mcJj, 17 Su 2006

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Yjl Sk v mbmk=l. Yjl Flnmn jbpk Dn, Dmb piYj yuub pl. yjǮ jp Du J jpkdz v Kum Pu. hjbl vblj mJ& kn DyoDyo nl Dm. lJn JJnj nl Dml YjJMJj, lJn vJnl kio uvb EkJ mv- boǮ vC, JJnj nl Dm yulJj J y&j hlv (JmlJvc hl). DM hl mJ& mbmLvbl nl. J lu h& vJnl. yM pcvlv F&m Fb[ kbhvǮ Yjll Gic Pu, JKj cnCv lbv Obo u ku mjlhmv. hjbl l YJ Yjll Kh J{u. lk mbmLvcO lb cCmb hju pl nl J lbv l cnCl h@uku Spbmd. YjlcO Jhj J JJnj vWo Fbiub[cO, cnCv lbv yBkb ijp Yml Dm. ovM h J<hJa lbv lv m[vm yBkwm GI[u. yBk D@H yWi@u kuklcO, yBk D@H y@cy cbyF&cO J yBk D@H cm cmcO. mbmLvbcO yBkblHx {JU{JU nT uiu J l JU kio uv Ghil T uiu. mbmLvl lb kio uv EkJ OlӮ vC JhjCl l Dml. uvJj vb$C Dm mv, DMǮ JJmL pilk JJnjln nl Dm. uv Ekcl mv箳 ljCMJ nl vm, cnCv n Dm Gh.
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1) hC D[J hC pjJ- (OjC), 2) Klb Glhov 3) mcW Glhov, 4) mu Glhov, DM kuhbv uv oCm Lc lbv DcjkM yuC ku. Dcjk col kjCm lj nl hC lbv youl YjlcO lv lU nJ nl. lvblj vnpRv jMM mbhk& ku DC jMv lb ciC cvu J hjkdz uvm lv mlJ cb[u h IC ((Rupee Trade Agreement) mlJcU jM YJ YjlcO Kh Pu J Yjl DC Dcjk mbybOcO oj vc&C nl iu. Yjl DL&JJmL lJn pclc nl, hjbl vb$C b$C m#c nl, p Dphl YkwkchC GY Dn. hjkdz uv Flkb kc nlb k, 1961 mu pJn h. u. oMhb[ Fbiub[u y.y.m. ^Evim Du, lbk[ nl H h hQ[ 10 MEui (h 75). hjmLl ibYj nlǮ hjbl p c nl.
Yjl箳 ilh# Yjldzb il nl nl. l JU Yjldz [@kwjb cnJ Fbiub[cO SJ{b J{ub k, Fbiub[ Jkdz JJmL 50 kwk YjldzbJj vY&j nl. oM il Oc ilv nl iu, hjbl DL&JJmLJj b[ lC h[l Dm. 1990 mu lj hjmLl SJ{ ibYj Pu k, mvb inC JC JU Tv hu. lodvblj (DScSH) Dbljj^dz vCvOǮ vccC Dhuk[ GojkjC JJmL cb[Cl Du. lJn hblOv nl vjEmn jJ J Jcb$ nl [@. cvcnv Emi, oMcO il nl nlǮ hjbl Yjldzb mjmJl Jbov Dcjklu mJ#$l Kh vJ kcJl nl. pb vbo 1992 mu Pu hC Dl n #$ SJ{ h{ iu Dn k, Dhu DL&JJmLcO 50 kwk iov mJ#$cOv nT uiu. lcvv MlǮ GlhV kJU 21 kwk jnu J cMvj Glhov 24 kwkwbhl jnub. Yjl Sk JƮ$hC& oM, D Oc&, DrJm Y< J ov npj yu DM oMb DL&kjC J DL&JJmL vb$C kjCb kc jiyUb vn J l kc Dlbl nkclv [@. cvcnv Emi kjl Dnl J piYj GoGon nl Dn.
1978 mu pilk Jhj mbIv (WTO) pvc Pu. lDO kc kjl Dmuu `i@`k[v (General Agreement On Trade & Tariff) WTO Gic Pu. mbmLl Sk kU [@. DukwPb[j kc kjl Dml. Fboj ibOR mbmLJj Kh Jm cnCv WTO mYmolJJj Yjlv pJn mn ku lJn DhC omj j^ nl. pilkkjC JO lJn uiu nl J llHx lv mbmLb Gic Pu- 1) WTO 2) Bank of International Settlements (BIS) 3) International Chamber of Commerce (ICC)
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WTO cC oM DL&JJmL kM DmJ, Glhovkj km DmJ Dlv&l kM DmJ J kl DmJ Jj Jj nl Dm J l hjmLl Dhuk[ Dh u Dn, cnCv DlǮ oj kc nl iub omlb.
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BIS cnCp miU cOJla yBkb vb$C kjCj mbmL, cnCv l箳 pvb Jj kjC Dhjn&. oM DL&JJmL kM DmJ, uvJJmL kM DmJ. ilǮ Ji J{Cm k kjJb, hjkdz uv kmb DmJb Dm kn c BIS OjCKu DCC mlJ m Pu. lcO Dlbl cnJ yy cnCp oMb hjJl&vdz uv.
[mWyj 2005/ pvJj 2006 mu [Jn@m, mlPu[cO pilk Jhj m$ Yjub nlb. lcO Yjl DL&JJnj, DL&vl, D|Lk mj#ll Jj yj Jj Pu J YjYv mlln Pu. u kjC Sk mJ#$l Yjldzb D|Lk il, Dp YjlcO 25 k uk Mkuu J D|Lk #cl Dmuu Dnl. lb MǮ Dcjklu yN mbmLbv Kyj Dn. J@uc& n Dcjklu mJ&l c J M=bKu, p 323 okv Dcjkl Dnl J piYj ovM Jj okv Dnl. J@uc& Gu{u Yjl箳 DL&JJmL 80 kwk Dn. J@uc&v Yjl箳 kjkU J (jEui) #$ DYm ku, l JU omv Du k, pJUpJU 22 uK kjkU J kjC okv Dnl, lhk 70 kwk okv 300 . Hbh# kc Dnl, hC DM okvblv 64 kwk hhm Jku pl. mbmLlHx Dmb mcpv Dub k Yjl mbIl jEui #$ Gu{u 900,000 k . Dn. Dp YjlcO 611 c@um Sk lj GY Dnl EkJ nl Dnl. hjbl DM c@ucOv kjkU J H 20 kwk Dn hC lb ilǮ Ji 25 kwk Dn.
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