yOJj, 3 pvJj 2007

JM< uK

Mmv Gomv

 

Jlv pcvRk[ kJU Kjo-JǮ JJnj cnCv v hnl, Sk ibYj mcpk Mv cnCv yIlu hnp. lm v Pum Dn j DC vn j blu oj DCK boJl pF&u DC cUl no uiuu K[ Dm h[lu...
hClu Sjb[JC Lu mjkj cukǮ cnj Jlv (Fvc- cnj Jlv Ji& 6 (y) kJO h cu Dmuu j YKb[ cU Jlvojbv hjl oC vC& jp cnmucb$ vjC jC bv Ilu 2 [mWyj `ukm`cO m Pu Dn. moj pcv 1951 cO mjkjpc kjCl Du nl. lJnhmv Dplil cnCp 55 J<x YKb[Jj Mmkdz cuk nl.
vcv cnj Jlv Ji& 6 (y) pcvǮ Flnm DC koMj yy lhmum u#l l k, yoj yoMnv F.m. 1530 mu cnjbv Jlv ynu ku, l lb hjc y#m cnCv. MJ cnjbv 52 nkwk oCN ov mvo- yoj yoMn F.m. 1463 l 1492 kUlu hnu mvo J vpcMnǮ kUlu 1615 omj mvo.
h{ hMJ kUl K[l yuloj hl nl. hMJF& y[u. cnj^l Fbp Dbcu m Pu. Fvc- Jlv pcvRyyl Fbp Mmvv `y@cy nj[j D@Hmj D@kw 1874` hm kv yj yuloj, omF&, oMhb[ DC pnij vcl ku. l cnj Jlvoj n kv iJkcij Dmv l MmvGhi DC iJGhi cnCv l iCv kuu Dn. cnj Jlv mcJM Fvc Ji& 6 (y) cO nl. `Jju D@kw, 1874` DvJ - 1) iJnvcX EkJ kcMvj b hJ&hjJviMJ Jlv nmlblj kjl Cj vn. 2) Jlvoju Dhu Jlv nmlblj kjJ Dmum Dhu nlhl kjl l. 3) Jlvoju Dhu Jlv hj-IjCbl nmlblj kjl Cj vn. 4) Jlvojv Dhu Jlv Dhu nlhl Jlvoj kbylu Ju nmlblj kjCu lybO DmCj vn. 5) jPWJn Jlvoju Jlv cuc nmlblj kv Il Cj vn. Jlvoj kbylu Ju cnj Jlv kc nmlblj kjJ Pum nmlblj kjChJa Mmv hJ&hjJvi DJMk nl, Dm vyO uoCl Du nl.
mJlb$j kUl cnj^ Mmvv Jlv j kjC OjC DKu. lcC cnj Jlv Fvc Ji& 6 (y) j kjCj `y@cy FvHjDj Jnup Jlv- D@y@uMv D@kw 1958` ko kjCl Du. kuc 4 Ku cnj Jlv v kv Mmvv Dhu lyl Ilu (pv Ml&). lvblj kuc 5 Ku cnj Jlv pcv MlmN箳 lhh jkwkc Yjum Jlvoju hjl ku (vJ Ml&). kuc 5 (3) Ku pun DOkN箳 hjJviMJ nmlbljl kjl l vn. c$ cnj Jlv pcv Kjo olv Mmvu MlmN箳 onh jkwkc Yv kukwj nmlblju hJ&hjJvi cUum, l YiJm pv Ml& cnCll. lcU moj pcv u@v[ jJnv k[ 1966 kuc 29 Ku Ji& 1 cO iCu pl, cnCp pcv JkC hC& DOkj ynu ku Dn. p cnj Jlv pcv j@v Pu vnl, l Mmv箳 pcv iCucU Kjo kjl l vJnl. p pcv kukwj hJ&hjJviMJ nmlbljl Pu Dmum, l DvOk=l kypoj nl J `u@v[ jJnv k[ 1966 kuc 59` Ku pcv Mmvu hjl Il l.
cnj Jlv pcv 6 (y) mbybOl koMj yy mJ&mOjChC JjucC Dnl, hjbl plYo DC OcljcU c cCJj cnj mcp iJ m[v Mnjk[ mLubljl PucU pcv j@v kv IC, KlH[ kjC, JjmvWo Puu vnl. p cb[U iJ Dnl lbv OkOhM kv lb Dbi ITv, DvOk=lhC lb Jlv pcv yUkJCl Du. klk kC vJv cj m@v[, chbl k&u, k=< ypj mcl, MU Flo mJ&pvk Jhjm cnj Jlv箳 pcv Jvcyou yUkJCl Du. hC pulu h, cbj, vjCiJ n yuk GonjC Dnl. 1958 kvmj cnj Jlv pcvR jlJl hblj kjCl Du; hjbl pv Ml&- vJ Ml& klu hUJb Ho ITv plob[i DC Ovob[ibv mbhC& cnj^l cnj Jlv pcv yUkJu Dnl.
cnj Jlv pcv JjucC yUkJv, l mcpu Ycnv ku pC Mkwl DUKv, Yjl mjkjv Ik jpbv DJMk lcC ko kjC mƮl ku nl. lcC cnj^ Mmvv M[u[ ^F&ypkjl `cnj^ pcv cnmu` (pvplǮ JRv pvplǮ Jk[ YiOkj nmlbljl kjC) vc 1975 hm kv, l DbcuypJC m ku. c$ cnj Jlvojbv JNJj m[u Dn.
cnj Jlv pcvyyl p. p. hu b DO#lKu 19/10/83 jp mcl vcu iu. moj mclv (350 hv) Dhu DnJu ovbk 2/11/88 jp cnj^ Mmvu moj ku. l DnJu J llu MHjM lhmCm cnj^ Mmvv 6 mhWyj 1989 jp DCK Sk GOkj mcl v ku. ln DnJu 9 pu 1991 jp Mmvu cUu. lvmj cnmu Klv l DnJu cb$cb[Umcj JCm Sk mlJ ku. c$ DYm mcpkuC JYik[ hJu. DoJm pcvǮ kcC cnj Jlvb pcvRv ko ui kjJ, DM MHjm mcpkuC Klv ku. hjbl Dp Jm J<h# pml kU uu lj hu mclǮ mӮv ymvl ybOv h[u Dnl. cnj^ Mmvu cnj Jlvyyl kn kjC Fs vn.
c$ kv&kv kW Mmv箳 mӮvcC `kv&k M[u[ kmmd DC M[u[ ^F&yp (nyMv D@H ^vmHj D@H mjv u@C[md D@kw 1979` hm kv nmlbljl Puu pcvR MO ITv Jlvoj M[u[ kmmd DC M[u[ ^F&yp bv pcv hjl kjC cnc MmJjl jyJu. l ku oCl Duu DJnv mJx k&v HUu.
cnj Jlv箳 pcv MvJj cnj^ Mmv Gomv Dn. lyjyj cnj cb[UoKu Phuu Dnl. h{Nbv MvJj oC-IC vn, Dm cnCv mcplu OjCbv, JjJblbv mJmL ymC cnCp [@. yymny Dby[kjb JjbM ljC Dn.
hClu Sjb[JC kjCl 1951 mu Mmvv cnj Jlv pcvR ly Iluvblj l pcvRJj kioh$ ly mjkj, c$ l# YiJoj kC, mjkjv ly k Ilu, Dl ly cUJCm kC Dp& ku, lu kC col Pu, lm koMj yy cnmucb$b vku DYmuvblj mcp Mklu. kv&k mjkjcC cnj^ MmvuoKu ko kjCm Yi h[u hnp. Jlv pcvRk[ kJU Kjo-JǮ JJnj cnCv v hnl, Sk ibYj mcpk Mv cnCv yIlu hnp. lm v Pum Dn j DC vn j blu oj DCK boJl pF&u DC cUl no uiuu K[ Dm h[lu. Ycnv mcpu mJjC JU vIv iu, Dm nT v ol, Mmvv vn j Ji&M Fcv jKJ. cnmucb$bv Sk kjCl v oTv Lby v.
mp JIcj