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jkkj, 12 D@im 2007

Yjl-hJmlv bl muKծ k khj mbybO k{k Dm pil JCun kC Jw vn. JjC Dhu lCklծ lb Hճo Dn. hJmlvlu DljJ cmuc culkko DC Yjllu cLH nbolkko n oIn hl#l DcjJ- jh- v bvծ col Jjl Dnl. ծծ DL& n J, DKb[ Yjlu mkեJ< mklb$ cUu Dml, lj l mklb$ծ HUC cnmbv I[kv DCuǮ Dml.
mcp J, m k<&bhk& HUC v nl mklb$ cUu Dml, lj Yiu, jpJjC DC DL&JjC Dp Jm omu Dml? hnu i cnCp DKb[ Yjll (Jbk nbomLvl) Dp 140 l 150 J uJ Dml. lhJ mcj 50 J cmuc Dml.
cmuc mcp n SJ mbIl `kn yBJ' Dn, Dm cvCծ hl Dn. (kmll: l mcp JǮ Dn, n DvJ kU m Pu Dn. Ghjhlhoծ vk[CJl JBim, Yph DC lmj DI[ mk&b Gcokj cmuc Dnl! Gj holu vk[CJl cmuc clojbv cuճcmbi ok b mcpko h#, cճklb ymh, JBim DC Jnbv Yphm, Dm kYiv cl ou nl. cnj, JjU, DmccOn Dյ `kn yBJ' vmuծ m Pu Dn.) Dm.

 


DKb[ Yjll 50 J cmuc Dml, lj Yjlծ hblhOv JC cmuc jpJjC nT Ju Dml. (jhl k Ghjhl cmuc DmC DC hblhOv cmuc DmC l hϮb[ jpJdz Dblj Dn.) c n J Yjl pj DKb[ Dml (p jdz mkճbmkJ mbIu DYhl nl), lj 50 J cmuc uJmbK Dmuu o `nbo j' nT Ju vml. Dpծh#n DKb[ Yjlu `DOJ mJwuj' jnk uiu Dml Jbk pj nbokkbv DKb[ Yjl n `nbo j' Dmճu nk Dm Din Oju Dml, lj mnpJ mklb$vblj HUC Pu Dml! DL&lծ DKb[ Yjll Gi nbokkoծ jpJjC J Ju vml. l DhDhծ HJ h[l h[l vnm Pu Dml. cnCp HUC DC nbo mcpծ hϮb[ ynmbK (80 JwJwbnv DOJ) ovn yybcU nbokkoծ jpJjC HHk Ju. Dmn cnCl F&u J, hJmlvծ vc&l n mbIhjkjծ hLkj h[u. (JoƮl l Jl%l Ykvlvծ uuJ<C D[kC bv cnbco Du pvb hϵbm Ju Dmk!)
pj Yjl DKb[ Dml lj GhKb[ծ Yiu hC&hC kiU omu Dml. mbO, hƵc hbpy, yuƮmlv, hKlvmlv n hbln Yjldz mbI jpծ IJ Pu Dml DC DL&lծ mbhC& ybiuon Yjlծ DkYp Yi Pu Dml. cnCp Jwk-hkj Dm k {J-Ʈik, Yjlծ mc ojkj hu Dml. JC mbik Dpծ cvcj (yo) nn JoƮl l DKb[ oծ Yi Pu Dml. hk& ybiu JobyNbcOu h$ mnp jbivu pl Dml. uJcv UJ DC mY<ծbo ym b jkvi cvcjcOu cb[u cO Ju iu nl. (`Jȳ hCծ Ƶ#' n mboY& cU cb[u lbikmu ui Dn. h{ l Dbocvu p[Cl Du.) L[Jwl, DKb[ Yjlծ YiuJ mkժh hC& kiU omu Dml.
DKb[ Yjlծ uJmbK o[ Jb Dmhm DmC cnCp vh#n Dhu o c Dml. uJmbK DC YiuJl pj Dյ hϮb[ Dml, lj Dp DhC `cnm' yvCծ p mkhv hnl Dml, l mkhv jnu vml. mv 2020 k mv 2050 cO lj DKb[ Yjl pilu mk& cnmbh# mc DC mcL& nT Ju Dml. JCln Fmuc ol vml FlJ cmuc uJ l DKb[ Yjll Dml (cnCp mOjChC 50 J) DC lcU pilu Fmuc obv uJn k mJwuj kUCn ui Ju Dml. FlJ Dk{k mJwuj uJn piծ Flnmծ you Ju Dml. o DKb[ DmucU mv ou DC m$mbho kj Yjldz GhKb[l Kծ& Jc Pu Dml. Dp Yjl, hJmlv DC ybiuo cUv mkkյ u# J hճ JkU hjmhjbhmv mbj#C JjCm Kծ& Jjll. lhJ Jcv 100 u# J hճ lj kծu Dml DC kJm, Ƶ#C k Dji bmjK, bm l GhuyO nT Ju Dml. mc Ku DmucU DKb[ Yjlծ Dbli&l hϮb[ khj Goc Pu Dml. mbj#C Kծ& Dluh PucU DcjJ, jh, jƵճ bkj m$m$bm Dkubyv jnk uiu vml, cnCp HJwl DypkO hճ kծu Dml,FlJ vkn lj Yjlծ Dkubykn Gju vml. vծ D[chC, DcjJ Djjk DC yvmjK oծ npi bv kmC Ilu iu Dml. Dp Yjl-hJmlv ov obcOu $kcU DcjJ, jh, v b c hcCkj DL&J uY nl Dn. ov mklb$ ypjh DC m$m$ mhO&cU Ju pCj Kjo cU lb GKU hb{j nl Dn.
L[Jwl, Yjl-hJmlv bl muKծ k khj mbybO k{k Dm pil JCun kC Jw vn. JjC Dhu lCklծ lb Hճo Dn. hJmlvlu DljJ cmuc culkko DC Yjllu cLH nbokko n oIn hl#l DcjJ-jh-v bvծ col Jjl Dnl. ծծ DL& n J DKb[ Yjlu mk&bJ< mklb$ cUu Dml, lj l mklb$ծ HUC cnmbv I[kv DCuǮ Dml. `H[ DC P[' Jbk `Yb[C uk DC Dhu m uk' m$vmj Fbipbv Dhu GhKb[kj jp Ju Dm cnu pl. l m$ Dpn uku pl Dn. l mbJuhl DKb[ Yjlծ HUC mklb$Dioj (14 D@im n hJmlvծ mklb$ov) Pu. cnCp HUC n y mcpյnǮ Y-jpJdz J nl.
ybiuծ HUC (1905) n l Jծ jbil luc nl. nbo-cmuc mcp DC Jn mbmLvJ, SJ$hC 1857 mu Fm Fb[ JbhvǮ Fbip Dbcukթ u{u nl. l 1857 muծ mcjծ pyjoml OmJ Fbipbv Ilu nl. 1857 Dmbl< n DOJ mbIl Dml, lu okh vllk cUu Dml DC yb[KjbJ[ DOvJ m$m$ Dml, lj Fbip Dbcu lknծ mbhu Dml.
Fbipbv 1857 vblj DOJ khJhC mj# Jkծ GYjճu mkl Ju. SJ k<&vblj Fbiub[ jCǮ nJcl DkI y Fb[kj hmLhl Pu. mbmLv Kum JjCծ OjC Dbikj Guuu Dmu, lj DOvJ DL&v Yjl (Jbk nbomLv) n j cnCv DJj IT uiu l Fbip mcpkocU. Fbipb Dioj ciu m nl, ol SJs$ jpk vc&C JjCծ hϳlv yNծ Db յmkn Pu nl, hC pu jpJdz hjY<l `vv-m' cnCll, l DL&v j k mvm vc&C nT uiu l 1857 vblj, n u#l kkճm nk DC JCln DYvk v yUil cvn Jjkճm nk.
DOvJ DL&v Yjl n `vv-m' vknl. v koJ JUl, v cnYjll, v jcճCl. ciu JUl Jbodz m vc&C nT uiu, hC `j' vc&C nT uiu l 1857 vblj, cnCp DOvJ jkoծ Gon SJCmk lJlu Dn. lcU `Yjl n hծv j Dn' n kOv DvlnmJ Dn. nbokkbv DYhl DmCj `jko'n Dk&Ʈv Dn, hծv vn.
`Fb[m mknuճPv' cnCv piYj DUKu pCj `mbO mbmJl' cnCp Yjl jծ mbmJl vkn, Ƶkճ `mbO mbmJl' k `Fb[m mknuճPv' cnCp nbo mbmJln vkn. jcճC-cnYjll k ko-hjCl `nbo' n yo Jn l vn. jc DC jkC n oIn nbo nl. jkC lj JwJ k yC nl. l JC cmucv vknl. jcճC cnJklu mbI<& jkCv Juu `DկcC'kթ vn. jcծ k jkCծ okh `m' vknl- cnCp hϵmv b$C DC kծjmjC DL&v.
Yjldz mbmJl n mbO mbmJlhmv k l Diojhmv m nl, Dm cvu lj lծ DL& Yjl jkj (lm hJmlv, ybiuo, ʹubJ, cvcj, vhU, Ylv, FlJ Jճ DHiCmlv, Lճub[, Fb[vƵճ, cuƵճ Dյ DvJ obkj) Yjldz mbmJlǮ hYk Dn, hjbl pL pL mbmJlJ hYk Dn, lL lL Dhu `vv-m' cnCp jdzkծ k mvm DOJj k hYk Dml Dm vn. mbmJlJ mc YiuJ jծ mcbh# Kh c k kmlC& Dmll.
Fbipb Y<, mbmJlǮ, pkvյuǮ hYk nBiJBihmv yc&[hճեl DC Yjlhmv l J@v[hճեl DC o#C DHJhmv-D@muճ, vPub[hճեl Dn. lb mcpkj m& ckUl vm, Dm cnCCծ hl lcU h[u nl, hjbl l lb mcp nl Jk hYk#$ nl. llv `j' GY jnl vn. Fbip mcpծ kjOl Yjlu, DcjJu DC Jn Djy obv u{k uiu. llv DOvJ Djy `vv-mddm' lճj Pu (Dpvn nl Dnl.) Djy mbmJlǮ hYk lj Ƹmlhk& ov npj k<& nl, hjbl Dp lծ `Djymlvl' JlJ mk&Yc j vc&C Pu Dnl. lhJ Jn SJcJb kjOln Dnl. c n J j DC jko iu 200 k<&bl kJml Puu mbJuhv Dnl DC lb mbybO `Oc&' mbJuhv vn.
lcU HUCǮ `Oc&Ol' mbJuhv n SJC mbmJlJluծ so oCj nl, hjbl Fbipbv Yjldz GhKb[l jkuu hճ J{ճծ vknl. DvJ JC kmnl Dmu, lj Fbipb jpcJlu mk&l lp:hbp k cukv nj (pku Fv o Tv) cnCp nbomLv nl. Dp v G Yjldz GhKb[kju Dhu m& ckUCj n u#l T uiuu Fbip mcpkbv GhKb[l onǮ yp hjճu mkl Ju.
oo&kv nbo DYvkv hjl Puu (DC ynJuu) DC Fmucծ lLJLl kƵkJ ʹlkv Y[Juu- Dm oIn Oc&ko Fbipb mhȳl mh[u. pj uJ Oc&koծ Dnj iu, lj jdz mklb$ծ UkU ci h[u, Hu DC hճ&v Fbipb jpk DOJ yUJ nF&u n mk&hLc DUKu uJcv UJbv. cmuc mcp pj jdz u{ծ cnci&kժv {Uu, lj Fbipb Hku n u#l ITv uJcvbv pvbyjyj Jjj Ju nl. h{ ibOpbvn `F&kj Duu lj vc' nǮ mbJuhv ovn mcpbv Fbip mcpko kjOl u{Cm SJ$ DCCm khju. cnCp Fbipb `H[ DC P[' lb$u UJ k ibOpbv `p[ DC (mcpkou) P[' Dm hlj ou nl. ibOpb KuHl UkUu Dmuu hby hյk&Yckj nl. (ln hk& uJcvbvn lյǮ YcJ IlucU mbIhjkjv UJ bvծ cmuc mcpծ `Dvvճ' JjCj h{j Dm cnu nl.)
nbo k cmuc mcpl on cpkCծ hϳlv Fbip clmbv ljn Lbyku vnlծ. h{ lj lbv Yjldz GhKb[l DvJ hJj Jun cpkCծ J DKu. Fbipb lyl Dmuu `Yjl' n cKl mcj 550 mbmLvbcOv lճj Pu nl, lcU l mbmLvbv lb m hvn mho& Jjճծ Dm hmlk lbv cb[u. hjbl mklb$ UkUǮ JUl hb[l vn DC kuuYYF& hubv mbmLbv hbllu pvlu mbIl Ju nl. DvJ mbmLvJbv l pvl oykKu Yjldz mbIjpl mcu knճծ vC& Ilu. Jn mbmLvJbv c$ lu kjO Ju. lhJ noyo hϵv hum/u<Jj JjkF&v m[kk uiu. Jյcj hϵv Dpv ƮIUl Dn. pj Fbipb [k յmk Pu Dml, lj mbmLbv-mbmLvl ok cpu Dml. Yjl n j vc&C nl-nlծ lծ HUC m Pu Dml.
Fbipb [khl `vճ[' TH& `mbJwl ybiu' Dյn SJ pv nl. kյ< cnCp l `mbJwl ybiu' Juhvu pvbv hby ou nl. cnCp hJmlvkljJwl SJ `mbJwl ybiu' Yjlծ kjOl GY JjCծ l [k nl. hJmlv hbpy/K mcpu SJ$ DCv lb kiU hbl JjCծn pv nl. F&v Yjllu viuB[, cPjc Dm hon `mkճ' JjCծ Fbipb kծj nl.
hjbl mk&l pml hϳlv lbv Ju l nbo-cmuc mcpl Di ukCծ. lm lbv hLc Jn cmuc ui h{Nbv DC Jn Oc&ko uKJ-h$Jjbv nlյ Oju, hjbl Fbipb J mu vu l cnbco Du pvbv. cnbco Du pvbv cmuc mcpu Y[JkCծ hϳlv m Jukj no mcpl lծ hlƯ Gcu. Fbipbv vcJ l nk nl, ljn ibOpb kJwlckծ, pkvյuǮ, kծjb hYk DC hb[l vnb PbPkl hϮjծ hjCc cU Yjl mJwuj jnu. pj Yjlv `nbo j' cnCv mkl: hlc DCu Dml, lj Sknv `Kumlv' n K j cnCv Yjlhmv lu Dml. viuB[ k cPjc, lm DթCծu k cIuճn mklb$ Pu Dml. Dhu Dpv lyl Dmuu Jյcj mksv hJmlvcO iu Dml. `ok[dzv& jծ mbJuhv kJml Pu Dml. (1966 hճեl l `ok[dzv' kծjmjC njjv cb[u pl Dm!) Yjlv mk& Oc&bv, hbLbv, pl-Ghplbv, Y<-hobv SJ$ kCj mJwu@jPcծ lk%v mkJju vml, lj mklb$ծ HUCǮ vkn, lj JN-JN Pu Dml. Dpvn l OJ Uuu vn, JjC DljJ cmucko DC cLH nbokko Lcv Iul Dn!
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