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mckj,27 D@im 2007

iu 25 k<եhmv pJl Jjyu Dj[ m Dn. khNb, JuJb ybo Do DbouvlcJ Jճ&c nll. huJlu Jc&Nb hl Dbouvծ, mbhծ I<C nl. ծ& nll. mcl vcu pll. JO pJl j JjCծ Dյkmvn ou pll k vblj hvn Jn JU mk& Lb[kl. mk& iojUծ cUյ pTv Juu JjCccbm...
pJlǮ GlhV n jpծ jp jKl cUl Dmuv k pJlhmv cUCj GlhV n SJC GlhVծ 70 JwJ Dmuv huJb DL&J mLl biu vmu lj Jnǵ yj Dmuv vij mk u nl. Dvovm jp mjJj ojl Jj ITv GYb jnCծ kU Duvblj vij mkb Jճ hjk[ Pu l lLu vijJbv DvYku k FlJb Jvn vijhj<ob nl kJu pCN kml L[ lj mkml Pu J?
Jmym Dvov hhl Pu lj ynlb kU ynlb Yi n DL&J k<& k cUl. DC kj Dvov
 

oTvn Kծ& J Ju vn n kծjC Ju pl. mjJj Klbvn l DvYk l. jp mvun o< oCl Jճ DL& Dn. JjC miUծ hJj `SJoǮ Ij Ƶkj$' Dmծ Dn. hC ci vijhj<ob n GlhVծ cK l SK iծ oykh{ PJv k Dv JjCbcU ybo JjC Jlhl i nl?
kmlkJ hk&hj ul Duu cnkծ GlhVծ ci& cnCp cuc Jj n nl. hC 60 k<եhk& Y[vճb$C Jճv lծ Jճ il Pu n mkեvծ cnl Dn. clh{Ǯ jpJjCl mk&pC ci iUv mkmL ymu. 1974 muǮ hu Dճiծ Dnkul SJ hC& hJjC Y[ vճb$C JճcU huJb GlhVkj Puu o<hjCcbk<ճ Dn. lvblj you JjCծ Fs oml vn. cnCv cucJjծ vU Y[/ hcCl Y[ hmv l[v omj hl Dkubykճծ ju lj lծn IU iu mn-ml k<& u Dn. L[Jwl, jp mjJju kկJjcU pm nl cUu lmծ huJ/ cnhuJb yyll pJl n hCkճ ju.
74 k Ivomlvblj, mLvJ mkjp mbmLbv IvlcJo lmN hlUkju mvmbmL (Jbo k jp mjJjvblj) Dm mLv cUuun SJ lh nTv iu. vƵl JukOl vk[CJ, cnu k DvmƮl plb Dj#C, jp vk[CJ Dճb lmǮ vճb$C, kYi mclb iC Flo DvJ i Jճ&vkl Pu. cnCp jjծ mbi[/ DJlybO o uik Dm JjCծ hϳlv Pu. hC l jj vJh, mյ DC lvoճ jnk cnCv p DL&J #cl mbpkv/ hCkճ nk lm l%n vcu iu. jpk Dճi, hC Ghճ pv? k Dճiv lյ JCln ƵHjm Ju vmlvn m[ml k<եhk& vijhj<obcOu pJl Jj JCl DOjkj j Ju iu?
74 k Ivomlvblj 12 k hjƵvmj mLvJ mkjp mbmLb GjoƳlk DmCN vij mkb khl k{kCl Du k lծ kU lmN hlUkju mvmbmL KjKj mkճl Dh oj Dn. DL&Jo hbi Puvblj k GlhVծ ci&n jp mvծ cp&kj Dkubyv Dmukj DCK Jճ nCj? DL&J mkճl Dmu lj l Kj mkճl! mboY&l Ʈ$ Jճ oml?
ynvcbyF& cnvijhuJ n SJ DiiC cnvijhuJ mcpu pl. vij mkbcOu hChjk, cuv:mjC, Dji, kJdz mk, DvJ Y<blv ou pCj (Y<b cOclv) hLcJ Ƶ#C Do mkb op& Do&kl vmu lj luvlcJo Dhn yj cnCk uiu Dm Dn. l DL&Jo jp mjJj Dvov SJC DL&mbJuhծ hծ-ml JwJwbFlJ Dn. (lm hLcJ Ƶ#Ckju Kծ&m Dvovծ hcC DOJ Dmuv- llu ll cnCkճծ FlJwծm J ln Flj cnhuJbh# JcǮ Dn). Lu uJmbK 60 JwJwbnv DOJ uJ Ph[hfl jnll. lbJ[v cucJjmjK hl# Jjծ hv viC jJwJc cnhuJ lpjl pc nl. Flj jpblu uJb DI cnvijl u Dml. (ծծ DL& Flj$ DCK Kukuu hjmLl Dmu hnp) k l jKCmjK hjmLl vn. cnCv SJJ[ Jbo k jp mjJjbv DL&Jo col Jjk Dm mllv Din Oju pl Dmlv, lm lp%cb[U cbyF&lv Jl hhlJj k Dճl Jj iU Ju pl ծ DJ[kj ol Dmlv k cbyF&u mk$Ykծ kiCJ cUl Dmn Dj[ JjCj cb[U pJlJj j Jj cnCv Dbouv Jjll lu kjOYm mcpv Ik.
mOjCl: 20-22 k<եhk& i Dmk. cbyF& hChjk, puv:mjC hJuhm pilJ yBJv Jp& ouu mkեv kol Dn. c$ hlhcC cnhuJ hLc Kծ& Jjl Dm k lvblj pilJ yBJJ[ i l Jioh$ hkl jnv i l Jp&T jJwJc cbpj Jv Ikճծ. $h#dz JjjhcC Jp& cnCv l jJwJc Jbo mvJ[v, cnj mvJ[v cnhuJm cUl Dm. c$ Jbo mvJ[v Do Puu jJwJcn cnj mv cnhuJJ[ hkCm ojbiF& Jjl Dm JjC cnj mvծǮ DL&J bF& Dm. (Dl lj l Hj ibYj Dn.) J. jcom vճJ bv lkj D#h Il k n JjjYbi Dn Dm cnCv G vճuճl ƮJ oKu Jukj c$ cnj mv pC K[y[v pi Pu k Jp&ծ jJwJc cnhuJJ[ hku iu. m:hjmLll cnjlu ibYj hjmLl u#l Il cnj mvv ojjp mcj vT l 10 J hճ (k k<&J k{ 25 JwJ) hcC ynvcbyF&m huJm k llJ Jbynv pml Flj mk& cnvijhuJbv oCm yO nC n Jw Dn Jճ (DL&J k hϵmJdzo) ծ ibYjhC kծj Jvծ vC& Ilu pk Dյ m% vijJbv vճƮl Dh# DmCj. cnj mvm ծ Juhv DmucU cnj mv yyll DmlJoc pl Dmk k l hiuYl u#C Dn.
Flj I<C JjC DC pJl vc&uvyyl I<C JjC l cuYl HjJ n Dn J n I<C cnCp ``DճpǮ pkkj yճp Goj'' Dm hJj nF&u.
ynvcbyF& cnvijhuJyyl Kuu DJ[kj n hml nl DmCN Jn ijmcpbv oj JjCj jk.
1) ynvcbyF& cnvijhuJ mcj 1,40,000 Jc&NbhJ pJl Jjյ hl#hl# mbybO Dmuu mk& Jc&Nb mbK H 2000 Ijl Dn.
2) pil vO&jC k mbJuvծ Kծ& o[ JwJwծ Ijl Dn.
3) pJl vJwbkj kUkU Juu mOjCbvblj J.j.[. 9001 hcC Jn yyll hjcC vƵl Pu Dmv, lvmj hճ&k#C Ju pTv hlJ vJwkժv jpծ jp Dnku hhl nl. uiCj kU/ DkO YjC nCN jJcyyl HjJ (Variance) Do i DhkolcJ hjmLl m[um vƵl Juu hjcCb J#lծ Dnl.
4) pu k cuv:mjC mkbm kiU DL&mbJuh Dmv, l mkճbhC& Dn.
5) mk&mOjC DL&mbJuh (D), Ph[hf mOjC Dokmb DL&mbJuh (y) k hLcJ Ƶ#CmǮ DL&mbJuh (F&) mkե GlhVhJ 60 JwJ GlhV n pJlcH&l l.
6) D, y k F& DL&mbJuhծ SJC Kծ&hJ 60 JwJ Kծ& n Jc&j ki&kj nl ծ cnkծ JjC cnCp mkb mkժh, l Dvovl Kmi hLcJ Ulu Ƶ#Jb hijծn DblY&k Dn.
7) mcj 1500 J hճb kvճi n Dji k Ƶ#C mkbm Kծ& nl. l Dji Jbohmv l okKv, hmlin, iCuճ, kյ< iCuճ k J. F&. Sc., vճj k uJcv UJ iCuճbmjK c k GlJ mcpu pCN iCuճb mck Dn. Ƶkճ mk& huJ Ub k Djik<ճJ hcK pvb mck Dn. mkb uY hcKv DL&Jo oy&u ibJ[v Ilu pl, l Kծ&kmu pkUpkU vnǮ cnum uu. KmiJjCծ GoGo JjCN uyO hlbv Ovl kCmjK SJ i cnCp ynvcbyF&l kJdz DC Ƶ#C #$bl Kmi mbmL DC k (kohmv kյ<%bhճեl) b mUmU DC DvJb Kյl h̵ծ KUKU Dn. hC ljn cnhuJ DC mjJj iCuճbcO hϮb[ io&cU [@Jwjbv okm Dhj h[l k cnhuJlu Ublu kLե mbKn hϮb[ Dn k pi DC mOvmci Dhj h[l. ծ cnkծ JjC cnCp Kmi #$lu mk Dio cOcki&un hjk[Cծ huJ[ pl uuu Dnl.
8) mcj 65 uK uJ Ph[hfl jnl Dnl k hl# Jjhv lbJ[v viC jJwJcծ cnhuJm cUl. c$ pJlJjcU Dhl#jl Jn Yj lbkj h[l k h[ Jl.
9) pJlJjծ JJ hnum l v l ml JwJ (Jbclkj DOjl) Dm Dn. DL&lծ pkvkյJ kmlbkj Jj vn DC vǮ kmlbkj pml oj Dn. cnCp pJlojծ JJ lj hilJ/hjic lkkj DOjl Dn. Yu lkJo pJlu Juy k regressive cnu pk.
10) ynvcbyF nl Kmi i[b DvkյJ DC DljJ khjcU k knlJǮ Jb[cU nCj FbOvծ Dhkճ, kճ pCj cv<yU, ho<C k jmlbkju pml pi khu iucU ymmjK GlJ mcpu pCN knlJ mkkju Dv hjCc lj jmlbkju Kծ& JCln Yj u#ch$J[v kmu Ju pl vn, lj l (Jjh$ cuծ 15 JwJ ojv) hLJj cnCv mkեJ[vծ Dio i[ vmu lbJ[vn Ilu pl. kmbilǮ mjmlJ JCmn vn. vij mk u kkճծ Dmlu DC mkb op& okmbokm k{kkճծ Dmu lj JkU SJbi kծj Jv uCj vn k GlhVծ l JCln mklb$ (omNkj Dkubyv v jnl) k hjCcJjJ hճ& [ȳmcj vmlv (hl# jpծ jp 10 J hճ k k<&J 25 JwJ k{mn cUhճեl) SJoc ybo JjC DlcIlJ ju. hճYl mkbyyl Dpv njb ynlb Yil c Dv< Dmlv k DL&J JjCcU (k pib vmi&J, YiuJ bF&cU) lm k{l uJmbKcU l k{l Dmlv pJlǮ kO&<C mkժhծ GlhVծ l ybo JjC cnCp mh cnCkճծ lj cnhuJb DL&J vJybo JjCծ hJj Dn.
pJlu hճ& Dm Jl vn, Dm hmll uKJծn oJv vn. vncǮ pJlkjO YcJ mcL&vL& pilu Flj njb k Yjllu Flj hblb/jpb GonjC ou pll k luv Ju pl. c$ luv Jjkճծ Pum mǮծ Yihjl v Jjl mbhC& mv (k hϵmv) hCu, DL&kkmL, mkb khl, YiuJ cճ&o, vmi&J mOvmciǮ GhuyOl k cճ&o, uJmbK (iClcJon) Flj vճb$C, Jճo k lb DbcuypkC, vkm mcpIJblu hlJ iծ GjoƳlk k lծ iov mk& obv knk. njkJm DjK[, lծ DbcuypkClu Dkknճ&l Do DvJ i Dnl. mbihj Dm, bIճ Dm k Flj JCln hթh Dm, luv n mkեJ< Dmu lj i-Dil kkJ nT Jl.
cnj<lu GiObo jpynj iu u Jճ JkU pJloj JjCYl Dn? lm Dmu lj p ipjlcO pJlJj Dn lLu GiObo lpl J nl k Dnl? Jboy, Yphu, Ov Do pkvkյJ ibkj pJl Jj vmlv lJNu clcu Yk cUl. hjbl cbyF&lu inJbv c$ Yjcm Jbcl J cpk uil ծ J[ pJlkjO DbouJ Gui[v mbilu Jճ? lm DvJ hϵv DC J[n Dnlծ.
omj Yi mbil} pl l cnCp pJl Jj j Pum nCN Dlj Jc&Nbv mkl mckv ICyyl. kj mbiluhcC 1,40,000 cO} H 2000 Jc&j pj Kll Dml} lj l hϵv vn. l mk& cnh}J Jcij Jc&Nb Dmllkծ hϵv nT J}. JjC cnvvdd cnv pun hj<ob k vij hj<ob Jc&Nb hij jK[uծ ylc Hj Ƶȳ P}u vnl. lkn Jcij mbIvb YcJ Flj kU vm} lj hϵvkj DOJ vճƮl J}.
L} cnh}Jb hϵmv hcK n Yjldz hϵmv mk cnj J[j kj DOJj Dmuv k lb vcCJ cnj mvJ[v hlvճkj nl Dmuv DvJ kU lb YcJl vmi&Jjl cճ&o C n JCn mcp J}. lkn cnj mvծ YcJ} cnk hhl nl. DC SJծkU DvJ hlmhO& oyk i Dbo}vծ Y< J }iuv mk&biC kծj Jv mcl}hC vC& IC DOJOJ JC nl. jp mv} DvJ kU L[ vj k Jbpjk Jjk }il. JjC }JhlvObv JC}n oKkv }l vml. cOblj mOծ hcCl Y[bkj DOjl Jjh$ cuSkp, c}c Jclkj DOjl c}c Jj DJjCծ hճ& mk} i} Dmlv P}u kokol Jճl} omlvmj kƵ hճ& v ol l cnh}Jkj mhk} i}. mkճl ov n lm i Dm} lj SJ J ml mkեvծ cv Jjk }i} J jp mv JCln h#ծ Dm DC cnh}Jl ({L&v) JCln Dio l h# Jk DI[ mkj Dm, cnh}Jkj kծ&mk kCծ jp mvծ hϳlv Jճc Dml k jnl}. (Jbo k jp mvyylln l Dml) DvJ kU l mcL&vdzm Dm Jl. kmlkJ cnj mvv icC cnjJ[ pml }# hjkv njbv hC& mkճ nTv jp mvkj DL&Jo Dk}byv v jnl lb GjoƳlk Jm hj h[l F&} n hn} hnp k l ov nj mvծ/ cnh}J GlhVծ l J{v v Il k{kl Jm l} n hnkճm nk.
phcC mbIl Jcijki& oyk lb$cU PJv lb Dkmlk ciC cv JjC i vn Dm DvJbv hcCJhC kl. lծhcC JkU khj k Gihlb oykK} Tv Jn vC& Il} pCj Dml} lj ln vճƮl jCj vn. lcU jpk Dճih{ hϵvծ Tnhn P} lj cnh}Jbv mklb$hC cnhj hj<ocH&l / DK} Yjldz mLvJ mkjp mbmL k Flj vcbJl mbmLcH&l (cbyF& kյkk}, mcpJ k%v mbmL Do) k<ճծ mK}, l}vJ DC cnvijh}Jb DL&J mLlǮ mbhC& D{k ITv lkj yp cb[l F&}. cnCp vC& SJbi jnCj vn.
DL&J k<cl hϮb[ oj ynvcbyF&mjK cnvijl oml k mbhǮ DbiUkC ho&vn oml. c$ njծ kJm pvbmǮ vkn lj DkյJ l vij mk hjkCmn pclc hm GhuyO nl Dm vn n kmlmLl Dn. hlJ pc nCN h̵ծ kvճi n i hJj, i hlv DC i JjCbmǮ Pu hnp k lm cnhuJ GjoƳlk Dn, cnCvծ JjYjl JcuǮ hjo&hC Dmu hnp n plJ Kj Dn, llJ uJvvճծ Dnj pTv k oyk ibv yU h[v GlhVծ jml l ybo JjC k Jc JjC nn i jCj vn.
nn llJ Kj Dn J pJl JjmjK SJ lkj cnhuJ Dkubylk pml hcCkj Dn l nUnU Jc Jjkճծ cnCp Flj GlhVb yyb/Jjb hճ DCK YJwJc k cpyl Jjk uiu k lov hkun Jk uiul. cnCp pJlhmvծ mO cUCj GlhV k lծ D<&J koj (vov 20-25 JwJ) Jճc kv Flj GlhV k{kv mkb Dv< Yժv J{k uiu.
pJlFlJ GlhV oCj k l hlv oCj (jpծ jp) hճ& Dh cUuu vn n Km! lծcU Dplj pJlu hճ& cnCp pJl vJwkj DOJ biu k hjo& hlv kkmLhv Dm Dn. c$ pj hhhhv pJl Iukv hճ& kkmL kJml Jjkճծ cnu lj lm Jճo youCծ Jl cnhuJbm DlcIlJhCծ ju. lSkp Jճlu ljlo Jճc kv hϵmJdz Dovmj n mOum k vkv hճ&/ hl 5-7 k<եvblj mLjkukj k F l mO Pukj JճcO you JjC cO SJ hJj ukƮJl jnu. DYuKkj DOjl GhJj DJjC k kmu DCKvծ JJ k{kCj Dn. vk cbyF&cO iu 10 k<& n hl Dkubyu iu. lL H 12-13 npj khj vboCJl Dmv kkjCh$ Yjll. ljn mcj 25,000 hJjC l cnhuJJ[ hubyl Dnl. 10 k<եvbljn vk cbyF& lhmvծ GlhV mkkյ J hճ FlJ Dn. GhJjSkp pJl Jj kmu Ju Dml lj l DCK Jcv 100 J hճbv k{u Dml Dm lLu hϵmvծ Dbop Dn. kkjCh$kj k DYuKkj DOjl GhJj vboCJl khNbJ[vծ IC ybOvJjJ Dmuv Jn L[յ cukj n kmu nF&u k cnmul biuǮ I lj nF&uծ, hC lv DvJ hϵv vc&C nlu k jih# Ghճ YճbJj Dյ mLl nF&u. c$ Jjb cnCCl cP ov biuծ DL& Dn. Dcծ khjybObv JClծ Jj vJ Dn. lbv mk hjkCN cnhuJ GlhVl c$ I Du lj uu. vkn lyu l Din Dnl. `Dph$ yudzm' hcC H pJlǮ Dnl h[v cnhuJb hCkճ Jc nTv cmJoy nCj n H m%ծ mcplu.
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Djkbo comJj
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