yOJj, 17 c 2006

ky[&cC DCKn kn Fvh mOvb k@chju p[l ll. hC ky[&mjKb Fvh lJv kjl l vn. lbb Fvh ky[& luvvb mhb Dmlb. (kjC ll Ehi kjJb uil vn.) Dm kn Yi pb Jhj JiJiU GMbm JiJiU kC, JiJiU kj ku pT Mkl.
mJ&mcvhC ky[&yjyj oml l `cTm`. Dhu nl箳 hbpl cJu SJ{ s Dkj cTm. pj k@chju vml `kwuk`v kcb[ oT Mkl, Fvm^kwMv oT Mkl. cK Ghi Dhu mvJj omCN object Jj HjC EkJ SKob D@ypkw k&jl (activate) kjCm kjl l. lUnll cJCN cTmu l箳 Kuu ypm Sk `jyj y@u` Dml DC Jju ypm yC DC hbp jnu SJ{Ǯ pi Dml. cTm Jhjlv Mkwl `cTm h@[` Ghi kjJ pcU llu jyj y@u mnphC nu Mku. jyj y@ucU DhC Dhu mvJj H Mkl. cTm Sk sm yC mvJj oml pu h@Fbj Dmbn cnCll. l JiJiU D@ypkwmdJv HjJl EkJ k&jl kjCm col kjl.
 


mJ&mcvhC Jhju pCN cTmu lv yCb Dmll. [Jk[u, cOub DC GpJ ypu DM lv mui yb jnlu DM yCb jv Dml. (Dbi DC kjbiU JiUl cOu lv yb Jhj yCbvmj kjJ) lu [Jk[u yC p cj yC Dmlb. l Ghi mJ&l DOk ku pl. lj kcb[ mukw kjCb, Dk@v DC D@hMvb h@Fbjj mukwMv kjl lb. Dio [Jk[u yCu mkb[j yC Dmb cnCl F&u kjC l mjK mjK Jhj ku pl vn. l yC SKob JM EkJ jJk kchjlb Jhjub plb. Go. [mk@hJju (c@vjJj omCj) Dk@v D@jWp kjCkjl, SK c EkJ m@HwJDj M@&k lj kjCkjl yC cKv Jhj kjJ uil. cOu yC Jhj Hj kwJƮl ku pl. n yC mEuikjl Jhjl lb. mu cTm : cTmu [Jk[u yC DC GpJk[u yC Dmlb. cOu yCSJp lJj Sk GYb p[uub Dmlb pj mv mu (Jj-Ku) kjCb mnp-mhb nlb.
k@[&um cTm noKu mu cTmcC Dml. hjbl n mhdzl [jkw kyuj kvkw kuu vml, lj ll Dmuu Fvj[ EkJ j[D unjRj l k& kjl.
k@[&mnl Dmuu cTm mhdzci Dmuu PS/2 h&cO p[l l. P-I, P-II DC P-III cO kyumnl cUl, lj kn P-III DC P-IV cO PS/2 h& mu[j kuu Dml. h& jbi hh EkJ njJ Dml.
ky[& DC cTmcC Fvh kjl lu DM DCK mOvb cnCp -
1) ^@ky@u- n Dhu FL Hj kc Jhju pCj kj. k& cTmcC Dmlb, hjbl b JM Dmb k llu `y@u` Jj ypm Dml. (mJ&mOjC cTmu l Ku箳 ypu Dml.) Ghi hxyu k@chm&m ku pl.
2) p@mk- n Fvh mOv, kOlj icm, Jn[D icm pL KUu pll lL hnu cU Mkl. unv cubv ky[& D@jkp hkv u#l ll Dmb vn. lbm p@mk Jjov Dn.
3) mk@vj- Ghi nl unuub, shu, H, vkM DM Dvk Flj i mJCb b$ cnCl F&u. Ghi lcn yBkl kjlv hnub EkJ DvYJub Dmu.
4) uF& hv- n Jhj cTmcC ku pl.
hC cTmh@FbjmjK h@Fbj mvJj oml vn lj hvb k mvJj kJv nJ Dmuu D@ypkwJj l k&jl kjl lb.
Dm Fvh JiJiU kj DhC hnu. Dl Fvh kuvblj Dhuu p DTh cUl l DTh `[Jnmm`yu hn. Kjblj k@chj ul Fvh- mm- DTh lNnv. cnCp Fvh mOvbyu cnl cUuJj lb `mMv` kmb nlb n mcpCb ijpb Dn, hjbl DhC vJMk Dml lJn mEmiyu Dhuu knǮ kuhv vml. kjC p DhC Fvh kjl lb DTh Dhuu ui mcj mvJj omlb. lcU Dhu Glmn J{l. DhC kn lj k Mkl. Dvbo nl. lj Dvbo oCN DTh mOvb DhC DO Jj k , ci `mEmi`yu cnl cUJ .
DTh [JnF&mm : k@chju p[u pCj Dvk DTh mOvb Dnl. lhk Dlbl cnJb DC ijpb mOv cnCp VDU (JnpDu [mhu v) u DhC mh Myol c@vj EkJ mv Dmbn cnCl. mv s uJnpv箳 Dkj Dml. Jj DhC ky[&j Fh kuu D#jb, (kǮ EkJ yjyj), Ʈ$b pMǮ lM vC&k mJhl omll. pJn SKo c SkwPkw nl lJn lb Dblc Gj Dhuu mvJj omlb. n p kn Dhuu omlb l llhjl Dmlb. pj lcn Gj `mJn` kub vn lj mvJju `[` youu pl, hmu pl. ypjl ov kj VDU GhuyO Dnl Sk- jbil J omj k=<C-OJu. ln ov kj Dmll. Sk cvc J omj vml jbil. onWlu Hjk lJj omCj Ʈ$ (Emiu kuj) kl Mh& Dn. lJv u#l l. pJ{b Resolution (h=LkwkjC), mmhl biu lJ{ c@vj yIun biu. pml Resolution c@vj Hkwm箳 kcl DlM Gh jll. c@vj [mhu biu DmCm kn cuYl yy DJMk Dmll. 1) [@ h (DOT pitch) n Sk mJ&mOjC Dcul DCJ Dm vk< Dn. pJ{ hk pJU Dmlu lvmj Ʈ$ mmhl pCJl. pJ{ hk pJUpJU lJ{ DOk iCJJO&k Ʈ$ yIl ll.
2) Resolution: : h=LkwkjC : n miUl cnJ Yi. Skvblj Sk DM Dvk Ʈ$b hnlv lk Ʈ$b JiUhC pCJCb cnJb. DL& hnub Ʈ$ pj hC&hC, vhC hmub iub ljb omN Ʈ$lu yjkJ, Dk<&kl pCJu. p [Ubv yICn Dunoo Ju. DOǮb Ʈ$ hmv pC u jMv Dmb cnCll. cnCp Sk Ʈ$vblj, omjb Ʈ$b CDO mv mJs. n mJs nCb cC Hertz (HZ) cO cpub plb. pj mv jM j 75HZ Dmu lj l DL& c@vjJj 75 JU Skvblj Sk Ʈ$b l mkbou om Mkll.
Resolution DC Refresh rate Sk vC箳 ov yp DmumjK Dnl. ovn i SkckbJj DJubyv Dmll. ov i pJn k@chjcO `Jn[D k[&` Fvm@u ku pl, ymJu pl lJn jll. lu Refresh Rate n mv箳 Pixel Flk Dml.
c@vj p[ km ? lj c@vj kyu cnCp VGA Jn[D Hk D@[@hj n kyu CPU u DmCN VGA Port cO p[J uil. n 15 hvm Dmuu D@[@hj Dml. pj c@vj p[u pl. PIII DC PIV k@chm&cO Ghi pj `Fvyu [mhu` Dmu lj vU jbi箳 h&u p[l T Mkl. pj `Fvyu [mhu` vmu lj lm JiU [mhu k[& IuJ uil. l IluMJ c@vjJj kn om MkCj vn. nuu cUCN PIII DC PIV cO i DblY&l Dmll.
c@vj kn kj h{ucC :
1) cvc c@vj : n 9 hvmcO GhuyO Dml. m 9 hv [mhu k[& p[Jb uilb. n k=<COJu Dml. Kjl kc pml kjCm D@v@u@i hlǮ DJuby ku pl. n GUI (Hk pj FbjHm) Jj DOjuu vml.
2) cv JnpS (MONO VGA) : u 15 hvmb [mhu k[& uilb. n n k=<COJu mJh. hjbl n GUI u mh& kjl. ln D@v@u@i hl Dml.
3) F&pS (EGA) - cnCp Enhanced Graphic Array.. u 15 hvm kvkwj Dml. m 15 hvmb k[& DmCb pj Dn. mv jbil mJhl GhuyO Dml DC n Hkwmv mhh& kjl. b Resalution 16 colours b Dmlb. ln D@v@u@i b$C Dml.
4) MCGA : cuk[& Hku D@j- n 15 hvm k@[&cO GhuyO Dml. m 15 hvmb [mhu k[& p[Jb uilb. noKu Hkv mh& kjl DC b Resalution 16 DC 256 colours cO GhuyO. D@v@u@i ln Dn.
5) SVGA : mhj Jn[D Hk D@j : b Resalution 16,256 DC 16 bits true colour cO youl lb. pixl 800x600 cO Dmlb. un 15 hvm kvkwj Dml. hC cO [pu myC Dmll.
6) XGA- Extended Graphic Array : loKu 15 hvm kvkwj Dml. Hk mh& Dml. 800 x 600, 1024 x768 hkwmu GhuyO Dmll. lj 16x256, 16 DC 24 24 bit true colour cO GhuyO Dml. n Hkwm mh&j Dmv [pu yCb Jhj ku pl.
7) UXGA : Du^ SkwmW[ Hk D@j : un 15 hvm kvkwj 15 hvm [mhu k[&mnl GhuyO. Hkwm mh& Dmv [pu mmc GhuyO Dml. b Resolution 16, 256 DC 16, 24, 32 bits, truecolour cO Dml. 800 x 600 15 Fb c@vjcO lj 1024 x 768 17 Fb c@vj pixel Dmll. lj 1280 x 1024 Flk Pixel 21 Fb c@vjcO Dmll.
8) LCD - ukwJ[ Ƭmu [mhu- ov kj Dmll- 1) D@kwJn c@^kwm- u Dlj Jp uil. mcJM h@mJn c@^kwmcO ku pl. j omCj Ʈ$b llkmb mh vmlb. mk@v kuu Ʈ$b hnCm hjl mEip youJ uil.
2) D@kwJn c@^kwm- cO Huc ^vPmj Jhjuu Dml. lcU lJj omCj Ʈ$b DOk mmh DC Dk<&k jbil [Ubv mKJCj omll.
HDTV : nj [vm TV cO TV DC kbhj mv Dm ovn kj Jhj kjl T Mkl.