jJJj, 8 D@kwyj 2006

pilk lhcvJ{ (`iuyu J@\ci`) n mO mJl 'n@' J< Dn. OJdz obl yH& JlUC cC J{u DC lcU mcn hlU J{u, JoUb lJl J{u EkJ nJcvl Dvk you Pu k l mbybO pilk lhcvJ{M p[u pl. hC h=LJl}Jj hJa k}Kb[bln DM lhcvJ{ P}u Dn. ci Dl J< Flk ibYj & nC kjC k? Dp p kn I[l Dn, l Kj Flk ibYj Dn k? yyl h=LJǮ Flnm k mbil? JM< cnCp lhcvJ{m kn cCl kjCYl jCj h=LJYJl Dmuu DPv Lj JjU nC Ƭ Lbyu vkl lhm Du Dn. h&YcJj cvJCM mbybOl Dmuu 'i}y} J@\ci' Iluu n mJiC ciJ...
ncul pml GbJj Dmuu J=#b J{ iu 30 J<l DOk biu kj Pu omv l Dn. iu 300 J<祮 k}Kb[M luv kjl mO Yil J=#b J{m Dlbl h<k JlJjC vc&C Pu Dn. hClu Yjldz G<CoMdz nJcvMm$ mbmL DYmkbv kuu mbMOvl n yy D{Uv Du.

 

ncul J{CN v J=#b JubJv Flnmu GpU cUu. n you mkjlck Ju Kj, hC n yy h&JjC箳 v kUp kjJ DMǮ Dn. iu kn J<l nculu ncv JlUC Ji J{u Dn. lcU J=#bm pml hC GhuyO nl Dmv, lb J{m DOk h<k JlJjC vc&C Pu Dn. DYmlu u#Cdz yy cnCp Dl nculu yH& JlUC cC J{u Dn!
ncul n I[l Dmlv pilu Flj oMbln DM kj you nl Dnl. jh DC Dcjklu ncvbn Dkj DM kj kc nl Dmu omv Du Dn. SJ{Jj n GonjC Lbyl vnl. Gj OJJj D|kwk mcl Dmuu yH& cCn kc kc nl Dn. mc箳 hlUl J{ nl Dmuv Mlk箳 DKjm Yjl箳 o#Cu Dmuu cuoJ y hC&hC hCKu pC Yl Dn. Dhu Mpj ybiuoM J jhlu n@ub[ oMb ynlbM Yil mc DlcC nC Mkwl Dn. SJ{ vn, lj mnj JUJb Jmlj J{l Dmv, mYJlu箳 DCK kn oMbcO JUJbkjC nT Ilu Dn. Yjlmn piYjl Dvk kC hj DC o<kU lJl J{u Dn. l DCK J{C Okn Jl&JCl D}u Dn.
Sk v ov... Dm klk Mv mO xl Dnl. lcU h=LJJju h&JjCyu El J ku pl Dn. kUpǮ n JJO c Dmu lj l ciJ Ilv miU & 'iuyu J@\ci' cnCp- 'pilk lhcvJ{' J<Jj Tv Lbyl.
n lhcvJ{ k nl? hJan Dm I[l nl k? YJ<ln n Dm m jnu k? youb vck hjCc k nlu? cCm箳 v<kUphCcU n I[l Dn k? k lu vm|ik kjC Dnl?
...lhcvJ{Ǯ Dv<biv n DC Dm Dvk Mv GhmLl nll. ibcl cnCp #$l mll mbMOv nl Dmuv jp vJvJ v<k<& pnj nl Dnl. lcU iWOUl DCKv Yj h[l Dn. hjCc Kj k mLl Dn, yyl i{ vc&C nl Dn. n Mv h=LJJj} mcml Cm=Ǯ pJv-cjCM mbybOl Dn. kJU cCm箳 vn, lj h=LJJj JmlJ kjCN lk pJ箳 DmllJJj iR hjCc nCj Dn. cnCv n Mv J l mJ& hu Dlbl cnJ jll.
lhcvJ{ n Kjb lj luvlck mbkuhv Dn DC lcU iWOUl kCjn! kjC Dm k, Dl箳 lhcv YlkUlu kCl kuKb[M DhC luv kjl, Jj lhcvJ{ Pu Dn k vn, n jl. GonjC Pu lj jM-hM J<hJa (MJp cnjpb MbYj J<x DO) Dmuu pilk lhcvM luv ku lj Dl lhcvl mcj Sk l o[ DbM mumDm Flk J{ Pu Dn. Sk- o[ DbM n Dk[ s Ju, hC l#l n J{ u#Cdz Dn. n Pu Sk mLl. Gu Dl箳 pilk lhcv v EmO-mbmk=lǮ kUlu (m[j npj J<hJa) lhcvM luv ku, lj mO lhcv kc Pu hnu cUl. nǮ luv mn-ml npj J<hJa lhcvM ku, lj l JiUǮ jl DC Dkj npj J<hJa Dmuu lhcvM ku, lj lnv kllj JiU! lv Sk i mh nl. l cnCp- pilk lhcv kOn SkmjK jnuu vn. ll c cCJj {Glj Pu Dnl. Flk, k Dvko hjmLl hC&hC J yvu Dn.
kn npj J<祮 Flnml n hnu cUl Dmu, lj iu o[M J<cO h=LJJj} lhcv mll J{l Dn. mOjCl: 1850 vblj JJO GhkjC Jhv lhcv vWoJCm mJl Puv lvblj kUlu vWo Dk Dnl. vWovmj iu o[M J<祮 Flnml 1998 n mJ&l G<C J<& ju Dn, lj 1990 oMk n mJ&Ok G<C oMk! 1998 hh 2005 n J<& omN cbk G<C J<& ju Dn. MJ iu on J<hk vTb mcJM iu o[M J<lu mJ&Ok G<C J<cO nl. pilk mjmj lhcv 15 DbM mumDm Flk cvu pl. iu MbYj J<l ll lyyu 0.6 DbM mumDm Flk J{ Pu Dn. JM< cnCp iu 27-28 J<l n DuK mll J{l iu Dn. cnCv n El yy Dmv, lcU lhcvJ{Ǯ Mv mll xl l Dn.
lhcvJ{M mbybO Dm}} Dvk hjCc h=LJJj Dl D{Uv T uiu Dnl. lb o ku lj l yjǮ c nF&u. Dcjklu Gn DC J@EMiv JhblHx Puu DYml pilu G<C oM Dkj J{l Dmu hnu cUu Dn. pcvhmv h kucj EkJ lh# DOk GbJj 'p Jn' Jnll. J<JJ=箳 ovn ypbv Dmuu G<C oM Jmlj kl Dn, n JnbJv jl. n b[ JNb Jn hJxk[v hƽc oMv Jnll. 1979 l 2006 kUl Ghn Jhj kv Jnb mLv hnC kjCl Du. ll n Jn OJbk[ SkC 210 kucj mjku hnu cUu. mnj J Flj cK JUJb hfl ll. hf Jmlj J{l Dmuv Dl JUJbbn Jmlj J{l Dn, Dm DYmkbv cnu Dn. kUl pilk lhcvl u#Cdz J{ Puv l JUJb Jmlj J{CM mbybO p[Cl Du Dn. lhcvJ{ DMǮ m jnu lj Mlk箳 DKjhl JUJb oM OJb oMv DCK 400-450 kucjv J{C Okn Jl&JCl Du Dn.
OJbJju DC Gb hJ&lbJju yH& c cCl JlUl Dmu JJO mbMOvbj mh Pu Dn. ncuJju yH& JlUC hjJ pm lLu J=#bJv cUu Dn, lcC lL mv jnuu JU, plv Puu hjikC b hj#C DOj lm oCl Du Dn. GjbucO ibi$ DC ncu oMl kVj kCb Jj ypu iu kn J<l n hnC kjCl Du. lhcvJ{Ǯ Jhjl hjCc Jkml DM jh Kb[un YiJ uiCj Dnl.
Dubk cnmijlv G<C J Lb[ Jn Jnll. ln lhcvl} youcU YJl Pu Dnl. D@ubk cnmijl ckwmkhmv yv箳 oMv G<C hC Jn Jnll. JnbcU jhl Lb[Ǯ oJmblu lhcvl lv l j DbM mumDm Flk J{ nl. Dl pilk lhcvJ{cU Jnb lJl kc nl Dn. lhcv Dm J{l jnum n Jn l 50-60 J<l ybo nC Mkwl Dn. lcU DOǮ Lb[ Dmuu jh Kb[ DCK 3 l 5 DbMbv ijC Mkwl Dn.
Dcjkl iu J<a b[ JOJbm kuu 'j', 'k@jv' JoUb mbybOn lhcvJ{M p[Cl l Dn. Dcjkl CN JoUb Flnml ci J<& kcuǮ JiU ju. lL iu J<a SkC 28 JoU Du. lhk j, k@jvmn SkC h JoUbv 'k@ij 5' lJl iu. lL J<&u mcj 13-14 JoU ll. iu J<a n mbK ohnv pml J{u. lyjyj JoUb lJlm b[ nl. k@jv JoUv lj yyll Flnm I[Ju. mc hC G<C DmC n JoU vc&C nCm hjk jl. lhcvJ{cU iu kn oMkbcO mc hCn lhu Dn. lcU Dcjkl iu J<a JoUbv Iluu OckU n l hjCc cvu iu.
mOjCl: iu 50 J<l n you hnu cUl Dnl. lln iu 30 J<l lb cC pml Dn. hC h=LJǮ Flnml hJa Dm I[u vn, Dm cnCl Cj vn. kjC lhcvl {Glj nC Dvk i h=LJv DvYJu Dnl. h=LJǮ YMm$dz Flnm cU nci DC lb cOu kuKb[ DMkj JYiCl l. nci Dmlv l箳 h=YiJju lhcvl c I nl. lcU SjJ OJbpJU hnu cUCj yH& Dio J<JJ=hl DcC kjl. kUl yjm hC ncvib mJhl mv jnl DC mc hlU Il. l hjCc cnCv c cCJj pcv mc箳 DcChmv c nl. ov ncib cOu kU Gyoj cvu pl. kUl pilk lhcv J{l. lcU ncvib mJhl D[kv h[uu hC ckU nl DC l Yj h[uv mc hlU hvn J{l. n hlU Dvk kC 50 cjhl J{u YMm$dz hjJbJv D{Uv Du Dn. h=LJJj mJl Duk[ 'numv' n nci mcj 11 npj J<hJa mbhu. JM< cnCp lvblj piYjl JJO mbmk=lR Jkm Pu. (nJcv cCmM Flk L mbybO oM&JCj n Sk Gc GonjC n.)
cK ncib cOu kUln pilk lhcvl kc-DOk cCl you nl Dmu omv l. lhcvl kc cCl I Pu k l kU 's nci' cnCv DUKu pl. DM Dvk s nci DC lb cOu Gyoj kuKb[ iu Dkj npj J<l UkhC hnu cUu. kUlu lhcv DuK DYmkbv m ku Dn. lvmj Dkj npj J<hJa h=LJǮ h=Yi mjmj lhcv 11 DbM mumDm nl. lvblj ov npj J<l ll J{ nTv n lhcv 15 DbM mumDmJj mLj Pu. cnCp Dphmv vT npj J<hJa h=LJǮ h=Yiv n 'DOvk' lhcv iu. lhcvl Puu {Gljn cCm Jkml nC箳 ƬJj YJ h[u Dn. cKv Gyoj kuKb[l JJO mbmk=lR YjYj Pu, lj MlkUl lb Nnm Pun D{Uu Dn.
Dp箳 luvl YlkUlu n you hnu, lj lb lJl Hj pml Jl. lJU lj cCm vJnl; ljn Flkw c cCJj lhcvl you km k P}? mJl: kl=&lJyu EkJ JvM箳 #clyu pj pml DlcJm yUiCN cCmu Dm Mv h[l. kUl lhcvl Puu {-Glju cKl: vm|ik kjC pyyoj ju Dnl. llu cK cnCp mӳ&hmv cUCN Tpxl nCj you. h=LJ p D#Jj kuu Dn, l nUnU youl Dml. l kl kuu Dn, Jj lu mӳ&hmv cUCN Tpx cC jl. MJ Fljn kn kjCbcU h=LJJj CN mӳ& G<Cl cC kc-pml nl. h=LJJj nci Cci J l pCcin n cK kjC ju Dn. MJ Flnml pJucKǮ c Gk PucUn Dm I[u Dn. DM GkbcU c cCJj jK ynj h[u. lcU yN YiJj mӳ&kM cUu vn. l hjCcn lhcv kc nCJj Pu Dn.
n h&Yc Dmlv Dl lhcvJ{ kM k JiU jl? h=LJv iu kn npj J<l j-h DbM mumDm Flkw lhcv {-Glj hnu Dn. ci Dl DO& J Sk DbMv lhcv J{Cl JM< l k, Dmn koƮl kC} Ju. ljn Dl箳 lhcvJ{u Sk JiU cnJ Dn. Flnml vm|ikjl Puu lhcvJ{ u#Cdz Dmu, lj l I[v Cm yj c kuKb[ pJ uiu Dn. kn npj EkJ uK J<祮 kUl n you I[v Du Dnl. Gu Dl hjmLl Dn. kJU 50- 75 J<l pilk lhcv DO& DbMv J{C n lm DhJolck Dn. omj kjC cnCp youbv vm|ik Ik pyyoj vnl. kUl h=LJu mӳ&hmv cUCN G<Cl cC J{uu vn. yyl piYj DYm kjCl D}u Dn. Dcjk, pc&v DC mJlPu[ mbMOkbv kuu hnCJv n mh Pu Dn. Mm$%bv mӳ&Jju kU [ib JM< DYm ku. lb v<k<&vmj iu 30 J<l mӳ&k[v cUCN Tpx cCl vcc$ you Pu Dn. mӳ& Kjl oj 11 J<v J{l, hC J{Ǯ cC DioǮ kjkU cnCp 0.07 kwk Flk Dml. lcU you lhcvJ{M mbybO uJC i jCj vn, Dm Mm$%bv cnu Dn.
cnCv Dl lhcvJ{ JiU jl. lm cCm J l JJO Gi kjCYl ju Dnl, n Dl hjJbvM m Pu Dn. ky&v [ D@kwmF&[ JӮ J{uu cC lu kjCYl ju Dn. JӮ JlJjClu mjmj cC kJU 0.03 kwk SJ{ Dml. c$, iu kn oMkbcO ll u#Cdz J{ Pu Dn. n J lm cLv, v^m D@kwmF&[, m.SH.m. ilu J J Flj kn JbcU lhcvJ{ nl. mJ& Jb JlJjClu cC Dlbl kc Dn. lbv Mli=n J (vnTm i@mm) cnu pl. mӳ&hmv h=LJǮ h=Yiu G<Cl cUl, lcC h=LJǮ h=Yin mll G<Cl ynj Hkl. l n Ƭ l箳 h=Yi lhcv kc kjCm Gh jl. c$, JlJjCl Dmuu ky&v [ D@kwmF&[ J Flj Mli=n J n G<Cl mJv Jll. lcU JlJjC lhcv c cCl J{l.
kUm lm h^u, [Pu, j@ku mjK Kvplub c cCl Jhj DC ymcj pbiul[ cU iu kn oMkbcO ky&v [ D@kwmF&[ cC yj J{u Dn. P[ nJlu ky&v [ D@kwmF&[ M<v Ill. lb l[ PucU nJlv n J kc nC cC Il. omj cnCp kUm J Kvplu箳 pJuvcU n J vc&C nl. onj kjCbcU JlJjClu JӮ cC J{u Dn. lm DCK Sk cnJ箳 Ikv nlYj uJu Dn. l cnCp pbiubSJp MlǮ #$HUl Puu J{. JM #$Jju J=#b ky&v [ D@kwmF&[ M<v IC #cl lJ{ #$Jju hk EkJ kjCb omhv DOk Dml. lcU pbiu l[v Ml J{u, lm nJlu ky&v [ D@kwmF&[ M<C cC kc Pu.
Mbl cnmijlu nJF& ybJj iu kn J<hmv JӮ JlJjClu cC cpu pl. l vWoRvmj nJlu ky&v [ D@kwmF&[ cC ojJ<a 0.4 kwkwbv J{l Dn. 1958 mu JӮ nJlu cC 'on uKl 315 Yi' Flk nl. l 1990 cO 'on uKl 353 Yi' Flk J{u. JӮ DMkj J{l cC nǮ mJl c El Dn. l箳cU lhcvJ{ nl Dn, n Dl mh Pu Dn. iu kCln vm|ik Ƭ kjCYl vmuv n you cCm箳 GibcU nl Dmu uhv jnuu vn. nJcv-you箳 Dbljj^dz mclvn lm cCmu pyyoj Oju Dn. n lhcvJ{ jKCm lv JnJl m h&JjCc Dn Dnl. l#l c$ vpk YJ<l lM kCln Ʈvn oml vnl. lcU Dl J{l lhcv hjCc YiCm cCm} lj jnJ uiCj Dn.
lhcvJ{cU Mlk箳 DKjhl k k hjCc nCj Dnl, DYmhC& Dbop Dbljj^dz mclv Jl&Ju Dn. lvmj ovn OJbJju yH& JlUv mc hlU D[Ǯ Hbh# pml J{C Ok Dn. lm I[u lj kvNJju Dvk Mnj hCKu pCj Dnl. DMJU Dhu cbyF& k DJmL nF&u, kuhv v kuuǮ yj! MJ pcvJj mc DlcC Puv Ml, pbiu J jnCm pin kc GjCj Dn. lhcvJ{cU piYjlu hJm cC pipi youCj Dn. mc Dcul J{ucU lL J{Cj JU, Flj Jvmhl, cm J SkC pJm=Jj JF& hjCc nCj Dnl. nJcvl Phv you PucU l hkbJjn Jhjl hjCc nC Mkwl Dn. kn Yil Jiv lhcv J{u, hjbl k l kcm nF&u. l箳M pUJv IC cCmu k, hC Flj pJbvn kC yvu. ll Dvk Jvmhl DC Cb pl v nlu. hJm箳 cCln n you Jl&JCl Du Dnl. n Pu Sk sM Puk! DM youbcU h=LJJj uJkj Y<C hjmLl DJljCj Dmu Ʈ$ jbiJCl Du Dn.
lhcvJ{Ǯ n Sk yp Dn. c$, lhcvJ{Ǯ jbiJuu n Ʈ$ DJmlJ Dmv, l yiuyJ vc&C kjCl l Dmu kn DYmk cvll. lb cl, iRm cCmu JvkjC DjhǮ EhpNl GY ku pl Dn. lb yp kUCm JvioKu Sk GonjC hn. Dcjk J ckwmkcO CN JoUb mbK J{u Dn Dm cvC DC l lhcvJ{M mbybO p[C IF& nF&u, Dm c n DYmk cb[ll. JoUb mbKl J lJll Puu J{u l vm|ik Sk Yi cvll. lb clvmj, h=LJJj Flj iRcC JoUb Sk Dn. kn oMkbvblj lb mbK J{l, hvn l kc nl. mO kU pml JoUb Dn, Flk. l箳M cvJ nml#h mbybO vn. DCK Sk cnJ c Dn- lb$%vl Puu ilǮ. 1970 vblj Ghnb Jhj nT uiu. lj lk JoU JO IC Mkw Pu. lhJa c$ mcl Kh DlcO vc&C nTv lLb Jv iuu JoUb vWo Il l vJnl. lcU Dl箳 luvl lJn JoUb mbK kc Yj. cnCv kCln v<k<& k{C IF& k v, Dm lb cnCC Dn.
Dm Dmu lj iu kn oMkbcO lhcvl J{ Pu ln cv kjll. kjC l lM vWo P}u Dn. hC n lhcvJ{ YJ<ln DMǮ m jnu k? FL clYo c l. h-hVm J<cO Puu lhcvJ{Ǯ pml yT ku pl Dn, Dm n DYmk cvll. h=LJJju nJcv Flnm hnl n Hj kjkU you Dnl. lcU lk[ Hj u# kjC vn, Dm omj yp mbil. oJ (vmi&!) kj DC nǮ yp Kj j! hC YJ<yyl Jj kjlv mJ& Mkwl DC Ok Jjl IC DJMk Dn. vm|ikjl kn Jn l nT , hC lhcvJ{m cCm pyyoj Dmu, lj l jKC pyyoj DhuJj l. vml YJ<lu Ok vn, lj Dlm lhcvJ{ J o<C l DhC Yil Dnl. l jKCm lj ik[ mJvǮ ibYdz&v hnC ijp Dn. pi Dl Ʈ$ hnl lhcvJ{ jKC Dh# koƮl pj pml DoM& (cnCp l#l v Cj) DM J Mku. JmlJl c$ hjmLl llkǵ JF& vn. kjC o<C DC lhcvJ{Ǯ cUY ov Duu Dp箳 JlJjCl vklǮ Sk DMok Iv I[u Dn. lv c oum cUu Dn. h=LJǮ mbj#k DJjC Dmuu 'DPv Lj' iu klk J<x JjU nl nl. lcU mӳ& DlM Ilk Dm Dlvu kjC h=LJJj Tv pJm=u Ok vc&C Pu nl. 1980 vblj J<&vJ<x n Lj JjU nl nl. pilk mbkM u{Cm mbhC& pi Sk$ Du. DPv Lj v kjCN 'mSHm' Jb Jhj nUnU kc kjCl Du. l hjCc vkl omv Du Dnl. J<a hnubo DPv Lj JjU nC Ƭ Lbyu D{Uv Du Dn. mb j^mbI箳 h&JjC k&c mclǮ iu pv cnvl mJlPu[cO yk Pu, ll n v<k<& pnj Pu. cCm箳 Sk$l lvbv cUuu n Hj c M Dn.
h&YcJj Dl pilk lhcvJ{ jKC DJnv Dhumcj Dn. cCmv cvJj Ilu lj lu knn DMkw vn, n DPv箳 GonjClv cCmv oKJv ou Dn. lcU lhcvJ{ jKC箳 oMvn Dl nUnU hJu h[ uilu, DM DM kju vkwkǮ pi Dn.
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