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jkkj, 22 pu 2007

}Jcv UJ b 151 k pճbl G 23 p}u Dn. lbv vճcl& okj bv cb[ulu lbikmծ mn k<ե Ƶ# k}, l Iv lyo k<&n Dphmv m nl Dn. lvcv...
uJcv UJ bv jponծ Kul Ƶ# mvk} pChk& vճclǥv Gv p Y< J}, l Ʈjblv j} Dn... `pjv c} o< jk} lj K} jk, hC c ivnij vn. }JJ iǮ vճb$C JjCj Dյn SJ vճhnv kj Dn. JoƮl F&jծ Fsծ Dյ Dm} J c} Ƶ# knk DC c Ƶ# Yiuծ JjCv c DbiJj}u Jճ&} Tp&l o k.'
l okm nl 22 p} 1908 . 23 p} 1908 jp cnCp omN okյ UJb ykVk k{okm nl. c$ 22 p}̮ j$ SJ Yճkn ml ITv D} nl. Dhu Di}KbcO DhC Jճ cn} Dn DC vճhmcj JǮ Y<blj moj Jv Jm ibOU G[kv oCl D} Dn, k<ճ }Jcvbv m[ykm lm kkv J}. Dhu yp ko Jjlv DhC Jn Jc h[Cj vn, ծ JUp lbv Il} nl. mjJj kJ}bSk{ n<j DhuJ[ vn, Dm mbilծ lbv mjJj kJ}ծ Djhb ƮbO Ju. k}ճll kh$bv p mklb$ Dn, l c} cU} hnp, Sk{Ǯ H Dh} ciC Dmlv mjJj c$ Dh} iU I hnl Dn, n JCl vճ, Dm hjK[ mk} UJbv vճ}l GhmLl J}. UJbv yByiȳծ Dlծj Dhu} vhmbl Dmuծ vճ}m p mbil} l mj {bi Dn, Dm ko D@[knJ pvj}v J}. cphwHjhj} JjCl D}u y@cymHb vc Jv l Jlծ UJbv Dhu Di}KbcOv mcL&vծ J} Dn, Dmn Djh D@[knJ pvj}v J}.

 


Dp }Jcv UJbkժ }}u l jponծ Kuծ mcjC Dյm, J }Jcvb k{okյǮ GƵjhճեl }}u l Kul }Jcvbv mn k<& Jȳ hCծ Ƶ# P}. l Ƶ# mclbn Dl bYj nl Dn. 24 p} 1908 jp }Jcvbv SJ Km jukv Dncoyol myjcl} vCl D} DC lLv h{ ov cnvbv cb[}m lbv hkCl D}. }Jcvb 151 k pճbl G 23 p}u, lj lbv mn k<ե Ƶ# vճcl& okj bv o} ln Dl bYjl hoh&C Jjl Dn.
}Jcvbv p Di}K }Kvy} Ƶ# P}, l SJC D }KbhJ `oծ oo&k' n Di}K DC ov mH mv Sk{ծ hjl }Jcvb }Kv nl. Gk&jl hծ Di}K DC mH mv }Jcvb Gpk nl vծճ& J<Cp hYJj K[}Jj b }KClv Glj}u nl. }Jcvbv vճmvmcj Jvm hJ cpJ }KC Dh} nl, Gj}} }Kv Dh} vknl, Dm cn} vn. mbhoJ cnCv mk& pyyoj Dh} Dn, Dmn lbv cn}} vknl. lm l cnC} Dml lj Jn Di}K lb vknl, Dm mbiCmjK P} Dml. mjJj} hl hJ[ճծ SJn mbO }Jcvbv m[} vn. p Di}Kbk<ճ mjJj hv G} nl, lhJ SJ `onj Fj' n nl DC lծ mklծ cU `J}Jʳm p lթC inmLbv yByiU lճj J} Jbk Ghճil DC} lb [J Hj} nl, l bJծ vn,' Dյ nl. n Di}K `Jmj' 29 c 1908 DbJl hm P} Dn. l UJbv }n}} vn. yByiȳծ Kj DL&, yBy iȳծ jnm, n Ghճ JT vnl, hp DC jpJlե oo&k- Di}Kb }Kv K[}Jj b nl.
}Jcvbkj YjCl D}} jponծ n omj K} nl. 1897 cO }Jcvbkj jponծ hn} K} YjCl D}. lvblj mjJj on k<եnv DOJ JU Lby}, n DvJb ov kյ< nl. cObljǮ JUl Dm DvJ hmbi Tv i}, J UJ Dl mh[Cj Dm okmճb mcp nF&. hn} K} n UJbv ybkթ׮ pn} jpJjClv mbhkv JCծ [k nl.
1896 cO o<JUkթ׮ cncl UJbv iblkճծ hϳlv ybv J} nl. o<JUծ vc Jv UJ ikikծ lJNbv, mk&mcvbv mbIl Jv mbI<&m m Jjl Dnl DC ikik n Dmbl< hmjl jn} lj ybv jp JjC p[ pF&}, Dm lknծ cbyF& F}Kծ iknv&j kuc mB[nm& v }b[v} JUk} nl.

oo&k cnCp mB[nm& 1900 cO pkn iknv&jhokժv vk P} lkn lծ hlU cbyF&l GYjCծ hϳlv vcml vlbv m J}. UJbv [kծճծ Gv ckUbv KU}} l DCK SJ KU nl. UJb Jvkj n i h[lծ lbv lm J[[v kjO J} DC mB[nm& pkblhCǮ mcjJ Dmllkl T J} vn.
}Jcvbv Jmjlv o<JUk<ճ pvpil JjCj DvJ Di}K 1896 l 1903 JUl }n}. lmj Yժ vJ, n Din SJ ypv Ojl Dmlvծ lbv `Hcv J[' cjl Y<blj Jv lծ hmlJ lճj Ju DC l cnjYj ku. JCl vճcb Jճ DL& nl, l lbv lJNbv mcpkv mbil}. lծ hjCc Dm P}, J y DOJNbv jl mcpl J{lv vJ vT D}.
1876 cO o<JU h[}, hC mjJjJ[ o<JUkj cl JjCծ JCln Ghճճpv vknl. lLh l o<JUv mjJj} `Hcv J[' lճj Jjճծ y P}. c$, lծ DOj ITv lJNbv col Jjճ} l lճj vknl. o<JU Dpv } nl, l h}iծ mLv pvl} njC J} DC l hh mjJj mpjb o[hյn} lb[ oC pvl} Yi h[}. Fbip mjJj Dbc}oj yicv yv}. IjIjbl Ƶժv cjnC, }} Dm Obo jB[nv m J}. k@uj }&md jB[ n hCծ DOJj h}i mclǮ DO# nl DC p}cյnǮ v}pj mcL&v l Jjl Dm. vcoj ihU J<C iK} bmjK vcml h{N}m n Dlծj DljJ Dnl, Dm k} DC ci lbv Fbi}b[cO Dlծjbv kh$l lb[ H[}.
22 pv 1897 jp hCl iCKb[l iknv&j ybiukj cpkv P[v hjllv jB[ mnyb Kv HJj ybObhJ ocoj v J}. jB[mnyծ KvcU Dhukթ׮ JjkF&} DճlǮ mbO cUCj Dn, n UJbv DUK}, hC cnCv lbv mjJjkjO J Oj pjn Jc v Jjl `mjJj [J JCkj Dn Jճ?' mjK J[J Di}K }n}. `SKo c n hmU} Dml phcC k} lյ OUOC Jjl ml, ll Dcծ mjJj mLl P} Dn. Kvm p Kv {kճծ l Dcծ mjJjm {v mjJj vpj Dio Hv i} Dn', Dm lbv ll cn}. Kv k} Ov J{Cm Fbip mjJjv lJU 20 npj hճb y#mծ }} oKk} nl. hl#l l Kv mh[Chk& UJbv DJ JjCl D} DC jponծ Djh kv lbkj K} YjCl D}. Jmjl hm P}} }KC n jB[mnyb Kv knճ} JjCYl Dn, Dm knc nl. jponծ hnu Kul y@jmj mj ovյ Ovp okj n }Jcvb kJ} nl DC `lcn cnCl l ivn KvmjK ibYj vn, lbv pcv o} i} hnp', Dm ko okj bv J} DC l cUkv o}.
kյ< cnCp jponծ omN Kuծ kU cbyF& G vճ}ծ vճcl&ho y{l cU}} okj bmcj K} }} DC lbv lkU pcv vJj}. hnu jponծ KuծkU DCK SJ kƵ cnCp l kU l Kuծ mvkC vճcl& hm&vm DC vճcl& jv[ b mcj P} DC vճcl& jv[ bv UJbv pcvkj m[ճ} vJj o}. vճcl& yov lճyp bv c$ UJbv pcvkj m[}. Ivvbljn vճcl& jv[ bk<ճǮ Dhu cvl} Doj UJbv Jc nT o} vn. vճcl& jv[ b clvblj UJbv }n}} cl}K n cj Y< cvob[ cnCv Dpn cv} pl.
jponծ hnu Kul UJbv cH civ mճծ mv JjCl D} nl, hC lbv l l#CǮ HUv }k}. Kuծ J}Kb[l vcoj iK} bv Dճ&Y<C shKvyjyj JmjǮ Jjj mbhuծ JjC oTv Jmj} ynj J{}. h{ UJbv pkn Dj cnvb Ƶ# P} lkn UJ hjl F&hճեl lcn Jmj ybo k, Dm muu JmjǮ kkmLhJ Ob[hbl kbm bv iK} b klv oCl D}. (%vhJյkj pkn Dm mbJ D}, lkn UJbv J hJj iKu bv col J}, n Flnm %l Dn.)
jponծ Kul UJbv 18 cnvb Ƶ# P}. UJbv P}} Ƶ# cnCp okj} mbJ n, Dm cv} i}. UJ Ƶ# Yil Dmlv lbil} JoV KTv Dpj h[} nl. lb hJl yI[} DC lb kpvn yj Jc P}. JoƮl lcU DC piYjl} kvbv Fbipbv J}u kvblcU Dm}, }Jcv mn cnv DOǮ lbilv m}.
6 mhbyj 1898 jp UJ m}. lvblj L[ǵ kʹbl ICm l mbni[kj pTv jn}. lvblj comծ JBim DOkvl npj jnv jcjci& l m}v}- ʹ}bJ}- i}. 1899 Hykj cnvl l hCm hjl} DC }Kv̮ JBim DOkvm npj jnv l yom i}. l JUl oUCkUCծ Dlյճ lJ[ mOv Dmvn, UJbv mkYkl: HjCծ DC DL&lծ Y<C oCծ Dk[ Dmuv l yj Hjl. 4 p} 1899u JmjǮ mbhoJho hjl mkJjukj lbv `hvս nj ' n Di}K }n} DC UJb }KC} hnuh#n DOJ Oj {}.
lvblj J}Kb[l pn} hbLծ Jmj SJ yp} DC vcml cnCp ckU hbLծ FbohJյ, %vhJյ Do h$ omN yp}- bl kokko DC hmbi yoJ Ocսկ P[ }i}. `%vhJյ' cO UJb Kuu G[kճծ SJn mbO m[Cl l vm.
}Jcv UJ b KjKj DC DOJl hn} j$ UJb Jmjl} mnJj mnlmc v. Ʈb. JUJj bv }n} nl. lln UJ DC iK} b kok<ճkj }nlv UJb mcL&J h<JU kU iK} bkj J J Jjl, lծ GonjC o} Dnl. UJbkj jponծ omj K} YjCm vcoj iK} bv ƮLkC o}, Dm mcp hmj} DC lծ cUյ mjl JBimcO iKubv UJ h#յ J}} mbI<& DC UJbv lk{ծ OjohC lm o}} Gj n nl. lknhmv l ko Ocml nl, hC jponծ Kum }Jcvbv }n}} `oծ oo&k' n Di}K JjCYl jkճծ mjJj h#v vƽl J} nl.
Di}Kծ hյk&Yc L[Jwl Dյ, J cPhwHjhjcO 30 Sh} 1908 jp JbipH[& vճOյkj Kojc ym DC hHuuJcj կkl& ov lթCbv y@cy Jճծ nl. kbiYbikjO UkUǮ JUl JipH[&v l UkUl Yi ICN lթCbv HJwb Ƶ# o} nl. lծ ji lթCbcO nl. pbv y@cy Jճծ nl, lbv JbipH[& cj DUKl v Duv lbv J}u y@cycU ov iN m$ճ cju iu. h}m l oI lթCb cikj Dmlv կkl&v mkl:kj iU P[v ITv cl hlJj}, lj Kojc ym mh[} DC lkj K} Yժv l} Hյ oCl D}. Kojc kOmlbYJ[ plv `kbo cljc' I< Jjl nl. Yjll mklb$m JjCl D}} l hn} y@cymH nl.
ծ JUl jhl y@cyծ k ƵJv hb. c. yh n lթC (h{ mvhl yh) Yjll hjl} nl. lbv }JcvbvǮ jhl pճ} mbil} nl, n kmlmLl Dn. DL&l l kU yhb n}}b mjJj} Jnn Juhv vknl.
12 c 1908 jp Jmjl }n}u `oծ oo&k' Di}Kl Dյ lNn y@cymH jƵճl I[lծ Dmll, Dm mbiv y@cymHծ Dhl# mcL&v JjCl Duծ Jbik mjJjv J} nl. `oծ oo&k'cO UJ cnCll- ``cPhwHjhjcO p y@cyiU G[kCl D}, l Jn k<v Dij vkkU SKo omN yoc< cLH Jlv G[}, Dm moj hJjCl hJ[}u }Jb pyvbkժv omv l vn. c. JbipH[& Skp c. Jv[Ǯ Ij oI vjhjO m$ճ yU h[u, y} yBy HJCj K Kojc ym mn kF& kl Dn, ci Fljb Jճ JL.'' Kojc ym } JbipH[& cj} i} vn, y} Kj lj kF& kl Dm} hnp. }Jcvbv lm L cnCl D} Dml, hC ` m$ճ yU h[u, ly} lm kF& kl,' Dm mbiv Jճծ Jl DhC mh[Cj vn, ծ yNhJ Kyjoj Il} nl. lbv ծ Di}Kl `Ijl Jb[}} cbpj oK} lk<v Jb[CNծ Dbikj Okv pTv lm cjCծ hϳlv Jjl, Dm DvYk Dn,' Dm cn} nl. cc ij DOJj b Kv Juv Fbip jpծ Fcjl {mUC Jw vn. SJ i} lj lծ pi omj F&}, omj i} lj lmj F&}, n v JUCFlJ JCn cK& vn. hC jpJdz nkwk cUCJjl J}} bll mk& UkU v<HU nl, Dm o<lhm Duvblj, yծkծ mk& ci& vnm Pukj Dhu hCծ hk& v Jjl lv h[l. l hcC lթC h{l} Jnb cv DllճhCJ[ kU }i} Dnl, n i cPhwHjhj hJjCkժv mjJjv }#l Il} hnp, Dmn UJbv cn} nl.
n Di}K hm P} DC }iծ UJbv Dl DJ nCj, Dյ DHk hmjkCl T }iu. DHkbcin iK}ko cb[UǮ Dm} hnpl, Dm UJ h#ծ ok nl. Kojc ym hJjClծ `JU'Jl& Dhu h$lv lv h[l nl DC UJb }KCh#n DOJ pn} Dm lb }Kv nl, Dm JUJjbv UJ j$l cn} Dn. K UJ nn Ƶkjchbl hjbphbv DO DJ nF&}, Dm inl Oժv nl. hjbph bkj lhk& Yj}} SJ K} cbyF&m } nl. lbյ muucm}l Jjճծ Gv }Jcv cbyF&l Dk[Yj pTv jn} nl. UJbmckl lb kJ} yhmny ibO nl. mvl ibObv hnv SJ h}m DOJj lbpkU i} DC cnC}, `ynO UJb n cbyF&Y kǮ Dm}.'
UJ mjojinl D}. lkn UJb SJ mnJj յkbljk J}JC& bv lb DJ k@jbkj mn Puծ ylc mbil}. l kU UJ cnC}, ``p j} hlJj JjCծ mcL& vn, l oy&} jծ h{N} Dm} ylc JUv lj Jճ Ghճi?''
24 pv} UJbv DJ JjCl D}. UJbv pcv o} pk, m lb klv cnco D} pv bv ko J}. 1897 Kul UJb klv ko Jv lbv pcv cUkv oCj y@jmj okj Dl vճcl& yv} nl. DC lbv mkl:ծ hk& ko omN jponծ Kul Dcv nl.
lJ[ cbyF&l UJbv DJ P}} Dmlv hCl iճJk[k[ln P[lǮ m$ m P}. mbni[kj} ybiuln OյO JjCl D}. Jmj Jճ&}l UJb y}ծ KCn lhm} i}. l KCծ Jioh$bcO SJ J[& h}mb nl mh[}. l J[&kj UJb nml#jl mHJ okmbybOǮ Jn hmlJb vk nl. l J[&kժv UJ n ihlhCv y@cy yvkճծ Jl Dmuծ `m#lJj' h}mbv P} nl DC lbv lm l vճ}mcj mbil}n!
K} hl# GY jn} lkn UJbv mkl: yծk mkl: J} DC Di}Kl} p c DOJ mHJ Dmuծ Y<bljծ DOj mbil} i}, l Y<blj}ծ UJbv Dknv o}. mjJj kJ}bv Dhukj Fbip Y<bljծ DOj yj Djh J}, hC n Y<blj DhC J}} vn DC P}} Y<blj n hC&l: mo< Dn, Dm UJ cnC}. UJbv Dhu yծkl cn} J, cPk<ճ h<JU }Jb cv DOǮ o<l P} Dnl DC cbyF&l} kh$ cP vkծ hjc<& Jm Ill n DhC hnlծ Dm}. hC l JC kmժv p. c y}} l mh y}}. cP Y< {yU Dm} lj SK kJ}hcC mHF&oj vknl. lLh cP Y<} cnk v ol ll} c }#l ITv i l vJ} }, Dյ c} Dյ Dn. UJbv Dhu cb mcL&vL& D|mJ v, }@J Dյ lknծ DvJ }KJb lkU Glj Glj vճ}mcj kծ}. lծ DL&lծ Ghճi P} vn. vT pjb kYiC ml kժ ov Dյ P}. okj bv lbv mn k<ե Jȳ hCծ Ƶ#kj hkճծ Dh} vJ} pnj J}. n vJ} pnj Jjlv vճcl& okj bv cn} J, DhC }n}} }K n jpJdz UkUl} vճv Ghճil DCճծ m$ Dn, Dm cnCl lkn lcծ cv DC Dbljbi ji P} Dn, l bJ Jm}? lcծ }Kl jpon Yժv Gl }} Dn.'
UJbv mn k<ե Ƶ# Puծ k omN okյ mN cbyF&Yj hmj} DC ijC O[O[ ybo h[u. mbh Hj lj SJ okm }} DC l c[v h[}, Dյ mjJj Juhv nl. l oI& JU }}. obi m P}. DvJ JC iUyj JjCl D}. UJbv Ƶ# Puvblj JUl P}u iUyjl DvJbv cjC hlJjk }i}.
UJbv G vճ}lv ynj DCv cjl ymk}. lLv J}y mvl SJ yp} DOhmvծ GY DmCN i[l lbv ymkCl D}. i[Ǯ mk& K[Jw ybo JjCl Du DC j$ l DncoyoJ[ jkv P}. UJbv DO Dncoyo lbil kCl D} DC 23 mhbyj jp hvn lյծ Km i[v lbv cbyF&} DCv ybojl GY DmCN `n[&p' Diykj vCl D}. n y J pCj, ծ Juhv yǮ Jhlv}ծ H nl. UJbv ITv n y jbivJ[ jkv P}. jbivcO n y hn} lkn lL D[Ǯ-lv npjb pck UJb mkil} npj nl. jbivnv UJbv cb[}m vCl D} DC lb mn k<ե K[lj pkvծ DOճ lL m P}. DJ h{uծ k<& oomny Kh[& bv }Jcvbv `hkn Jvm}' h{ mJmboY&l Dp& J Jճ, Dm kծj}. lkj UJbv lbv h$ }nv JUk}, J cH civ mCh# c cjC hlJjv. UJb }Jcvlk FL mh nl.
Djkbo kb. iK}