Leading International Marathi News Daily
16 mhbyj 2007

mljk lJl Ƶkp cnjpbv cnjl mk&Yc mkjpծ mLhv Ju. Jճ&kj lb clʹ ppyF& DC hl npjp b Dlյճ hYk nl. Ƶkjճb mklb$ծ DC mkjpmLhv YcJyjyj npjpbn YcJ, lbb Jճ& u#l Ikb uilb. npjpb Jճ&kj DvJ Flnm mbOJbb uKv hm Dn. npjpbmjK Jl&yij kJwlǮ j$ծb SJ cnJobyjj kծJbv o&v I[kCծb Jճ& Ƶj< ohb[ bv `jp np' Jobyjlv Jub Dn.
npjpb mklb$ծ mbJuh DC lJjl lbv Juu mbI<& JnC JbomLvYkl JobyjǮ ibHC Juu Dn. FlnmJj n YlJUl I[uu Ivb kmlv vbo Jjl Dml. lcU SlnmJ kJwlǮ Dbljbilu YkYkvbb Ʈ$C FlnmJj J Jl vn. SlnmJ JobyjJj Dյ YkYkvbb Ʈ$C J Jl Jbynv l kJwlƮ$ lծ YkYkvblv jbikCծb Jc SlnmJ JobyjJj mcL&hC GYb J Jl. Ƶj< ohb[ b `jp np' n Jobyj SJ u{kճ, j, clm, mklb$hϳ ծ pkvJL Dn. npjpb Dճ<lu Ivb Flnmln vbo Juu Dn. hC cnvdz kJwlǮ Dճ<lu YkvhC& hmbi h$hc, clhc DC ծyjyj hlv ppF&kju DojJwl hc, lv npjpb cvl vc&C Juu hjlb$yuծ [ DC mklb$ծ Tc& lv mk& mKoKlcJ Ivb pC kv uKJvb Jobyjl vhC& hmbibb DC kJwljKbb Ʈ$C Jub Dn. np, ppyF&, jCouu Kv Dյ DvJ h$b uKJvb cl&cbl pkblhC GY Ju Dnl. kJwljKb ybib Jbij Gui[v h{ Dblc&vl hk Jv Dmcv kJwlcklu ou Y[CbN mcvlkծ kO ICծ n mboj hϳlv Dn.
jp np n Jobyj j Kb[blu Dj hJjCblv ibHuu Dmv lu yymny hjboj b hmlkvlcJ mkl Dn. `cnjp mny' hmlkJl yymnybv Dhu DIkl ul npjpb pkvh Gui[u Dn. JobyjǮ mklծ cUl vcճ Dn. SlnmJ Jobyjlu JUJL, j$vճJծ pvc- yuhCծ hmbi Dյ hjbhjJ ybOu so oTv JobyjǮ mkl npnv DC lծ mjoj cnylKv b mbkolv nl. npm Dhu mylm DCCm hϳlv JjCծ pyyoj lv cnylKvm ou nl. oKKvl npǮ Jb[ Jv lu yonծ mkl DCCm cnylKvvb cvmy DKv Jճ&kn Ju ծ mbl nJJl mklm Dn.
mbhC& Jobyj npjpb pkvlu kkO vcճ hmbibv Yjuu Dn. uKp pOkbv Juu np jpb hui, ppyF&bv mj#l mLU nukCb, mkjpծ hlhv, npjpbv hoկbl Juu vpcյn, npjpb mkjpծ JjYj, kphj Douյnvb Juu mkjpծ OUOC, h{ npjpbv vk&mlbmjK YJbl, vpcծ jpY<J, cnuojKvvb ppyF&bv Juu vpjJo k llv npjpbv lb Juu mJ, Douյn DC npnv b mbJwl Hpbv vpcյnkj Juub DկcC, vpcյnu kծkCm npjpbv Juub O[m DC licճ l[p[, lcU cnjhmv Puu lb ll Dm kkO hmbi uKJvb c J̵uvb jbiku Dnl.
npjp DC ppyF&bb vlb pj hlhlvǮb Dmub lj ll vpJ Ykvb pm nUkj mhյ& Dn lծyjyj mklb$ծ DmL, Jl&kJjln Dn. npǮ jCouu Kvyjyj YkvJ muKծ mbybO hjbl hmbi mklb$hcvb cO Duu Jl, hjbl pknȳծ mbybOvb oupcF&, n vlb Jn kiUb. np DC uKp bb jpJdz kj hjbl lln hcծ, Dojծ vlծb kiUhC, kjp mbYpǮ Yk jph$ cnCv Ƶծjbb hƵ#C Dյ DvJ vl uKJvb Dhu DIkl ul kծJb Dbljbihճեl vu Dnl.
cvkOJ kJwlƮ$C n JobyjǮb DCK SJ kƵ n. mkl ouuhl npnv hC np DhCm mcu knk cnCv DJ hϳlv Jjl Dml. ppyF& cnCp cl&cbl mklb$u#c. h{u JUl Ƶkjճbv vc&C Juu mkjpծb hjCmLv. ppyF&bv npjpbvn mkjpvc&lm hjC ou nl. Do& hlv DC cl, hcU cui DC `uJ', nUk ynC, Jj jphϵmJ Dյ kkO YcJbcOv ppyF& mJju Dn. JbyJ kjծ m[iv Ocml Dmlvn uJm cvvb lUcUCj uKp pOk, mvhblbmjK clm JjYj, unv kճlծ hJwlhC DC ibYjhC kiCj mbYp, K[Jj, DkKU Ƶky, j, Jh, cij Douյn DC vpcյn, hjOc& Dmvn npkj hlmjK cճ JjCj jCouu Kv DC JobyjǮ cK vճJ np mNb kJwlcckծ DvJkO hu Kukv Jobyjlu h$b pkbl JjCծ uKJծ hϳlv cvkOJ Dn.
SlnmJ Juծb DC np jpb Dճ<lu LjjJ Ivbb Ʈ$C JjCj n SlnmJ Jobyj Dn. Dmb Dmub lj mk& hmbi DC Ivb cb[C Juկc mmbil Ju vmv n hmbi `hwu@y@J' hlv cb[uu Dnl. lcU YlJuv IvbcO ilJuv Ivb mcl phCծ J̵u hmbibcOv cb[u Dn. npnvu DkCj npǮ Dʹճm pCծ hmbi, jCouu Kvm DkCj npǮ k[u cupjpbv lծ hC mkl: hCծb cu oTv kծkCծ hmbi, uKp pOkbm DkCj np k ppF& yuhCǮ DC kknծ hmbi, npjpbv DkCj Ylk[Ǯ SlnmJ DC oohcv kpճ cUkv oCj u{F& Dm DvJ hmbi mclb cOclv cb[uu Dnl. Dյ hJj SJ hmbicOv omN hmbiծ DkC J{l ilJUlu Ivb ibHC uKJvb JLvJlv Juu Dn. ƵkpǮ pvcծ kl& ƵkvjǮ hճLյ Dmuu npu Ƶkvjkժv CN oO DC hknծ DIcU JUl Dյ mJ JLvJծ khj uKJvb Ju Dn.
SJbojl npjpb Dճ<lu DvJ Iv-hmbi b SJl SJ mjK ibHC uKJvb Jobyjl Juu Dn. DIkl ucU l kծJb cvծ k Il. Jobyjlu h$b mbko Hjmcʹl cjl Dnl. GlJ vkovյu hmbibcOu pkblhC kծJb mcj pC Jn l JU GY Jjl DC Flnm JUl vTv m[l. JobyjǮ DKj uKJvb SJ kiȳծ hmbilv Ju Dn. unvi vpcյnm kծkCm np cnjlv nhjǮ Ƶ# cv Jv ojkj Jv&Jm pCծ cv Jjll DC mbYpmn cnjhmv oj pll. hjbl mkjp mLhv Dhu DOj mkhv mJj JjCm hCծ pnijkj ppF& DC Ƶkyծ vcCJ Jjll. Jobyjlu `hvn vk GYjv mkjp vc&C JjCծ mkhv Gjյ yUiv cճYcǮ jpjC SJcJbv vjh ol Yk<ծ ojkp kճu hjmhjbhmv oj vIv iu.' DKj kJwl kjnծ Kbln Dn DC lծyjyj Gppku Yklkyu Dյkon Dn.
SJbojlծ vճJծ j$JLv JjCSkp YlJUl Ƶժv kkO Ivb kC&v pkblhC JjCծ DC SlnmJ kJwljKb Dbljbi Gui[v oKkCծ յmk hϳlv ohb[ bv Ju Dn. SJ hmbiƮ$lv m nTv omN hmbil lծ k Jv ojcvծ JUl kkO Ivb mjK ibHC, ծyjyj SlnmJ mboY&, mLvo&J jKƮ$ cU n Jobyj DOJ mpu Dn. l FlnmJUlu Ivbkj Juhv Jbuv jbi ouu Dmu lj Flnmծ mcj< m[uu vn. SlnmJ Ivb Jl jnv Ƶj< ohb[ bv npjpb pkvlu Ljj, ̳&, lpmkl mN i cnJobyjlv cb[u Dnl, cnCvծ `jp np' n Jobyj Juo SJ ʹ JuJl jl.
jp np
uKJ- Ƶj< ohb[,
hJյJ- mjpv D@J@[c, cbyF&.
h- 567. cu- 540 hճ.
jnu hjy

ol} omj kh cnCv 18 p} 1857 } mLhv P}u cbyF& khծ Dphճեl lv Flnm hJƵl P} Dnl. lhJ ov Flnmb }Kvծ yncv cbyF& khծ cp kL& k vcbJl h$Jj DթC JJj bv cU}.
cbyF& khծ n yKj kյ< jbpJ JjCm o[ k<b&l} Jn mbmcjCdz mcjbYb mcJ}v kl&cvh$blv hm P}} mkmlj kl&h$ }KJv GoddOl J} Dnl. l kծJ} L l JUl vll. ibLծ mklծ Dյ SJ mcjbYծ kC&vhmv nl. l hmbi Dn 28 Sh} 1862 } mpj P}u cbyF& khծ hnu hokov mcjbYծ! cnok ikbo jv[, j.i. Yb[jJj, yU cbi kiU DC y.D. c[J j J}յK, lm Dv j c[mv K hokOjJbv hok ouvblj p cjkCJ vI} nl lծ Dm vJ kC&v }KJv i DkljCb mnճv J} Dn J, l hmbi m#l kծJbh{ GY jnl.
jpyF& @kjhmv J}v L} kvijǮ Yk mbJ}hճեl cbyF& khl} kkO kmlb GYjC }KJv mk& yjJmjJ lhƵ}bmn mbil} Dm} lj l JbUkC nl vn. kյ<l pv Fcjlb lcc kmlm$dz k J}lcJ kƵb Hj cc&J vbo yKjl J}} D{Ul. kmlbFlJ l kmlYklǮ mYJjCJ[n }KJv Dkp&v }# o} Dn. yib pvhk&J J} i}} vc&l, kkO cvkjb hlU k lb kUkU P}} mL}blj, FcjlǮ Yblbv mpk JjCN Ʈ$Jlb Flnm n mj lv Dkp&v mbil} Dn.
khծ hϵmvճb$Cl J}cl I[v D}} yo} pm n ibL DծJhC hl lm, jpyF& @kj pv hjbhjb plv JjCN ibL}} DC vk hjmjl} DOvJ %vk%vծ #$l} Dճkl ibLmbin}n phmCN vkbl ibLh}b Jճ&n l Jl%lhk&J vco Jjl. kh cnCp JkU vp&k kml Jk ibL} vmll lj lL DOճv-DOhv JjCj cCm nծ khծ Kj Dlc Dml, n Ovl kv l cCmby}n vjvjȳ oJvlv kkv JJjbv J} Dn. mk& kYibl} cvkj DOhJbv %vծ #$l Il}} c}ծ Yj lbv mb#hv J nF&v hC, Dkp&v mbil} Dn. Ƶ#Jb mbIvv J}u Jճ& lm, kL& mbIvbn n}}bn oK} lbv Il} Dn. kLb&cO mcpJ pCk vc&C JjCծ nlv Jճ&jl Dm}} jdz mk pv p hJuh }kl lkjn l hJյPl Jll hC, lծyjyj D@JwmH[& vknm& hmծ l}vl cbyF& khl} Kbil i}} hJյv kYi DC K}kl i}} lծ pv&} op& hnukj jml Kbln }KJ k Jjl.
cbyF& khծ D hokOjJbv hn}} vkmcp vc&lǮ okmkhv, lbv L} {iml mcppkvl vkmbpkv DlCm J}} mbJuh DC lb J}cl P}} JcDOJ H}ʹl Flo ib mboY& khծ Flnm mbilv Dhjnճ&l: l. lծhcC khdz kl&Ul kUkU P[}} kծjmjCǮ mbI<&, kkO hϵvbkժv G}} koU, DYmկcbl DC Fljn yyll P}u mjJj nml#hծ kjOl mkYcv J}ibv o}} Pbp, jpJdzJjCծ b khv J}} hlJj DC J@chmynj mcpJ-jpJdz yo}b khdz vC&bkj h[}} hjCc bn Tnhn Dv<biv JLvl D} Dn. DYmկcb cյ kmljl i}} #lp, hj#Lb&n Gjj khJ-mckJ nl i}} mkժh- kյ<l m$Ƶ#Cծ mboY&l hjbYJ JUl D}u D[C DC lblv vIl i}} ci&, kjn Gc hJյ hmll vkovlv h[} Dn. khծ kkO kYib nl i}} kmlj, mb}ivJjC P}u cnk}b mbKl vl h[l i}} Yj DC Flj vkvk kh vIuv Dկml i}} khծ DOJj#$ k<ճǮ mci cnl llv cUl.
kKCCmjK yj Jn Dm}u ibLծ coCl jnv i}u Jn o<by} c$ Kbl kukծv jnl vn. coj#mծ JjJU }}bJ[ Jv[U J} lj Jn J c$ Gc hJwkVl} K[hcC KJllծ. GonjCL&, hk&l, hƵcl, lk k lkJ, momkJ, pnij, Dm Jn yo ibLl mk&$ JǮ hlv sh} Dnl hC, lh#n ibYj cnCl l} Dյ J mbiճծ lj mj HDj bv hծ k<&l hծյ hokov-DYY<C J} nl.(h.5) Dm ibLl} SJ Ʈ$յ<&J Dhu} mbil. ibL}ծ lJcnlmkծ (1980) vcv khծ lJj jpl pճblǮ kU (1982) J{v Il}} l}Ʈ$ 1886 m} mcjbYhk&J }kuծ vbo }KJ Jjl. (h.149) DC h 314 kj SJ kJw JwJ ovo sh}} D{Ul. mkjJjb vkh{ yno lb pvccl vbo JjCm k}} Jbm j jnv pl. (h.176); lj h 114 kj} Sldz, nCN mklǮ yobcO} n D#j iճy P}} omv l. hmll ibL cbyF& khm hll h@h}j hJյvv hm J} Dn DC l cp hbbi yjmjK vcbJl coJbv sh} Dn, n }#l Il Jb ibYdz& DOJ pCkl.
Sm %vmiժ : yKj cbyF& khծ, uKJ-DթC JJj,
h@h}j hJյv, cbyF& 2007,
h 378, Jbcl 550/- hճ
YmJj u#cC YU

cj m hճ 17 k lJl s$hl Ƶkp cnjpbv Ilu. h{ hjJdz m mcL&hC Pbp ol lծ h[P[ Pu ljhC lծ hճծ oi[ lm If jnu DC h{ oծ mklb$ճu l hjJJwl oTv iu. l JuKb[ծ Flnmծ uKv DvJ cvkjbv Ju. lb mbOvծ mkl, kJm, lm JC Jy[J Ju, npj Jioh$ iU Ju, lb kծv, pUC, Ʈblv Ju, ծ kC&v JjCj `cjb FlnmJj' n ibL FlnmuKv m$ծ ouvl SJ DcuJ k jk.
Jmc o iko& mcJuv hl&ip FlnmJjv mv 1699 cO Ƶkp cnjpb j$ unu. (de celebre sevagy) Dhu hpu mK kCj, vճ, miȳ nbomLvl ojj vc&C JjCj mk&ʹ jp, Dm l cnjpb ijk Jjl. hjJdz FlnmJj, mhbiu, pcm cu, mJ@kDjbi, j@y& Dc& bvn cjb Flnm unu. Yjlu Y ouu Lkv, J@j, Hճj, kvDj, [u, cv, c&v Flobv hC DvJ yy vbokv ku.
F.m. 1818 cO y Dbcu m Pu. hCm cTb mD& SuHvmv n DOJj vcu iu. lv cjb Flnm unCծ pu. 1841 cO lv Yjllu `nbo k cmucv b Flnm' n ibL unu, hC cjb Flnmk<ճ lծ cvl DlmJw nl. lv n Jc Dhu mlj Lu DOJj `iB J@vbi n@c [H' ծkj mhku. iB [Hv Dlյճ hjʹchk&J `nm D@H cjpdd' n lv Kb[bl ibL unu. mk& ib mkmlj D{k ITv ybv cjb Flnmծ mOv mv 1918 l 1947 hճեl hjuKijlv J phu, ծ cnln uKJv ou Dn.
h{ uKJ kmokյm$ Kj bv cjp k mbiuǮ hkO&v ohljծ lm FuJjbpǮ Ijh[ ohljծ Jm DYm Ju, lm mbmLvJbv lbv Jmun DL&J col Ju vn. ljn lhbp hhlkj mbmjծ i[ D{lv Ji yǮ mbOJv ojol jnv cjb Flnmծ mOvb mbho mbhov Ju. Flnmծճ& jpk[ bv lj hϮb[ mOv iU Ju, lծ kծv, pUC DC Dlյճ kkJ hmlkv unv 22 Kb[bl l hm Ju. ybiu FlnmJj povL mjJj bv Hj DC Fbip mOvlv cjb Flnm Dcծh{ DCu. vճcl& jv[ bv H2 [$+ b1b3Bb {61 k ƮJlmJ ibL unv cjb Flnmծ Dvv mbybO p[u. cjb Flnmծ Yk DC hϮb[ Fcjl GY Ju, l i. m. mjomF& bv. Dhu 94 k<ե hoI& Dճ< lbv cjb FlnmuKvm ku. `jml' unv vjh# FlnmuKvծ Do& vc&C Ju. mjomF& DC povL mjJj c$b hϮb[ kmbi, mkl: Jckju v hnv ybiuծ mjbovL mv bv cj Y< ƵJv cjb u<Jj k cuJ hϵmvkj yncu mbOv Ju. Ƶkճ DvJ Flnm mbOJbv cjb FlnmmbOvծ Jc Ju. ibLl mk& FlnmJjb cnl uKJv ou Dn. cjb FlnmJjb Jճ& DUK nCծ ov n ibL yncu k Dn!
cjb FlnmJj
uKJ- [@. D. j. JuJC&
[ճcb[ hyuJv, hC.
h- 502, Jbcl- 425 hճ
[@. moƵk Ƶko