c& 2006
vc
DhC& cnpv
vk uKC Fymv Sk JMhC& Kml cnCp vk yICNu/ JCNu l Mu DmJmL kv kl. Jj kjCKjp ilblj Gjl vn DC l #k DLJ Jk Dblc&K nTv mJl: cv/mJl: Jjb D{J IT uil... i DC Di n hjcM& Jv! Fymv piJKl vkkj箳 bYjJ hClLǮ vcv...

D<l pu vJj cnCv mJkjub, p箳Jj pJh[ c kub, mbi mJl: Dmcl, DJ[Ǯ li kv, l箳 mKm D< Jub... DC n miUb Dlbl cvhmv, cv, DhuhCv. Dm n vJj Dvk Sk oJM Sk `m^Wp c@v` nl. lb n vJb, Okwkok h hnCb, kwuMkjk nlb... DC vj, Fymv箳 `D [@um nTm` vƳk oIbv GYjuub Ij m[ vC& Il... MblhC, DuhlhC... Gu l vJNu mcpJv mbil, ``c lu c kub Dhu ybOvlv!`` h{ l Dmbn cnCl, There must be perfect freedom on both sides... DC oj GI[v l vIv pl... l箳 Ijynj h[uvblj oj `O[kvd` DJp Kh kn mbiv pl... lk m$Ǯ ohl hnl. vj... Sk mJ&mcv m$ mJl: MOm... Ij m[v GI[ pil Skvb pb Oj kjl; O[m oKJl.
l kU (1879) mcpl vkv vml kuuU cpJv ku. DKK mcpu h[uu Sk Mv nl... ``Dm Jj T Mkl m$Ǯ cvl?`` m$v Muvlv Dhu kl&J ypJ, Dmb Dlhl mnlk MkJC ol Dmlv, Dvk m$cO n Dmcl kv pi=l nl? DC Pu lj l J箳l ? SJ{b vJn lj l# k=loKu...??
miU kkjbv vml P[ GJu Fymv箳 JjOl... miU llkuv mcpmOjk lu JOJbmk vkkj cnC uiu. Fymvv ui ku Gj cnCv Sk- o[ J<&l hvn Sk vk unub. `Imdm...` l lv Sk kl&Jv hlv DC kl&Jv cl... DC l箳 cvlub b b Ʈ$C kub Dn. Dlbl k[k Myobl mcplu vlk cub yylhCJj lv k ku Dn. mJl: olu KN cu Okwkju uJv, Sk JjkjC omCN mK kbylu, ynjKu, Jmv cuM (p n oi&C vmll cU lb uK!! n mnv kjCb, n lj hlvǮb kl&J... Dm DlcJmhC& mcp!) uiv kju Yi h[Cj mcp... DC kl&Jvu yU h[v pvb n mJkjub l `Imdm` vk vƳk- cmm DEuJi! D<Yj ji vJNM mbmj kv DKju l箳 hoj k h[lb?
Dhu cvl DL&l Mv GY jnl... kl&Ju Piv oCj vj , k kl&J km kjkv nll hk[v... D<Yj o:Kl/DmcOvl njhUCj cmm nuv DEuJi?
vj, cmm DEuJi, n H lvOk vJb. F.m.1879 DC 1881 cO unuu n vkb... DC Dp 2006.
Dpvn n vkb... llu yjkJbvM, Dhuu uiv Dmuu Dhu DpypӮ mcpb, Jjbb, vlk/Dvlklb DC h# kllj Dvbl iRb nyny Ʈ$C Jlb...
m$Ǯb mcplub, kbylub mLv yu m$Ǯb cvm mcpJv ITv pM Fymvv vkb unu, lM Dp Dhu mcpl vu&pphC [kJCj ll jpkjCb KU, mJl:b J&mJ icJu ui v cnCv vlklv JiCN cCm yU IC Jk=l cvJ=, lv Dhu `Svc D@H o hhu` DC `hum& D@H o mm` vkbcOv vckhCv jKu Dn.
nvjk Fymvv Dhu JJO vk=lRcOv Dlbl mc#k vpjlv mJ&mcvb, mcp DYm kv mJ& #$bcOu c ukb obYkl yb[KjhC GI[ ku Dn. l箳 vkcO `JmlJl` lJu Dvmv lv `@yuc hu` DM vk Sk Ghkj mLhl ku DC ovbov JJnjlu, mJ&mcvb, Yj[uu JlJb DC nCkm JiCk cUCN JR olu oKj khj mcph{ DCu.
vk uKC l Sk JMhC& Kml cnCp vk yICNu/ JCNu l Mu DmJmL kv kl. Jj kjCKjp ilblj Gjl vn DC l #k DLJ Jk Dblc&K nTv mJl: cv/ mJl: Jjb D{J IT uil... i DC Di n hjcM& Jv!
Dlhl hjbhjk vkbcO Sk lj mKbl Dm EkJ o:Kbl... Fymv JM cnCp l箳 vklu lk MJ, cvl Sk Yubcb MvƮvn GYb kjl. l Gku kj Dml lkvb... mJl: mJl: DC lvmj Dhu JjmjC jJ Dml.
Dp箳 kUcO, l mJ& vkb D箳 mcpOCJj DOjuu Jll. l箳 vklu mJ& cK h$ (protagonists) SK Om Pi[lv omll. l Pi[ Skk Dml. $mok Dml. lbv mj#l, mbhV D<n vJ[ kjC mbO Dml; hC vlk cub Kv kv! n m$ lbv cv nl vn DC Pi[ u jnl... DJjl...!! llv chC GodOJml Ijk[ hnlv, SKo [@. m@kcv v [icil, v Iyjl cnCl, The strongest man is he, who stands alone...
F.m. 1899 cO lb MJb vk `Jnv JF& [[ DJkv` n m Pub. pC n l箳 vJm DC l箳 D<n Ghmbnj nl... vklv lv pJbl YmCN c=l DC vml mcpu pi=l kjC DKj lv kv 23 c& 1906 oJM pi vjh Ilu. 20 c& 1828 hmv u Puu l FnukǮ Jm mbhu.
l箳 hClLvcv DhC, `DJ&v vkb hl` Dmb DJOhC, hC mJ&cv DmCN nvjk pnv Fymvu, pik DC l|kk Jjbv, mcpk[ hnC Lb[ vpj youv JiC lv k ... nǮ vkkju KN DL&v Dojbpu ju.

Fymv箳 kyjhM

p oJM Dcn Gmu m[u, l箳 Dou oJM mbOkU ov HyJj 90 jp Fymv箳 kyjǮ oM&v Ilu DC Dc箳 k&c pC mbil ku. Gmu j^dz & kyjmlvl Fymv on ƮjJbl Il hn[u Dn. l箳 Mpj l hlv mPv J cui mio& b kyj Dnl. kyjmlvl kyjR Kh ioa Dn DC cc P[n yjǮ Dnl.
Fymv kyj n[kv k{J uiu. hTm h[l nl J nJl ijn Yjhj nl. DbOj h[箳 Dl kyjǮ oM&v Pu n JM<. kyjJj JnCm Dcn Hu Ilu vJnl, hC lL Hu J u@jvm Jnuu nl. kyjJj kCln cpkj vn. H nvjk Fymv n vJ Dn DC ci mlbY Dn,l kUMj Dn.
kyj hnlv cu #CYj nuumjK Pu. hC #CYj. YJv GbyUv Du EkJ Jjb ioa Pu, Dm Pu vn. j@vo iv Dnv kyjǮ Mpj cu GY kv H Ilu. l Sk hjhla #C nl. Dhu L C J k&c hj h[C n DKj hh Dn, n Glklv pCJu DC cv knm KVn Pu; hjlǮ Jm m PumjK Ju.
Fymv Jmll: vmlk nl, hC l DblJO Ƹv hlv J DOk=l Flccv Pu. JM< cnCp lu DJ[Cj yyucOu mcil cnu iu DC l箳 Dbl$ Dmn Sk il Dn. n il J mc c DJp&v civ Ilu. pJn kyjmlvlv Dcn ynj h[l nl, lJn DhC Hu DCJm nJ nl, Dm Ju. kyjhM c$ c Eno hlv nl p[v cvYJ vcmkj ku. mppvi[Jju jcomb mcOm vcmkj kjlv p J Doj cP cvl ou nl, l箳SJ{Ǯ Glk J Doj JU cP cvl cvl nl. v@Jxnv hjllv c Fbiub[cO pTv MkwmhDj kyjun DYJov ku. FymvcC l Mlklu FbiuM kJ J[&mJL& DC jMv kobyjkj omlJmk b kyjR oM&v IC DM c yUiv Dn.
Fymv kyj Km hlǮ DC JiU kC Dmu, Dm cu Ju nl. l#l l Dvk kyjR ipypl Dn. ``lc箳 oMl SJ{ MkMk Dn J Yjhj pi Dn, hC Skk pJv piCN Fymvu c$ ioal hju iu Dn, n pj Dvh#l Ju,`` c i cb[URv cnCu. lJj j@voyF& cnCu, ` kyjmlvl v@Jxlu cc cb[U hjuu Dnl.`
kyjǮ ci kU mbicjJjmjK oi[ mlbY Dn. l mlbYJj c$ Sk nl[ mӮk Ʈ$ Dn. yi&cvv cnCp `KC kcij` vJ Fymv Sk kJl Dn.
No, still delve I must not cease
Here lives my eternal peace
Break my way you hammer batter
To the secret heart of matter
Hammering and hammering
To the last day of life shall bring
Never beam of brightness dawining
Never sun of hopes full morning.

kJl DKj DU Fymv箳 k&Jj kM kCN Dnl. mlbY jbin cnCv kU JCl Du Dn. n Ʈ$ kjC kuhv cu DJ[u.
Dcn Ibv kyjmlvlv uJkj k{l h Ilu. kjC hJm pj J{ uiu nl DC s$ l Jj J hJmu lW[ oT Mku vml.
v@Jxu c Fymv箳 vkb J cU mboY& DYm kjCm iu. Dc cK F&hml mO Pu. lJjn c unl Dn, hC Jm `y @[kw` llk cnJ jl.
vmi&-mc= Dmu DC ukmbK kc Dmu lj DOvk ilǮ Ho ITv cCm kl mK J DoM& pJv pi Mkll, pC m#lkj oM&v Dcnu I[u. biu DLa `h&JjC` cnlc l# DvYJv Dcn hjlu. Fymv, Mkblk unCj mnlk; hC l oM c$ Dvbo DC Dllk= pJv pil Dn. k[kw Lb[ J nc Dmvn l mJh Sk vbovJvmjK Dn.
(Dv kukCauKl `Fymv箳 v@Jxlv` hmlklv mYj.)