mcJj, 25 [mWyj 2006

Dp Yjldz jpkjC DC ynlbM jpkjC mJ&mcv Yjldzb ljmkj J< ju Dnl. mJlb$j kUl lJOl yjp jpkjC mJh nUnU youl mbOmO, Y, pldz / bldz / O|ck k[JhC, Lc ivnijǮ mcL&v J vblj lvOlJ DM hhlv Dl箳 ius J GhJ DM kJJmLl hblj Pu Dn. Dp n kJJmL Dvk Yj, ivnijbv jpklx cnCv oMJj uol Dn. DOǮ pJvmbI<&l njhUl Dmuu mcv vijkbm DM jpkjCbhmv colǮ kmun Dh# Gju vmv Gu DM jpkjCbhmv cǮ MOl DmnhC J yIC SJ{ lb nll Gju Dn. Kjblj mJlb$hlvblj Yjldz jpkjC n mJlb$hJxj kUlu `DoM& Jj J DjmjC` lm mJ&mcJMk `DoM& DM jpIv` JjMcU hjhkwJ J uknlkj nC Dh#l nl, hC mJlb$j GChN 50-60 J<&l J Dhu jpkjC DM oC DJmLu hnu Dn k, pC jpkjCbv Jvmv |umnyb Ykl Kj kv oKJC J[ Guu Dn. (Yjldz uk mJlb$ oM uJCm uk vnl, 50-60 J<&l l YjlmjK DJ{J ukmbK oMm Djpkl KF&l ulu!)
 


ypjkjC箳 J biUJo箳 mO箳 kUl mcp mJ& ypbv culck ImjC nl Dmlv culck jpkjC箳 ImjCǮ Ji lj ukMnǮ culJbv EkJ mbklbv h&v ukMn JJmLu ibYj DJnv Mkl. jpkjCbJ< Dmuu mJ&$k I=C vijkm ukMnl pmll pml Gomv yvJl Dn. n hjmLl YJ<lu Djpk vbo Mkl.
Yjldz jpkjC箳 DJvlm kjCYl Dmuu kn iRhk mJ&l cnJ lb$k i cnCp jpkjC uJCm (jpkdz h# JJmLhv, vJ[Ck F.) Dphl kun koMj D|Lk ljlo kjCl Duu vn. pcC mbj#C, ko J mJJmL F. mcpk Dlbl cnJ箳 mJ, Mmvm kun cnmu EkJ GlhV ol vmlvn oMnlm DM mJbm pM DL&mbkuhl koMj D|Lk ljlo ku pl lcC mJk=l ukMn JJmLl jpkjC J Dv<biv CN jpkdz h#JJmL, vJ[Ck F. iR DvJ&l u#l ITv lm uiCj D|Lk ljlo kjC Dlbl DJMk DM yy Dn.
jpkjC kjCm h&v h# uJCm k&kl祮 HU GY kjC, ukmbhk& JC, vJ[Ckb kUl h# / GcoJj j kjC FloRm jpkdz h#bv hM ijp Dml. l JU Jl&cv `Dlbl o<hC& kjCu`cU Gi / Jhjlv b[ kU hm vc&C nl Dmlv kU hM GhuyOl jpkdz h#b D|Lk ijp YiJl Dml. Sk kj Dp Yjldz jpkjC kU hMJj ul Dn. JM<l: 90 oMkhl (Yjlv pilkkjCl JM kjChJa) oMbli&l Jhj J GiJj mjkj `umvm J hjc` cOclv Dlbl kj Dm pk vb$C nl J SkC `hjc jpl` hjoM&kl DYJ DmucU Gi J Jhj #$lv mJl:m Dvku Dm Mmkdz OjC jJv ICm lvh ko kjJv ICm jpkjC cb[URv c cCl D|Lk hjJ nl nl. DL&l hM l n ynlbM kU hm nl, youl kUl Flj mJ& iRcC jpkjCm K|k nl iu. lvmj jpkjCm c cCl hM ijp Ym uiucU jpkjCbk[v hM ciC J{ uiu J n J{l ciC hjJCm Yj, lm ivnij J=R c cCl col Ilu pT uiu. `ciChjJ` o h{ hj cnCp ynyuR (ivnijb) jpkjClu L JM n. Dp n ynyu jpkjC箳 mJx mLvhl cnCp mmLvhl hnu Dnl. mJ& iR hjCc mJ& oM Yil Dn.
jpkjC ivnijbM Dmuu mbybO YoCm ov cK iR ijp Dn:
1) kU hM hC&l: vc&uv 2) jpkjCm koMj D|Lk ljlo.
`DL&bl` mbkuhvlv Yjldz DL&JJmLlv kU hM mbhC& vc&uv nC n vƽl Dn. lvblj c$ jpkjCm DL&mbkuhlv koMj D|Lk ljlo kjC DJMk Dn DC l kjC mnp Mkw Dn. pm-
1) kWdz jpkjC- m kn JM jkc, ukmbK oj[F& cCl (l cloj vJn) h J<祮 vO&jl Mmv kuJOm, cOJla DL&mbkuhl koMj ljlo kjCl J (pm- . 100 oj[F&, cC oM箳 mO箳 ukmbKm 105 k x . 100 = 10,500 k . l 5 J<& = 2100 k l J<&.) n jkwkc `vWoCk=l jpkdz h#bv` lbv cUuu clb kwkJjvmj MmvlHx jpkdz vO cnCv oCl J. n vO kn JM m$bvJ oCl J.
Go. JM k&kum (5 J<m) Puu SkC mjmj JO clov 55 kwk (i=nl) = 10,500 k . x 55/100 = 5775 k . JM k&kum. n . 5775 kR jkwkc JJO jpkdz h#bm lbv cUuu SkC clb cCl JYiv cUJ. pm-
2) jp箳 jpkjCm Mmkdz jpkdz vO (ljlo : jp DL&mbkuhlv)
Go.
cnj^ : ukmbK 10 k x 100 = 1000 k . l h J< (Jh JjucC)
3) mLvk mJjp mbmLm Mmkdz jpkdz vO (ljlo : mLvk DL&mbkuhlv)
Go.
Djbiyo : ukmbK 10 uK x 100 = 10 k . l 5 J< (Jh JjucC)
(h : n jpkdz vO lJ<a mJhlm ol T Mku.)
jpkdz h#bm ljlo kuvblj uklvORmm lbv mO cUCN cvOvl kUvh i l J{ nC DJMk Dn. mO cnl J lb$%v #$lu mcv vkjmm 5 Dk[ cyou oT ku pl. mbklvmj uklvORv p k, kocb[U箳 mJx mYi=n mYmo Dmll. lb SkC pyyoj J mLv u#l Il Kmoj/ Dcoj/ vijmJk/ cmJk FloR cvOv i l mljJj DmC v糳 jl. lJcC uklvOR J̳k lcn cvOv Kmojb . 10 uK, Dcojb . 5 uK, vijmJkb . 50 npj J cmJkb . 10 npj DmC mJ&L GƮl jl. DL&ld cvOvJ{vblj uklvORv mO cUCj Flj Y ybo kjl lu. cvOvJ{Ǯ hjCc SkC DL&mbkuhl lm viC DmCj Dn. (pm- Kmojbm lJ<& : 785 (jpmY + ukmY Kmoj mbK) x 10 uK x 12 = 942 k .- oM DL&mbkuhdz cnmu GlhV . 3 uK 75 npj k (Dbop); cnj^ Dcojbm lJ<& : 366 (JOvmY + JOv hj<o DcojmbK) x 5 uK x 12 = 219 k . cnj^ DL&mbkuhdz cnmu GlhV . 47 npj k (Dbop); mLvk mJjp mbmL (Go. Djbiyo) vijmJkbm lJ<& : 100 (Dbop vijmJk mbK) x 50,000 x 12 = 6 k . DL&mbkuhdz GlhV . 125 k (Dbop).
uklvORm J jpkdz h#bm hjM koMj D|Lk ljlo Puvblj J `DL&bl` mlJcU kU hM mcU Gv PucU jpkjC ivnijM Dmuu Dv vlmbybO hC&hC mbhl Tv oM jpkjC h&v MmvJJmL mJs, hjoM&k J YJ nC vƽl Dn.
jpkdz Cum koMj D|Lk ljloR Dh#l hjCc
1) oM hlUJju jpkjCJj s oMk h#b DJpJ oyJ kc nTv mjkju mL̳& cUu. cU oMhlUJju Mv Ovv DC vC&kjl i kuc&ol cia uiC Mkw nF&u.
2) jpkdz h# DC uklvO bm D|Lk GhuyOl koMj nc cUucU jpkdz h#bv lb mbIv ybOC JJmƳk (Professional) hlv kjl F&u. oMlu `@uv` jpkjC `kjDj` cnCv vJ[ k Mku. hjCcl: jpkdz h#/ jpkjC bv mJL&jnl, oMnlkjk vC& IC Dh#l Dn.
3) Sk JM c&oh# kc `cl` (Votes) cUum l JM jpkdz h#bm/ GcoJjbm kun koMj jpkdz vO cUCj vn. cU vJ[Ck n Sk jpkdz KU v nl lk[ ukMnu Dh#l ibYdz& hl nF&u.
4) oMlu cK jpkdz h# Dhhu J̮jk/ lJk Yck YJhC cb[ Mklu J lvmj vijkbm ibYj MvbJj vC&k cl vWoJl F&u. n i ukMn Ƭl ilcv vC& ICm Dlbl Ghi Mku.
5) jpkdz h# J jpkjC ukbv hMm mcblj DL&JJmL/ ivnij JJmLJj DJubyv v jnJ uiucU YJ MmvJJmL cOclv ivnijJj DbkM DCl F&u.
6) cUuu clb cCl Mmvk[v vOǮ jkwkc cUCj Dmuv jpkdz h# pmll pml clov nCm ƬMu jnlu J h&v clov kwkJj J{u. llv ukb jpkjClu mnYi J{u. m{ ukMn JJmLm n cuǮ yy Dn.
Dvu yku