µççÆvçJççj 10 HçíÀyçÏáJççjçÇ 2007

mO箳 c DL&JJmLl cbyF& MbI JnJ, Dm mJ& cbyF&kjb DC mJ& Yjldzb mJhv Dn J l mJhvhla kjC Mkwn Dn. H lm DJMkl Dn l kynj jnv Jj kjC, il J Mm$M OjC J Kbyj jpkdz J Mmkdz vl=lJ DC mcp cvmkl youC.
Su 2003 cO D@uv yj[ Alain Bertaud pilk yBklu pim Tv hu@vjv cbyF& Mnj箳 JkmM kjlu mDu Mnj箳 Jkm luv kv DnJu cnj^ Mmvu moj ku nl. cbyF& J mDu Mnj luv kjlv Sk i u#l Ilu hnp l cnCp 1990 mu mDu ukmbK 98 uK J cbyF& ukmbK 1 k 6 uK Flk nl. mDu Mnj Jkm vpvy Pu lcU l Dp pilu Sk Gc Jkml Mnj cnCv iCu pl. Gu cbyF& Jkm mcpk, jpkdz J D|Lk D[CRcU Dmclu Pu. lcU cbyF& Mnjl Sk Yil Go. &i l cnc Yil kn iivby Fcjl, kn kC 7 cpu vJ Fcjl, kn kC 4/5 cU箳 vJ Fcjl J lu uiv pv J c[kUm Duu Fcjl EkJ U J Ph[hf Dm JƮ$ Ʈ$ oml. cbyF& n Yjl D|Lk jpOv, pilu m Mnj J cnj^ vk Dn. mO箳 c DL&JJmLl cbyF& MbI JnJ, Dm mJ& cbyF&kjb DC mJ& Yjldzb mJhv Dn J l mJhvhla kjC Mkwn Dn. H lm DJMkl Dn l kynj jnv Jj kjC, il J Mm$M OjC J Kbyj jpkdz J Mmkdz vl=lJ DC
 

mcp cvmkl youC.
Alain Bertaud b DnJuvmj cbyF& Mnj Dmbl< Jkm nC J lm Skboj IjybOCyyl箳 mcmb cKlJ Kuu j kjC Dnl.
1. cbyF& Yiuk hjmLl. cnCp cbyF& lvn ypm mc DC hC DmucU ybOkcm GhuyO Dmuu pcv Kh kc Dn.
2. GhuyO Dmuu pcvǮ pmll pml vpvy Jhj DYJ.
3. Ij ybOCm h<k vmuu kwu ko J lb hjCc cnCv Flj oMbcC Ij n Jml cjkj, uJnpv, pmjK mcv Jml v jnl l Dvk kj k箳 kl mh[uu kwu yy Pu Dn. lcU l nmlbljC mnp Mkw nl vn.
4. Mmvv hYl mJObk[ infrastructure mJlhmv hjm u# ou vn.
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1. cbyF& Yiuk hjmLl.
cbyF& lvn ypu mc J hC Dn. lcU cbyF& Jhj kW箳 cOYihmv (C.B.D.) cnCp H&hmv 25 k.c. Flkw hjmj Jj kjl 66 kwk pcv hCKu pl. n cC pkl&cO 22 kwk lj mDu Mnjl H 5 kwk Dn. Jju yy Jjl Il Jkmm H 232 .k.c. pcv ybOkcm GhuyO Dn. l luvv mDu Mnjl lJ{ hjmjl 1864 k.c. SJ{ pi GhuyO Dn. vm|ik ybOv Jj kjl cbyF&lu GhuyO pi Jhj pmll pml cCl DC Ij DC Jhj mbku ybOCm nC DJMk Dn.
2. pcvǮ Jhjyyl OjC (Floor Space Index)
GhuyO pi kcljl u#l Il, cbyF& Mnjl Gb Fcjl ybOCMJ h& vn. vӳk&, nBikBi, Emihj F. Mnjn yJj Jmuu Dnl J l Mnjln DhucC pi kcljl Dn. lcU lbv pi Jhj kjlv pml F.S.I. oTv Gb Fcjl ybOCm lmnv ou. 1964 mu vjcv h@Fb Yil 4.5 Flk F.S.I. ou pl nl 1991 mu cbyF& Mnjl mj&m 1.33 J cbyF& Ghvijl 1 Flk F.S.I. oC OjC Mmvv DJubyu. pilu ynlk MnjbcO JJmƳk kW箳 kC (C.B.D.) 5 l 1.5 Flk F.S.I. ou pl J Ghvijl l kc cnCp 0.5 l 1 Flk mcl ku pl.
cbyF&hjl Jj kjlv J{J SH.Sm.D. oucU l ov Ho nlu. Dp cbyF& Mnjl vkjm ynlk ukbv H&, &i, vjcv h@Fb Yibl cnCp Sk oMv Jm kjJ uil. lcU Jnlk JJmLJj b[ lC h[l J o<Cn J{l. kuy l cnc EkJ mv Yil J{J SH. Sm. D. oum lLu Yil c cCl Ij ybOC nT Mku J lcU ooj, ijiJ Yibl jnCN cbyF&kjbv l Yil Ij cU Mklu. lm mJ&pvk Jnlk JJmLJju lCn kc nF&u. Dp Ijb kcl DkMu Y[ucU mcv cj cCm cbyF&ynj Hku pl, DM lj DhC Skl. mJ&mcvhC cCm p Yil kcu pl l Yil Ij GhuyO kum lb JU J c Ju. MJ lcU cbyF& Mnj箳 D|Lk Jkmm Kh c cCl uv cUu.
Dp cbyF& Mnjlu mjmj Ij Dkj 2.9 . c. Dn. n pilu Flj Mnjb luvv Hj kc Dn. Dpn Dhuk[ ooj, ijiJ Yil hVm J<hJa Dpybv Iluu 10 y 10 Dkj箳 Kul lb vl, lb vl-mv J lb cu DM 20 l 25 cCm Sk$ jnlv omll. JmlJk oj 10 J<vblj kbyu uiCN pi ijp J{l Dml. lcU l Yi oj 10 l 20 J<l SH.Sm.D. J{JC DJMk Dml. pilu mJ& MnjbcO JUJU DJukv kv DM kj SH.Sm.D. J{Ju pl. cbyF&lu Ijb Mv m[JCm Dhuh{ ov h& GhuyO Dnl. Sk cnCp cbyF&lu 50 l 60 uK ukbv cbyF& ynj mLubljl kjC, hjbl n h& Dhu ukMn jp JJmLl Mkw J JJnj nCj vn. omj h& cnCp DhC cbyF& Mnj SH.Sm.D. J{Jv lLu cuYl mJO (infrastructure) J{JCJj pml Yj oC.
Dp c[kUm Duu Fcjlm EkJ Ph[hf Jkmm l pihjl J{J SH.Sm.D. ou pl. Dm kuv mO箳 infrastructure Jj pml lC h[l. lSJp p Yil juJ J c jml J Flj mJO GhuyO Dnl l Yil cnCp kuy l cnc DLJ mv Yihl mj&m SH.Sm.D. J{Ju, lj l mbhC& Yi mJiC J mclu Jkm nF&u, l Yilu infrastructure Jkml kjCm Jkmkk[v DC lL jnCN ukbk[v EkJ kbhvbk[v kj箳 hv GhuyO Puu hm cuYl mJO (infrastructure) J{JCm GhuyO nF&u. cU Mv Dn k, cuYl mJO DO k SH.Sm.D. J{JC OjC DO. cbyF& Mnj箳 Jkm Jj kjlv Jju mhjmLll ovn iRv Sk JU uv cUC DJMk Dn. lm ilMu DC kynj pTv Jj kjC ijp Dn. cbyF& Mnjl SH.Sm.D. J{Ǯ Jj kjlv llu vJv Ij unv Dkj ybOC ybOv Ilum pml cCl Ij GhuyO nlu. Ghvijlu SH.Sm.D. 0.5 l 1 Flk mcl kum J lL c Dkj Ij ybOCm hjJvi oum cbl cCm n Ghvijl jnu pCm G nF&u. l mJl: i[v H& EkJ vjcv h@Fb Yil kcu pT Mku J mJ&mcv cj cCm cbyF& ynj Hku pCj vn. SH.Sm.D. kl J{JJ n mJC mll h$ GM vn. hjbl lJl: SH.Sm.D. J{JC ijp Dn. cbJj vJv IjybOCǮ Jj nC DJMk Dn. FL SJ{ vco kjl F&u k, pilu Flj Jkml MnjcO oj 10 J<vblj J{J SH.Sm.D. ohh ku pl.
3. pcvJ<k ko : IjybOC DC Ijb nmlbljC nn mh DC muY nC ijp Dn. Dy&v uB[ mEui ko GMjv k nF&v hC j kjC Mmvv jJu Dn. h{u DOJMvl l ko j nF&u DM mJv DM, hjbl lyjyj omj cnJ ko cnCp Y[ vb$C ko. Dp Y[ vb$C kcU cU cuku vijhuk kj Yjuvblj Sko l Fcjlu jbi oCFlhln hm nll jnl vn. lcU l FcjlǮ hvyOCm pcvǮ cU cuk mJl: kOn h{kj Il vn. lcU Dp Dvk pibJj c[kUm Duu FcjlcO Y[k pJ Yb[l Iuv jnl, hjbl lyjyj l c[kUm Duu FjlKuu Dlbl cu pi noKu kpl jnl. DOv cOv ckw箳 kC SKo omj Fcjl EkJ U yu[j hvyOCm Il. lcU l hu@hjl Jkm nl, hjbl l Yi hC&hC Jkm nl vn. lcU GhuyO infrastructure Jj lC h[l. lcC Y[vb$C kln uJkjl uJkj you kjC kjp Dn. cnj^ Mmvv cbyF& jhDj y[& mLhv ku. hjbl l y[&cH&l Ijb jhDm& DLJ hvyOCǮ kc mcOvkjk Pu vn n JmlmLl Dn. DM hjmLll Y[ vb$C ko j kjC n cbyF& Mnj箳 mJiC Jkm箳 v Dlbl DJMk Dn. Ij JJnj vWoC kjlv 4 kwk mBh [ Dkju pl ln kc kv 2 kwkJj DCu lj Ijb nmlbljC kjC mJ&mOjC cCmu mKkj nF&u. IjybOCǮ cC J{um mBh [ kc kvn cnj^ Mmv GlhVn kc nCj vn, lj Gu J{u.
4. cuYl mJO J{JCJj Yj : (Infrastructure)
Jj GuuK kucC mO Infrastructure hjm vmucU SH. Sm. D. J{J v EkJ cbyF& Mnjl c cCl IjybOC nT v Dm kn ukb cl Dn. cbyF& Mnjl 150 J<hJa Fbp ukbv 35 uK Flk ukmbK Ov l ukmbKu uiCFlhl hChjJ, cuvmmjC, JphjJ, jml Flo iR vpv ku nl. Dpn l cuYl mJObJj cbyF& Mnjl 150 uK uk jnll. lcU hjm Infrastructure vn n myy mbiv SH. Sm. D. pmll pml cCl vb$l kv Jkml KU Iu n OjC cbyF& mbJiC Jkm箳 D[ Cj Dn. pj cbyF& MbI kj Dmu lj Infrastructure DC c cCJj IjybOC ovn iRv Sk JU uv ou iu hnp. cb$u l JM (vJ cbyF&) n Dblj 41 k.c. Dmv, Jmu mOjChC o[ lm uil. cbyF& ^vmny&j Euk lj Puvblj n Dblj 28 k.c. nF&u J lL cbyF&kjbv DO& lml hnl F&u. Dp cbyF&lu kjcv cCm ojjp mjmj 3 lm Jml pll. lln yjm uk juJv Jm kjll. u@m SbpummjK Mnjl cbl cCm Mnjhmv oj jnll. kjC Lu Gc jml, hu cO cCm kn jnl Dmu lj DO& l Sk lm箳 Dl kc箳 kC hn Mkl. cbyF& Mnjl c$ pL cbl cCm Dnl l cCmu cuYl mJO hC&hC GhuyO Dnl J l cCm cuyj nu EkJ h[j j[mjK kCnv hbOj cvbl kc箳 kC pl cnCp Dhuk[ kU箳 ijpcC vpvl you v kucU Gu hjmLl vc&C Pu Dn.
Ij ybOC OjCyyl Flj kn c KuucC Dnl.
5. yu[Dh- khx Sj J :- vJv OjCcC mJ& JkmkbJj khx Sjv Ij JkCJ< ybOv IuC mJCl Du Dn. hjbl Dpn Jkmkv pj mhj yu[Dh h yu[Dh SjJj JJnj kjl Dmlu lj cnj^ DvjMh Hwu@ D@kw (MOFA) vmj D@cWcO khx Sj vco kjll. pj mJ& JJnj khx SjJj JnJ Dmlu lj mDj km, u@y F.mjK k@cv Sj hu@v hm kjlv SH.Sm.D.cO cpu v iu hnpl. kjC hm cpJ uill. JjucC you kjCm [JnuhcW kb^u umcO you kjC DJMk Dn J lm Pum n Mv DhDh mu J mJ& JJnj hhjJj J hhj ynj khx SjJj nT uilu.
6. pv mmb KjoKlb Mv :-
Dpclu cbyF& Mnjl 18 l 20 npj mmbv Jkmkbv kvJnvm ouu vn ll kn Jkmk kvJnvm oC UU kjll. n JmlmLl vkjl l vn. hjbl lyjyj Dp箳 ljKu 1980 mu ybOuu mmǮ kvJnvm jpmj kjJ Dmu lj lm jpmj D@Hm l pi J FcjlǮ Dp箳 ypjYJv 4 kwk Flk mBh [ Dkjl. lcU 1980 mu ybOuu FcjlǮ KjoKl jpmj kjlv cU Hwu@쮳 kclh# pml m@ch [Ǯ jkwkc nku cpJ uil. lcU Jkmk DC mm b Fs Dmvn FcjlǮ KjoKl jpmj ku pl vn n JmlmLl Dn. lm Mmvv 6 cnv l 1 J<& kUm D@cvm mkc pnj kv lk Hwu@ci 500 l 1000 . Flk vcc$ m@ch [ Dkjum n Mv m Mku J yN mmbv Dhu pi koMj cuk cUu.
8. Ijb J{CN kclǮ Mv : SH. Sm. D. J{Jum yu[j ukbv Hj c Ho nF&u, DM ukb OjC Dn. Duk[ Hj c mblpmjK Ghvijl . 10,000/- . H Dm Dmhm箳 Yil oj Dmlv lL Sk Jkmkv mJ& Hwu@Ojkbv 25,000/- . H Flk YJ oTv mbhC& mmǮ pi Jkl Ilu, DM JJnjbv H Jkmk pyyoj Dn n cnCC kǮ Dn. bb cK kjC Dpvhl kǮ Mmkdz OjC J lcU k=$cjl lj Puu pi kcljl n Dnl.
1991 mu c DL&JJmL OjC mJkjuvblj Dhu oMv nEmiMJ Flj mJ& #$bl biuǮ hjil ku Dn. l Hon mJ&mcv cCmu Pu Dn. p JU cyF&u Hv vkl Du nl l JU 17 . l cv n l oj nl J l YJv cu mJl:u cyF&u Hv JhjC hjJ[u k vn J< Mbk nl. Dp l cyF&u Hv cP yEu[iJj kc kjCj iJb[n Jhjl. IjybOC #$lu OjCl JjucC mOjC kum yu[j Ho nF&u J mJ&mcv cCm Ijhmv JbƮl jnu n i mH kǮ Dn. kjC kCln iǮ Ekcl ciC DC hjJ Jj DJubyv Dml DL&Mm$箳 vcu yu[j DhJo Dm Mkl vn.
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