jJJj , 13 D@ i m 2006

1947 mu 14-15 D@im jp mJlb$ DC HUC ovn Iv I[u. kMcj n l HUCǮ kWEyo nl. kMcj MvJj yv-Dcjkv Yjl箳 JjOl, lj kcvm jMv kc Yjl箳 ypv Yck Ilu. mJSl vv JIv Puvblj Yjl Kbo DOjmlbY kmUu. hC yv-Dcjkv c$ hkmlvu mL oC uӮ Ju Dn. kjC Dl lbmcj mcL& nCN v DC DL&mbhV nCN Yjl DJnv Dn. Yjl-hkmlv bl lCJ Dmlu lj lb mmclu jpkjC l k MkCj Dnl. Eno-cmuc lCJ DC Yjl-hkmlv mbI<& n yv-Dcjk jpkdz [Jhb Yi Dn. HUC DC mJlb$ Skoc Du. Jmll: jpkdz DL&v- cnCp `vMv- m` DOvk JKvmj Yjl J EnomLv Dm oM Dioj DmllJl vJnl. lcU HUC Pu l `yM Fb[`. Fbpbv jCǮ DcuKu DCuu Mmkdz JmnlǮ. ciu J Fbp ChJa Yjldz mbmk=l nl, JhjGoc nl, hC DOvk DL&v jpIv Dmuu j^ vJnl. p `EmO mJnuPMv` kU箳 DIl `Eno mbmk=l` cnCv vckjC Pu, l Eno Oc& vJnl. lcU Eno j^ HUC Pu, Dmn cnCl Cj vn. 1857 mu F&m Fb[ kbhvǮ kjYjJjOl p (cKl: Gj Yil) Pu, lJnhmv `Fb[v D[W` cnCp Eno j^Jou Dkj hl nT uiu. Fbiub[ jCv jpMk lyl Ilu DC lJnhmv- cnCp 1858 mu `yM Fb[` Mmkdz jpJ m Pu.
yMbv Lv pChJa pj m[mnM Dmhm Dmuu mbmLvbk[ m mho& ku Dml (kjC l mbmLv yjKml kv `yM Fb[` jpJ GY jnu nl.) lj HUCǮ Mv Du vml. lm mlJn yM jpklv Jjl Ilu nl. hjbl 1857 vblj Eno j^Jo Puu Go DC 1885

 

mu Fb[v v@Mvu kBm箳 mLhvvblj m=l nT uiuu vJ j^dz pCJ blv DOvk pmk mbkuhv Jkml nT uiu.
`j^` cnCp vkwk k, DC kCl uk J YYi j^dzlJ箳 mbkuhvl T Mkll, yu SkCmJ Mlkhmv pjoj Jo nT uiu nl. j^v|clǮ h Oc&, Y<, JbM, JC&, mbmk=l, Yiukl, pJvMu, mcv Flnm, hjbhj bmjK J bhk kn Ikb Sk$ Cv lj nl, k Sk Iklv nl, n Jo c nl.
jhcO Oc& Sk, hC j^ Dvk- DM mLl nl. MJ Sk Oc& l j^ mll SkckbJ kjl Dml. (Du[ mbI<& lj mb Ƹv DC k@Luk blu nl... Dpn Dn!) h{u kUl Djymlvl Dvk Djy j^ vc&C Pu. lbn Dhhml nl Dml DC Dpn nll. Djy mbmk=l j-h npj J<x Flk v nl. Fmuc箳 pvcDioj Djy mbmk=ll KiuMm$, iCl, mnl, ku mc= Pu nl. Fmucv ynmbK Djybv Sk Oc&mbmkjl DCu. hC ljn Fmuc箳 vJv l mJ祮 Sk j^ vc&C nT Mku vn. (MJ h@umv, uyv@v, Fjk Flo Yil Djy p, Djy Ƹvn nl. mJ& Djy n FmucOca Dnl, n Sk ul ijmcp Dn.) Djy oM箳 ynjn Fmuc mj J Jmlj Pu. Dkl DC DMl. cuM, Fb[vM EkJ hkmlv n cmuc Dnl, hC Djy vnl. Djy cmucbv mbmk=lklv hkmlv J cuMv `pJU` Jl vnl. Dm.
c n k, mbmk=l Sk Dmu, lj Djy oM Dvk Dnl- mo Djy, Fjk, uy, F. lcC Oc& Sk Dmu, lj Fmuc oM c$ Dvk Dnl. DL& n k, j^v|cl kJU Oc&, mbmk=l J Y< b hJj nT Mkl vn. `D@i&vPMv D@H Fmuck kb^pd` (DDm) mbIvl 54 oM Dnl. lbhk Dvk oM SkckbJ mll u{l Dmll. jhu Ƹv Oc& SkJ Mku vn DC Djybv Fmuc Sk$ DC Mku vn. mo Djy jpJ Dcjk Dbkl Dn DC Fjk Dcjk JjOl. FjC箳 Mnu Dcjk Jjonml nl. Gu, Kcv Dcjku kfj M$ cvl Dm. Dp Dcjkv Sk JUm mo Djy DC FSu oIbv Dhu kl Ju Dn. Jmll: mo Djyu FSu Yiuk, O|ck DmllJ cv vn. FSu DOk=l Oc& p Dmu lj Dpv j^ cnCv l KN DL&v GY jnuu vn.
Dp FSucO pJ{ p Dnl, lh# pml Dcjkl- kJU vӳ@k& Mnjl Dnl. p p kcvm Jj Dnl (lb mbK kc vn.), l FSuu Dck J Dcjkv mcpJo nmlk cvll. cnCp pilu mJ& p mcpn `j^` cnCv Yiuk J O|ck DL&v SkJuu vn. n mJ& vhC Flkwm k, Oc& n j^GYjCǮ h nT Mkl vn, n Flnmm Dn. ljn uK Enobv J EnolJJbv Jl k, Yjl n oM KN DL&v `Eno j^` Dn DC ibOp-vnbv l EnolJJo Jj `Y` kv oMu `mkwuj` jpIv ou Dn. Eno cnmY (mLhv 1915), j^dz mJbmJk mbI (1925), pvmbI (1950) DC Yjldz pvl h# (1980) n mJ& DJlj l lLkLl EnolJJo mbkuhvlv kuu Dnl. kO l mJl:u Oc& cnCv cnCJv Ill, kO mbmk=l cnCv, lj kO pJvMu J hjbhj cnCv. l箳 DOj l `Eno j^` vJ Yiukl cvll.
lb kvlv HUC cnCp l mbkuhl `Eno j^` HUC. (p `Eno j^` DmllJl vJnl.) DC HUC Pu l Mmkdz yM Fb[. hjbl l HUCǮ DOj (yM Fb[lv JiU nlv) cnco Du pvbv Ilu l Fmuc- cmucb Sk JiU j^ Dn, n kuhv cb[v. uuk=<C D[JC bv pvbyu JCj c cnCv Dvkuvdz Dn- DC ljn GHj lk&Mm$ Jhv GcpCmjK Dn. pj cmucb j^ JiU Dn, Dm cv ku lj Enobv JiU j^ Dmu nJ, n DIv Du! cnCp Sk DL&v mJjkj J mbI oIbv `j^Jo` cv Dn, n lv mh nl. hjbl j^Jo DbcuypJC HUCv nT Mkl. c$, lb HUCu kfj JjO Dn. pvb mcL&v DC HUCu JjO- n mckjC mbIhjJju m[Jl Du vn DC lcU D[JC n EnolJJb kvlv Kuvk ju. cnCp pvbv ov HUC I[Jv DCu- oM DC mbI!
Dhu mJlb$u h{u J<a m J<x hC& nlu, lMǮ HUCun. mJlb$vblj m J<l DhC k mO ku J k mO kj jnu, yu Gob[ Ku Pu Dn. hjbl HUCcU DC HUCvblj k, k J km I[u, yu c$ HjM & Puu vn. HUC `i` k `Di`, EkJ lu kC pyyoj, yyl Puu |JlJ&C mJ&mOjChC ibO- vn- pv bhk kCu lj Kuvk jJv mbhl. hjbl K cmuc hkmlv HUC kCcU Pu? cpyj jncv, Kv k Fboj ibORcU? pvju Kv箳 DoMvmj hƽc hkmlvlu hbpy- hC cmuc mvv lb hJ& hkmlvlu ybiu cmuc pvl MjkC ku, ybiu cmuc m$bJj yulkj ku DC ybiu YoM GodOJml ku. cnCp Fmuc Oc& DOj vc&C Puu j^ l Oc& hJj GY jn Mku vn. ybiu Y<, mbmk=l J pJvMu bv Oc&- j^ mbkuhvJj cl ku. Fboj ibORv YjllHx col kj箳 Dioj cpyj jncv bv mJlb$ ybiuoM I<C ku nl. pvb j^ mblb `lv`-lj Jpu nl.
ybiuoM mJlb$ Pu lJn DC lhJan Djy- cmuc oMbv FmucJo hkmlvu hEy ou vn, Yjl v<O ku vn J ybiuoM} (DC cpyj jncv}n) JjO ku vn. `hkmlv HUC cnCp Fmuc DJcv` Dm kCln cmuc oMv cvu vn. ljn `DJI Fmuc Sk Dn` DC `mJ& cmuc cvv J J=v onMlJo Dnl`- Dmu Ybhk DC Dvlnmk Jj mJl:u yJo J mn<C mcpCN ynmbK Enobv k hl?
JM< u#l J yy cnCp hkmlv HUC nT v cnCv kmMv lv ku l Dcjk J kn jhdz oMbv. cnCp Fmuc-DOjl hkmlv n j^ Sk JC jpvl cmuc oMb vJnl, lj Dcjk J jhlu (Ƹv!) oMb nl. Dcjkv lb mlJ Djcj hJv Yjlu J ybiuoMu OckJC lv ku l Ƹv cnCv vJn, lj lb MlkUlu pilk [Jhb Yi cnCv.
oM m[v plv `yM Fb[` HUC kjC kjmLv kjCN Fbp clmbv hkmlv HUC c$ vk nl! onMlJo vJ ITv l#l Djy-FmucJjO DI[ GYjCN Dcjkun hkmlv HUC vk nl. Dp hkmlvcO yu pvlv mONb JjOl yb[ hkju Dn. hjbl hkmlv hvn HUC nT v oC vO&j pvju cMj&H DC lb j-Dcjkv mcL&kbv ku Dn.
hkmlvcO lb u<kjv DC D.Sm.D.v uJuu onMlJb M#C lU Dcjkv Ghnbv sƮ$l ku Dnl. Sk ypu DHiCmlv DC omN ypu kMcj- ovn kC hkmlv箳 colv luyv J Dud komjK onMlJo mbIvbv nlkb[ u Juu Dmlvn Dcjk J jh hkmlvu Mm$m$ k hjJl Dnl? cnCp jh-Dcjk (cKl: yv J Dcjk) onMlJou KlhCǮ Iul vnl k?
Sk ypu mkwuj- ukMnJo hjmkj kjCj n oM hkmlv, mo Djy DC Fm$Su Oc&Ol j^bv k hEy ol Dnl? Mv Gj Ml箳 kUl GodYJuu mmclu箳 mbI<&l Dn.
Mlu mJl Pu omj cn mbhuyjyj ui. omN cnl Sk ypu nl oml j^- yv, vm, jM DC Dcjk. omN ypu nl- pc&v, Fu DC phv. 8 c 1945 jp pc&v oml j^bv MjC Du. lDioj D oJm- 30 Su jp nujv mJl: [kwl iU Iuv Dlcnl ku nl. pc&v MjC 箳 Dioj ov J<x FuǮ h[J Pu nl. lj phvv c$ MjCil hlkju vJnl. Dcjkv njMc- vimkJj DCy@cy kuvblj D@im 1945 cO phv MjC Du. DCy@cy cnJOJbmk M lJn H Dcjkk[ nl. vP Ymcmj DC phv Dckb hjYJ Puvblj piYj Mbll mLhl nF&u, DM ynlkb Yy[ Dh# nl. hjbl mbhuvblj kn oJml Dcjk llkuv DO# n@j ^cv bv I<C ku k, jM pj vPJjO l Dhu c$ J mnkj Dmu lj Dl ukMnJo oml j^bv pilk kcvPc箳 JjOl hkjJ uiCj Dn. pilk kcvPc vl=lJ jMk[ DmucU mJnSl jM n Dc cK M$ Dmu. h&v- jM p p c$ J mnkj Dmlu, ln Dcjk J ukMnJo jhv oMb M$ Dmlu.
Yjl n jM c$ nl. Yjldz mJlb$u{u jMv DC kcvm h#v hC& hEy ou nl. yM mcpMnǮ JjOl ibO-vnb vl=lJKu p mbc Pu, lhmv Dvk DMF& J Dkv JmnlRv mHla Ilu nl. Ekynv Dmn cnCl F&u k, l JmnlRcOu mJlb$u{ J̮jk vl=lJ Yjlk[ Du nl. mcpJo oMb DC yv nl DC Dcjk J yv b Sk mJlb$ DI[ l J vblj vc&C Pu nl. mnpk Yjl-hkmlv b mbybOl Dcjk lb OjC jJlv Yjl箳 ypv GY jnC Mkw vJnl.
pj `yM Fb[` Yiuk- jpkdz pm箳 lm `mJlb$` Pu Dml lj Yjl- hkmlv- ybiuoM Dm Sk DKb[ Yjl Pu Dml. DKb[ Yjll Dp箳 ukmbKvmj, SkC mcj 45 k cmuc ukmbK Dml. (hkmlv J ybiuoMl lk 15 k DC Yjll mcj 15 k Dm SkC 45 k) kC mbiJ, ci vJ[CkǮ cOclv Y J cpyj jncv nn l DKb[ Yjll hblOv nT Mku Dml. hjbl l Mv uK箳 k#lu vJnl. pj `yM Fb[` DKb[ mJhl mJlb$ Pu Dml DC l kcvm jMM c$Ǯ mbybO Dml, lj yv DC Dcjku l DKb[ Yjl箳 JjOl Yck IJ uiu Dml. Flk vJn, lj o#C DMl- cnCp Yjldz GhKb[l lbv lb lU GY kjl Du vml.
omj cn mbhuvblj yv DL&JJmL KUKU Pu nl. Epku, hC DL&JJmL nju- DM mLl nl. Dcjk D|Lk colMJ yv k, pc&v J SkC jhn GY jn Mku vml.
Dcjku Dl pil DJnv Gju nl l kJU kcvm jM. vP Ymcmju i[C Slnmk kc jMv kucU jM (J h&v kcvPc) oyoy piYj J{u nl. Dk, DM DC o#C Dcjklu mJlb$ nT hnCN J vJmJlb$ oMb D{ mcpJo Jjk[ DC jMk[ nl. l mcjm cnCp 1945 l 1949 kUl vcOu kcvm h# cD-lm-lbi b vl=lJKu kcvm blm m nl nl. jM, v DC Yjl Dm $kv (lIb Sk$ ukmbK lJn 100 kR Dmhm nl DC Dp 250 k!) DJI pilu mmclu you Mku Dml. Dcjk J mcpJo jh Sk ypu DC jM, v, Yjl J vJmJlb$ Dk omN ypu DM pi JYiC Pu Dml. l Dcjku J jhu hjJ[Cj vJnl. cnCp lb kvlv Yjldz GhKb[l oHU, lCJ DC mM hjmLl Dmu lj jh-Dcjk YlJ k MkCj nl. yvu n mcpJo lb lvM J<祮 DvYJlv Du nl. cnCv omj cn MJ쮳 hhl Dmlv yvv Yjldz GhKb[l HUC I[Jv DCC kjmLv ju. mJlb$u{n lJn MJ쮳 hhl Du nl. vcOu bln DKj hJ&l l nl. (omj cn 1939-1945, mJlb$u{- u pJ UJU l mJlb$ 1942-1947 DC v bl 1949) hjmLll Yjldz GhKb[l HUC kv Sk oM Dhu ypu Ju lj lL lU vc&C kv Sk JUm v J Yjlu Mn oTv jM YJ kc kjl F&u, DM l pv nl.
cnco Du pvbv 1940 vblj hkmlv Dn cb[C GI[ GI[ yMb colv kju mJl ku nl. lLkLl `[jkw D@kwMv` DJnv cnCp L Eno-cmuc obib DJnv nl. Lc mcpk, ci cvmk DC vblj jpkdz HUC n yMb [J MmJ nl nl. (Flkw LhC yMb kjmLvl mcu Dmuu pvb mcL&v D[JC km k Mku? k Eno-cmuc HUCǮ [Jl l pCl- DpCl mcu nl? yv-Dcjkv vnc kBm箳 JjOl pvmbI-Yph lU Guv Oju Dn.)
1947 mu 14-15 D@im jp mJlb$ DC HUC ovn Iv I[u. kMcj n l HUCǮ cK kWEyo. kMcj MvJj kcvm jMv kc Yjl箳 ypv DC yv-Dcjkv Yjl箳 JjOl Yck Ilu. cnCp HUC J kMcj n Mv Ml箳 k$l mh[u. mJSl vv JIv Puvblj Yjl Kbo DOjmlbY kmUu. hC yv-Dcjkv c$ hkmlvu mL oC u Ju Dn. kjC Dl lbmcj mcL& J mc= nCN v DC DL&mbhV nCN Yjl DJnv Dn. Yjl-hkmlv bl lCJ Dmlu lj lb mmclu jpkjC l k MkCj Dnl. Eno-cmuc lCJ DC Yjl-hkmlv mbI<& n yv-Dcjk [Jhb Yi Dn. DhC lb mhUl mh[ k Eno-cmuc muK J Yjl-hk c$ kv [J lbJj GuJ, n GhKb[l jCj Dn. Dpv lj ovn oMbl l MnChC Du Ʈvn oml vnl. cnCv HUCǮ pKc YUYU Jnl Dn.
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