MJj, 9 c& 2007

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pL pl lL, l cP mbil

 

10 D@im 1876 n oJm D@ukwPb[j @nc yu DC lb J[u @nc yu bm lj DJmcjCdz ju; hjbl YJ<l mbhC& cvJplǮ D<n youv kCj ju. oJM D@ukwPb[j yu bv h@jmcO ymv yBH[& L jnCN J[ubM uH ljlv mbY<C ku. hJa kc DbljJj DJp hnJCl yu MmJ Pu nl. hjbl Dl lbv l箳 h{ hTu ku nl. llv mboMJnv #$箳 vJ i hn Pu nl. lvblj #$l mll il nl iu DC iu 15-20 J<l lj cyF&uHv, H@kwm, F&-cu, Ghn DM kllj cOclv mbhC& pi pJU DCC D&kjk kc I[u Dn.
uPc箳 DJphmv l h@h mbil箳 kwhl jivm oTv, cyF&u Hvv mO piYj Dhu mcp mLhl ku Dn. ulv, Jnvlv plv, okvl, n@ucO D#jM: kn, kJnn cyF&u yu Jplv Sk l EkJ kCv kC cyF&uJj yulv oml.
cyF&u Hv lb$ n hm&vu j[D mmcJj DOjl Dn. n hl ^k [^Jnm& DC hum oul Jhju pl nl. kjl L[ DbljJj SkckbM mbhk& JCl col nl nl. Kh c cCl mbhk& cOc cnCv l Ghi nl vJnl. cO yuC DC SkC ovn i Skoc kjl l vJnl. Sk JU Sk i mO nl nl. n hl pml Gh nCm ovn kj mbY<C nC ijp nl. lm lb$%vl Dvk you Jnu nJl, J%vkbv pCJ Pu nl. lm Kh lv uu nl. lvlv 1946 cO mW uF&mcO hnu cyF&u pU k&vJl Pu. lm JYidz hl DJubyu iu. ll Hv nC kjCj mMvm nl. Mnjhjl cyF&u Hv kc ul nl. hjbl yN JU Hv v uiC, HvJju mbY<C v Sk v C i I[l nl.
1940-45 ojcv yu iMUl cyF&u kc DOk biu nCm lk Mnjl s s JYi h[v mbY<Clu D[LU oj nF&u, Dm Jl nl. DL&l n kc lJ{ mh vJnl. Jlbykdz mhkw^c yB[dm箳 JljCcU, pJUpJU 20 J<vblj cyF&u Hv kc KN DL&v Jil m Pu. DC mjkj uHv D@HmcO Hv ICm uiuu ubyuk l# Kh unv Pu.
cyF&u Hv omj vJ muuj Hv Dn. kjC cyF&u Hvm SK Mnj Dvk s JYi h[J uill. l lk JYiu `mu` cnCll. mucO p b$C Dml. lj Hv kc ul. lk mu Dkj cOcM箳 hUmjK <kv Dml. lk <kvl cOYi ym mMv Dml. ll ^vmcj EkJ jmJnj DC Sk D@vv ymJuu Dml. lk JYil jJk mbK @vum hjJuu Dmll DC l hvn hvn Jhju pll. cyF&u pUcO Hv JhjCNb mbK pml Pu lj @vum mbK lJ{Ǯ jnl. hjbl JYi pml h[u k, Sk @vu JiJiU JYi Sk JU Jh Mkll. lcU SKo Hv Sk mucOv omN mucO iu ljn cyF&u uHv mJEi D@Hmj l mucOu pml lJl mivu cUJv ou pl. lcU DhC uby Jm kjlv m, lk mu Dhu cyF&u kc u jnu kUp Il Dml. mJEi mMvcO Dvk muuj Hv oKu Ilu pl Dml. MJ l JiJiU oMbv, JiJiU kC hJJ uill. n ibliblǮ kc mMvcOu mbiCk kjll. mucO HjCj D@vv, mu箳 k#lu mJ& muuj mLl pCv Il Dml. DMlNnv Dhu cyF&u kc v Lbyl, mll u Dml.
oJmlǮ YicO cyF&u Ojkb mbKn Kh Dml. lcU Hv kjCNb DC ICNb cCn DOk Dml. DM JU cyF&u vJk&m yjǮ ymmMvm uill. mO cyF&uOjkb mbK mll J{l Dn. lcCl ymmMvm mbKn J{l Dn. Ho Dm nl k, kc JlM Jhvn mbY<C mh Sk l. kc JlMm unv y@j u Mkl. h&v cyF&u Hv Dkj DC Ekcl ovnn kc nl DC mO DhC n hnl Dnl.
1980 DO cyF&u HvOjk n kJU Gpk EkJ Dl cnJ箳 J nl. kjC Hvm DJp[ y@jp JhjJ uil. lcU Hvn Dkjv c nl. hjbl 1980 vblj c$ mbiCk箳 n[&JDj DC m@HwJDjcO b[ mOjC Pu, lm y@jR k&#cln J{u DC c Dkj cyF&uHv nUnU unv Dkj nl ukb KMl mnphC Jjpcv pu. mJiC youcU vJ lb$%vv ojmbj n mOv mJ&mcvbv hjJ[CN kcll GhuyO Pu Dn. mJlu pilu miU c MnjbcO cyF&u pU hmju nl. hjbl Dl c$ l K[iJhl pTv hnu Dn. Flk k, hC oi&cYiln cyF&u mJ cUl Dn.
1990 cO cyF&u Hvm [pu mB[[& DmJl. Dm Jj cb[Cl Du. [pu lb$cU lk mu #cl J{u DC Sk kwJvm yB[cOv hJah# kllj DOk cnl hJl T uiu. lm [pu cyF&u uHvcU cnlǮ Jnv, mj#ljl DC mjUl m Pu DC SmScSm (SMS) M@& cmp m|Jnm pvc Pu. SmScSmv cyF&u箳 Ghll D#jM: bl ku Dn. cyF&u Hv [pucO hbljl nCm Kj uv Hyj D@hkwmcU cUu. Hyj D@hkwm cnCp M k lbl Dmll. n lbl Jpvu DlM nuk Dmll. DC yjk DmucU lu pin kc uil. Dm n lk lbl mboMJnv uKcu kc kjl. cyF&ucOv Ʈ$ hJC ylc J iC SkC, H k{C, Ʈ$h ^uj hnC, Fbjv mJO Dm Dvk Ghi cyF&ucU nl Dnl.
J%v箳 clkjl cyF&u Hv iCv nl. mbhk& mh mOv cnCv pivcvl cUuu cyF&u Hv klk JU v<kUphC Jhju pl, n i c$ Hj Kkl. cyF&uJj yul, Jnv uJlv u# Jul nl. hjCc JnvJj ly mv DhIl I[ll. cnCv mJbMmlv cyF&u Jhju nJ, Dm Jl. lyjyj h^uhbhJj cyF&u Hv u kjC EkJ ybo kjCn llk Okw jl. kjC l JU h[Cj Ci pj h^u h ICm kjCYl ju lj kJ{ c DiǮ mbku lW[ J uiu. kuhvn kjJl vn.
SK Gc Y<Cl, jbil Duu vkl #klv cyF&u Eji Jpu lj l J箳 EkJ kukj箳 k&cl miUbv Jl l. Yv lk cyF&uOjkv Ju hnp.
cCmyjyj mll kC myl kjl? Dmb Sk k[b cP unvhC ncKm Jjub pb DC lb Gj `mJu,` Dmb oub pb. D箳 vJv h{Ǯ unv cub k[b Gj cyF&u Hv Dmb olu DC ll D& kjCmjKb knǮ vn, vn k?
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