MvJj ~ 9 mhWyj 2006

`Dcn Dm u[k` Ʈ$h oio&k J DYvlb cvil lm clcbo c}b vi[l JJO h}bJj} }K iu vJj `ljbi` hjJCl Dcn m k} nl. lm Gc lmo cU}. J<yyl Jkb kln} DC DOk cnlǮ ijp }#l Il DCK kn }K hjJCl m kjl Dnl. J< c}bmcj ƵkC, lj Ƶ#kbmcj c}bv ƵkJC c DJnv Dml. n ƵkC-ƵkJC DJnv km h}} pl, cnl oCj }K, `Dcn Dm u[k` DCK kn DYvlb cvil, { clcbobm kc kjCN `pJnU` mbmL DvYJ DC DCK kn }K-
`clcbolJ` n iY&mbYJ箳 #Chmv l J箳 18 J J<&hl JiJiU kjCbcU cWoӮ Jkml Duu D[CRcU vc&C nCj DJmL Dml. DC DJmLcU p JǮ yyll n DJmL vc&C Pu Dn, l箳 Sk mJ&mcv J cnCv nCN Jkml Dvk D[LU vc&C nll. mJ&l cnJ D[LU Dml- M#C. SKo i DhC kM Mkl? lj l k=l kjlv Dhu , JC, mhM&, ibO, J, Mjjk mLl DM Dvk mbJovb ci&v mboM cWohl pll. mJ& mbJovb mbkuv DC JMu<C kv cWo l DL& uJl DC i k=l EkJ lmo oCm JJO DJJbk[ mboM hJu pll. mJ& ci祮 Sk mKU lj nl DC DM Dvk mKU p[v l Sk pU JCu pl. M#CcU DLJ JiJiU k=l kjl jnucU cppmbmLl lj nCj pU DC ybO plk Jhk, llk M#C biu nl.
 


lv n u#l l k, clcbolJ Dmuu cu箳 EkJ JǮ M#Cl D[LU ll, Dmb pJn DhC cnCl, lJn n D[LU cWoӮ hMRhmv, l箳 Ƭhmv DC lmohmv l lƬhl kCln ci&Jj, lm l mKUǮ kCln k[Jj Dm Mkll.
clcbolJ Dmuu JRv i J YJ M#C u mJl kjlv l- l JǮ M#CcO D[LU vc&C kjCN `kcpj k[` J mKU JiJiU civ, JiJiU cOcblv DO MOv k{u hnpl. DC n pCv ITv lb M#C m ku lj l JǮ M#C Jiv DC biu nl. cK cnCp M#C oCN JǮ DLJ JM< M#k vjM kc nl.
Dl clcbolJ箳 #$l mboiO DC {yU mbkuhv pTv clcbolJ Dmuu JǮ cWoӮ Jkmlu D[LU jCj kcpj k[ MOv lJj Ghjlck Gh kjC DC lbv Dk J vckhCv MkJC Mkw Pu Dn. i hlv M#C ou lj n cu DJmvdz DM #clb ikjC k kll, n omv D} Dn.
Skk[ M#CMm$箳 JkmcU, Dvk vJvJ GhjhlRcU cub #cl DOk biu lNnv Jkml nT uiu Dnl, lj omjk[- hJa p JRcO H clcbolJ DJmL D{Ul nl, lh# JiU, mbc DC kwu lNn DJmL vc&C Puu yukn Dp pvcu l Dnl. clb kh<C (DV v cUC DC h<k Dnj v Il vml `pbk H[`Jj piC- ovn i } kjCYl Dnl.), JiJiU lNn o<C, DVJj Ƭ kjCm Jhju pCj jmv, kkvMk, Dlj lClCJ, mhO& DC vmi&vcu oo v ol yuk piJCm JkMm$v kuu {JU{JU DM Dvk kjC Dnl. lcU clcbolJyjyj D@Pc (mJcivl), nhjD@kwJn (DlUJUhC), mjyu hum (cWoӮ kjk #$lu DhbilJ), Dv DhbilJ DM Dvk mbc J kwu mcm Dmuu yuk Dp pvcu l Dnl. mnpk yukb #cl Jkml kjCm DOkOk Dk DC vckw DM M#CCuR DJMkl Yml Dn.
clcbo JRv MkJCm lbl} kcpj k[byjyj DCKn kn i yjkF&v Jjl IJ uill. lk JǮ #cl YV YV Dmll. lm lb yU Mm YV YV Dmll. lcU lk JǮ M#C (MUlu EkJ Ijlu) Jj kjlv DO l JǮ kJl u#l ITv J̳k M#Ck k&c DKJ uil. n M#Ck k&c DKlv Dhuu SK iǮ M#C nl Dmlv cWol k I[c[ nll, L[M kuhv T Mku lj n mbkuhv DOk mh nCm col nF&u.
lk cCm箳 Mjjl lv DbljƬ mll DJnl uuu Dmll. l cnCp- cWoӮ Dlu hMRcO uuu I[c[ DC lbl mLhl nl Dmuu hjmhjmbybO. lyjyj Mjj箳 Dbli&l Dmuu JJO bL DC DJJ b kc J hjmhj DbljƬ DC JlJjClu y Ghkbv Mjj箳 JJO Yibk[v ou pCj lmo DC lƬ. DM n mbhC& Ƭ- lƬ- hjCc- lmo b mKU Dml. Ju ou pCN M#Cj mKUl mm$l, mbpv DC mcpv vc&C nT Mku DC lcU JǮ kMul J{ Pu, lj l M#C i oMv nl Dn, Dm DhC cnC Mkl. GonjCL&- yN clcbo JRv KC-hC kMun MkJJ uill. Jj} cnlǮ DOj DhC lbv KChC箳 kMum J̳k M#Ck k&c km k vkwk k Mk? mcp-Dhu cu h J<祮 Dn DC Dpvn mJl: nlv kn Kl vn. ci huk l} YjJll. hjmLll DO Dhuu h{u Mvb Gj MOv k{J uilu : 1) l JǮ ybk DC clcbolJ hlU kl Dn? 2) l mJ& mv i kj kc kjl Dnl k? 3) l cuu MkC mbO ou pl Dn k? 4) clcbolJyjyj Dv kCl lNn DhbilJ lu Dn k? 5) mbybOl kMu MkCm kl kuJO GhuyO Dn?
Go. h J<祮 cuu n kMu MkCm l箳 J箳 18 J J<&hl- cnCp mcj 13 J<祮 DJO GhuyO Dn. hjbl lc cu pj J箳 13 J J<&hl mJl: nlv Kl vmu lj l kMu MkJCm lc箳k[ h J<祮 kuJO GhuyO Dn.
mJ&mcv cu p i L[M mӮvbv EkJ DvkjClv Mkl, l mJ& i cubv MkJlv mm$l, mbpv J mcpv箳 mKUlv plu, DM pv ku DC l mjJ mll m Ju, lj vƽl n cu DOk kMu Dlcml kjll.
clcbolJ箳 #$l MkJlv iWOU G[JCj DCK Sk i cnCp- ybk, cvmk J, #cl hlU mbkuhvb DL& Sk ku pl. MkJlv Dhu yu箳 mbkuhv mh vmlu lj Kh iWOU G[l.
ybk n mbkuhv l JǮ {yU DL&v c&o jJCm Ghi h[l. JM cvmMm$dz Cb DOj DhC yǮ chv k Mkl. hjbl ov mjK ybkb JǮ MkC il n mjKǮ Dml vn EkJ Dkuv#cln mjK D{Ul vn. cvmMm$dz JiakjC kjCm 70 DC 70 h# kc ybk Dmuu J clcbolJ Dmuu J cnCv cvu pll. DL& ljlcv mbkuhv Jhj kjC DJMk Dn. cvmk JcU l cui l箳 Mjjk Jvmj Flj mJ&mcv cu箳 kl hci Dn, Dbop l. lj #cl hlU Dhuu l- l #$lu l箳 Jkm mO hlU oM&Jl. mJ& cnlǮ Ghi kv Dhuu ov mljbJj clcbo cu M#Ck k&c DKJ uil.
hnu Dvhjk mljJj M#Ck k&c cnCp lu mJ& ovbov pJvkMub M#C oC. KChC, kh[ IuC, cu-c$ mJsl, DbIU kjC, ol ImC, km EJjC, ho$C IuC, mJlb$hC Jm kjC, mJl: HJu JU i kj Jll kjC- n mJ& ovbov pJvkMu lk箳 #clvh lu MkJC DC ci mjJl DCC.
omj Dhjk mljJj M#Ck k&c cnCp- cWocOu kc v kjCj Yi MOv lb ci&cOu D[LU oj kjC J vJv ci& lj kjC. SK mKUlu oJ k Dmu lj l cpyl kjCm Ghjlck hl JhjC. SKo MuJMjo pcC l# Mm$Ƭ kv SKo D[LJ oj kjl EkJ vJv ci& lj kjl J Dmuu ci& mOjl, lcC kMu JM< M#k JJO M#Ck hl, k[, KU, mjJk=l, h& hl Jhv l cu箳 cWoӮ v Jhju pCN #cl Jhv lu MkJC lv kjl. clcbolJ Dmuu cu pj i JU (cnCp J箳 lmN J<a) MUl oKu Puu Dmu lj cWoӮ uJƮkl pml Ghi kv cu箳 ill u#Cdz mOjC kjC Mkw nl.
M#C n cWol uCj Sk mcpl Ƭ Dml. l Ƭ m Jnu, i kj k&vJl Jnu lk cuu l箳 J̳k ilvmj kc- DOk JU uil Dml. n yy Ov ITv l- l JǮ ilvmj JU ou lj cubb M#C DOk biub nlb.
cub yyll M#k J huk mll Sk i mbil Dmll k, oJUǮ, c cnv箳 c mflv n c}b hvn MUl Du k DYm Jmjuu Dmll. l cKv uKv, Jv, DbkJv F. mcJM Dml. FL cUcO ov i Ovl IC DJMkl Dn. Sk cnCp cu kCl i Jmju, n MOCh# k Jmju, n MOu hnp. `k Jmju` iǮ MO IluJj Dmb u#l lb k, cubv vmlb HU, K[ hlv DLJ hblj hlv pj lcn uKv- Jv, iCl MkJu Dmu lj l cWoӮ M@& c& ccjlv h{ iuub vmlb DC lcU cub l lJjl Jmjll. M#Clu Sk cnJ m$ Dn- `cu Skl l Jmjl, cu hnl l u#l Jl DC cu kjl l l} mcpl.` DL&- p M#Ck ƬcO H kv Jhj Pu, l M#Ck Ƭ kn kU kl. p Ƭl kv DC [U b Jhj Pu, l pml kU u#l jnl. DC p Ƭl %vW DC kcX b Sk$l mcvJ mOCl Du, l Ƭ kcmJh kC Mkwl vc&C nl. b mJ祮 DvYJlub Sk GonjC cnCp- DhC pJn mku Mkl, mkj Mkl, hnu Mkl, Yjlkc, JCkc, mJbhk Mkl, lJUm h{ kn J<x l pj Kb[ h[u lj DhC l Jmjl vn. b kjC MkC箳 Ƭl cWov Dhu %vW DC kcX Sk$ljl k=l MkCm Jhjuu Dmll DC lcU cWocO kcmJh Sk ci& (vjhL) lj Puu Dml. kkCl vj#j m$ pvJj cnvl Du kp Jku ITv ll. vj#j m$bv p hlv kp cpC lb$ ymJuu Dml, l hnub k Lkwk Jnu nlb.
mǮ clcbolJ Dmuu cubv lb kcljl DC yumLv u#l ITv cC DJC, kljkc, MJCkc, Ʈ$kc JjJj mO omCN k=l lb DYmkMu Jkml nlu DM hlv M#Ck k&cl DblY&l ku lj l Ghi lb Dhjk M#Ck #cl kllj Jiv DC DOk biu hlv Jkml kjCm nT Mkl. c$ m DlM JjhJ&k kc kjC DJMk Dn.
clcbo cub J JR M#C J< Jhl DlM Jml=l Dn. l mbhC& hjcM& Sk uKl Il C Mkw vn. hjbl kn i pCJhJ&k Uu DC kn i piklv ku lj lb M#C op& vkwkǮ GbJl.
1) clcbolJ Dmuu JǮ yk, cvmk kuu JiakjC n lu mcplu Dv lLkLl `v@c&u` Jh# kc y Dn, mcp Dn, n oM&JCm EkJ l `lJj` Fljb luvl kc Dn, n Mkwk cjCm vmv, Mm$dz l箳 #cl DUKv, l箳 kcljl DC l yumLv MOv lu kCl #clb, kMub M#C oC DOk ijp Dn, n jJCmǮ Jhju pC DJMk Dn.
2) JiakjC箳 cnlǮ Ghi kv l cuu DllJ, lJ, cOc, mc, mcj<Jj}, [u-v@c&u, mu uv&j DM kCl lj il kWyv l箳 #cl lJv i=nl Ov Ku箳 hlUJv MkJu mJl v kjl MkJC mJl kcu hlUJv kjJ. Go. Sk l on Dbkb mcp DmCN cuu Sk l on DbkbM mbybOl yjp, Jpyk, Yikj, iCkj, JJnjlu Ghi, hM DUK DC Ghi, lyjyj on箳 h{ mbKJv. Go. I[UM mbybOl kMu, I[UJv, JUJv m Sk l 12 Dbk DC l Fbp uKv DJMk Dml. mJ祮 Jj kv iCl DYm jJu uil DC h Jkml kju uill. hjbl Dm v I[l yNo M#k kJU DbkuKv, chv, hblj cO J<&Yj Hjl jnll.
3) vml Myok %v, HU- K[ hlǮ DLJ hvjJ= hlǮ M#C UJ. D cubv MkJCNbcO Dm Sk mcp hkwk Pu Dn k, cubv hvjJ=v MkJC DJMk Dml. lcU jp l mnl cubh{ kv lbv MkJC lv ku pl. cU cub MkClu vIv pl. hvjJ= DJMk Dml l Ghl&l. cnCv kCl kMu MkJ Dnl, n cvl hkwk jJv l G hC& nF&u Dm JJO M#Ck mnl Jhju lj cu DOk DlcJmv DC Dvbov Mkll.
4) cWoӮ Jkm箳 Ƭ Dk=lybO Jj kv M#Ck k&c DKJ. Go. cu pvcuhmv ov-lv J<hl l mbJovkjk Jkm Ji n mJ&Ok Dml. DC JkmJj h{- cnCp yk hhbJj Jkm DJubyv Dml. clcbo cu箳 yyll n kuJO L[m ubyuu Dml. DM JUm lk cu l箳 Jkm箳 kCl hhJj Dn, Jj kv M#Ck k&c DKJ.
5) cWocO vJv vJv ci& lj kjC luvv mh Dml; hjbl Sko kǮ MkJu iuu k=l J i hmv kv l hvn vJv MkJC Hj DJI[ pl. m kCln i MkJlv mOkyOk Jj kv l MkJJ. Go. DhC yNo hnl k, cub MUl iuJj l Gv `Sk mL vcml` Dmb cnCll DC Ku ymll. JmlJk hnl `Sk mL` n mӮv mJv Sk$ cnCCm Dml DC `vcml` n lƬ Dml. hjbl MkJlv `Sk mL` DL& DC `vcml` DL& Dui kv v MkJucU cu `vcml`u `Sk mL vcml` cnCll. n DvYJ mJ&mcv yuJ[Ǯ Ji&l l. `yU, lPb vJ k?,` Dm JjuJj yU l vJ, h, uHv F. kn v Lbyl Dii[Ǯ [ycC mbil ml.
6) clcbolJ箳 DJmLcU cWocOu Dvk Ƭ Kb[l nll, Dvk ci& mv pll. lcU Dhu cWoӮ mcvkjC p #cl Dml, l cub yyll yjǮ oy&u Puu Dml. Sk #$l cUuu J Mkuu %v omN mboY&l JhjC, h& ci& JhjC- n lbv mnphC pcl vn. m kCln i MkJlv h{ JmlJll l JhjC Mkw Dn EkJ vn, DOǮ Jj kjJ. Go. P[Ӯ Ʈ$ oKJv `u P[ cnCll, Ghi mJslm nl`- Dm MkJCh# l# P[ nll oTv l kM kj hk[u Dml lv mJsl kjl l DC yulv P[Ӯ vJ ITv yuu lj cuu l Dkuv uJkj nl.
7) clcbolJ Dmuu JǮ yuCl JiJiU lNn o< D{Ull. DM JUm lu H mhǮ LjhǮ DJMkl Dn Dm v cvl lu Y<-mb<C nml#h (Language and communication intervention) DJMkl Dml, n mcpv ITv l箳 Y<Jkm k&c Jkml kjJ. s knC, iC, DYv, mbil, v=l, nuu bj cu Myombn J{JJ DC Y< MkJJ. n yul T MkCN DC v yul CN D ovn cub yyll nT Mkl. H hl JiU Dml.
clcbo cu箳 Dmuu #cl pmll pml Jhv l DvYJJ mc= kjC, JiJiU hl Jhv lu l箳 pJvkMubcO mJJuby yvJC DC YJ<l SKo JJm MkJv DlcvY&j yvJC, n M#C cnc G Dn.
Mcv Mj