mcJj, 20 vJnWyj 2006

cO jMlu lu-jpkjC
lbv Dhu mJlb$ J mJ&YclJ DyOl Jv jMJj DmCj vY&jl kc kjJ Dn. Dcjk J Flj il j^bv D|Lk J lb$k iblJCk kjC Jvbl kv Dhu DL&JJmL il I[Jv DC (D[c 1997 j@y&md 2001 mlJv) m lbv j ci祮 DJuby ku.
 


1. jpkdz J D|Lk mbybO : vJmJlb$ j^bv mJ& oMbyjyj jpkdz mbybO mLhl ku. lcU Dcjkv kpkmlvcO lWiPJnj D@F&u mb kuhl 20 Dyp [@um& iblJu. kn cnvbhJa pJn vv kPk h^ n kbhv Jkl Ilu l Dcjku DJ[u vn. DPjypv J lk&cvmlvcOn Dcjkv b[ iblJCk ku Dn. Dcjkv k@mhv mjn kjCln u# Ilu nl, lJn Dc箳 Dbli&l kjYjl {JU{JU ku Dm vJov oTv jM箳 hjj^ cb$uv l v<O ku nl.
2. mjkj Jhj : oMbv Dcjkyjyj mjkj mljJjn Jhj m ku. l Dcjk JCp cb$u, Dl- v&l yBk DC Jhj J Jkm mbmL b mcJM nl. mbmLbcH&l Dcjkv kn kuh jyJv oMbv col ku. yjyj Dcjkv Dhu kn lu kbhvbv Dvk kb$ cUJv ou.
3. lb$k col : k@mhv mclv lu k{v l v&l kjCm D|Lk colyjyj DOvk lb$%v ijp nl kjC mJSl lb$%v pv Pu nl. l Dcjkv hjJu. yjyj Dbljj^dz Jhj, Dl- v&lm uiCj koJ<k J JCpJ<k cuYl yyn Dcjkv j^bv oT ku.
4. Dbljj^dz Jdz mbmLb (Dbljj^dz vCvO, pilk yBk, DMv Jkm yBk J Flj) momlJ j^bv mJkju J Dhuk[u lu JJm Jkml kjCm lbk[v kpx mJkju.
Jju cbJv Dm omv l k, H Dcjku oMl Dhu J&mJ mLhl kjJ vJnl, lj j^kulu mJlb$ j^bvn Dvk kj colm Dcjk ijp nl. mhWyj 2001 vblj DHiCmlvlu cmuc onMlJo yc[ kjCm Dcjkv cO DMl p u<kj lU GY ku l Dvk nl nl. llu cnJ cnCp #$lu lum, l Jkm J Jhj Jj hC& vb$C cUJC. Jj jMv pnjjl vjp J ku, kjC l箳 o#C mcJj Dcjk J v Hp GY Pu. v jhcO nCj hJxk[u Jmljn jM箳 El J< nl. cnCv Dcjk hEyJj kn cp mJSl pmkl Puu `blbv` jMv lJ JjO vWoJu. n i jMJjO Dn Dm cl oMl lj Pu.
L[kwl, jM oMlu J&mJ kc kv lLu lu J i@m mb GiJj J v&lJj hC& vb$C cUJC cnCp D|Lk Hyjyj mcjkn YlJ J{JC n Dcjk nl Dnl.
v
v DM Kb[lu vJn lj pilu Sk jpkdz J D|Lk cnm. cO DMlu kn j^b mc vu uiv Dnl. j^blu kn JbMk i (kPk, kjip, lpk, llj, GF&Im&) vcO D{Ull. 1991 vblj Dvk Ʈv vijkbv J JhNbv cO DMl mLublj ku. ciu lm J<l vv kuu b[ il cO DMv vlbv Sk `c@[u` cnCv mJkjJ Jl nl. vv pj D|Lk mOjC I[Jv DCuu Dmu lj jpkdz mOjCb Ji Hj kc Dn Dm pCkjb cl Dn. cO DMlu oMbcO ukMn n vcc$ Dn. vJ[Ck v<h#hC nl vnl, JjO h#b iUh nl, cvJ nkwkb hcuu nl, h$kjb nl nl h&YcJj oMbv H D|Lk mOjCbj Jkm I[Jv DC Dn. oMl kjimlv m[u lj Flj oMbl ciu 15-16 J<l j^O# youuu vn. cnCv vmjK jpkdz { Jv Dhuu nJ Dmuu you oMbv nJ Dnl.
v cO DM J k@kMmcO lv G Dm Mkll :
1. oMlu lu Dl kjC :
DL&JJmL, J{l GiObo cU luu Dmuu J{l ciC vu hC& kjC chl Dn.
2. Yjpkdz nlmbybO : Dcjk Yilu J{l J&mJ v箳 mbj#C箳 v Okw Dn. kjC vcOu mcpJo n Dcjkv hjj^vlǮ cnJ M$ Dm Mkl. cnCv Dcjk nlmbybObv Mn oC J l oMlu j^bM c$ kv mO nF&u DM Ʈv vl=lJ Yck Dn.
3. cmuc onMlJou jKC : mJSl JIvvblj v箳 Mpju cO DMF& j^bcO Fmuck culJJb mL J{u J l uC vcOn hmju. v箳 Dbli&l mLjlu l Ok nl. cnCv vv j^bv DM JjOju mbhJCm col ku. v kPkmlvcOu lu Gi J lk&cvmlvcOu i@m Gi Jkml kjCm Glmk Dn. cnCv ciu J<a (2005) [mWyjcO vv kPk h^ n kbhv Jkl Ilu. mO cnJkb# hƽc-hJ& hFhuFv箳 kuh kc u Dn. kuhj kPk lu vcO pT Mku J lLv l DlhJxk[u ybojbk[ vTv l v&l phv, kj J Div DMu nT Mku. kuhl phv J kjun mcJv IC ov oMb Fs Dn. MJ v Fljn kn kuhbl Yi ICm Fsk Dn. lu J i@m箳 Jhjm cO DMu unci&v p[C pv vv cb[u Dn. vu mOlj lu Dl kjJ uil Dmu lj mJl: lumn Jkml kjC l pv Dn. lbk[ ljc ymvcO lu b[ m Dnl. l #cl kPkmlvh# pml Dn, Dm YiY&Mm$%b cnCC Dn. hjbl Jnjlv lu k{C DJI[ Dn. kjC l Hj Ku Dnl Dm Ʈv Mm$%b cnCC Dn. ljn n pv yEpik[ jyJC #cl Dn. L[kwl, v n mO pilu c lu Dlojbhk Sk Dn, cnCv #$lu DL& J jpkjCl vk[ ou&# kv uCj vn.
lk&mlv
lk&mlv k@mhv oMlu lka JbMk ibM j vl Dn. mJSl kUl n vl hJamjK { jnu vJnl. hjbl 1991 vblj c$ lbv l mLhl kjC mbO cUu. cnCv k@kMm J cO DMM mbybO p[C n lka hjj^OjC cK O nl. omN cnvblj Ml v|cl Pu, ll lk&mlvv Dhu pv lmhOa mJSl vvu (jM) Mn oCm Dcjkv il JM ku. YcO mij J mJSl mcJj lk&mlv n Dcjk Jm mnkj nl. 1980 oMkl lk&mlvv biu il ku. Sk kfj cmuc oM L[ DJOl Sk DOvk il j^ km yv Mkl GonjC oMv Iuv ou. vJmJlb$ j^ pJn mJl:m `c@[u` MOl nl, lJn lbmcj ov Mpj cmuc j^ nl. llu Sk FjC J omj lk&mlv. cO DMlu mJ& j^ J DPjypv n ynmbKv cmuc Dmvn lbv DhC cmuc Dnl Dm kOn I<l ku vn. cnCv M&ll FjC ci h[u Dm cnCJ uiu. cnCv lk&mlv c@[u n oMlu mJ& j^b Dk<&C ju. oMlu mJ& oMb j^hl J Jj DOkNbv lk&mlvu Y oTv lLu jpkdz, D|Lk, O|ck hjmLlǮ, Jkm DYm ku. hnu h J<l cnCp 1996 hl lk&mlvv mJ& oMbl Dvk #$bl iblJCk kv Dhu DvYJj oMlu Jkmu nlYj uJC lv ku. lv oMbM H D|Lk #$l mnk& ku vn, lj lbyjyj jpkdz, u<kj J mbmk=lk kjjn ku.
k@mhv mclu lu#$l iblJCk kjC lj lk&mlvv Hj hJa oKJu nl. m lv mJ& j^bv jMJj hC&hC DJubyv v jnC muu ou. DPjypvcOv lu lk&mlvu vTv lLv l jhu J Dcjku vC pv Dcjkv cb[u. lvmj c 2005 cO yk-lyum- mnv (BTC) n 2000 kc ubyǮ hFhuFv ybOv hC& Pu. pu 2006 cO l Jhjm Ku kjCl Du. lk&mlv箳 mnv ybojlv lu v&l il hƽcl oM J Dcjku Dl nT Mkl. jMu JiUv lu箳 hFhuFv kC箳 J lcix Jhj kjC箳 Dcjkv pv n Sk c Jp cvu pl. lk&mlv pj mO c kuhbcO l# mƬ mnYi vmu lj Dcjk pvbcO l mLv Dcv Dmuv lu Lu oMk jpkjCl cnJ mLv Dmu.
FjC
mJSl JIvvblj oMl, FjC yj Jj<c jnu cnCv lu oMk nJJ Dm cnu lj kǮ v. 1992-94 kUl FjCv lpkmlv, GpykmlvcO Dvk jpkdz J JbMk ibv mƬ col ku. DL& Dvk oMbv Dm Ilu k FjCu Fmuc culJJb kjJbv KlhC Iu Dn J kn DbM l yjyjn Dn; hjbl jM u<kj GhmLl Yil Dmuv FjCv L[ vjcF& Yck ITv j^kulu mJ& j^bM muK mbybO p[C OjC Ju. FjCcO Yilu Dvk JbMb uk jnll. llu Sk k lj DPjǮ Dnl. k@kMm J cO DMF& oMbv m FjC Yiuk cnJ mcpv Du. kjC FjC n h|Mv DKl DC k@mhv mc箳 cO Dn. cnCv mckvj vmuu cO DMF& j^bv FjCM mJ& kj mbybO p[C H nl. 1991 oMkl FjCv `muk j[` hvn Sko vJv m kjC lv ku. cO FjC J k@kMm, cO DM ojcv jmlybOC J unci& ybOC pv nl. FjCu lk&cvmlv J DPjypvu p[C cnJkb# kuh nl. Dpv l pv k&vJl Pu vmu lj l v nuu nl Dnl.
cO DM J k@kMmcO Dhu YJ oKJCm FjCv Dvk lu J i@m kuhbl iblJCk ku Dn. hjbl n mJ& h[lUv hnl Dmlv lb Gi JkmJj Yj vn lj JhjJj Dn. k@kMm n YoM Dlbl DmLj Dn, kjC Yil mcj D MvbJv oJ u Dn. cnCv n oM JiUv lu J i@m v&l l[k FjCu kv lLv `mJ@h [u`cH&l l DJMk kC hJ. jMv hFh uFvj l v&l nT v cnCp jMu l DJnv nl. hjbl lu J i@m Dljkwb nl pT v EkJ l ohi nT v Dm FjC cl Dn, n lv jMu kubljv hJv ou. Dcjk-FjC mbybOblu lCJ u#l ITv oMlu j^bv FjCM mJv Dh#l Dm mbybO Ju vnl.
hkmlv
1991 cO hkmlvv cO DM J DPjypvcO Dhu YJ kC箳 v lv m ku J l cp hblOv yvPj Yfu J uiu. hJa Gpykmlv (cKl: yKj J mcjkbo n Mnj) n hJ&l cmuc mbmk=lǮ kW nl. cnCv pv cmuc mbmk=lyjyj mbybO p[C Yf Fs nl. cnCv lbv JKv k@j[ju 13 kc unci&v kj yboju p[C kuhv cb[u. DL& hkmlvu H Gpykmlv vn lj Flj j^bM p[l F&u. cix H lu J i@m vn lj Flj cun Jnlk nT Mku. hjbl n pv Dpvhl m nT Mku vn l cK kjC cnCp DHiCmlvcOu mLl. cO DMlu cmuc j^bM muK mbybO Jv lbcH&l YjlJj kMcj MvJv oyJ kC hkmlv lv nl, hjbl l MmJ nT Mku vn. kjC oMbv hkmlvu mL ou vn. 1991 vblj Dcjkv Yil m kuu jpkjC hkmlv n vml cnj yvv jnu. lu Yil lk&mlv, FjCmjK mJl: DmllJ GY kjl Du vn.
Yjl
Yjlu k@kMmcO lj vn hC cO DMl Sk cv mLv Dn. Dhu pv mbmk=l, Flnm, lJ%v b DYm lL hJahmv ku pl. Dhu lbM pv Slnmk mbybOn Dnl.
mJlb$ Puvblj oMb cKbv Yjlu Y ouu Dnl. Yjlun cO DMF& j^bM D|Lk J mj# kjCbm muK mbybO nJ nl. mJSl Dmlvblj Yjl Gj mc kMcjhmv kPkmlvhl Ku iu. cO DMlu kn Yi, DHiCmlvcOu ibYj DmLj jpkdz hjmLl, hkmlv kMcjcOu onMlJbv mƬ col mJ& kjCbv Yjl Gj mc Okwl Du. cnCv Yjlv n j^, jM J vM jpkdz hlUJj c$Ǯ mbybO Ju J Dcjk, hkmlv bv Mn ou Dm cnCCm njkl vn.
1991 hJa Yjl Sk- l=ldzbM v&l n mJSl vvu nl Dm. cnMǮ JIvvblj Yjl箳 hjkdz Jhjl c l Du. l Dpvn Yv k{l Du vn. hJa Yjlu mJSl vvk[v `mJ@h` pvlv Fjkcix lu cUl Dm. hjbl l ci& Dl ybo Pu Dn. cnCv Yjlv cO DMF& j^bM lu箳 Dlyyl yuC ku. hjbl ll cnCJ lm M Du vn kjC j^bv lu v&l kjCm mckvj vn. m lbv FjCk[ col ciJ uil. cnCv Yjlv FjCyjyj mboY&l & m ku J llv FjC- hkmlv- Yjl n vJ hFhuFv pv pvcu Du. hkmlvv Dcjk JjOu v pcvl pvu njJ kbou oKJu. Dl pvj kPk, DPjypv lu J lk&cv i@m vpl hFh uFvj Yjlu cUu.
Yjlv jMlu mKuv oMl (DlhJ&) lu#$l iblJCk ku Dn J kPkmlvcOn Fsk Dn. L[kwl, cO DM J k@kMm oMl jM, Dcjk, v cnMRyjyj lk&mlv J FjCmjK oMk MRv Dhu YJ kc JC箳 v mJ& lv ku. lcvv ll Yjl J hkmlvu c$ Hj M uY Mku vn. Yil Dhu DmllJ oKJCm Yjlu D|Lk J jpkdz hlUJj Dck vC& IJ uilu.
(mchl)