jJJj, 22 D@kwyj 2006

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hj h[Jju Yckb cl h[v mJ&mcv pvl Ʈ$h DYvlbv c DMv mbmoJj vJ[v hJl. Ʈ$hm=l vJ kcJCN DM muypd mjkjJj YJ h[v Dhu s-c mcm kmjM oj nlu, D Dn lci o[}} Dml. Huc kjju Dn uiu pCJ Puv kn DYvl jpkjCl vMy DpcJv hnC mbO MOl Dmll, lj kn pC }kl Ho ITv lhu lJJj hU Ypv Ill.

 


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cnvk DclY y箮v, ouhkcj, jpM KV, M$Iv mvn, Jvo KV, mvu o, iEJo, jp yyyj, MJp iCMv, v|im, Jpblcu, ivkkU ul cbiMkj, nccuv, Myv DPc, p y箮v, p o, cnYjl cukl k=<C Yck ypJCj vlM Yjp, jcC cukl ml Yck JCj ohk, cukl jJC yvuu DjEJo $Jo, p. puul, . myyjc j, omj vjC jJ, Mc yviu, lM vbo DM Ʈ$hm=lu Dvk oiipbv mbmodz jpkjC箳 cOclv Dhu omj kjko& HuJC lv ku. Dhu llkuv ukl uJj D{ nTv hk Dvk pC mLhlbv OU jl b[ clOkwv ukmYJj vJ[v iu. hC vJ[Ck Epkuvblj mJ&mcvb Mvbk[ ou&# kjCl k pKc Dml, pCJ Dvkbv lb hyuk Fcp hjl OUm cUuvblj Pu. lcU Dvkb jpkdz kjko& kJU Sk vJ[CkhjlǮ ku.
mvu o, Jvo KV, jp yyyj, puul DM cpkw mlNbv J<&vJ<x pvl c J mcL&v uYu. n Ok u#l Tvn vJ[CkǮ pij KUC n jpkdz h# DC Ʈ$h DYvlb Skkj cpyjǮ jl. Ʈ$h DYvlbv mbmol mbO cUl Dn l cKv kBm DC YphmjK h#bcU. DYvlbv EjiCl GljJv vJ[Ck EpkC n jpkjClu lM mJ&l mh . DYvlbv jmY DC j$bcO GljJv yIb ioa K lm pvOj vmuu ukmY clojmbIbcO knn kv Jp cUJ, n lci cK GM. kBm J Yph箳 lb$ ci lui omc, mcpJo ha mjK oMk h#n DvkjC k uiu. hC l jpkdz l vblj jpkdz h#bv mnv kjJ uill.
mbmodz jpkjCl ynlbM y@uJ[ mm& DhM DuK Dmlv o#Ck[u Hucmm&v Ʈ$h l jpkjC n Jm Dpyl DJI[ vmu oKJv ou Dn. lcUv[ pvcYc Dmuu 58 J<a nccuv bh# puul Jv DJI D cnvbv c. hC nc箳 luvl puul jpkjCl 19 J<v ypi&. oIRn jpkdz Jm jpmYlv m Pu. Dhu Huc kj<c箳 pjJj vJ[CkǮ hnu u{F& Epkuvblj puulbv mJ&mcv pvl Mvbv Ov ol jpkjCl ymlv ymJu, SJ{ vJn lj jpkjClu mLhlbv mU k hU kv m[u. Sc. p. jcbv DC Sv. . jcjJ bv mJ&mcvbv YjU Iuv L lcUv[ DC DbO oM cKcb$ho iu. lb k ijJl Ʈ$h l jpkjC Dm DuhJOl MmJ Jm kjl lcUv[Ӯ lcU Ʈ$h m=lu MmJ kjkoavblj DCCckcO oKu Puu puulbv ScpDj DMJ&ov 1984 hmv L mbmol jpkjC O[ Phv ijJu. ScpDj vOvvblj j^dz jpkjClu h J<祮 n DvYJ lb jpkdz kjkoau kuC oCj ju. ScpDj Jjm uJl puulbv 1989 mu lcUv[ JOvmYl hnu cnu JjO h#vl DC ov J<&vblj omN (DIk pvk jcbv hnu) cnu cKcb$ nC cv cUJu. Yjldz jpkjClu mj [Jh lbv kUl lbv Dlcml ku.
1999 mu Jph mjkj DJI Sk clv h[v 'mWj M@k' ol puulbv j^dz jpkjCl oyoy vc&C ku. Dp l Yun ml vmlu, hC lb Sks$ vl=lJcU lcUv[cO DCCck jpkdz OJ yvu Dn. Skk[ jpmYl nccuv FcvFlyj Dhu DmllJ oKJC O[h[ kjl Dmlv puulb jpkdz JjOk lb DmllJ mbhl DCCm kjmLv kjl Dmll. 1984 mu箳 ukmY vJ[Ckl o#C cm clojmbIlv kBm箳 lkJj mnp Jp cUJCN Jpblcu EnoJj YlJ Dmuu y@uJ[ Dlbl MmJ vRhk Sk. lm[ DC Yb[Kj mJYJ箳 Jpblcub nf 1993 mu vjEmn jJ mjkjv lb j^hlRcH&l jpmYJj mn J<m hvn v kv hjJu. hC DlcnJkb#v lb jpkdz kjko& Kbu. D@im 1999 DKj jpmY k&kU mbhl Jpblcubv on oJml kBm li kv YphcO JM ku. hj h[Jj DYvmc ouhkcj bmyl mn Ʈ$h kjCN Jpblcub lbM MEiojcv 'mbI<&' DOk ipu. hC kBm箳 mpvv Jjb mYi=nl 'oJom' Sb^ Jpblcub k&kU mbhuvblj Puv lL k mbI<& hvjJ= nT Mku vn. Yjl-hkojcv l{ mbhl DCCm lv kjCN ouhkcjv c$ jpmY mom cnCv vjM ku vn. lbv Dhu Yck K ypJu.
DVojFcU Ʈ$h kjkoa mJlu ck mcL&v kjCj MJp iCMv ci hb[l pJnjuu vnbcU YJl nTv kBm kfj mcL&k yvu. lcU cOcJiabJj lb kj<c ScpDjh#n DOk cvu p. 1982 mu mJ. Fboj ibORv lbv jpmYJj vJ[v DCu. hC jpmY momlJ mbhu lM lbv kBm mL m[u J mJl: h# mLhv ku. ov J<vblj l lcUv[ pvl ou DO# Pu J kubljv lbv jpkjC m[v ou. jpkjC J pvl Mvb pC Dmuu iCMv b jpkdz kjko& DhM y@uJ[ mm& luvl MmJǮ ju. Eno, lui DC lcU Ʈ$hb 'MmJ' v|cl J oioM&v kjCj kWdz KC jpcb$ . myyjc j hp L Jl&Ul pJ{ mnplv JJjll, lJ{ mnplv lb JJj jpkdz Jl&Ul Dml. kBm箳 lkJj JMKhfCc ukmY clojmbIlv l 1996 DC 1998 mu uih vJ[v Du. hC 1999 hjYJvblj lbv jpmY ci&v hvn mbmo iu. SJ{ vJn lj OvmbhVl pjJj kWl cb$hon mbhov ku, Dm Djh lbJj nl.
mbmol MmJ juu o#Cl Ʈ$h kuJblb ol myyjc jRh# Jj mLv kWdz KC J kUm jpcb$ omj vjC jJ b Dn. lui, lcU DC kV[ Ʈ$hm=l vc&l, oioM&k, hkL uKk, ilkj DC DYvl cnCv DmbK n Ʈ$hb iov oCj omj vjC jJ bv Sv. . jcjJ b jpkjC JMl cnJ Yck ypJu. jpJ ibOR kUl l kBm h#箳 vJ[Ck j cncl mƬ nl. hC lvblj kBmhmv ojJuv lbv mJl: lui luu h# k{u. DL&l 2000 muhmv kBmcU l jpmYJj kJU ovo vJ[v Du SJ{ vn, lj kWl jpcb$n Pu. mv ibOR Jmlu vl cnCv lb vJ Ilu pl.
byy v[b k=hv 1996 l 2002 ojcv jpmYl DJljCN pov Dhu h{ jpkdz Mm DbO oMlv Gj oMl, DM o#C-Gj, ln L pvl ojyjl Ph Ilu. byyb mku m[v po cucEmnb mkuJj ymu, Dm ibclv cnu pl. jchj clojmbIl mcpJo h#箳 lkJj vJ[Ck Epkv p ov Dhu ukl m ku. SJ{ vJn lj jchj clojmbIl Mkw llk kc kv hjbll cUJuu M h Mkw llk Ykwkc kjC lvn lbv ku Dn.
ukmYJj vJ[v Duu Huc muypdhk mJ&Ok mƬ J mll DmCNbcO jp yyyj bhh po b cbk uiu. po箳 mQo& mJ&l c Mbmk Mc yviu Dp jpmY mom Dnl. hC mbmol yviu n po SkcJ nl DL&l vnl. ukmYl pobv Dhu mQo&v vJn lj JvMu mJYJ DC vc Jl&vv Mk[ vJ Mbmk yvJu Dnl. iRcU nCj Ho lbv jchj pvlhl hnJC Mkw nl Dn.
y箮v DC ibO kbyb h{vddh{b mbybO. 1966 l 1972 ojcv [@. njJbMj y箮v b Fboj ibORcU jpmYJj v Pu, lj 1984 ukmY vJ[Ckl jpJ ibOR c$Klj DclY y箮v DunyocO ncJlvbov yniCbmjK oiipJ u{u. 68.2 kwk cl cUJv c Hjkv Jp cUJCj hj h[Jju n DB bi c@v mbmol c$ Dhu Fcp kc jKCl DhM ju. yHm& kjCl nl Dmu yuu pT uiuv lu lv J<&l jpvc J uiu. Dp yM mbmov [@kwj oTv DclY Yun mvcv ku Dmu, hC Yjldz mbmo DC DclY b vl mK jn Mku vn. mbmol kOn v hjlC MhL ICN DclY箳 hlv p y箮v Dp jpmYl mcpJo h#箳 lvO Dnl. hC Jov lbn h m[uu vn. Dvk mbmo mombv ijHCN 'D@Hm D@H @H' jcC I[Cm p y箮v bJ׮ Ʈk kjCYl ju. mbmo mom cnCv lb kcij mO lj mv ibO DC kBmJ DihK[ kjC SJ{hjlǮ c&ol Dn. Sko momlJ icJv hvn vJ[v Duu p y箮v ibO DC y箮v hjJjl Duu Jl lk yvu Dnl.
DclY y箮vv kBm vjM ku lj ivkkU ul cbiMkj bv Yph-MJmv. ul cbiMkj b k& ijJ kjCm lb jpmYJj v kjCl Du. hC mn J<&l uloo O[ yjn oJm mbmol npj uJ Mku vnl. lbv mn J<祮 kjkoal DJI Sk, ln Dljbkl Mv GhmLl ku- UbJv ImjCN juJi[bJ<.
2004 mu ukmY vJ[Ck [Uh{ Jv Yphv Dou J<a jpmYJj jcClu 'nvcv' ojEmn DC 'ymbl' nccuv b j^hlRcH&l v ku nl. l jCvlDbli&l ukmY vJ[Ckl lk pi cnJ jCj DmucU Yphv ykvj clojmbIlv OcXu covl GljJu. p OcXvn MumF&u hC箳 kJj {v ykvjJmdzbv cl oCm Yi h[v h# O mO ku. Mulu 'p'u p pcu, l 'Jǩ'vn kv oKJu. hC OcXn Dlhl jpkdz Ju DclY箳 hJuJj hTu kCj, vjMpvk ju Dn. OcX Kmoj cnCv DclYmjK Joml ju vn, SJ{Ǯ pc yp. hC ykvj pvl DuhJOl Ycvjm Pu. mJlǮ kn oJm ukmY mYi=nl omuvblj n 'piv' ykvjcOvn DM Pu. ykvj pvlu Dp l jKjKl JUJblu c=ipUcC Yml Dn. Dhu clojmbI箳 mcm cb[Cm ukmYl lj lv lW[ GI[u vn. mYi=nl c GhmLl kjC Dhuu DJ[l vn, DM l jKk Yck. h{ vJ[Ck u{J vn, Dm vO&j OcXv Dl ku Dn.
Gj cbyF&lv jc vF&k bmjK oiip Dvh#l hjYJ kv ukmYJj vJ[v iuu iEJon nǮ i. jc vF&kb DY i[u mbi uJCm kBmv lbJ iEJou GljJu. iEJovn Dhu kl&J K ypJu. hC Jp Ekcl Dl Gj cbyF&lu pvlu kJJ uil Dn. lv cnvbhJa cbyF& uku i[bcO Dljkwbv I[Jv DCuu y@cymH cuklu c=lb Dhl DC pKcR mblJv kjCmn iEJo k iu vn. mui ov J<x cbyF&Jj DlJ=Ǯ cj nl Dmlv iEJo DmllJ lu vJ[v oCNbv Dpyl pCJu vn. l ukmYln kwJƮl PUku. clojmbIl l kl pCbv oml n Glmkl Mv yvu Dn. 'y[ cB, s cB'vblj mui ml J<x Skn n Ʈ$h oT v MkCN iEJou jpkjCl YjJ kc kv Dhu h[Jju ImjC LhJC mbO cUu nl. hC ln 'y[ cB' jpkjClu DhM ci&v pl Dn.
mvu o, v|im o, Myv DPc, jp yyyj, Jvo KV, ouhkcj y@uJ[ mlNb M DhM箳 h&YcJj Gv oml. pvlM Jvy DmucU DKK cbyF&lv kBm GcoJj YF&mh nl Dmlv JJ cbyF&lv mvu o ukmYJj h JU vJ[v i}. iomhjmjK clojmbIlv Jvo KVb hjYJ kjC lmhOv lmN lvln pc} vn. jp yyyj D clojmbIlv ovJU vJ[v D}, lu kJU mcpJo h# mbIv vJn lj lb J̳k mbhk& b$Cn lJ{Ǯ kjCYl jl. Ʈ$hm=lu [ci@[ Yck l#l GljJCmǮ O[h[, jpkjClu kjkoa iCM kjC p Dmu DC lu pvl Mv m[JC箳 lUcUǮ p[ uYu lj jpkjC DMkw vn, n cb[URv oKJv ou Dn. mJ. Fboj ibORM Dmuu Iv mbybObcU 'coj Fb[' v|im o b jpmY mom cnCv j^hlRcH&l v Pu. hC mbmou v|im o b mnJm kJU 13 cnv uYu. kk&jicU lb Dku vOv Puv hjkw Puu mhmk mmǮ pyyoj lb hl mvu o bv vYJu. DclY箳 yjyjv 1984 hmv ukmY vJ[Cklv jpkdz kjko& m kjCj mvu o kWl [ J Jk kuC cb$ yvu. ijijybJ< kUJU Dmuu mvu o bv Mbll hjmkjm ho$ k{u. Myv DPc bv jpmY mom cnCv YjJ kc ku. lb cnCC mJ& mom Sklv Skl. Yphv u[Jv Juu jpmY mom M$Iv mvn bv vncǮ Dhu mj Jn@u Jmu kv Ilu. lbv Yph箳 DblmL il Mv jpkjC kjC lv ku. ynj cKcb$ nC mJhv yIlu. kWdz cb$ cnCv lb kcij LlL nl. DYvlb luvl mbmol DYv$R kcij mjm ju Dn, n cv kjJ uiu.
h# mbIv ybOC Ykwkc Dmu k Huc kwkjcO h[C DJMkl Yml vn, n hƽc ybiu EkJ kjUcO [Jb J&mJlv omv l. hƽc ybiuv oMu Dvk vJpuu Ʈ$h DYvl, oioM&k, vc&l ou, hC [Jb vJ[Ck EpkC箳 [JhbcO lb Jhj Pu vn. [JbcU c=Cu mv 1997 l 2003 ojcv j^hlRv v kuu jpmY mom yvu. Mc yviu bvn Duk[ DMǮ mbO cUu.
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