vJj 30 mhWyj 2006

mJlb$j kUl pm u@j ykj n yM D|kkw EnomLvl Du; mLƳk Pu J Dhu mJlb$ MuǮ Yjldz JmlMuhkuJj lbv Sk cuk m GcJu, lM kj pmH D@uv mF&v D|kkwv DcjkcOv 1952 mu Yjll Tv Yjl nǮ Dhu kc&Yc cvu DC h{ hVm J<l L Skh# Sk mjm DM Dvk Jmljv ku. mYJlu箳 vmi& JlJjCM cmUv pCj J DOvklu yjyj ITv oMkl mbYUCj DM lb JmlMuhku Dn. JM< cnCp hjbhjk Yjldz Jmljv lJb J KCKCb mbcl Jhj mF&v bv kuu oml. cnCv lb cCy Jmljvb Dbly& h KuJCj DM lb DiUJiU, cvJOk JmlMuhku Mu Dn.
 


mJlb$j kUlu DOvk Yjl箳 JmlMuhku pj Flnm un Pu lj mF&v b mLv Hj Jj CǮ Dmu.
``hjbhjk Yjldz pJvcubv mbYUv DOvk J%v-lb$%v Dlcml kjC箳 lvl mO Yjl oM Dn. hjmLll JmlMuhkju L Kh kn kjCmjK Dn. Sk u#l Iu nJ k, Dl JmlMuhkj n cmj yu[j jnu vn. Jmljv JJO Dbib v<Cl muuijbyjyj lu kc kj Dml. DL&l mJ祮 mbI-c h{jhC l箳k[ Dml. omj Dm k, kun MmJ ybOkcm D|kkw J kwub b hjmhjbM mboj mnk& Dmu nJ. EnomLvl cu cP kwubmdcO yk, J̮jk Glmn D{Ul. cP v l yncu Dml. ouuǮ Fb[ Fbjv@Mvu mWj kc箳 JU moJv cu m. [. oMcK kwub cnCv uYu. vij kMcj k@vHjvm mWj GYjCm MK Dyouu Yu. bmjK oj Dmuu ukb pyyojv kc kjC lj Dml. DM JR mnk&v cu cP #$l L kc kju cUl. DCK Sk cnJ i DM k, cu Glmn J mcL& mnkj cP k&ul uYu. mJcU cu L EnomLvl D|kkwj JJm kju DJ[l.`` 1988 mu Sk Dvhjk ihhb k&cl n mJ& pmH D@uv mF&v mbil nl.
Joseph Allen Stein n Sk Dcjkv JmlMuhkj. 1912 mu lb pvc Pu. Dcjklu vymk J Fuv@ ov JJubl lbv D|kkwj M#C hC& ku. 1930 l 40 ojcv Dcjkl kn kC D|kkw cnCv kc ku. k@uH|vl 1945 mu m@vvmmku mJl: D@Hm m ku. mJlhmv lb kclv Sk JiU kj Jmljv Jkm nl nl. mJlǮ kUyu l cnCll, ``Fuv@ L c DL&j [c bk[ Mku. H@vvyu (vm) L Sk@u o yP&cO Mk mbO cUu. D|kkw Suu mjvvk[ kc kub. cMiv箳 @vyk D@k@[cl ku& cum Muhkjyjyj kc kub. lMJ j[& v^, pkm kv JmlMuhkjbyjyj kn kU kc kub. mJ祮 YJ Dl#hC cP kcl ukbv D{Ul. Bk u@F&[ jF&, uF& muJv b YJn l kUl mJ&$ nl; llv c lj km mCj ?`
mF&v bJj DM LlM Dcjkv D|kkwmd YJ Kh nl. lk Mu mJlb$ nl, hC mJ祮 jC Sk nl vmi&. mJ祮 JmlMuhjv vmi& mVOl Jkm hJCj nl. ElvMu J=Ǯ mF&v bv mJ祮 Jmljv hlǮ mKu DYm kuu oml. JmlӮ mbjv J l JmlӮ pi, hjmj bb Sk vlb vc&C nlb plb v ci D|kkw쮳 Sk Dbljk jClv mbkuhl JmlӮ mbjvu Dkj hl nT uil, DM lb OjC nl.
Sk cuKlcO mF&v mbill, ``Dcn D|kkwj J<箳 DYm kjl Dmlv D@di@vk D|kkwj, [c@k D|kkwj EkJ H@c& H@upd HbkwMv Dm llJk Jkwi kvJj l. lJU LlM D|kkwmd cnCC Dm k JmlMuhkjv vmi& lJbv pCv ITv jv ku hnp. Jj c Jj kjl Dm. cP k&hlu oM cUu l ov iRcU. Sk cnCp kun JmlӮ mbjv kjlv l JmlӮ pv mcpv ITv lvmj JmlӮ Dbljy mJh vƽl kjC. omj i DM k cu DOvk oMklcO Dmuu DJ[....cu Jlb, DOvkl J oMkl onWv cnJ Dn. DOvklMJ oMkl kJU lƬlck Jl lm oMkl Jv DOvklcO pJblhC Yml vn.``
1942 mu mvvmmk cPDc D@H D&cO Sk oM&v Dpl ku nl. lbl mF&v bv lj kuu M nTm hu@vm yjǮ Mbm Pu. lbv mJl:m ybOuu Ijn ukbv klk ku. `umm` vJ箳 Sk mbmL l mom Pu, lbl D|kkwmd, Tv hu@vm&, Fbjj [PF&vm& J uB[mkh D|kkwmd mcJM nl. mJ&mcv pvlcO h&JjCJ< pikl vc&C kjC umm cK GM nl. mF&v b v|cl#c cv Skmj kcl Hjm jcl vJnl. vJv, JiUb kn kjCm O[h[ u nl. DM mLll 1952 mu lb hTu EnomLvl h[u. l cnCll, ``D|kkw j[& v^ bv cP kukl箳 yWi@u FbpvDEji k@up箳 D|kkwj JYi箳 cKOhk箳 hom MHjm ku. Hjm Jj v kjl c l ho mJkju. EnomLvu vkl mJlb$ cUu nl. Sk lvc, Glmn JlJjCl mj oM nl. L@cm pHjmv箳 JU Dcjkl Glmn nl lm. DlM oKC, ycv J Glmn JcJ Dmuu hb[l vn hblOv nl. cnlc ibOR J jJRvL ijb DJC Dh JJl nl. l JU JLaJi&Jj lb Kh YJ oml Dm. mc|hl YJvv Yjuu OJo JLyjyj kc kju cp l Dm.``
yWi@u FbpvdzEji k@up箳 JLv ITv, hƽc ybiu箳 JiJiU pulu Mnj J Ghvijdz kcijbkjl IjybOC pvb JJO DjK[ lj ku. 1954 cO ouuu Dbljj^dz oM&v Yju nl. ll mF&v bv [PF&v kuu, Mnjblu J K[lu ijy ukbv hjJ[Cj mJml kclǮ oM&vdz Ij GYju nl. Ijb [PF&vm箳 DOjJj h{ 1957 mul lbv D npj kcijb JmlǮ oi&hj mu TvMh GYjC ku. Yjll unv-c kjKv GY kv DikkjC JMu mJhv hb[l vn yIl nl. kjKvbcO kc kjCN mJ& kcijbv unvm hC vvk, lbv hjJ[Cj mJml kclǮ Ij cUu hnp Dm lb Dn Dm. kcijb J lb cub D< mOjCj vmu lj DikkjC Ghi vn, Dm lbv J. Yjhj mӳ&kM, KUl nJ DC sv hjmj Dmuu mJml, kHlMj Ijb Jmnl JmlMuhkj mkj k Mkl n lbv m ku. kCln Jml DC mYJlu hjmj ov i Skckl mcjm Jnu nJ n lb Jmljvyyl cUhmv OjC nl. Dv<biv DOvk hlv Jmljv mc DjK[ yvJlv mbkuhl JmlӮ mQoakjCm DJMk Dmuu yjkJb pC mF&v bv Ju#C nl. ouuǮ Fb[ Fbjv@Mvu mWj EkJ vij kMcj k@vHjvm mWj kuhb Fcjl l Gc GonjC Dn.
lv J< yWi@u FbpvdzEji k@upcO kc kv mF&u 1955 mu kukʳnv ouuu Du. lL lbv mJl: D@Hm m ku. nyy jncv, MJvL mo, kvEJo-j, Jjjkj, kj, piUkj Dm kn vcbkl JmlMuhkj l kUl ouuu JJm kjl nl. D|kkw pjlv Yuu J m^kwju Fbpvdzj Jn. [. pM bv lbv Dhumyl ITv `mF&v Yuu pM` vJv JJm m ku. Yuu b pvmbhk& c nl. Fb[v Fvm D@H D|kkwmd k&kjCcO l kc kjl. ukmYl D|kkwmd jpm^Mv yu hm kv ICl lbv Kh hjc Ilu. J<C pM n DlM ycv Fbpvdzj. MJ kuv|clǮ vml DJ[ DmCj vn lj ku Gc pC DmCj. lcU mF&v b Jmljv lbv nJ l hlv mkj kv oCl J<C pM b J yncu Dn l Mbk vn.
Joseph Allen Stein DM mO mjU yUyO Fbp JUC mn kjCj mF&v, lb mnmjK Dio mO, vc nl. kJn kj y[pJ, DnbhC lb yuC-JiCl vm. mO hC vvk Hkwk jbi ml hnjJ. mkU vT kwu D@HmcO npj Dml. kbybM JiJ lm l D@Hmlu mnkNbM J kc&Nbyjyj Jil. lku vJv mbyOv `i[ c@\vi. nT Dj [?` Dm mkU hnu Yl muiv JjCj. pjM yjk Hij [UbJj yjk mvj k[Ǯ <c. nNJj vncǮ DmH nm Dm. nl Dmuu kuhyu cvl moJ Elv u Dmu lb nNJj om. mF&v lm Dyu mJYJ cnub lj uu. Ʈ$ku, HH b lbv sbo nl. uKv-Jvn kjl.
mF&v bk[ cKlJ M#Ck mbmL, mbmk=lk mbmL, c Dik kjKv DM kj kuhb kc Dml. Kmi cukb ybiu, i=nvc&C mbmLb Fcjl Dmu kc lbv kOǮ ku vn. DhJo H nojyou ybOuu ElcCjJ J oi&yF& oMcK b ybiu. mbiCk箳 mv Dl ynlbM D|kkwju [^@Fbip lj ku pll. hC mF&v b D@HmcO mlJl Jmlb y oM&v JiJiU kvblv hjmhkwJn [^@Fbip [^@Fbiy[&Jj nlv yvJu pl. MJ $cl lk=l yvJv ICl lb Yj Dm. hjmhkwJn [^@Fbip, $cl lk=lR Ghi mlJl Flk mj hjc kucU lbv cvl puu, [^@Fbip箳 v $cl lk=lR cOclv jKuu Jml J piJj l# mkjuu Jml l cUǮ lHJl vm.
ouu J DpypӮ hjmjl mF&v b kcb yjǮ Dnl. Fb[ Fbjv@Mvu mWj, $JC kumbic, Dcjkv Fbjv@Mvu mku, D@m^uv @vmj lm Smk@& cj mkj H@kwj lb kn cK Jmljv l Yil Dnl. uOv ncmvm k@up, cbyF&u Fb[v Skwmm @Jj Dm kuh lbv 1975 muhl ku. h{ Dncoyo yUk=<C oM n JmlMuhkj mF&v-Yuu byjyj kc k uiu. mF&v- Yuu- oM vJv lbv D. D. Sc.- ybiuj, cO oM Fukw^m y[&- pyuhj, H[& HTb[Mv- ouu, kMcj k@vHjvm mWj- vij Dm Dvk #Cdz hkuh [PFv ku. 1973 mul lbv ouuu vmklHx Sk Dbljj^dz hj<o Dpv ku. h&JjC箳 kvlv piYjlu hJ&lb mbj#C J lb oKYu kM kj kjl F&u n l hj<o J< nl. J{l ukmbKcU hJ&ldz #$l nCj J=#l[ LbyJv h&JjC yI[Cj lu km mbYUl F&u J< hƽc pc&v J Ylv L Puu Dbljj^dz &m$bcO lbv mƬ Yi Ilu.
1992 mu lbv Yjl mjkjk[v h hjmkjv mvcvl kjCl Du. Yjllu D|kkwj JJml lbv p yncu kc ku, lyu 1993 cO Fb[v Fvm D@H D|kkwmd mbmLk[v lb ijJ kjCl Du. lmbi lbv yyjJ cn$ mJC&hok oCl Du. l JU lb D|kkw D@H o Fj cnCv mvcv kjCl Du J lbv cmm& ^@H ov kjCl Du. mJlb$j kUlu Yjldz JmlMuhkucO Sk JiU kj DOvkl mbkuhv lbv MmJhCv pJu. lm VF& Lu DCC vJn|mv mF&v bv [@kwj D@H mvm n mvcvvdz hoJ oTv lb ijJ ku.
pmH mF&v b JJn ci&j mF&vyjyj 1938 cO Pu. mF&v b kn kuhbl ci&j bv uB[mkh [Pvj J Fbjj [Pvj cnCv kc kub Dn. [Jn[ DC SLv n lb ov cui. ci&j vOv 1993 mu Pu. lvblj mF&v- cC- Hu vJv mF&v bv kn kcb ku. nUnU Jcvv MjjmJmL lbv mL oF&vm Pu. oMlu mcpk, jpkdz hjmLl hnv l knm Dblc&K nT uiu. Sk cuKlcO mF&v cnCll, This nation took a wrong turn and the very basis of dignified life- a balance between man and Nature had been irrevocably altered. Things used to take place on the earth and under the sky in a very quiet loving way. This does not happen today. Now is a time of harsh feelings, harsh forms and sharp colours. Buildings in the past used to establish a relationship with their function, time and place. It was all a very peaceful kind of architecture. I do not know what is right for sure, but I damn well know what is wrong.
DiU JiU v lYmbhV JmlMuhkj pJv$ Dcjkl Lbyu. ovbk 6 D@kwyj, 2001 oJM v@L& k@juv jplu j@u Mnjl pmH D@uv mF&v b vOv Pu.
mJlb$j kUlu DOvk Yjl箳 JmlMuhku pJn Flnm unu pF&u, lJn pmH mF&v b mLv vƽl Jj CcO Dmu.
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1984 mu mWj GYjC Pu l kUl Dljk kjJb Yml JlJjCl n oM nl. DM hjmLll vij ou mjJj箳 vmi&jc hjmjl kuh箳 Jml DC lbv p[v vc&C kuu Gvb ocKv hC vcYJv mJ祮 u# JOv ICj ju. Mucj, vMl, <cMn Gvb cb[CǮ DOjJj k@vHjvm mWj kuh DjKv kub Dn. mbkuhv jCu mF&v bv vJ oub Dn `muyMv D@H vj`- vmixlmJ! kuhlu Jml, YJlu Gvb J ou mjJj n mJ& Ik Skh nTv pll v DYilbv Sk DJmcjCdz mboj MvYJ Dvbo oll. mclu cb[CJj Yj oCj DM mJ& jv Dn. mYi=n, mbcuv k#, & ouvb, k&u DC DlLi=nb Fcjl Dmuu n mbku unv-c kb ypv JmJu Dn. lcU mbkuu Sk unvM K[ hjcC uYu Dn. ybOkc mnlb jbi, Dkj, hl iCb Ghi Jmlkuh箳 `vmixlmJ` mbkuhvu GYj oCj Dn l Mbk vn. Hkwkc yoc jbi箳 unv-c Dkj箳, GY-D[J hjbl cCy kR cO Hkwk njJ jbi箳 kB쮳 hJ&jƮl EYl, vU kj[ jbi箳 kB쮳 mMYl J J vlU k h=Yi DC l hjmjl cUCN vU jbi箳 muv Mkjuu DoyMj shjb mJ祮 Sk$l hjCc mOv n Jmlkuh mYJlu箳 kU-njJ hJ&ljbibv c$YJv lmo ol.
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ouuǮ uo Fm JYil Fb[ Fbjv@Mvu mWj mbmL Jmlkuh 1962 mcju mkj Pu. JiJiU J<b cnCp M#Ck, mcpk, mbmk=lk Flo J<b DYmb k&cbm mWjcO m-mJO GhuyO Dnl. j^dz J Dbljj^dz hlUJj L mY-mbcuvb YjJu pll. ll Yi ICN ukbkjl Jmli=n m Dn. ov nkwj piJj mWj GYjC k. m. [. oMcKb ci&oM&vKu Pu. Lu hjmjl cUCj oi[ mWj ybOkcm yN cCl Jhju Dn. MJ mcW kB yu@kwm, J J mj@ckwm箳 pU bn Ghi ku Dn. ybOkc mnl Dkj, jbi, hl iCb lko pCv mJ& mcǮ Ghi mF&v bv DlM kuhklv ku Dn.
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