MvJj ~ 22 S} 2006

cbyF&l mcj j oMkhJa Km kv ooj, ijiJ, Ʈjypj, ijCibJ Yil D{UCj U mbmk=l nUnU kc nl pTv uk mJbhC& yu@kcO mbmj L uiu. iu oMkl yu@kcOv uk Dh&cWmdcO mLubljl nT uiu. yu@k mmcyjyj kkC mnkj i=nvc&C mbmL DmllJl Du DC DM mbmLbJj vb$C JCm k-D@hjJn mm D@kw Dhj h[ uiuv Hwu@mdOjkb mm cnj^ DvjMh Hwu@md D@kw 1964 mu Dcul DCCl Du. mll uKcO kyyl cnl oC cvo Dn.
 


1963 mu Dbcul Duu ku o cnj^ DvjMh Hwu@md (jiuMv D@H o cMv D@H kvm^kwMv, mum, c@vpcW D@C[ ^vmHj) D@kw 1963 Dm mbyOll. jbY moj ko y=nvcbyF&, hC Mnj, K[k k@vvcW, C cnhuk #$bv ui nl. lvblj 22 vJnWyj 1979 hmv n ko [WyJu vijhuk #$u ui kjCl Du DC 1982 mu k箳 k#l DbyjvL, kuC DC Gunmvij cnhuk #$ DCCl Du. jbY n ko 10 J<m Dbcul Du nl, hC lu JUJU colJ{ oCl Tv Dl l 2007 muhl Dbcul jnCj Dn.
kl Hwu@md n Myo Jhjuu Dmu lj l mJ& mcJMk Dmv ll yEu[i DC yu@k nn DblY&l Dnl. klu Dh&cW DL& vJm, k&u DLJ Obo Gim EkJ HMvm Jhjl Cj yEu[i Dm DL& Dn. Dh&cWcO vjvjU cpuJj Dmuu Ku EkJ l Yi mcJ Dmll. c$ Dm Dh&cW mJ&pvk jml, iuu EkJ nJu p[u pC DJMk Dml.
klu `Dh&cW Dvj` DL& Hwu@ cuk OjC kjCj DC mcv nlm mcv mR Jhj kjCj Dm Oju pl.
Ijb bF&
cnj^ jpl Ijb bF& mJ&$ pCJl Dmuv DC Ijb JJnjl Dvk ijkj D{Uuv DC Hwu@Ojkbv kn D[CR mcv kjJ uil n u#l ITv Hwu@Ojkb kuCL& mjkjv moj ko mbcl ku Dn. j Ij ybOC JJmlu ijJJnj kc nTv Hwu@ Kjo, J, nmlbljC Do mj JJnj mjUl uJl n moj ko kjCci mjkj nl Dn. klu ynlbM ljlo mjkjv 20 c 1960 jp mboY&l vcuu JM< mclǮ MHjmRJj DOjl Dnl.
kl kuc 2 kcO ouu cj JK DM Dn.- cj cnCp yu@kwm EkJ Hwu@md Fcjl ybOv DLJ ybOv ITv l Fljbv JkCj J n. cO kbhv, mnkj mbmL EkJ JR mbIv EkJ lb lvO b mcJM nl. k JM cnCp cjJj mJ&l pml pyyoj kCl Du Dn. lvmj cjv vpl yu@k EkJ yEu[i i jlv ybOv Kjoojbv JUJj ou hnp. p pcvJj Fcjl ybO Dn l pcvǮ cukmbybO mJ& ml cnl Hwu@ Kjo kjCNu cjv ou hnp, DM cnl D@va D@ u@ EkJ D@[Jnkv cCl kuu DmJ, DM pcvJj kn yp Dmu lj ln Kum cjv kjJ. DM pcvmboY&l Flj ukb cuk, mJjm, nkwk DLJ kwucyyl i l cnl cjv ou hnp, Dm kl cnu Dn.
mLvk vijhukv cbpj kuu yEu[imbybOǮ hu@v ml oJmb vm oum mJ& mombv oKJu hnpl. cjv Hwu@ Kjoojbv Fcjllu Hkwj, HEi Flj m lm uHwyu mJ& cnl hjJu hnp. lcC cjv Hwu@ Kjoojbv vckw kCl ljKu Dh&cW ly oCl F&u n DiT kUJu hnp. MJ cjv p JRv Hwu@ yk ku Dmlu l JR vJ J h cilum Flj Kjoojbv ou hnpl. MJ DCK Sk cnJ pyyoj cnCp cjv FcjlǮ kchuMv m|Hk cUuMJ Dh&cW ly kCun ol kc v.
20 kwk D@[Jnvm
p JU Hwu@ Jm J=h$lv pnjl oCl F&u l JU pnjllv Dh&cW khx Sj, yukv, Hwu@ vck Ekcl, k@cv m DC mJul JJjC pnjll oC DJMk Dn. lcC Hwu@ Ekcl kM jlv Do kjJ Dn (Fvm@ucW) yyl cnl pnjll J.
MJ k箳 kuc 4 vmj cjv Hwu@쮳 mboY&l D@[Jnvm IChJa Hwu@ Kjo kjCNbyjyj uK kjj kv kjj vWoC kjC DJMk Dn. cjv Hwu@쮳 SkC kclǮ 20 kwknv pml Flk jkwkc [h@P cnCv IT v, DMn ljlo Dn, DM kjjl ybOJ箳 FcjlǮ hC& lhMu oC kv ybOvkjk Dn. lcC pcvǮ @ha k[&, cvlhl hu@v DC Hwu@ mhmHkMv 箳 ln Kjooju oC ybOvkjk Dn.
k箳 kuc 5 vmj cjv mbYJ Hwu@ Kjo kjCNbk[v Iluu D@[Jnvm EkJ [h@P JiU nMy JC DJMk Dn. lcC uku @kwmm, Jp yu, kj DLJ Flj jkcm Iluu hM nMy Jv l箳 hJln moj ku hnpl. phl ybOuu yEu[i mJ&L&v Hwu@ cukb lyl ou pl vn, lhl Hwu@mbybO mJ& oC kl kjC n cj pyyoj Dn. (kuc 6)
kuc 7 vmj Sko cjv mbYJ Kjoojbv yEu[i hu@vm DC mhmHkMv pnj ku k, DM Kjoojb uK mbclMJ cO lv J<&hl kCln you kjl l vn. cj juu oJM Hwu@ hPMv oT Mku vn DLJ J{J colln lv Hwu@ ly ou vn lj Kjoojk[v Iluu [h@P cju mJp hjl kjJ uil. c$ Hwu@ oClu D[C cj DJkwynj Dmu lj ly oCm lv-lv cnvb col J{Ǯ h& kuc 8 cO oCl Du Dn.
Sko cjv KjoojbM kjj ku k lvblj kjjlu h#kjb mbclJv lu moj Fcjl inC kl l vn (kuc 9). cj h{u pyyoj cnCp FcjlǮ k-D@hjJn mm EkJ kbhv mLhv kjCkjl lpJp kjC n n. pyyoj kuc 10 DvJ cjJj kCl Du Dn.
cjv kuu kjjvmj Fcjl hC& PuJj cuk nkwk Hwu@ Dvm& mJOv kjC DC lm uiCj kioh$ lj kjC nn kc cju kjJ uil. kjjl mboY&l ljlo Dmu lj l ljlovmj nmlbljC ku hnp. (kuc 11).
Hwu@ cuk pyyoj
Dlhl DhC cj GjoƳlJ hnu. cjyjyj mll k箳 kuc 12 cO Hwu@ ICJjn kn ybOv kCl Du Dnl. DM Kjoojv Dhu Hwu@ vijhuk kj, hCDkj, Jp yu, Tb[ jW, Flj llmbybO mJ&pvk kj Dhu Hwu@쮳 cCl ou hnpl. k Ybi kum ko Ybi kjCN Hwu@Ojku 2000 .hl ob[ kjC ljlo Dn.
kuc 12 D vmj cj EkJ c@vpjv kCln hjmLll Hwu@Ojk箳 DJMk mJO Go. hChjJ, Jp DM mJ Kb[l k vl, Dm cnu Dn. cjv J c@vpjv DJMk mJ Kb[l kum lJ vul oo cil l. cjv k箳 kuc 3, 4, 5 kuc 10 DC 11 lu ljloR Ybi kum o< cju lv J<hl ko, ob[ DLJ kjJm J ob[ ovn M# nT Mkll. cjv JmIl kum (kuc 5 Ybi kum) lu 5 J<hl lbiJm DC ob[ DM M# ljlo Dn. Flj DhjObm Sk J<&hl ko DC ob[ ljlo Dn. MJ kuc 13 D cO ob[OkNb DOkj ou Dmv kbhvbv kuu DhjObm kuc 14 cO M# ljlo Dn.
k箳 kuc 15 v jp mjkju Hwu@ mbybOl JJO vc-Ghvc kjC DOkj oCl Du Dnl. c$ Dm vc kjlv klu ljloRv yO Cj vn kUp IJ uil. iu Dvk J<x Dcul Dmuu ^vmHj D@H @ha D@kw DC k@v^@kw D@kw ov kbv moju ko hjk mcpCl l. MJ moj DvjMh Hwu@ D@kw Dcul ChJa GYju iuu FcjlRvn lu kn ljlo ui kjCl Du Dnl.
nTEmi DC Sj [JnuhcW D@L@j DC y[&md b FcjlRv klu ljlo ui nl vnl. L[kwl mbi lj cjJj DOkOk pyyojn kCj DC Hwu@ cuk GjoƳlJ mcl jKCj Dm n DvjMh Hwu@ D@kw Dn. Hwu@Ojk pik jnu J k kjypJC Pu lj Hwu@Ojkb nCN HmJCku yN cCl DU ym Mku.
D@[. Hu}b ol