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Jvmj J{ nTv Dh#l Gb J Jpv DmC n biu Mjj h<C cK ick Dn. DL&l l DvJbMkl kn YJ Dml, hC Dhhu pvkbvmj Dh#l J{ iCm Dnj J Flj hjmLl Dvku Dmu nJ. Yjldz JbM箳 JRv i Dnj J Dvku hjmLl Dmu lj Sk-ov h{bcO Flj JbMk JRM (Go. v EkJ jhv) pJUhm mcv J{ nT Mkl n Kj Dn. Dnjl hjm G<cbk, Lv, un, pJvmJo Jij m#c h<k DmC DC pblmbmi&pv Dpj v nlu DM hjmLl DmC DJMk Dn. n mJ& Dvkul DL&l kJU pvchmv vn lj iY&JmLhmv cUC DJMk Dn. n pJJ%vk ml mbKMm$dz kmbv Glju Dn, lm vjvjU ynJbMk MnjbcO omv Du Dn. cnCv Jpv-Gb J{yu Dbljj^dz vk<- km uJl ll. yukh<C Dp Jpv km Dbljj^dz mjmjǮ (nJ&[& mB[[&) Duk[ ov Ijbh#n (mB[[& [JnSMv) kc DM kuu Dn. kmvmj 45% Yjldz cu DuhJpv Dnl. (cnj^l lh# pml cnCp 50% cu DuhJpv Dnl). Yjldz yujilp% hj<ov m L[ cHk vk< uJu Dn. vmj Dbop Skl=lbM cu kh<l jll. c$ hk lJ kh<C kJU 1-2% Dml. Gjuu mJ& cOc kh<C Dml DC l Kj Mv Dn.
kh<Cv yU DuhJpv nll, hC lyjyj Flj Jkmn kclj jnl Dm myU hjJ Dn. cnCv yu- kh<C n Sk oI&kuv J cnJ mcm Dn.
Yjllu kh<C Mv iu Dvk oMkbcO vjvjU hlv xl Dn. Yjldz Jkdz mbMOv cb[U Sk DOJ& jcEuimJc bv Yjllu kh<C Dkh# lJ Dn Dm cb[u, lJn Dvkb lJj Jm yml vJnl. S. k. ihuv Jij Mm$%bv n kh<C Mv Yjldz Ypvlu Lv-$R vmv SkC Dnj- kcljl Dn Dm cb[u. k. hb. J. mKlc mbKMm$%v mJsl jKu lj pblmbmi& kc nTv, Dn l h<Cl Jpv-Gb mO Mku Dm mbl cb[u. hjl Sk ypu Mknj UJUǮ Dn lj omN ypu DOk `Db[` K (Mknj J cbmnj) Dm Dn. ciu 1/2 J<l cnj^l yuc=l J kh<C b c Jobi Pu nl. yuc=l jKCm Mmvv [@. ybi mcl vcu. kh<C n yuc=lci c kjChjbhj Dn. kjC 30-50% yuc=l kh<CM vi[l Dmll. ojvc&uv DO k h<C Mv DO Dmn DL&Mm$dz Jo cOv cOv [kJl. Dcl& mv b cl DVlhovyjyj ukMn J M ov i Dnj- h<Cm (JM<l: YkyU UCm) kUǮ cvu Dnl. Yjldz GhKb[l v kUhmv `DVmk&cU` cvJ mcn l jnu n jpJ[ b cb[C nl. mpucd mHucd oMcO Dl SJ{ kh<C km k? kh<C n lj JmlJ Dn k?
pilk yBk vkl m Puu Sk DYm- DnJul MvJj kMPl kuu oml. Yjldz kh<C JJO hu, lJj mcpk-D|Lk Gh J mbmLlck JJmLhv yu DnJul lhMuJj cb[C kuu Dn. cP n uK cKl: DnJuJj DOjl Dnl. cnj^ kh<C箳 yyll ynj, Gj oM Jij cim jpb yjyjl Dn nn l cb[u Dn. DnJuvmj Yjll b[ kh<C Dn l Mbk vn. n kh<C DvJbMk vmv hjmLlpv Dn, kjC Yjlynj J{uu Yjldz JbM cu FljbcC J{ll Dm omv Du Dn. pilk h<CJ<k Dk[JjǮ hmj- Ʈ$ k{u lj Yjl Jpv-Gb Dk[Jj ll mjmjǮ Hj Duk[ h[l n Uk ml Dn. cnCp SkC pilk luvl Yjldz cu kc Jpv, GbǮ Dmll. mnjKuu Dkv oM n kh<Cml cnCv m Dnl, hC Yjldz kh<C mcm lbh# pJUpJU ohh Dn. n mJ& Dk[Jj v u#l IC DJMk Dn.
DuhJpv DmC (J箳 cvv Jpv kc), j[JC EkJ KbiC (GbǮ cvv Jpv kc DmC) n kh<C lv chob[ Dnl. lu `KjC` n Yi oI&kuv kh<C oKJl. hk kCln chob[ Jhju lj 50-40 kwk Yjldz cu kh<l Dnl.
Yjll jpmLv, Gj oM, cO oM, Djm, ynj J cnj^ n mn bl JM<kv kh<l Dnl n Sk cnJ vWo. kJU Jpv- Gb kc DmCyjyj un kcljl J D-pJvmJ mhl kcljl ov cnJ箳 mcmboKu 60-80 kwk yukbcO D{Ull. D[v kcljln Dvk blbcO Dn.
kh<C DjiJj J DL&JJmLJj Dvk o<hjCc mbYJll. kh<l cubv Dpj J c=l pml cCl nll. kh<l cub ybk kn cCl kc jnl J n cu MU hC& kjC Mkwln kc jnl. h{u D<l lb k&M mjmjv kc jnl. mJ祮 lku hjCc lb J oM箳 GlhVJj nl. D|Lk vkmvǮ kn Dbop ybOu iu Dnl. cvJ J D|Lk ovn kvblv n kh<C n Kh nvkjk Dn.
Yjll SJ{ kh<C k Dn? kjChjbhj cnCp Sk o Dn. cUl Yjllu Skl=ldzbM yU kc pvcJpv Dmll J h{ lb Jpv mjmjv kc jnl J J{ kcǮ jnl. Dl kc pvcJpv kjC m$b kh<Cl DC DuhJv uivl Dml. DL&l mcpk- D|Lk kjC Dnl. Sko yU pvcu k DCK kn lku Ik D[J ll. yUu uJkj mlvhv v oC, ui DbIU IuC (pcU yU Dbi Ty kc nTv Sk kj kh<C nl), mbmi&pv Dpj (KKu, yWy hkC F.), mlvhv kǮ hl n Pu hnu DJ[lu kjk. mOjChC mn cnvbvblj yUu mlvhv Dhj h[u uil lJn hjk/ Jj u kju uil. DM JU i hlv Dnj ou vn DC mJsl hUu vn lj puy nll DC kh<C nl. puy- lhcU yU kc Kll- hll J Dpjl Tp&n K& nl. SkC Dpjbv yU kh<C箳 l D[kl. vpk oOhl- jbil Jl yU kh<l nll DC lvblj cnCp yN GMj DbiCJ[l hll.
Yju Yjllu J̳k- mJ&pvk mJsl (cKl: cu Jmp&v J hChjJ) JF& Dmuv pbl J pblmbmi& uӮ jnl. k. hb. J. mKlc bv cJj Yj ou nl. l Dnjl kJU mJ&pvk mJslvn kh<C L[m kc nT Mkl.
DM jlv kh<C n Jc mcpk- D|Lk kjCbcU Yjldz Ycl cU Ov Dn. ibliblǮ hjmLll kJU D|Lk mc=/ GlhVJ{v kh<C mcm ml vn n u#l IC DJMk Dn. kjC/ hjJ KuucC-
1. cbl Ji&ln kh<C Yjhj cCl Dn.
2. cnj^mjK il jpln kh<C pml D{Ul.
3. 0-3 Jilu yukb kh<C nl l cKl: ijmcpl, mbmi& J DjimJ vmuv. Dnj cnCv lb ijp L[ Dml. ijy kbyloKu mnm SJ{ DVbF& vml.
hjbl DvmƮl pl/ pcl, DoJm, cC mcn, mLublj kjCj i Dvk kj JbƮl Dmll, lbv kh<C Hk pml yml nn ml Dn.
Yjllu n kh<C (cnCp cKl: yu kh<C) nJCm Yjl mjkjv iu 20-30 J<l JJO kj pv DKu, c$ l L[m Ghi Pu. kn ibl c&ol M omu, hC Kjlj Dvk pv cnCJ llkw MmJ Pu vnl. vn cnCu D pJvmJ Jh箳 k&cv yjǮ il mOu Dn. D[v cn [WijU bll Kh Ghi Puu Dn. hC pvcJpv, DuhJpv, Gb KjC, j[hC, jhb{j (kc j) J cOc mc D pJvmJYJ mcm iuu vnl. pilk yBk, kDj, vmH, vj[ F. Dvk mbmL l J<&vJ<x Yjl mjkju mnk& kjl Dnl. cuvc [JnuhcW iumd TH& mnk Jkm G Yjl mjkjv mJkju Dnl, ll ijy- Yk, cl- yuc=l Jj cl kjC n cK G Dn. l yu kh<C hlU mO箳 vcc (45 kwkJv 23 kwk) kc kjC SJ{ c&ol G Ju iu Dn. mO箳 ilv J lvbv n G iC mljc Mkwl vn, Dm n DnJu mbil.
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