yOJj, 29 c& 2006

J%vlu mJ& MKb DvY< mc iCl n Dn. lj n hoJ kO iClu lj kO YlkMm$u ynu kjCl Du Dn. DJkMJ%vum n hoJ kO kU hl Pu nl. mN J%v MKbv Sk JiU hjcC, Sk JiU `iu@cj` Dn, hC YJ%v yl kn Dj- vjU Dn. YMm$ EkJ YJ%v- pl DblY&J nl h=LJǮ DYm, l箳 Gojl o[uu jnmb MO IC, l箳 DbiKbJj youl pCN hjK, KCKCb DC lh k&jl DmCN Ƭ- Ƭb JO IC- DM MOkcbm J%vlu Flj MK YjYv col kjl Dmll. YMm$lu SKo cnJ Mv pj Dio Kul pTv mcpJv I Dmu J l Mv Sku kj Dmum YlkMm$, YYlkMm$, jmvMm$ EkJ llmc DM J%vMK Dhu MOcncl mcu nll. cnCv YMm$ n Sk mJ&mcJMk J mck DM J%vMK Dn.
YMm$mbybO pJn kJn J< vIl lJn mjmk miUb Sk lƬ Dml. oi[- OW[b DYm. YMm$ cnCp oi[b DYm n mckjC Dio IfhC ukb cvcO muu Dn, hC Mm$l K[kbJlj DCK Yjhj kn MkC J mcpCmjK Dn. YMm$dz kuKb[l J plv Puu h<Cl h&JjCdz J nJcvmbybO plv Puu youl kn mm$l D{Ul k n hnCm iCl J mbKMm$ col Ilu pl. lm h=LJǮ Jml=l Flnml l箳 h=YiJj Dvk Gukhlb J Ocklb J<&J Puu Dn. (Dhu cnj^l, uCj L (yu{C luk) GukhlcU Sk c JJj, lU lj Puu Dn.) kCb DYm kv lb Flj nbM DmCj mc DOjKl kjCm KiuJ%v Jhj ku pl.
Dp箳 I[u YMm$l Dvk vJvJv mhMupd lj Puu Dnl pl ov EkJ pml J%vMm$b mbi I[v l pm pJYYlkdz Mm$, hjnJcvMm$, YjmvMm$ Flo. YMm$ n J< Hj `FvjEmi` Dn. YMm$% SK `[kwJnmjK cl J h<Clv plv Puu mbkl MOv k{l J vblj Sk uKk箳 Llv l mbklyjnkc Sk kL jl.
J%vMKl JM ICN ynlbM JL祮 `pD@u@p (YMm$) n J< iClu h& cnCv vJ[ kjCk[ ku Dml. kn JLv iCl DJmlJ Yl Jl Dml J l kk J<hmv mJl: mk kv ICm YMm$ vJ[ kjll. YMm$ h Fbpbv SkCmJ Mlk箳 cOm Yjldz GhKb[l jCm mJl ku. DC l JuǮ hjCc cnCv pD@u@pku mJnx D@H Fb[ (GSI) mLhv Pu. mbmL cOclv mbhC& Yjldz GhKb[箳 kvkhN YMm$dz mJnx kjCl Du J DiCl YMm$dz vkM yvJCl/ kMl kjCl Du. l hjhk cnCv Dp Yjllu Dvk Jh, vJpuu mjkj/ Dmjkj mbmL DC cnJublv hoJj EkJ hoJhJ& JLv n J< MkJu pl. lm [@kwjm mbMOv箳 Dvk mbO GhuyO kv oCl Du Dnl. YMm$箳 JJO MKbcO DYm kjCN JLcO iu kn kUl Hj c cCl J{ nl Dn. pcO h^u@p, m[cWu@p, m^H, pDc@Hxu@p, cvju@p, h@Euu@p, SvJnjucWu pD@u@p, FbpvdzEji pD@u@p, pDkcm^, pDy@v, YYlkMm$, h^uc pD@u@pm Flo JJO J<b mcJM Dn.
YMm$lu JJO J< DC llu kjDj mbO
YMm$lu kjDj : YMm$l Dvk MK, GhMK Dmu, mhMuPMv Dmu lj #$l `YMm$%` (Geologist) cnCv Hj c cCl mbO GhuyO Dnl. YMm$% n Sk kj njnVj J Dml. p箳k[ J<lu JJO hC ynlbM Ikb cnl Dml J Jack of all trades mojl c[l. cnCv p mbmLl lu kc cUl l mbmL ijpbvmj mJl:u vb$l kv l mbmLlu kc vhj kjl. YMm$% cnCv pD@u@pku mJnx D@H Fb[ (GSI), D@@ck cvju [jkwj (AMD), D@F&u DB[ v@ju i@m k@hxjMv uc[ (ONGC), mW^u Tb[ J@j y[& (CGWB), ku Fb[ uc[ (CIL), m Tb[ J@j [h&cW (SGWD), m cF&vm DB[ pD@u@p (SMG), Emijv kuhjm kbhv
uc[ (SGCL), v@Mvu Fvm D@H DMvH (NIO), J[ Fvm D@H ncuv pD@u@p (WIHG), DC Flj Dvk YMm$dz mbMOv mbmL J k&u.
Kpi mbmLbcO pm, Smmj, juvm , Hw , Mubyjpj , ph , mjK Yjldz J Dbljj^dz kbhv m YMm$%bv biu mbO GhuyO kv ol Dmll.
vv hyuk m|Jnm kcMv, m YMm$%bm mhO&lck hj# Dpv kjl Dmll. lb ov k@ij Dmll. hnu k@ijl ov h Dmll. hnu hcO pD@u@pm (pvj) J omN hcO Dmmb pD@u@pm n ho pD@u@pku mJnx D@H Fb[m Yju pll. omN k@ijlm ov h Dmll. hnu hcO pvDj n[^pD@u@pm J omN hcO Dmmb n[^pD@u@pm n ho Yjllu kn jJk kC DmCN mW^u Tb[ J@j y[& m YjCl ll. n[^pD@u@pm ho jp mjkj DKljl DmCN Tb[ J@j y[&cO m Yju pll. FLn vJ[Ǯ mJh hj#mjK Dml. DO uK hj# J vblj (FbjJu) mcj pJ uil.
KC #$l m YMm$%bv Dvk mbO GhuyO Dmll. hC #$l kcmJh jcW Hj kc cCl Dml. kjC Goj DL&kjC vl DJubyuvblj mjkjv KC #$lu Dhu DmllJ kc kjC pCvypv vC& Ilu Dn. Dp箳 I[u Yjllu Dvk Kpi kbhv #$l Glju Dnl J pcvǮ c Y-lk[ `up` Jj ITv KC kc Jkml kjl Dnl. cnCv DM kC kcmJh vkjh# kvmub쮳 hl mbO cU Mkl. kvmub cnCv m biu kcF& nT Mkl.
pj v-m hj# GC& Pu Dmu lj Yjllu/ jplu kCln cnJul DLJ Jhl, pL YMm$ [h&cW Dmlu lL, ukwjj cnCvn mbO cU Mkl. DM kC MkJCJlj mbMOv m kjl l. lm DST/ UGC/ CSIR mjK mbmL mbMOvm vO GhuyO kv ol Dmll.
kjDj Fv h^u@p
Jhk DM YMm$ h^u@p n Sk DlM cnJ GhMK Dn. J<bli&l h<Cl DmllJl DmCN Kvpb DJukv kv l K[k kCl kuKb[l J kCl h&JjCdz hjmLll vc&C Pu MO Ilu pl.
h^u@pcO v<Cbl DmCN J m#coM&k (microscope) b$Ku oi[ Dio hlU hh Jv ll DmCN JJO Kvpb DYm kjCl ibluu Dmll. Ƭlv cUCN %v Ghi Dvk kC ku pl, pm DO GuuK kuu mjkj J Kpi kbhv p h^uc J Kvp mbh MOv k{Cl ibluu Dnl.
kjDj Fv m[cW@u@p
K[kb kj lv- Divpv, mljdz J hbljl. lu mljdz K[k mcv lhcv J oy DmCN h&JjCdz hjmLll vc&C nll. kjCmlJ nJcv J h&JjCdz cnl iU kjC箳 kc b DvvmOjC cnJ Dml. SKo mljdz K[k G<C h&JjCdz kuKb[l lj Pu DLJ Lb[, lJU D&l cC kc nl k pml, cvmv lJl kJ{ nl D[K ybOC n m[cW@u@pm u#CmӮk iCOc& Dn.
kjDj Fv Fk@v@ck pD@u@p
Fk@v@ck pD@u@pǮ hjhMlv Jj kum Dm omv F&u k, 1970 oMkl jvc ul nl. lvblj nj J mv pcv m Pu. n MK cKlJ Ol J DMOl Ol (ore) MOM J D|Lk HM vi[l lb JkmM DYVjl p[u iuu Dn. 2005 hl Yjll kUM Dbop 245692 oMu# v m MOv k{Cl Du Dn. cBivp OlӮ Dbop 165 oMu# v m Yjldz GhKb[箳 Gojl o[uu Dn. YJ<kUlu Tp&l cnCv cLv ppkj ku pl Dn. l mcj 975 Dyp kwmkwm cj Flkw c cCl m DmC Mkwl Jl&Ju pl Dn, DM lNn cvJ箳 Ghi J oM箳 ilm DJMk DmCj Kvp J OlӮ Dvk m Dpv MOv k{J Dnl. lm Yjhj c cCl YMm$%b ijp Dn.
Fk@v@ck pD@u@pm cnCv kc kjC mbO KCkc mbybOl JJmcO cU Mkl. cO Dvk mjkj J Kmi mbmLbl vkj EkJ muuij yvC mbO uv T Mkl.
kjDj Fv h&JjCdz YMm$/ SvJn&vcWu pD@u@p
pi DL&JJmL J Dik h{juhC Kvp mbhM Dhjn&hC p[u iuu Dn cnCv Kvp Ghm EkJ KCkcu ljCh vn. hC Kvpbv lb vm|ik pilv ynj k{uvblj lLu h&JjCl Dvk yj-JF& you I[v ll. n you yNo JF& Dmll J h&JjCu nvkjk jll. Kvp mbhǮ Yu c m h=LJǮ Gojlv ynj k{uv h&JjCJj Jhjl hjCc nl Dmu lj l hjCc J lb lJl vkwkǮ kc kjl T Mkl. n Jnjv kjC kc J kcij h&JjCdz YMm$% Dml. h&JjCdz YMm$ kuhv cl& hl jh-Dcjkl D{Ul hC Dhu oMl Dpv p Puu vn lcU #$l h{ci Dvk mbO cU Mkll.
kjDj Fv FbpvDEji pD@u@p
Y, vviu, njk[, lbiY, njmjK c OjCbv ybOCDO Dvk kC mJx#C kjCl Du nl. OjC ybOCi pi mh[uvblj OjCb ybOkc kc nl ICl Du nl. n kc FbpvdzEji pD@u@pm Dml. lm cc Fcjl, jml, vm|ik DhRv DU IuCm kjCl Cj ybOkc, KC m kjC, hCm J Flj pudz Ikbv (pm h^u, j@ku F.) v-DC kjCm hFhuFv kC J kN JunJ uJCm YJ%vk mJx#C ijp jl. i pi vJ[v oC kc FbpvDEji pD@u@pm Dml. #$l lCbv Yjhj mbO GhuyO Dnl.
kjDj Fv pDc@Hxu@p
YMm$dz kn Ylk[b jv Hj ibliblǮ J mboiO Dml. Kmkv nculu Dvk Ylk[b jv J Dkj SkckbM kM lNnv mbybOl J Jkml Puu Dnl n jJC Sk oJ Dml. l Sk @uWp Dml. kjC ncu hJ&ljbilu #$l 3-3.5 k J<hmv Dvk YYlkdz you I[v l Dnl. Yjldz GhKb[ Gjk[ mjkl DmukjCv J jM Ylk[ Sk pi mLj jnuv cOu hfl pL Lm mc nl, l kC箳 K[kbv Hj c YYlkdz I[c[Rv lW[ J uiu Dn. lcU Lu K[k Dvk JU JYbi (Fanlt) hJu Dnl J lbv (Fold) h[uu Dnl. lcU DO lj Puu K[k vblj lj Puu K[kbJj JmJuu D{Ull, DM JmLhl Puu Ikb i c uJC DJnv pDc@Hxu@pm mJkjll.
YjlcOu ynlk mN Jhlv `pD@u@p` mojKu Jju GuuKuu km& B.Sc./ M.Sc. cO MkJu pl. Hj L[ kC `mhMuPMv` mbO GhuyO Dnl. mhMuPMv kmxm Yjll kn cpkw kC MkJu pl (pm Ovyo Lu Indian School of Mines) Dhu mJl: DJ[v MKl Dhu #$ vJ[C cY Dhuu Dn. kO kO vkj cUuu mbmLlu Lcklvmj kc kjJ uil J l Dv<biv Dhu %v箳 k# J{JJ uill. pj iCl J k@chj @Eci l Dmu lj l kjDj Mvm vƽlhC Ho nl.
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pravin@iigs.iigm.res.in
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