jJJj , 7 c 2006

cnj^lu Ʈ$ku hjbhj

Mkubb mbkuv DC mbJO&v kjC vk[ Dp cnj^l L[Hj om uiu Dn. cnj^b kumbƮl phC DC uK unv lb cnJ mcpJj EyyJC ijp lJlv pCJu l yyjJ m[Jukjbv. m[Jukjbv JUJU Dvk Ʈ$kjbJj uK unu, kumbuk Dmlv ku plv DC mbJO&v kjCm lbv Dvk pv DKu. l v kn kcn ku. ll lbv hC& M Du vn. hC Dp l Jj pC Ʈvn oml Dnl. `cnj^lu kuJbl` n m[Jukjb vOvvblj kMl Puu uKmbn Dn. DojCdz DC mbmcjCdz DM Ʈ$kjb hj lbv uKbcOv kv ouu Dn. Dyuu jncv, Muhkj cn$ hjƮl vJbhmv l oy oUJ, cOJjJ hjb[kj DM luvv DhjƮl DM Ʈ$kjb ll mcJM Dn.

 

cnj^lu iu MbYj-mJJM J<祮, DOvk kupCJbv mbmkjl Puu Mku Flnm llv mkj nl.
mnm ynUkj b hmlku mlJv Dn. yyjJ m[Jukjb JcJ llv mkj nl. m[Jukjbb l#k cnCp Mmly mojkjC kmb Dmb, mJblJ[Ǯ m[Jukjbv kunhj kuhjbhj mbYUl, Yjldz Ʈ$MuǮ DYm kjl, h@u kwu J y nTm b jC Il DOvk hlǮ Ʈ$kj cnCv ukk km cUJu vck JC&v ynUkjbv kuu Dn. kuJblv Flj kub Jmbi ku hnp, jbibci Mm$dz Jj DC Ʈ$b plv n lu cnl hnp Dm m[Jukjb Dn Dm. m[Jukjb uKvl D{UCj cc& lj nCci ku DmJok DC DYmk cnCv kCl lh& nl l kuhv mlJvlv l.
Dyuu jncv, yyjJ hWj, cOJjJ yiu, cOJjJ OjbOj, cOJjJ hjb[kj n kunhj. cnj^箳 Ʈ$kul kunhju Sk JiUb mLv Dn. omj cK Jn DL&l y@cy mku. lmkj, E$oo, nUoCkj, Ʈcukj FloRcU miUbv cnl Dmuu. Dyuu jncv n Ju#C pcuu uK Dn. jncv b Ʈ$ku JMb DC vckb cuchv lj ll Dn, hC Sk kuJbl cCm cnCv kuub jncv b JcJb uulhC& Ʈ$Cn ll Dn. m[Jukjb uKvl Dmuu mnl iCb oM&vn ll I[l. Dyuu jncv b Ʈ$lu kucu pM lbv cpkw Myobl cb[u Dnl lm lb M<b cuchvn vckw MyobcO kuu Dn. yyjJ m[Jukj unll, `...Dyuu cmljb 5" / 7" SJ{ c Dkj箳 `jJCj` kJU Sk Ʈ$lv mmu kuhvJo (jcBmPc), v&j DJkM DvYl (Jnpv D@H mhm), kjvb DvYJuu cbo JN箳 nuu J k@vmyuvb mOuub Ivlck Skw (m^kwju v) Flkw iCb Sk mbc DvYJ hl nl.` DC Sk oJ mJhvl yboml nl. m[Jukj jncv b M<byu unll lJn OjbOjb jD@uPc, hjb[kjbb lb$kMu, yyjJ hWj b jcBmPc Dmb lk cuchv kjl jncv b kCJj YJ vmub vco kjll.
hmlkl m[Jukjbv imLv Dmuu mnkj, mckuv Ʈ$kj bJjn uK Dnl. iWOUkj, MjibJkj b JƮ$ m[Jukjbv Dlcdzlv jbiJu Dnl. nyyj DC mlJUkj n oIn Dhhu mJlb$ Mu Dmuu Ʈ$kj. nyyj bJju uKl m[Jukjbv cnu Dn k DM箳 yyll nyyjb Ʈ$ Dmmu Yjldz jnll. lb pJvJo Ʈ$lu Jmlv lcbv pvc ol. vblj kUl lb Ʈ$ DOk jvlck DC Dcl& nl iu Dmn m[Jukjbv cnu Dn. lbv cOJjJ mlJUkjb Ʈ$ku JM- JjhJ&k kuu jbiuhv, jbib Ml, jvlck hlv jbiJuu Flj lhMu DC Ʈ$M Skh Puu vU j<- Dk hu Dnl.
mckuv kuJblbJ< unlv pyyojǮ pCJv m[Jukj mJOhC unlv D{Ull. Sm. Sc. hb[lb kulu DOlcJo m[Jukjbv huu oml vn, lm lb Ʈ$b hjK[ cuchv kjCn lbv Uu Dn. YT mcL祮 yyll c$ lbv n DƮl DP ypu mv mcL祮 ku #$lu DhM cc&n Ʈklm ku Dn. l cCm DC ku ovn mcpv IC箳 v Gh Dn. Dl n mj kuJbl DC lb cuchv cnj^ kumbƮl DYmlv ci&oM&k jCj Dn. l v n Sk mb hmlk Pu Dn.
cnj^lu kuJbl : DojCdz DC mbmcjCdz yyjJ m[Jukj; plmv kMv, cbyF&
hv 240, kbcl 250 h.
ohk Ij

`MV`c hmlk

vJvJ kuhv DC J=R Jn l Dmlv uIkL Sk DI pv JUCv plv oml. kLuKv箳 hjbhjk kjlv vJ DM i kjC O[h[ uKkbcO oml. n Jn cKl: hb{jhM cOcJi& pJv箳 JJO hub oM&v I[Jl i kLv kjl. kO mJhvjbpv, kO JmlJ箳 Ycklv mcppJvlu Mu i kjC lv kLbcOv nl.
cOcJia hb{jhM pJv kLkj cnCv p uKk Mb. v. vJj b vJ Il F&u. lb kLbcOv Dvk JjK Jkb Yu ll. lb kL jbi-{bi vjU Dmu lj I Dvko mjK oml. lj mbJo, biu i, vhC& mbi, jnm DC Jmc Okwk, c=o, cuc YJJ cU DmbK Jkbv l nJnJM Jll.
Mb. v. vJj Dc=l cnlmJ J<& DC `vJlv kMv` jhcnlmJ Dm oiOMk&j i pUv Du Dn. MVb kn pv hmlkb vJv DJ=ʳ DC l kn vJv hmlk Duk[ kMl kjCl Du Dnl. Dvk MVc Jkbm hmlkb lhMu h{ucC Dn-
(1) DIUhIU :
hv 200, kbcl 180 h.
(2) hC :
hv 143, kbcl 125 h.
(3) MV [ :
hv 232, kbcl 200 h.
(4) lvnmbp :
hv 110, kbcl 100 h.
(5) Dfnm :
hv 188, kbcl 170 h.
(6) Dvbob P[ :
hv 126, kbcl 110 h.
(7) mbi :
hv 120, kbcl 100 h.
(8) kub :
hv 111, kbcl 95 h.
(9) Yb[C yuj :
hv 216, kbcl 190 h.
jOk kb

DYmkbm Gh bL

[@.cOJ hloj bv Lck, cOck Ju M#k J hukbm `cjǮ DOhv` vJ Gh hmlk unu Dn. lbv J̮jk uKvyjyj kL, kobyj, vk, ilkJ, Skbkk, JƮ$, kJl F. J*ddc kjl uKv kuu Dn. `ojlU-Sk cElv` lb hmlku cnj^ Mmv `cnlc Hu Glk= J*ddc` hjmkj cUuu Dn. lb uKvu ukcvlyjyj jpcvl hl Puu Dn.
`DOhv ku J Mm$` kjCl DOhv km DmJ mi JJv Dn. DOhvl MkJC DC MkC ovn Ƭ Sk JU I[l Dmll. JL&u %vnC kjCl DC l J{m uiCm J= kjCj DOhv DmJ. pL mbmkj lL Dkj n Ov ITv ku pCj DOhv n vƽl hjCckjk nl. DOhv n pm Mm$ Dn lM l ku Dmv lv pJvmQo& km lu DCl l, lbv JJv ku Dn. DOhv箳 M, DOhv nl, Y< JM, cjǮ k Mk, DOv J DOhv mcvJ km mOl l. vJov Mu cnJ k, DM JJO cb yjkF&v Jj kv J*ddc JJO kj JLacvhl kulck hlv km hJl ll mboj ci&oM&v bLl kuu Dn. l kjlv mJO, mJOb ijp, JkjC DM iR cnJ mbiv M#Ck pJvl iRv Ov oC DJMkl kCl JJv ku Dn.
J*ddc JJO kj- kL, kobyj, vk, vybO, uul, J̮jk, Dlcj$, j$, DlckLv vml mbiluu vnl lj l jmmJo km IJ nn mbiluu Dn. `hhC` (mJjƮl) kJl DOhv km kjJ, JLacvl kJl kM HuJl vJ, kJl c&ol Myol kJ{ Jml=l pJvM o[uu Dml J l JLv km Gui[v oKJJ n mj JC kl cvjc Dml m# hCm l mj cUlv JC Dil Dn. mll hmlkl [@. cOJ hloj b kn kJl, %voJb DJ, i. o. c[iUkjb kJl, jpybo b kJl, Flj Dvk kJR kJlb jmnC lbv kv oKJu Dn. lcU DOhkbv lm JLvn l GodyOk Dn. mnl jmmJo km IJ Gc ci&oM&v Dn. Y<Ymm JkjC DYm DlM cnJ Dn. lm J*ddc箳 JJO kjb hjc<& mhhCv Iluu Dn.
[@. cOJ hloj bv cj DOhv Jj kjlv M#Ck #$lu Sk mljJj u# kWl kuu vn lj mJ& mljlu M#kc$bv bL JM< Ghi nF&u DMǮ uKvci lbv Ju Dn. DOhvl DYm, DOv, mcjml, mbJo mOC DM iRv kl J km cnJ Dn Jj kv bLuKv kuu Dn. Fbp Jul cj J< DOhv km ku pJ l vck oMn hmlkl mh kuu Dn. `cjǮ DOhv` bLl hukJi&un nlkjk jCj, lbvn mnYi kv ICj Dm JM< kj Jj cb[v uKkv hukn DOhv kc mnYi nT Mkll. lbvn DOhv ku kM Dlcml kv Il F&u n ci&oM&v ku Dn.
[@. hloj bv M#C #$l hmlm J<nv DOk kU Jll kuu Dmv l Lck, cOck, cnJu J Jh DM #$l {l cbkv Puu Dn. mJ& #$lu DvYJblv lb Sk JiU JlJ mkjuu Dn. Ʈ$kj, h$kj, mbilkj, JKl vlv l cnj^u hjƮl Dnl. M#Clp% cnCv ukk hl Puu uKkv ov M#CmbmLb GYjC kuu Dn. li K[h[l cOck M#C uC hmjJu Dn. ml Mkuu cuRv cnu Jh hoJOjn ku Dn. Dvk hjmkjbv mvcvl Puu uKkv pJvl Dvk DoM& phu. lhmv jC ITv Dvk DoM& vc&C ku Dnl.
JL祮 J cj cCm箳 cvl Y<Ycv J Y<k DmL vc&C JnJ lm Y<kc J b v|clm vck DOhvl kc kju nJ KuJj Jj hmlkl ku Dn. JjoM&v J YJmc= ovn i mO kv cl=Y<yu Sk cpyl Dm YJybO vc&C nCm n bL vƽl Gh jCj Dn. n bL DOhkb mL J myl jCj Dmv JLa J huk b mvn yvCj Dn. DOhkbv J DYmkbv bL mbn Jv JjbJj jmmJo IJ. Y<M, cl=Y<M pJUk mOJ J mJl: JlJ mbhV yvJJ.
cjǮ DOhv : [@. cOJ hloj,
mi kMv, hC. hv 244, Ekcl 180 .
JYJj ob[kj

K[kblu Kvpb MO

K[k cnCp Yh=b Sk DJYp Dbi. cvJ箳 ovbov pJvl K[kb Ghl cnJ Dn. K[kbcO c<u Gh DM JJO Kvp o[uu Dmll. n Kvp cUJCm KC KoC DJMk Dmlb. DM K[k llu Kvp DC lJj DOjl Dmuu KCkc JJm JO JOj Dc=l bv `K[k, Kvp DC KC` sKv hmlkcOv Ilu Dn.
KC cnCp k ? KCR kj, KCR DL&Mm$, oi[b KC, Kvpb KC, KCR Mnj, cnj^lu KC, Yjllu Kvpmbh, pilu Kvp-mc= oM DC h&JjCdz mcm DM on kjCblv h=LJJju cuYl Ikb JO Ilu Dn. hmlkl KC, K[k, Kvp, c=o, MkjC mjK Yiuk mbkuhvb mh Myobl Gku ku Dn. lyjyj M mHkb mJhl Dmuu Kvpb Yclk Dkj, JJO kj KC b Dk=l lm cnj^l, pil, Yjll D{UCj Kvp b vkM cU hmlk箳 JMbcO Yj h[l. KCkc JJmcU vmi&cO cvJ nml#h nl J lcU vmi&b mbluv yI[lb mN iRb vkb JJv hmlklv JJm cUlb.
hmlk箳 hjMl JJO K[kb vJ, Kvpb vJ DC lb kC cC, Kvp DUKCm lb < iCOc&, lk K[klv cUCj Kvp DC lb iCOc& mNb L[kwl mhkjC ouub Dn. bLmyl ou pCj K[kh n lj hmlkb DiUb JiUb JM Dn K[khl ymu, @vF&, vK[k, mbicjJj, JukM DC mbicjJj K[kb vcv Dnl. L[kwl Yh=箳 K[k Okm kWEyo jJv lYJl l箳 JMb, iCOc& DC Ghl mjK ibHC kv lb DhMjhC mJk< hj sKv hmlklv Jkbv DC Yiu箳 DYmkbv JOj Dc=l bv kv ou Dn.
K[k, Kvp DC KC :
. JOj Dc=l
cvv kMv
Ekcl- K[khmnl . 50
jnu hjy