MvJj ~ 6 c 2006

mm jpmj kjCm pJ{ kcv mYmob mbK pj Dml lJ{ hC& PuJj j cnvb Dl mm jpmj kjC DC lbv j cnvb Dl mmǮ vJ mbhC& cuc kvJnDvm kjC, n cH klu ljlo Jl&km ybOvkjk Dn, Dm vC& cbyF& G vu箳 Dhu k# vcla jn bv kboJu (hƽc) Lu `cOJnj k-D@hjJn nTEmi mmv, Jl&kJ kuu Dhul vC& ou Dn. kjC vclamcj k p JJO c xm Du l mbybOǮ n uK
Fcjl ybOv hC& Pu, lcOu iU, iU Kjoojbv Jljl kjCl Du k, cnj^ DvjMh Hwu@md D@kw (cH) 1963 vc 8 Ku Jl&kv iUOjkb mm mLhv kv l j cnvb Dl jpmj kjC lm (cH) k vc cbk 9 Ku mm jpmj Puvblj j cnvb Dl mmǮ vJ kvJnDvm kjC pj Dn, kboJu Lu cOJnj k-D@hjJn nTEmi mmǮ Jl&kv ovn yyll kmj ku Dn. mm jpmj v kjC lm kvJnDvm v kjC
 

m kuh hl&l Puu vn n Jl&k cnCC mk Jl vmuv, Jl&kv kuu Dhu cbyF& G vu vcla k. p. jn bv HUu.
kjClu Dp&oj cbk 1 Dn, mnkj kKu vWoCk=l Puu `cOJnj k-D@hjJn nTEmi mm. Dp&oj cbk 2 l 6 Dnl mmǮ mYmo (iU Kjooj) lj lJo cbk 1 Dn, cmm& pbluu FvJnmcWmd n ybOkc JJm kjCj Sk h&vjMh Hc&. lJo cbk 2 Dn, cbyF& cnhuk DC lJo cbk 3 Dn, cbyF& cnhuk k&kj DYbl.
pcvJj mmǮ Fcjl GY Dn l pcv pmH vmm cW[m DC cl puS mm cW[m b cukǮ Dn. pcvǮ Jkm kjC DC lJj ybOkc kjC m Jl&kv n pcv cU cukk[v Ilu. lJj Fcjl ybOkcm lv vij kcu pcv OjC klu hjJvi cUJu lm pcvJj cOJnj pv vJKu FcjlǮ ybOkc DjK[n cbpj kv Ilu. lcC pcvJj 126 iU DC 32 okv Dmuu Fcjl ybOCl Du. 1983 cO m Puu FcjlǮ ybOkc 1989 cO hC& Pu. 12 Su 1989 cO lJo cbk 3 (cnhuk k&kj DYbl) bv Fcjlu ly (D@kwhMv) cCh$ ou. cC Jl&kv mJ& iUOjk DC okvoj bv lb lb pi ly ou.
1998 cO Jl&kv omj Sk hu@v m#c DOkNk[v cbpj kv Ilu. l piJj Jl&kv ybOkc m ku hjbl l vblj LbyJCl Du.
mmǮ cnCC Dm h[u k, iU ybOv hC& PuJjn Jl&kv iUOjkb mm jpmj kjCm hJu Guu vnl. SJ{ vJn, lj iUOjkbv h{kj ITv mm mLhv kjCm DC l jpmj kjCm lv m ku. lJn ll Jl&kv c[l Ilu. hjbl iUOjk ovbk 20-1-1993 jp mm jpmj kv ICl MmJ Pu. mmǮ jpm^Mv j kjJ cnCv Jl&kv kuu Dhu HUu iu (o. 23-12-93). FcjlǮ ybOkc hC& PuJj DC llu iUb DC okvb Kjoojbv Jh PuJj Jl&kv mm jpmj kjJm nJ nl, lm mmǮ vJ kvJnDvm kjJm nJ nl. ovn pyyoN Jl&kv hj h[u vnl.
Jl&kk[v oMYu
mmǮ DCK lhov Dm k, Jl&kv Sk cnlh$k (yj) m kv kuhcO kCl mKm DC mJO GhuyO kjCj yu cnl ou nl. cnlJj Jm Jv ukbv Ghj Fcjllu iU Kjo ku. yiǮ, Ku pi, [biC mJO lv oT ku nl. hjbl kCl mJO GhuyO v kjl, ckU pcvJj vJv ybOkc m kjCm lv m#c OkjCk[v vJv FcjlR DjK[ cbpj kv Ilu (o. 29 c& 2001). Jl&k n mmǮ mYmob vml Jml Dn. lu mmǮ cucJj kCln nkwk ypJC DOkj vn DC cnCv lu mmǮ piJj vJ ybOkc kjC DOkj vn, Dm mmǮ cnCC nl.
ykoMjhC hm cUJCm Jl&k n Gi Dnl, Dmn mmǮ cnCC nl. cnCv h{u yylRl v cUJ m mmv oJ ku. (1) mmǮ vJ cuc kvJnDvm kjCyu Jl&km DoM J. (2) cbpj DjK[cC ckU pcvJj vJv ybOkc kjCm lu cppJ kjJ. (3) iU Kjoojbk[v Iluu hMb nMy J. (4) vJ Dmuu pcvyyl L[& ha Fbjm vc&C kjCyyl kcmJh lybO kjJ. (5) ckU pcvJju mJ& ybOkc mnl lJjl nuJCl J. (6) ovbk 29 c& 2001 jp vJv ybOkc箳 DjK[m cbyF& cnvijhukv ouu cbpj DJO jJJ. (7) cbyF& cnvijhukv vJv ybOkcm ouu hjJvi m#c OkjCv j kjJ. (8) JJo pcvJj kCln kj vJv ybOkc kjCm Jl&km kc ybo kjJ.
Jl&k JjO
mmv kuu oJu Jl&kv uK vJovl JjO ku. lv Dhu vJovl h{u yy vco ku :- kn iU Kjoojbv mJ& hm kl ku vnl. mm jpmj kv ICm ciluu DC oKYuhǮ hm ou vnl. cU Jl&ku nMy hC& kjC Mkw Pu vn. mm jpmj kv ICm DhC iU Kjoojbv JjbJj Jvbl kvn lbv hm ou vnl. iU Kjoojbv kjjvccC Dhu oƳlJ hj h[u vnl DC Jl&k箳 mbclMJ l箳 Dhj# mm jpmj kv Ilu. K mYmobcOn mm mLhv kjCmbybO clYo nl.
Jl&kv h{ Dmn lhov ku k, mbhC& cuc Jkm hC& Puu vn. lcU DM mLll Jl&k mmǮ vJ kvJnDvm k Mkl vn. cH kKu Jl&k k pyyoj Dml lu hC& pCJ Dn DC mbhC& cuc Jkm Puvblj l kvJnDvm kju.
n oJ kuy Puu Dmuv l HUCl J DMn lv ciC ku. 1888 cbyF& cnhuk k箳 527 J kucKu DhCm JOvk vm oCl Duu vn. cnCv n oJ HUC i nF&u.
lJo cbk 2, cbyF& cnhuk DC lJo . 3 cnhuk k&kj DYbl bv Dhu uK vJov ou vnl. Dp&oj mm DC lJo Jl&k bv ouu uK vJov箳 DOj, ^u k&v km GY ku. ovn h#bv ouu uK vJov DC lb hL& ouu cKk Gj cU k&mcj p m#hjJ pc Pu l DOj Jl&kv mmǮ vJ cuc kvJnDvm kv ou hnp, Dm vC& ^u k&v ou. hjbl kvJnDvm kjCm, vku箳 ovbkhmv lv J<祮 kuJO ou, lm Jl&k n mm DC l mYmo bpk[v hMb Jmu kjCm h$ Dn, Dmn k&v vku ou. mbybOl pcvJj h{u ybOkc kjCm Jl&k km Dh$ Dn n mmu m kjl Du vn, Dmn k&v cl J ku. mmǮ oJ kuy Puu vn, Dmn k&v vco ku. cbyF& cnhuk kcC Jl&ku JOvk vm ou iu vmu lj oJ u Mkl, n yyn k&v mh ku.
cnlh$klu Dmv
Jl&kv nkbv Dk|<l kjCm cnlh$kl yjǮ Dmv ou nl. Go. DKJ jKJ yiǮ, hC kjbp, u@vm, y@[Ecv k&, unv cubm mJlb$ cvjbpvlck mJO Flo yy cnlh$kl vco ku nl. lm 137 movkbJlj DCK ybOkc ku pCj vn, yyJj Jl&kv nkbv Jm JCm uJu. DmvbJj Jm Jv ukbv `cOJnj` pvKuu iU Jkl Ilu, Dm mmǮ Jkuv k&u mbilu.
Jl&kv iU ybOu, yiǮn lj ku DC cnhukk[v ly cCh$ cUJv lk iU Kjooj箳 lyl l oCl Du. Jl&kv 98 kwk F&#$ Jhju.
mm mLhCm kjj
mm mLhv kjCm pJ{ mYmo uill l cUuJj, l mJv Jl&kyjyj mm mLhv kjCyyl kjj ku. mmǮ Jku h{ cnCu k, cH k vc 8 Ku j cnvb kuJOl mm jpmj kjCm cH k kuc 10 Ku yu[j ybOu Dn. hjbl yu[j Dhu kl&Jl ku. lJn iUOjkbv mJl: h{kj ITv mm mLhv ku DC l jpmj kjCm mbybOl DOkNk[ Dp& ku. D& yy cnCp Jl&kv lb lvbv c[l IuC lv ku, Dm Jku cnCu. Dm Dmu lj 20 pvJj 1993 jp mm jpmj Pu. jpm^Mv J Jl&kv kuu Dhu HUu iu. cH k kuc 11 Ku jpmj mmǮ vJ l jpmj Pu箳 ljKhmv j cnvb DJOl kvJnDvm kv oC JOvk pyyoj Jl&kJj nl. hjbl n pyyojn lv hj h[u vn.
ybOkc vJv pv
mmǮ Jku h{ cnCu, Jl&kv Dhu JOvk pyyoj hj h[C kl&J kjJ ypu jnu Gu yiǮ DC u@vm JCl Duu pcvJj vJv ybOkc kjCm lv mJl ku. mmv l箳 k=lm JjO ku. l i l hjCc nTv Jl&kv n ybOkc LbyJu. lvblj mmv k&l n oJ oKu ku. n oJ vJ Dmlv Jl&kv vJv pvm cbpj cUJCm m#c OkjCk[ Dp& ku DC Dp&u 29 c& 2001 u cbpj cUu. n cbpj DJO Dmu mmǮ Jkubv mbilu DC DM DJO cbpjǮ DOj Jl&ku l pcvJj ybOkc kjCm hjJvi oCl T v, Dm mmǮ Jkubv k&m mbilu. Jl&kv nkbv Dk|<l kjCm cnlh$kl p Dmv ou Dnl, l lv hUuǮ hnpl. cnlh$k cnCp kjj Yi vJn, Dm yJ lu Il Cj vn.
yJ h# Jo
lJoǮ Jkubv Dm Jo ku k, Jhju v iuu F&#$ JhjC Jl&ku DOkj Dn. lm . [. Dj.m JhjC lu DOkj Dn. (cH k kuc 7-D).
n Jku Dmn cnCu k, iUOjkbv Dhhu iU 1989 cO lyl Ilu DC mm jpmj Pu 1993 mu. oJ c$ ku iu 1997 mu lcU l coly Pu Dn. mlJ l HUu pJ. cnhuk Jkubv Dhu mj Jl&k箳 Jkub mjl cUJu.
Dhumcj Duu hjJ svv kuJj vcla cnCu k, cH k箳 7 J kucvmj Jl&kv iU Kjoojbv Sko DjK[ oKJu DC l ouJj l DjK[cO kCln Hjyou kjCm cppJ ku Dn. Dm HjHj kjJ Dmlu lj lm mbybOl iUOjkb hJ&mbcl Ilu hnp. k箳 7D kucvmj c$, n lybO ybOuu EkJ ybOCl J箳 Fcjll HjHj kjJ Pum l HjHjm ui nCj vn. cH kl 7D n kuc 1986 cO kjCl Duu omlvJ DblY&l kjCl Du Dn. `cOJnj` kuh箳 ybOkcm 1983 cO mJl Pu DC n ybOkc 1989 cO hC& Pu. ojcv箳 kUl kuh箳 DjK[l j JU you kjCl Du. hjbl 29 c& 2001 jp Dlj FcjlǮ DjK[m cbpj ou pF&hl kuhl vJv Dlj FcjlǮ DjK[ 1983 l 1989 kuJOl DblY&J kjCl Du vJnl. kjCmlJ Jl&ku cH k箳 7`D` kuc Ho Il Cj vn. hjCc lu pcvJj Dlj ybOkc kjl Cj vn.
^u k&v Jl&km, mmǮ vJ cuc kvJnDvm kjCm lv J<祮 col Jm vk nl, mmǮ Jku箳 clM vcla mncl Pu. kvJnDvm kjCm lv J<祮 kuJO k ou iu, yyl JmlJk ^u k&v, mmǮ vJ ly[ly kvJnDvm kjCyyl Jl&km DoM Jm nJ nl, Dmn vcla cnCu.
DoM
`cOJnj` pv vJ Jl&kv mlJj kvJnDvm kjJ Dm vclav lJo cbk 1 Jl&k m DoM ou. lm hu@Jj kCln Dlj ybOkc kjCm Jl&km kc cvF& ku. Jl&kv iU Kjoojk[v Iluu hMb hC& nMy J m Sk kcMv vcCl J, Dm ^u k&v DoM ou. lJj vcl\v Mkwkcl&y ku.
vbokcj ji