mcJj, 3 pu 2006

hblOv [@. cvcnv mbi bv hvn Sko mh MyobcO vij kcu pcv ko j kjCm mvJu. Myob cj hjl, hC l H MnCbv. k箳 DmllJv lj Puu jpkdz nlmbybOb hUcU Hj Ku iuu Dnl. Dl n ko j ku lj DmbK yu[j, YF& DC pcv cH b b[ vkmv nF&u DC Dvk vlb mn pF&u... l k...?
hblOv [@. cvcnv Emi bv JUJU vij kcu pcv OjC DC vcv ko (1976) j kjC MHjm kvn cnj^ mjkj n ko j kjC Encl oKJl vn. JmlJl kv pcv cH jp hmChuk[ knn kuu vn. k箳 DmllJcU cbyF& IjybOC #$cO b[ D|Lk Jk=l Du Dn DC pbm cnCv ko ku l ijy ukbv lj knn uY cUuu vn. n ko j kjC nlJn k D* n mbiC n (Dpv Sk) lv!
 


1976 mu DmllJl Duu vij kcu pcv OjC ko kjCci lv G nl.

  • vij pcvRJj Kpi yu[jb coj vc&C nCu DkJ kjC.
  • vij pcvR kcl DJmlJhC J{C Ok UC.
  • ijy DC mcv ukb IjybOCm vij pcv mJml ojl GhuyO kv oC. 1998 mu kWdz vpv cb[Uv k D{J Ilu Dml lv Gb yyl Kuu JmlJ u#l Du DC n ko lJjl j kjC MHjmn kjCl Du.
  • ynmbK Dlj pcv mjkjv lyl ICl Dvk koMj DC Mmkdz D[C Dnl.
  • Dlj pcvR cC Jkmi vij pcvǮ 10-15 kwkn vn.
  • n ko DmllJl Duvblj vkjMnǮ ojbiF&, yu[jb coj, jpkdz DC Mmkdz Yj JJnjbcU vij pcvR hjJ c&ol Pu Dn DC lcU vij pcvR DC Ijb YJ Jiv J{u Dnl.
  • Dh#l Dlj pcv lyl cUJC cC Dluh jnucU mcv ukb IjybOCm lb Jh kjC G mO Pu vn. kCln mcpk G mO nCm kcv kn i DJMk Dmll.
  • GbM mbybOl iRyu mJk< DC hjM cnl DmJ uil.
  • G mO kjC K$Ǯ lb$ cnl DmJ uil lm JU DC hm b vpv uil.
  • k=l kjCN pyyoj DmCN mJ&mbybOlb cvYck mi DmJ uil.
  • vpvl mbYJ D[LUb Jjn DblY&l kjJ uil.

Dm pj ku vn lj G lj mO nl vnǮ, hC DO&J lvb hjCcn Jhjl nll. kcu pcv OjC DC vcv k箳 yyll DM mJ& I[k Pu Dnl.
n ko lj kjChJa lk Mnjl kl pcv cuk Dnl, lbhk klpCb pcv k箳 k#l T Mkll, SkC pcvRhk kl DC kCl Dkj pcv Dlj cnCv lyl T Mkl, pcv lyl ICl kCl D[C T Mkll, lm kl Mmkdz K& J JU ui Mkl, l cCl k uY DC K& k Dnl; DM kCl iR Jj ku vJnl. 1977 mu pcv cukbv oKu kuu JJjCh$b svv kuJj kl DC kCl vij pcv Dlj Dmlu n u#l l iu.
c #$HU箳 Dlj pcv mnpmO hl nlu Dm Mmvu Jl nl. y[ pcv cukb mbKn kc nl. Lc DM pcv lyl ITv lb Jh mcv ukb IjybOC mbmLbv kjl F&u Dm mcpv lm DJMk FbpvDm& DC D|kkwmd vcu iu. l#l lb kc m PuJj Dvk kj lb$k, JJnjk DC koMj D[C u#l T uiu.
C Mnjl mbybO k Pu l vWoJC GodyOk nF&u. Sk nkwj #$HUh# pml pcv DmCN cukb o lj Pu DC C vijhukmnl Dvk mjkj Klbk[ l hJu iu. lk Klu lb kcb k&ubm, Gibm DC kc&Nb Ijbm pcv uill. lbv Dlj pcvR ciC kuvblj DM pcv lyl ITv lbv ol Du Dml n GM nl. 1978-79 mu C Mnj Jiv J{l nl. C cnvijhuk DmllJl T Ilu nl DC Mnj箳 nynj YJ<l vij nl CN hj#$l c Dkj箳 h<kU pcv jkc nl. lbv JM< ciCn vJnl. DM JU pj vij Mmv箳 lyl c pcv Du Dmu lj lb vij Jkmu biu nlYj uiu Dml n Dh# JJi vJnl; hC Yy[ c$ nl. jkc pcvR o cUuJj Dvk mjkj Klbv lb ijp DC Jhjyu Jj kv ciC vWoJJu mJl ku. C vijhuk ll mJ&l DI[Jj nl. l JU vij DO# l# vJ[CkcOv vJ[v Du nl. lbv c Dkj箳 mJ& mJ& ckU Dlj pcvR ciC ku.
kcOu pcv cukb v mJ&l D#hn& Yi n pcvǮ cyou nl. kv jJuu cyou (3 l 10 h . c.) n l JU MlpcvR ypjYJ箳 cvvn viC nl. Ymbhov kKu Kpi pcv ypjYJv cUJCln mjkju b[ D[C Dmll. lL vij pcv k箳 DOj clcu kclv mjkju pcv oCm cukb Dmuu JjO mJYJk cnCJ uiu. k箳 kl ijy MlkNb, cijb DC c Dik mcnb Mk[ Skj pcv D[ku nl. kJ k&yp DO m Pu nlǮ, Dl jpkdz lcM m Pu. c pcv cuk vijmJkb, mJ&h#dz jpkdz vlb, cOmLb cH&l pcv JJC lv kju uiu. lm Dp& Jvblbh#n hm DC lln kU hm n pcv JJC mJ&l YJ ci& ju. vWo IC i cnCp lJn cnj^l hjic ukMn ou DC ouucO pvl ha mjkj nl. Dvk MlkNbk[ hm vJnl, hC pcvǮ ly viC kclcO m[u lb lj vJnl. c pcvojb DmC lj Mkw vJnl. pcv DC lln mJl: mLJj cuc mJv C Dml. vc&o Dbouvl JmLhlb ypv u{ GYjCN ukbv n mcpC DJI[ vn.
pcvǮ ouu hm vmCN cC, DM#l hC YJ<l vij #$l T MkCN pcv cukbv MOv lb pcv lyl ICm ƬMu Pu. mjkj ojh# kl lj h pml hm oTv lbM kjj kv lbv D[kJ uiu. mjkju pcv cUJC pcu vn, hC ouu, yu[j bv l mnphC ku. pv m@ch hhj kUypj HHJu. pb pcv vijb nl nl, pbv kyu knn cnl vJnl Dm Dvk Mlkj DhmkhC pcv ouub JUKl mh[u. mciEui箳 Obl pc Puu kU hm vij pcvl hju iu. cbyF&, C DC Gunmvij Mnjlu pcv cHb U lm Dvk oo, YF& b Go kUl m Pu.
koMj ci&v Dlj vij pcv lyl ICl mjkju DM Dvk lb$k D[C vc&C nl nl. cUl vij pcvJj cojn vJnl. pcv cukb mbK Kh c nl. pcvR YJn uvJ{Ǯ luvl Hj J{uu vJnl. Dvk pcvRJj kn v kn Fcjl, Ij, i Dml. DM JU l pcvR, FcjlR cpch kv ybOkc DC l YJlu DJMk pcvǮ #$HU Jp kv Dlj pcvǮ #$HU nMy ku pl Dm. vkM lj kv cukbv vm ou pl Dm. lJj cuk DL&l D#h Il. k&, Yj, jpkdz oyJ ci& lj nl. Dvko DM pcvR DYm kuJj Dlj pcvR #$HU, Dkj Ghi kjCpi vml. Eno kbylu lk m%v cu-cuu kvmj kcv ckU pcvǮ nmm cUl. 10,000 .c. #$ Dmu DC ll Eno kby cK, l j Jjm DC lb D m%v cu-cu DmCN kbyu cbyF&l lk 500 .c. Flk ckU pcv kv lyl Jl l. cnCp 13 JC cv kuJj 6,500 .c. ckU pcv cU cukb jnl. MJ Ij Fcjl Dmum l pcv Dlj jl vn. vc Ho ICm D%v cubv m%v oKJC, kvmj Jjm nkwk pcv vmlvm pcv Eno kby箳 Dnl Dm oKJv pcvRv m oC n kj Pu. Sk Ƹv kbyu Eno k箳 ljlo uJv mJ& Jjmbv ckU pcvǮ nkwkoj oKJv kcOv m ou iu. pcvR jk@[&Jju uk c=l Dmlv lbv DC lb Jjmbv pcvR ly JC m ou iu.
k箳 ljlo ui vmCN njl J Dik hfl Dvk pcv Dml. Dhu pcvu n ko ui vn, Dm oKu lk pcvǮ cuku Fcjl ybOChJa DJMk Pu. Dm pcv cuk m#c DOkNb k&ul hjJviǮ l#l v[u pl. lln Yj kju mbO nl. pv Fcjl h[v ybOun m#c DOkN hjJvi ui. luvv l mnp cUl Dm. lcU pv Ijb, J[b, ybiu YJ Skoc JOju. hMb Lu ITv yu[j uk Dm Ijcukb hui k uiu. p[u pcvǮ J{J #$HU oKJCmjK Dvk kwl DJubyu pl nl. lm col kjCj Km D|kkw vc&C Pu. J{J F& #$ oKJv pv Ijb pi c Fcjl ybOv Dvkbv b[ hm ku. O|ck ^mn ll ci vJnl. i=nvc&C mmb pcv k箳 k#lv JiUuu nl. CcOu Sk pv mmk[ 80-90 Skj pcv nl. y[ yu[ju Jkm kjCm kjj kv chblk[v vcy kuh cbpj ITv mmv Kh vH ku. L[kwl k lj p pcv klv JiUuu nl lb ciC DC YJn b[ J{u.
76 mu n ko Dcul DuJj mybO IjybOCǮ JJm cU mbkl mh[u. cnJ箳 #$cOu jpij kc Pu. kcJv JJmƳk ykj Pu. lnvn cnJ cnCp Ijb ciC J{l Dmlv hjJ c$ Skoc Du. cbyF&l 74-76 mul ojmu 25,000 Ij ybOu pl Dml. 1976 vblj n mbK vccv kc Pu. Ij ybOkc Pu vnl, lj CN kUl IjybOCǮ mcm ibYj nCj n u#l l llv ijyb (vJJj) IjybOCu m oCm k箳 c&ol Dvk vJ DoM mjkjv k{u. klv m ciCN Jkmkv SkC Ijbhk 10 kwk Ij mjkj klv JkC OjC lJn Dn DC Yj箳 mbOcO vJv Yj h[u. n Ij cKl: mjkjojyj Jpv DmCNbv, mjkj kc&NbvǮ yUkJu n mbiC v ui!
CcO 1976 mu j . . H DmCj pcvǮ YJ 1981 mu 40-50 h Pu nl. Flj Mnjln JiU hjmLl vJnl. ko vml kkc ju nl Dm vn, lj l vij IjybOCJj Jhjl hjCc Pu nl n Dvk DYmkb u#l l nl. hC ko j kjC jpkdz FsM vJnl. L[ L[ pcv ybOkcKu DCu pl Dmuv yu[jbv p b[ vH cUu l c ypjhl lbv kOǮ cUu vml. ll Y Mmkdz DOkj, jpkjC DC nmlk b vJ Ji& HHJu. n ko kl H Dn n u#l l ko j#C箳 ypv lb vJ nlmbybO lj Pu. cbyF&Jlj Flj cnvijl ijy MlkNb kn pcv mjkjv clcu kclu Ilu, hC lbv col kjJu kCln UJU h{ Du vn.
kW mjkju k箳 hjCcb Mbk Ju uiuJj Dvk #$lu lp%bk[v JJO hlUbJj lyu DYm ku iu. yjkF&v mbMOv kuJj k箳 o<hjCcbyu vij vpv, DL&lp%b K$ Pu. ko j kjC pml nlJn Dn n mJ& DYmkb v<k<& nl. 1999 mu n ko j kjC MHjm kWv mJ& jpbv ku. Dvk jpbv l ly[ly jn ku. hblOvb DC DL&cb$b mh voxM Dmvn oozJv cnj^mjK jpv Dpvn l j kuu vn. hblOvbv hvn Sko mh MyobcO ko j kjCm mvJu. Myob cj hjl, hC l H MnCbv. k箳 DmllJv lj Puu jpkdz nlmbybOb hUcU Hj Ku iuu Dnl. Dl n ko j ku lj DmbK yu[j, YF& DC pcv cH b b[ vkmv nF&u, Dvk vlb m pF&u b[ Oml DmJ.
Yjllu mJ& Mnjblv iu 28 J<l kJU 19,020 nkwj FlkǮ pcv l#l mjkjbv lyl Ilu. cnj^箳 vT cnvijbl cUv 7,292 nkwj pcv mjkj cUJ Mku Dn. Ijb mJ&l pml lJ[ DmCN cbyF&cO D@kwyj 2005 hl mjkjv lyl cUJuu Dlj pcv 237 nkwj cnCp 2,37,000 .c. Dn. hk 150 nkwj pcv n iu Sk J<l lyl Ilu Dn. DL& Dioj 28 J<cO kJU 87 nkwj, cnCp J<&u mjmj lv nkwj (30,000 .c.) Flk pcv mjkjv cUJu.
2.37 k h kclǮ pcv cUJCm mjkj kl hm DpJj K& Pu, kl Mmkdz c J iu, kl kjC vul D[ku, klpCbv cvmlh Pu DC kl Yj Pu lj nMyn kjl Cj vn. Flk kvn c mbKv ijyb Ijm pcv cUlu n Dh# lj mbhC&hC Hmu. kuy JJnjk M n kCln k箳 M chob[ Dmu hnp. kcu vij pcv OjC ko n kmJj mbhC& DMmJ ju Dn. ojic Jj kjl IjybOCmjK kCln c mcpk, D|Lk cnJ DC ibliblǮ Gi Kmi #$u [Juv MmJ nCj vn. c$ Ob Dp JmkUl DboObo DC Dvb$l mJh youCm DC l YJ vcv kjCm mjkj OjC DlJMk Dn.
mu#C cnpv

mima@vsnl.com