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yOkj, 11 pu 2007

mkl JjDj Jjlv mk&hLc hϵv Y[mkl l OvƵlǮ! J DhC hom h$ Dnl J? FlJ DkI[ hj# DhCm Phu J? mhO&l Dhu Jk uiu J? DhCm onku, yjku, hoku pclc hm nCFlJ iC cUu Dnl lj DhC hj#u ym Jl J? DhCm n miU pcu J? lj hϵvbv huJ k kL& mbYcl h[uu Dmll.
`JjDj I[kC' n mOծ k h{lu SJ c Dknv Dn. Dpծ mhO& il vJj cUkC n mnpmh i Gjuu vn. mjJj vJjǮ YjU lj Dpvn mkեl pml Dn. ll jph$l DOJj cnCp cvmvcv, hl, hm DIv Duծ. hC ci jph$l DOJj knճծ cnCp? cnCp cnj uJmk Dճiծ jpmk hj# hllv pճծ.
cnj uJmk DճilH& [h JuJwj, hum GhDO#J, lnmuoj, kկJj DOJj, vճy lnmuoj, J# DOJj, cKOJj k Dյ jph$l hob pi Yju pll. n ho cnCp uKl vmv, on uKbl SJ Dmll. pj on uKblu SJ kJwl DhC nCj Dmu lj... DYmoKu l op& knճu nk.
yNծo hok hj#hճեl kLեv hum Ghvj#J Jm nl l, yBJl vJj J cUl n cnlǮ vml. yNծ kLեv Dm kl J, hok hj# iCbkj vJj cUl. hjbl Dյ kLեv u mljkj lm cnkuճv mljkj JCǮ JjDjyu kkmLl ci&o&v Jjl vnl.
yj nj kL& (U-J@upcO ƵJl Dmlv) Dl kճ vIv iukj Dm yulv D{Ull J, Dյ hj# Dmll n cUl Dcծ kL& ol Dcnu cnlǮ vknl. Dcnu JC mbilu vn. lj
 

JnpC DmoKu cnCll J, Dcծ kUu hj#ծ vknl vnlj Dcnm JuJwj Pu Dml. (Ij D%v!) hjbl Dl kU Dn l k mbO Dn l hj#m ym JCN kճilu Gcokjbv vnlj kU vIv iuvblj GiǮծ JjC mbilv kju GonjC Dnlծ J.
k Dյ mkl JjDj Jjlv mk&hLc hϵv Y[mkl l OvƵlǮ! J DhC hom h$ Dnl J? FlJ DkI[ hj# DhCm Phu J? mhO&l Dhu Jk uiu J? DhCm onku, yjku, hoku pclc hm nCFlJ iC cUu Dnl lj DhC hj#u ym Jl J? DhCm n miU pcu J? lj hϵvbv huJ k kL& mbYcl h[uu Dmll.
ljm FL n vco Jjl F&u J, onk, yjk k hokǮ iC k n hj# b Jnn mbybO vn. JCln cnvl p k ƮJ DmCj mk&mcv kL& hj#bl oohcv յ cUk Jl. m ijp Dn kծj- Jl- mkճ ծ. Dl n hn v yjku cjcO Cj kL& k vhm nCj kL& b kծjl Jճ HjJ Dmu. kծj mjK Dmu Jճ? kծjbcU lb Jll mc Dmu Jճ? (ojjp jkJ lm vճpvy jkuu k<ճb kծv JjC) DC JlǮ h{ mkճ nll cnCp lb mkճ mjK Dmluծ Jճ? pj Gj vJjL& Dmu lj mnpJ Dn lծ hjCcm kikiU Dmlu. cjcO Cj kL& k vhm nCj kL& n lv ib hjCc Dnl. cnCvծ u#l k pj DhCm hjCc biu hnp (Gծ hϵmJdz DOJj) lj mnpJ kծj- Jl- mkճ b mbi[ lծ hlv knճu nk.
hj# DYmկcyyl kծj J. n jpmk (hk&) hj# n 200 iCb Dmv, lm 120 cvb JukO ouu Dml. n DYmկc mn IJ k 22 GhIJbl kYiuu Dn. p Gcokjb hj#hk& kju mk& DYmկcb biu lճj nl k hj# okյ mbhC& hhj vճpl kUl pmll pml DծJ m[kv nl lbv hj#l GC& nC mh pl. DYmկcծ i lճj vmCN k hj# n@ucO ov lmbl hhj m[k v JCN Gcokjbv n hj# GC& nC DkI[ pl n mbiCm JCln Yk<kʳծ ijp vn. cnCp n hj# GC& nCm hj#hk& mbhC& DYmկcծ biu lճj JjC k hj#okյ kUl hhj hC& JjC n DlkյJ D Dn.
hk& hϵvh$Jb m#c DkuJv Jum DYmկcyyl Dm oml J,
1) Ju K- 30 iC (hlJ GhIJkj 6 iC)
2) k%v k DYճb$J K- 30 iC (hlJ GhIJkj 6 iC)
3) kCp k DL&kkmL K - 30 iC (hlJ GhIJkj 6 iC)
4) J< K - 30 iC (hlJ GhIJkj 6 iC)
5) u I[c[ - 30 iC
6) ychv ծC - 50 iC
Dյ hJj hϵvb k iCb kYiC Puu Dn. Dlhճեlծ iCk oǮ kծj Jjl hk&hj# GC& nCm
165-170 iC cUkk uill. DYmկclu IJ k GhIJ kj mcv hϵv kծju pll. lcU mk& DYmկcծ hճYl %v Gcokju hJwJ Dmճu nk. mOjCl: Gcokjbv h{u hJj hճYl %v Dkil Jv Ik.
Ju K IJ (30 hϵv)
1) Flnm (6 iC) : F.m. 1453 J@vm@vhuծ h[khmv 1990 hճեlծ JUl cnjծ k Yjlծ Flnml I[uu UJ Ivb cnl Dmk. F.m. 1453 l 1990 JUl vbo ICmjK Iv I[u Dmlu lj l %l Dmճu nkl. F.m. 1493- J@vm@vhuծ h[k, 1498- k@mJ- o- icծ Dicv, 1510- hl&ipb ikkj ly, 1600- F&m Fb[ JbhvǮ mLhv, ybv mLhv Juu kKj, 1757- humǮ u{F&, 1764- yJwmuj u{F&, 1765- Dunyo ln l 1857 Gkhճեlծ Iv k 1857 Gkhmv 1990 hճեlծ Ivb DuK h Dmk. y jpk, mLvJ jpk, mklb$u{, jpJdz vl, blJjJ, kkO jk k Jjj, mLhv Juu mbmL, jdz mY DOkv, kkO vlbv Juu UkU, IvlcJ hil F.
2) mcpmOjJ (mn iC) : kkO mcpmOjJb (Dio Dlhճեlծ cnCp DCC npjbhճեlծ) pvchmvծ pkvh cnl Dmk. lbv Juu Jճ&, lb kծj lbv unuu hmlJ, kh$, Ƶ#C, lbv cUuu mvcv F.
3) Yiu (mn iC) : cnj, Yjl, pi YiuJ kƵ, hJlJ jv, co, Ymlj jv, nkcv, hp&v k kv, #$HU, uJmbK, pun, jp, pkvcv, hJ-hC, pbiumbh, Kvpmbh, v, OjC, Jkj nj, Tp&, GiObo, DYճjC, jdz Gv, mbv-mkO, Lb[ nk JC F.
4) Yjldz mbkOv k jpJdz hl (mn iC) : Iv vc&l hƯ, ljlo, kƵ, hjƵ, cuYl nJwJ k Jl&k, ci&o&J lk, Yjldz mbIjp, jhl, Ghjhl, hblhOv, mbmo, vճkkmL, IJ jpb mv, Iv oml F.
5) ic hϵmv k hbճljp (mn iC) : hbճl jp hl, Flnm, mcl, $mljdz hbճl jp hl, Jճ&, DOJj- vk[ vճJwl- jpvc, vk[CJ F. cnmu hϵmvcO kYidz DճJwlbhmv luhճեl lm hum hu, Jlku b DOJj, Jl&k, vk[hƯ, vcCJ F.
k%v k DYճb$J K (30 hϵv)
1) k%vJ kծjmjC k oJv (mn iC) : k%vJ DYm hl, k%vծ ki&JjC, hCu, k%vծ inllk, k%vJ hilǮ hh, DYhic, kicv, vicv, JkuiCv, mcvcv, Dcl&JjC, hlJl, GƮl DYhicծ DkյJ D, ki&vc F.
2) DOvJJjC k k%v (mn iC) : DOvJJjC cnCp Jճ? lծ kƵ, hյʳJjC, DOvJJjCծ JjC, D[LU, Yjldz mcp k DOvJJjC, mi lb$%v F.
3) k%vJ k DYճb$J hil (mn iC) : YlJm$, jmճvյm$, pkյm$, kJm$ blu hLcJ mbJuhv, m$bl Juu hil lm lb$%vծ k k%vծ kkO Kbl Juu hil, vճc, mbl, m$% k lbv ukuu O, ji-Ghճ, GhJjC k lb Ghճi, Ghin h#hC, DCkJ Jճ&c, mbiCJ F.
4) nj k icC pkvkju hjCc (mn iC) : k%vcU mcpkkmLl nCj mkեiC you, lb hjCc, kJwlck kJm, mLublj, jpij vc&l, Jbyhl, icjv, plkkmLlu you, knlJ mOv, ho<C, vc&C Puu mcm, DiJJjCծ hjCc, Hճo-l, vlcu F.
5) Yjldz mcmbkj k%vJ Ghճ (mn iC) : (1) Tp& mcm- kkO Tp&, Tp& vc&lǮ ci&, mkml Tp& vc&l, hjbhjJ k DhjbhjJ Tp&, Tp& mbJ F. (2) DVOv mcm- l GlhoJl Jc DmCծ JjC k Ghճ, mOծ DVOv Glhov k{, Yjlծ mkճbhC&l, njlկbl, nc Jbcl, Jbcl Dճi, DV cncb[U F. (3) uJmbK mcm- uJmbK m:mLl, k{Ǯ JjC- Ghճ, hjCc, uJmbK mH, F. (4) hճ&kjC mcm- hճ&kjC, ho<Cծ hJj, lծ cvkkj hjCc, DPv Lj, Dcuk<&, njlin hjCc F. (5) #CJ mcm- m#jl, OjC, cnc (K[-HU), mOծ #CJ hlǮ Huv<h h% O hj#, v- m, vko kuճ F. (6) invc&C- hlJu hjmLll JCj Ij (YJbh kij) S.[.SH.m., Fboj Dkm F. (7) hjknv mcm- jdz k jp cnci&, juk, kcv, jml, puknlJ F.(8) mbhJ&k<ճJ mcm- ojo&v, hu, lj, ojOkv, cyF&u, Sm..[., klkjCծ Lj F. (9) Djik<ճJ- kkO ji k lkju Ghճ, pvc- cl oj, Dճ&cv, Dnj, mkծsl F.
kCp k DL&kkmL IJ (30 hϵv)
1) Yjlծ Dճl-vճ&l (mn iC) : mklb$hmv Dlhճեlծ Yjlծ Dճl-vճ&l hjmLl, pv JukOlu khj, o, jv, JCl kml pml Dճl-vճ&l nl k JCl obv nl. mJdz OjC, mbmL, Jioh$, hճծ Dkcuv k lծ Hճo-l, khjlu- kknjlu khj lHkl Jc JjCծ [kh, pilJ khj mbIv F.
2) yBJb YcJ (mn iC) : yBJb Jճ&, jPkn& yBJ Jճ&, khj yBJ, jdzJjCծ k<&, vk, hoƵJ icC yBJ, DiC yBJ, vy[&, Dճ.[.y.Dճ., Flj kdz mbmL, SJwPc yBJ, pilJ yBJ, jPkn& yBJ co OjC, mcl F.
3) mJdz DL&kkmL (mn iC) : DL&mbJuhծ hLcJ cnl, l JC yvkl, JC, Jkn, J cb[l, uJmY- jpmY b DOJj, DL&mbJuhծ Yi mvծ GlhV-Kծ&, Jp&, uK unC, uKhj#C, Kծ&kj mbmodz vճb$C, m.S.p., mvu JCl Jjhmv pml GlhV cUl, hl#- Dhl# Jjhmvծ GlhV, JCl Jj JC DJjl, JC kmu Jjl k GlhV JCu cUl, F.
4) hbk<&J pv (mn iC) : vճpv Dճi, jdz kJm hj<o, lծ jv, mLhv k<&, DO# k GhO# F., pvb JukO, kkO pvb hlcv, hlJ pv cnkծ G, hlJ pvl I[uu jkJ yy, kJmծ u#, mOhhl, pvb Kծ&, JCl Yikj pml Kծ& Ju, JCl mOvv pml hm GY Ju, kkO kJmծ, ojo vc&uvծ, jpij vc&lǮ Jճ&c, l m JjCl Du l k<& k lb cnkծ G.
5) Jcl k{Cծ JjC k Ghճ (mn iC) : Jbclk{ cnCp Jճ, l J cpll, lծ hJj, Jbcl vo&bJ, ITJ Jbcl vo&bJ, Yjll Jcl vճb$C JC Jjl, Dlhճեl k{uu Jclciծ JjC k l vճb$Cm Juu Ghճ, ciCǮ yp, hjkծ yp IJ, Jbclk{Ǯ hjCc F.
J<ǵK IJ (30 hϵv) :
1) pcvǮ khj k hcK hJ (6 iC) : pcvǮ kkO hJj, lծl Cj hJ, hJb pl, Kjh hJ, jyy hJ, hJb hjC, cյil, JhC, hJbv Klc$, hCծ hjk, nJwj yճC, nJwj Glhov, hJb pml Glhov oCN pl, hJb k{Ǯ DkmL, hJb k{ JCl pcvl biu nl, F.
2) pumbvծ mOv k hl (mn iC) : pumbvծ mOv- mbv hJuh, hPj luk, Junhj hlǮ ybOj, F. pumbvծ hl, kkO mbv hl, JCl hll Jl JwJ hC yծl nl/ Glhovl k{ nl, JCl hJu JCl hl khjk, ol k jpl Jl JwJ mbv #$ Dn, hCu kJm Jճ&c F.
3) hյmbkO&v k oiOkkmճ (lv iC) : oiOGlhov, oO cnhj pv, oiOkkmճ, pkvmk, JCl iճ Jl oO oll, JCl cn Jl oO oll. mviObծ hcC, mbJjl pml oO oCN pl, hյmbkO&vcO iճ, cnm, Jby[, U, cb{ Flob mbkO&v, lb K, lb Dpj, umJjC, lb o-hjo mbJjl pl, pml cbm oCN pl, pml oO oCN pl, i[ k ճ&lǮ yu, cjIm, SJou- ou j F.
3 Hulhov (lv iC) : kkO hJj HU, Yphu, Hu, lb pml Glhov oCN mbJjl pl, lb mbihv, Kl, hCծ hjk, mbpkJ, Hulhov Jճ&c F.
4 kvkJm k kvGlhov : mcpJ kvJjC, kvյl, kvb hJj, JCl kvl JCl k# k{ll. kkO k#b Ghճi, puo k{Cj k#, vuij P[, nJwjcO jkJ Dbljv Jl P[ ukkl, kvb Ghճi, kvb hcC Jl Dmk, linl HU klvծ lhcv, yճbhmv lu J{C F.
4 clmkkmճ (lv iC) : KN/ i[/ vcKN hClu clmյl, Juby Glhov, cյb pl, lb Dnj, lb vi, mij hClu hcK cm, Dbljjdz clmkkmճծ pun, Yjlծ- cnjծ clmGlhov cbJ, clmho<C, cnjl pml hcCl mh[Cj cm, Ylյllu clmmbkO&v F.
5) J< DL&m$ (mn iC) : Yjldz DL&kkmLl l#$ծ k, Glhov DC GlhoJl, pcv mOjC Jճo, lcu, kկ, khjk, lcu Jbcl, DuhYOjJ, mcbl lJj, nJwj #$ kij, Jcu pcv OjC, vy[&, lJ Jp& hJj, l JC cH J Jl, njlկbl, lǮ kƵ<, icC ojo, DV cncb[U, cu k Kծ& Dճi,hjJ kkmճ, mhO&lcJ kkmճ, F.
u I[c[ (30 hϵv)
pilu o k lb jpOv, uvb vk, mcj<, mbmoinb vk, pv-vk vk, pilu mk&l Gb, uby, c F., pilJ cnkծ mbIv, lb mLhv k cKuճ, kkO mbIvbv I<l Juu k<&, ovkյ<, mv k llu n, jhl, Ghjhl, hblhOv k Flj cnkծ kJwl, lb hoinCծ cbJ, k-koJ, vl- hJj- JuJj- jp, Yjllu mk&l c, Gb, uby F. KU- <J- hjl<J yo, D@uchJ, cnkծ KU[, v k Jkju nj, juk cKuճ, hm nCj ovJ, mnl mbcuv, mvcv, hjmJj, hmlJ k uKJ, jpծ cKcb$, jphu, cb$cb[U, cnkծ Dճi, mbmL k lb hcK, pilJ cj hj<o, pilJ kYidz mbmLb hj<o, kkO mcl- cnc- hm mLU, vm mhO&, ƯJ mhO& F., DbljU h#hC F.
ychv ծC (50 hϵv) : jpmk hk&hj# GC& nCm n IJ Hj cnkծ YcJ ypkl. n IJ jkl J, DhC cK hj#m h$ nCj J vn? IJծ DYmկc Dճiv, `Gcokjծ DծJ k puo kծj JjCծ #cl' SJ kJwl ouu Dn. ljm 200 iCb hϵvh$Jl 25 hϵv Yikj Dnl. cnCvծ iu Jn k<ե hhj hnl, IJl mbKcuJ, kC&cuJ, mcvmbybO, kmbil IJ, mbJlJ Y<, ok<ճJ hϵv, vl-mbybO, kv-DJl, kOv- Dvcv, yJ k jbilu hϵv, cnlǮ hLJwJjC, luvlcJ hϵv, I[U k Juchvkju GonjC, DbJiCl, DJlb mbK DUKCDյ hϵvb l mck Juu Dn.
hj#b lճjm hmlJ vk[Ǯ hϵv yJ Dml. JjC L HJwl hϮb[ k o[hC DCCj DYmկc Dml. hj#b lճjm mboY&m mku pl. n o Khծ c Dml k ll SJծ k<ճծ SJծ DYmկcծ kikiU hmlJ Dmll. lcU llv vk[ JjCm SK յmk kL&u iC k Jw Pum lծǮ hmlJ khjC ʹmJj. mi DYm k mHl& cUCm n DkյJ jl. Giծծ DhCm kU Dn lkn DLk mfǮ okյ DYm Jv mkl뮳 JjDj KU vճ. n Jv lcn mklu HmkCj Dnl Sk{ u#l k.
hj# DYml mcv hlUkj c$b k mckծj c$b YcJ cnkծ Dml. D[uu hϵv, mbJuhvb mhJjC k DJuv m SJ$ ծ& cnkծ jl. pbv Dm c$ cUl vnl lbv hmlJuծ c$ yvkk. lծhcC p hϵv Hj JC Dmlu Jbk kikiȳ hmlJbl Gj kikiU D{Uum lkj GiǮ kokko IuCl Dhu Dcu kU kճ Iuk vJ. kokoǮ c ypu kv Flj lճj Jjk.
hj# 2 mhbyj 2007 jp nCj Dn. cnCp hj# lճjm lcծJ[ ov cnv ƵuuJ Dn. l kUb vճpv Jv DYmu mkl Jj. mhO& hj#b lճj JjCN Jn GcokjbcO DCK SJ kF& i oml l cnCp onkǮ hj#u plJ lճj Jjll llJ lճjoKu Jjlv oml vnl. n hn v onkǮ hj#u ov cnv jnu Dmlv onkǮ kL& Jl DYm Jjll l. lbpkU kUm 21 Dh#l, Jwummծ hhm&, kkO Ub hhm&, m mjp Dmll. DC mk& lճjvblj lbv 90 cUu DLk l iCk ol Dmlu lj lbv jph$l DOJj yvkll J? (18 k<& hC& Puvblj) vn v, ci n hj# DhCm on uKblu SJ yvkCj Dmu lj l onku iCk ol CN kLեh# pml cnvl vJ J Iճu?
Dl kU Dn j$Ǯ okm JjCծ. lճj kkmLl Juvblj pmll pml GpUC Jjl jn k mjk ծC kUl m[kCծ mkճ ukv I. n mkճծ lcnu yvkCj jph$l DOJj n kmժ vJ. u I[c[m kh$ծ kծv Dlյճ hlյjhC JjC cnkծ Dn. ojjp ychv ծCǮ 50 GonjC m[kCծ mjk Jj. kJwlյjhC, Dlckյkm, mjk DC J bv mhO& hj#bcO hճ& Dm Jl vn n hlJv u#l kkճm nk. iu@cj, mK pkv, mjJj DOJNm cUCN mkO, hm, F. G hC& JjCmǮ mhO& hj#l յmk nC n oJv v kl Jnlj kiU, kOճJ, mcphճi DC hilյu Jճ& JjCm mjJj DOJj yvC i nF&u.
Dl lcn hk&hj# lճj JjCj Dnl i hlv kj GuuKuu hlv lճj Jv hj#u mcj p. DC cnkծ cnCp DYmu Kb[ v h[l cK hj# lճj m Jj. 9322350466
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