`M#C` n Mm$ Dn, yu ocl DmC kjC vn. JiakjC n kCln Mm$ Dlbl cuYl ijp Dn. `M#CMm$` u DhJo km Dm Mku?
ybkDOj ku pCj JiakjC Dm : 70 ybkKuu J (cu) cboy Ji&Jjl c[l. cboy cubm mJlb$ MU Dmll. un JuivkjC cnCb k?
cboy vmCN cub ybkvmj JiakjC Dm ku pl- (y@[&juFv) EkJ kJj DmCj cu -70 l 90, [} v@c&}- 80 l 89, v@c&}- 90 l 109, yF& v@c&} -110 l 119, mhjDj- 120 l 129, Jnj mhjDj-130 l 150, pvDm- 150 h# DOk
Jv Sk i u#l F&u k, cboy vmCN 70 l 150 ybk DmCN mJ& JLm Sk DYmc jyJu pl. n jWp 80 Dbkb cnCp Kh c Dn. kn il oMbcO ybk 70 l 90 im mJlb$ DYmc DmCN MU Dnl, lM m YjlcO GhuyO vnl. lJn hl hjmLll 70 l 150 ybk DmCN YV #cl JL祮 70 l 90, 91 l 110, 111 l 130 J 131 l 150 DM GhibcO JiakjC kv Sk DYmc, l l Ghi箳 #clvmj JiJiU hlv MkJu pC l lk Ghi箳 v nlJn Dn. l l Ghi l cuYl ijp Dn.
c iCJ JL祮 mjcmU kv lk[ vc&C kjC n mJ& JL祮 v Dvkjk nl. M#kbvn DM c iCJ JLv Sk$ MkJC Dlbl pkjǮ nl. Jj hfl MkJum kc iCJ JLv l J< Dkuv v Puv lb vkmv nl, lb DYm Gjumju DJ[n v nl. Ku箳 hfl MkJum DOk iCJ JLv l DJnvlck v Juv lb DYmlu u# G[v JuyJu, obicml cC J{l. yucvmMm$箳 hmlkbcOv oKu ouu Dnl.
ilcbobm JiU lk[ DmC DC llu JLa mbK Flj lk[b luvl kc Jv ldbv GhuyO kv oC, n hjic Jj vkl k pl Dmlv, mJ& lk[bcOv mjcmU kjC OjC cnCp I[U k Gu HjJC kj Dn.
DOk iCJ JL&u, kc iCJ JLyjyj ymJum, kc iCJ JL祮 Ho nF&u, n Yy[ DMJo Dn. lv hb M&l uJCv YV #cl ovn ib kljD{ nC DU Dn. 80 ydbk DmCN JLu 120 ybk Dmuu JLyjyj ymJCv 80 ybkJub Ho nF&u, Dm i=nl Oju lj, l vv 60 ybk DmCN clcbo JL&, 80 ybk DmCN JLb&yjyj ymCvn Ho nF&u. lmb Dmu lj clcbo cubm JiU MU DmC pv k?
mhOxcO- ci l DYmlu Dm, KUlu Dm- jm Dmu, lmhOa luyU Dmu lj Dk lv kv, Dhulu iCJ hjhj km uJC jC vc&C nl. DM mhOx mbO vkjCb cO cvJ nkwkb hcuu nl vn k?
nMj JLv cUCN pml iCbcUn FljbcO vvib[ vc&C nT Mkl. lm nMj JL祮 JiU lk[ DmC ijp vn, DM kj lj Dmum cvJ nkwk Diu hj# hl j kjJ uiu. cbk oC, Lc C, ldz C Flo mJ& c[l vIu DC h{u JMm Ʈr kv vJ[ kjJ uiu. M#C Dm `mcjkjC` DC `ITkkjC` Mmvu DYl Dn k?
mm DC kmJ n hkkL mJ&l Dn. lmhOa luyU vmucU mm mJl:u jl k Mku vn, iHu jnu DC hjCc M&l nju.
J%v DC JkMm$l Puu mOjCbcU, ll uiuu JJO MObcU DC lodv<biv GhuyO Dmuu DJl GhkjC DC C cU cub yk, Mjjk J cvmk #cl, lb yumLv lm k oJ b D[K Dio unv Jln ybOC Mkw Pu Dn. Brain Mapping mJO DCK kn J<l mJ&mcvbmn GhuyO nC Mkwl Dn. lcU cubcOu vvlb vckb vov nT Mku.
DYm DC DYmlj (Go. [, DYv, mbil, nmlku, J=lJ) J<bhk SK JM J<l Joll, Dmcv vhC DmCj JLan yj Dmll. lbn yyll JM< cnvl Ilum YJ kUl JJO #$bl Dmcv kl=&lJ ipJCj DvkpC vc&C nlu. mƮv lW[ukj DC mv cP& b kJU Jlu Dmcv kcij n DhIl vJn, lj pCJhJ&k lb hukbv Iluu O[m vC&u uiuu M HU Dnl.
`Mjoc` n MUoKu mƮv, Jvo kbyU, JC Dcj DC Fljn Dvk Glk= Ƭkh mllv vc&C kjl n ii vJn, lj pvy M#C Hul n. n M#C mjmk mJ& JLv ou pl vn lj ƬkcOu iCJ pKv vJ[uu kn cYj JLv ou pl. i iCJ DYJ pbv n mbO cUl vn, lbcO vvib[ vc&C nl kjCmlJ SKo `pvnl Ʈk` cvJ nkwk Dih{ Du lj DM kj JM< M#C ybo kjC HlJ cvJ nkwk Di k{Cj k?
MU kun GhccO (DYm J DYmlj) mJ& JLv mcv mbO oC kJU DMkw Dn, lm DJJn&n Dn. l l #$l JM< vhC DmCN vJ[k JLv l cUCj, n JmlJ Fljbv Ku[J=v mJkju nJ. vh# Dm mJ& Ghc J mhO& ybo kjJ uilu. cubcO p lLkLl `vvib[` vc&C nl, lb yp jJlb kC, Kj MO ICb cvJ nkwk Dik[ lj kjCNbv mmkjjl Uub Dn DC kǮ oMu DbiuvoxM kv nlhjmmj yYo kjC DMuI lv ku Dn. n vvib[ pJCm DC lu KlhC Iuv l phmCm cKl: huk pyyoj Dnl.
mO mO hj#bcOn cUCj iC, Ji&lu l cbk iRv h}k Flk hs[uu Dmll k, cu箳 L[M DhMvn o:K, k nll. Flj cubyjyj Dhu cu mll luv kjCb noKu ji cvmklb u#C Dn. cub `lLkLl DhMcU` vvib[ Lc vc&C nl l hukbcO! lb lEyy cub cvcO Gclb. Dhu cuu Dh#l M cUub vn lj MmJ JL祮 hukbv UCj klk huk c mJl: yIluu Dnl.
nMj JLcC DYml ci h[CN cubmn Km ci&oM&v JJmL Dc箳 h}x Uk J} MUlHx ku pl. GuuK [@. njǵ f b pvnl Ʈkl ljF&v Uuu Dn.
Ji&Jj DvJ& Dn. kn DbM hu kC Dmu lj DJMk Dn. M DC DhM n ovn DvYJ cubv kn lj MkJl Dmll. mkjlck kv DmCj m#c cui DhMvblj Dhu lv iCl kju, lj mnp vGco nCj cui Kv pF&u. Dm mkjlck kv Dhu hul pJC lv kl huk pCJhJ&k kjll?
n@J[& i[&vj lp%v yc D kj JC&v ku Dnl. 1) Y<k-JƮk yc, 2) l|kk iCl yc, 3) mbilk, 4) DJkMdz/ ij yc, 5) Mjj/ mvJ<k, 6) Dblj J 7) J Dbli&l 8) vmi&J<k.
hk hnu ov kjbJj mO箳 DYmcl mJ&Ok Yj ou pl n cv, hjbl Mmvv DKv ouu ul DYmc箳 kl MUbv JLv M#C oC k& kjJ uil, nn llk Kj.
ul hl jyJlv kUl-vkUl kn k I[ll, cu pCJ Dn. lm mJ& mbybOlbv mpi jnC pjǮ Dn. DYm J DYmlj #$lu iCJblb Hpu u[ kjC DLJ lbv Pkl ch oC n kJnn D#hn& n. hjbl kjCmlJ l SkC hl kǮ Dn, n YckoKu DmcL&vdz Dn.
mLhl JJmL IF&IF&v c[l k{ChJa DM JJmLm DOk JJnjk DC JmlJJo h& v MOl J k Dljk Yck ITv mJbi vC&b DbcuypJC kum k DvJmL mbi GodYJl DC l hjCl DjpkmM hjmLl vc&C nCl kM nl, yyl Glk= Y< p@p& DJxuv Dhu `D@vcu Hc&` kobyjl l箳 Km J[byvlck Mul ku Dn. l mcJo Ls jJ[ lv G[Ju Dn. hC DL& l mjbpcMnǮ hjmkl& nl, Dm cUǮ nl vn.
Mmvv DKv ouu n k mbYUC ljJj kmjl kjl, mJ& JL祮 mJiC ilm PCN, Gc Om ITv, mv kc kjCN DC lcU vJhu Duu M#C mbmLbyu箳 Dmӳh n nlJjh kjCl Du DmJl.
Dp箳 I[Ǯ Kj ijp Dn l, hukbb DC h&v mcpb yOv kjC, lb cvmkl youC箳 v mchoMv kjC DC l pyyoj Dn- mcpk, M#Ck DC cvmk Dji箳 #$l kc kjCN lp%b.
pyyll kClbn mhkjC oCb kJU DMkw Dn, DM mcpk DC D|Lk #$lu J<cln cub Hj unv Jl mJkjll- vJn, lM l mJkjJǮ uil. lcU mboY&lu pCJ-DlcYv cubv Dio unvhChmv Cm mJl nl. lm J箳 mUJ J<&hl Lby pj vml, mn vml. Mjjk umkjCyjyj, cvmk umkjCn unv Jhmv Jnu nJb. h{ Jk, DYb$k Dm kn DYmc Dvkbv iCb vk<Jv [J}Cj Dmll. J箳 mUJ J<a lbv n vkj hJCm m#c kj, lj }nvhChmv lbv iCbvmj pK} pC mJ }J} k njkl Dn? ci Ul iCJ DOj kjCl l Dmuu JiakjCyu n Flk kcuǮ nUJ kv kMm? JmlJJo mJlc lj nC箳 v mJl: #cl JmlJ Yv DC l vji mJkj } Jhmv Dlbl DJMk Dn.
k jpnbm uC~ pi Pudz nC~ cnCv k kJC~ uƮ v~~
...%vjlu DJvmj uC nkwk lku Dn. l lv ypJu nJ. hC Dhuhk lk u JiU DmCj Dn, JmlJb Yv JCb nn lJ{b cnJb. kCn kC Dmӳ k v EkJ omNM luv kv mJl:cO vvib[n vc&C nT oT v.
[@. Dpl ob[kj