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mckj, 23 pu 2007

o hwj H@j Fvknmm&...
p Jbhvb Glhov ypjl mll k{l ʹCv KhCj Dmu k pb mll mbOv k kJmkj Yj Dml Dյ Jbhv oI&colm YiYb[jl nkl, Dm Dmu lj 21 k lJl lb$%v k cnlǮ mH FlJ nl Dn J Jn Gi#$ Jubljv v nlu, lj Jn vkv ijpbcU vc&C nlu. kO&<C (Growth Oriented) Jbhvbyu pjc miu hm iblkCJ lp%v Dhu `o hwj H@j Fvknmm&' hmlJl p unu Dn lu k@jv yHvn opj ou Dn. Dյ vkv ijp, vkv mbOvcU Hj Jc Jbhv mll Jv jnll...

iblkCJ Jjlv [ȳbmcj Jn OjC Dmճu nk k Jwl oI&col iblkCJ nk n cU m$ծ vhwl mll k{ ol n Kj Dmu lj `oI&col' yoծn Jn kK Jjճuծ nk. Gc Jbhvbl km-hbkm k<& iblkCJ Juvblj Jl Hճo nl n mbiCm FbHmm, ypp D@, mu, imc, Smm b GonjC ou iu lj l DhkolcJ Dnl n vkJbv u#l ITvծ Dhu vk[ mll Jjճu nk. oI& col n lv l hծ k<եmn Dml.
 


p Jbhvb Glhov ypjl mll k{l ʹCv KhCj Dmu k pb mll mbOv k kJmkj Yj Dml Dյ Jbhv oI&colm YiYb[jl nkl Dm pj Dmu lj SJkmk lJl lb$%v k cnlǮ mH FlJ nl Dn J Jn Gi#$ Jubljv v nlu, lj Jn vkv ijpbcU vc&C nlu. kO&<C (Growth Oriented) Jbhvbyu pjc miu hm vklp%v Dhu `o hwj H@j Fvknmm&' hmlJcO p unu Dn lu k@jv yHvn opj ou Dn. Dյ vkv ijp, vkv mbOvcU Hj Jc Jbhv mll Jv jnll.
pjc miu n hvmuknvճ khlu kn@&v mJucO DL& k k k<ճծ hOhJ Dnl. c@m@mddm Fvm D@H Jwv@u@p (M.I.T) cOv lbv hS[ hok cUku. mSvSv, mSvym, SvhDj Dյ cOcbkj l vnc PUJl Dmll. k@u m pv&u, y@jvm, HճvvDu FcmcO l mll unl Dmll. lb `m@Jwm H@j o uBi jv' nn hmlJ ipuu Dn.
miu oI& colln Juu Jbhvbyu unlv `hbkm l hVm k<&' յmkhC JCN Jbhv L[ծ Dmll n mbilv DcjJlu JJJu, mB[[& D@F&u Jbhv (Dpծ SJwP@vcyu), v@vu [Dj h@[Jwm (hw H[ddm) k jv@u[ y@J k Huh c@jm Dյ L[ծ Jbhvbv oI&Juv iblkCJojb Ijkj mvծ Ju Iluծ mbill. 1957 mu pbv Huhc@jmcO 1000 [@um& iblku nl, lծ cu 2003 mu, cnCp 46 k<եv 46.26 u# [@um& Pu nl. JJJulu 1000 [@um& 10.52 u# [@um& Pu nl. Jui hcukn cu 7.61 u# [@um& Pu nl. pvju cum yJHm mjum JbhvǮ 1000 [@um& cu 3.88 u# [@um& Pu nl.
hC vkJ FlJ Lbyl vmll. JjC vkv Jbhv, vkv lb$%v h{ l Dmll. lcU oj hծ k<եv iblkCJ Juu Jbhvb hjmLl Jճ Dn n yIvծ l iblkCJ cJU v Jjl, lյǮ u kճծ n jkճu uil n DcjJl plJ Kj Dn llJ Yjlln Kj Dn. youl hjmLl, Dm& Ykl Jm you I[kv DCl n mu (mu D@L@j D@H Fb[) JbhvǮ GonjCkժv mh nF&u. hծ-mn k<եhk& mk&pvJ #$lu n Jbhv l Jjl nl, lkn hծ hճun n Dj Iճu JC Opkl vknl. 4130 J hճbFlJ hϮb[ Yb[ku Dmuu JbhvǮ cծ& 2001 k<&mǮ kկ 16695 J hճ nl, hC l 728 J hճ nl. 2003 cծ&u kկ 19817 J hճ nl k l 304 J hճbkj Du. kpծ oj Jc Puv JbhvǮ l Kծ&l I Pu. huoծ ciC, ybOJc k inJp& k{uv k{u k huoծ Ykn k{u. lcU 2004 cծ&u 24877 J hճbkj kկ iu k vJwl vH 2512 J hճ Pu. 2005 cծ&u 32569 J hճ kկkj vH 6816 J hճ Pu. l k<& Djkju Ghp&v 16 hճbhճեl iu, hC Jb/ GiCj hkjn iu vn. 2006 mu vH Imժv 4012 J hճbkj Du k 2005-06 cO Dj Yk 30 hճbhճեl Du nl. cծ& 07 u hvn kկ 40292 J hճbkj iu. vH 6202 J hճ Pu k DjiCJ Ghp&v 16 hճbkj iu. iu D cnv muծ Yk mll k{l Dn k l mO 153 hճ Dn. jpծ Gu{u 24 u# Dm& nl.
hC n Dj oI& colmǮ vkn, lj k<&-ov k<եmn Ik Dm cnCl Cj vn. lb$J kյu<C JjCN DvJbv ll Duhcolm- ov-j cnvbm- iblkCJ JjCm l yj ku, lj Dhu Yb[ku ph FƮsCNbv l YkCj vn.
oI&col iblkCJ n vnc uiCN kmlb vc&l JjCN Jbhvbl Dmk, Dm cnu k huo n mok DL&kkmLl cnkծ Dmu lj huo Jbhvbl vkv mbOv, vk lb$%v Hjm Cj vn. lcU JkU l Jbhv hVm k bYj k<& Dmllkl Dnl, cnCv ll vkv Dmk Dm cnCl Cj vn. SJkmk lJl, lb$%v Dv #$bl Ycldz ilv pl Dmuv oI& colm lb$%vOl Jbhvbvծ pml cnk ou hnp.
iu Dk[l pb lcn k mncn DJ[ hm Pu, ll Dknbm D<O JbhvǮ GuuK cnkծ jk. Dknbmծ pv mncnǮ kկ 443.1 J hճ nl k vJwl vH 80.60 J hճ nl. Yb[ku 23 J hճ Dmuv DjiCJ Ghp&v mncnm 35.4 hճ h[l. Dknbmծ k<&DKj [mbyj Dn. [mbyj 06 k<& kկ 936 J hճ nl k vJwl vH 169.03 J hճ nl. [mbyj 07 k<& kկ 1000 J hճbkj pk k vH 184 J hճ Pu lj Ghp&v Djci 80 hճ h[u. mO Yk 1420 hճ Dn. k<&Yjlu Jcv k Jcu Yk 1150 k 1750 hճ nl. hvn Yk 1700 l 1800 hճ nCծ Kh Jwl Dn. SJ ynjdz pv D<O Jbhv Dmuv #$l pbv iblkCJ Jjճծ Dn, lbv h{u cnv-ov cnvbl Dknbm pkn 1200 l 1250 hճb ojcv omu lkn Dknbmծ Kjo, iucJ& Hc&, uhvhcC n iblkCJ cHJ vH h{u k<&Yjl oTv pF&u.
JkU kkO cnCv iblkCJ JjCNbvǮ D<O #$ vk[k. DvL Tp&, Fbpvdzjbi, m@hwkDj nǮ #$ oI& colm Gc!