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yOkj, 26 [mbyj 2007

u I[k Hpoj...
hum Ghvj#J/ kկJj vj#J/ cb$uճ mnճJ hk&hj# Yi 14
cnj uJmk Dճiծ cK hj#l k jpmk (hk&) hj#l J
hum Ghvj#J, kկJj vj#J, cb$uճ mnճJ (cK) hj# hhj-2 k jpmk (hk&) hj# SJC ovյ iCb Dml. ovյ iCbhJ mOjC 26 l 30 iC J<k<ճJ IJbv Dmll. lm lu Jn hϵvb mbybO Yiu IJlu mn hϵv DC u I[c[ (jdz k Dbljjdz mljkj J< #$l nCj vkvkv mbOv, kkO mbcuv (2006 cO Jwy L hj h[uu pilJ J< mbcuv), hJb, HUb, Yphub vkv mOjl pl, mO Dimj Dmuu pun k o, 11 k hbk<&J pvl J<u Dmuu mLv vk J<k<ճJ OjC, IJlu mbybOl j l hծ hϵvb mbybO l) lcU SJbojl IJkj mcj 40 hϵv kծju pll. phcC J< n Yjldz DL&kkmL JC Dn. lhcC J<k<ճJ IJ noKu kju hj# JC Dn. lhcC ``J<k<ճJ IJ'' noKu kju hj# JC Dn, Dm DhC cvu hnp.
 


Dhu Yjl J<hOv o Dmv lcO Jy[J JjCN lJNb o Dn. Yjlծ k Dhu cnjծ mbhC& DL&kkmL J< #$kj Dkubyv Dn. Dp olu pkUhm 65 l 70 uJmbK J< k mbuiv Gibkj Dkubyv Dn. oծ k jpծ mkեiC kJmcO J< n cK DOj cvu pl. SK jpl pj SJ k<& hkmv o[ cju lj l jpu o<JUmjK mbJu mcj pk uil k l jp hilǮ k kJmծ oJvlv 10 k<& ci pl. lcU olu hlJ mhO& hj# kLեv k hϵmJu lk<ճ %v DmC ijp Dn. cnCvծ cnj uJmk Dճiv J<k<ճJ IJbv pml cnk ouu Dn.
J<k<ճJ IJb DYm Jjlv mhO& hj#Lǥv h{u ikj Yj k.
pcvǮ jv - khj k hcK hJ :
olu k cnjlu pcvǮ kkO hJj, koY&cO D{UCj co, JJClu co; co cnCp Jճ? co IJ k lb hcC, co lhmC, Yjllu k cnjlu pcvu JU jbi hhl nCծ JjC lm pml hkmծ holu pbY com (Laterite Soil) lby[ jbi hhl nCծ JjC. SJC pcv k uik[Kuu #$, vkkU hjCKuu #$, hlJ OjJci knl pcvǮ mjmj OjC#$, pcvǮ mc, pcvǮ mhJl k{kCj IJ, pcvǮ Oh nCծ JjC k Ghճ, kvmhlǮ k{m DkյJ DmCj DVok, DVokb Ghճi lm JcljlcU hJkj nCj hjCc, Kl, Klb hJj, Klb Hճo k l, hcK hJ, cnjl kkO hJb nbicvmj JCl hJj h[ll. (Kjh, jyy, GvnU) JCl nbicl JCl hJ Ill. hJb cUmLv, hcK pl k lb kƵ, hJbkj h[Cj ji, J[ k lkju Ghճճpv, hJb oj nJwj Glhov, hJbcO Dimj o, jp k pun, lծyjyj hJb mbOv Jbo Flo.
pumbvծ mOv k hl :
pumbvծ kkO l (knj, Juk, luk, F.) hC mkCm hϳlv (hC D[k, hC pjk, Junhj ybOj, cnlc Hu pumbOjC DYճv, lm mvծ kkO pv) hC pjkCծ hl, cnjlu pumbv kJmm Dlhճեl vcuu Dճi k lb k<& (Go. m. i. yk& Dճi- 1962, cOkjk ƮlU Dճi, ocK- oTmJj- ob[Jj Dճi) cnjlu puյճ, kkO OjC, puյճծ vk, JCl vokj ybOuu Dn, hnu clǮ OjC (ibihj- vƵJ), lcOu hC kkmLhv, hC cpCծ SJJ, mbvծ hjbhjJ hl (kH, mj, mj, DU hl), mbvծ DOvJ hl, Hkj k yJ, lb Hճo k l, JCl hJm GhճJwl Dn. cnj mvծ mbv kJmյ mbybOl hJuh mbmL, cncb[U, hOJjC, lb mLhv, cKuճ, G, Jճ&, F. lm mvծ pumkjp hJuh, Jl pubcO m Dn. mO Jl JwJ #$ mbvKu Dn. mbvcO Dimj pun, olu jp, hJuh k<& cnCp Jճ, lծ j[j b$C (ik k yjcl) F. hnC DkյJ Dn.
hյhuv k oiOkkmճ :
lu `mbhjJ' kkmճ cnCp hյhuv k oiOkkmճ n. mO ovn #$bl Yjlծ pil hnu cbJ uil. IJl hj# ov cnkծ Yi cnCp- iճ, cnm, U, cb{, Jby[, F. lb cU mLv, lb o k ko kkO pl. mk&l pml oO oCj, kkO YibcO D{UCj pl, Jj[kn hol Jv jnCj, pml hkmծ hol GhճJwl pl, mk&l pml uJj k cbm oCj U k cb{, mk&l pml Db[ oCj Jby[, Pbpm hm DmCj Jby[, pvkjbv k<C k pkCcU nCj ji, lkju Ghճճpv, pvkjb iY&OjC JU, oOծ hoL&, mviObծ hcC, oOkju hƯ lծyjyj oO- cnhj pv, lծ kkO hh, TTF cKuճ k lծ DO# F.
Hulhov :
Yjl pilu Dm o Dn J, pL pilu mk& hJj nkcv D{Ul. lcU pkUpkU pilu mk& hJj HUb Glhov Yjll nl. cnjlu hcK HU, cnkծ mbJjl pl, lm i nkcv, HUb Jucb hJj, lkju h[Cj kkO ji, lkju Ghճ, lb uik[, ov P[bcOu Dblj. HUb kկ, vճ&llu k, HUbcO Dimj Dmuu pun, HU k mbybOl nj (vƵJ- o#, mb$, vihj F.) lծyjyj HUhmv yvku pCj kkO hƯճJwl hoL& u#l kk. mk&OJ hjJdz uv oCj HU lծyjyj HU k mbybOl pkvmk Tp&, jjm GhճJwl HU (An apple a day keep Doctor away) F. hnC DkյJ Dn.
kvkJm k kvGlhov :
mbl lJjcbv k#kuu Dcn mj Dm cnu Dn. mO ymcj k#l[ u Dn. vmi& mclu jKճծ Dmu lj 33 pcv SJC pcvhJ kvbv vuu Dmk. cvkծ cuYl ijp kvbhmv Yiku pll. cnjlu kvb hJj, llu hcK k#, cnjl kvbcO Dimj pun, Yjllu jp, kvb hJj, kvb Ghճi, kvmbOv mbmL, lb cKuճ, mLhv k<&, jdz Gv, ճij hpJw, DYճjC k mbybOl pun, DYճjC Jm hm Dnl, olu cnkծ Jio Gi, cnjlu Jio JjKv, kvbmbybOl Jbo k jp mvծ kkO pv (Go. mbl lJjc kvic pv), Jbo mvv k jp mvv kvbmboY&l k hյ h#bmboY&l Juu Jճo (Go. DYvl mucv Kvu Puu DJ), puo k{Cj k#, pUCm GhճJwl k#, vkv kvk<ճJ OjC F. i u#l kkl.
clmkkmճ :
cnju 720 J.c. mcoJvj uYuu Dn. JJClu lJNb cmcj n hcK kkmճ Dn. kkmճlv cnju c hcCkj hjJdz uv hhl nl. cm Djimm Dlյճ Hճoj Dnl. Jmbv, [ȳbv k o kJjm cm Dlյճ GhճJwl Dnl. hj# ov IJlu cյb pl (k hhu, mjcF&), KN hClu k i[ hClu cm, cnjl pml hcCl D{UCN cյb pl, JCl olv cյbv pml ciC Dn. pml hcCl hjJdz uv cUkv oCj Yjllu cյb pl, cյb cUmLv k lb Kj Fbip vk, cm hJ[Cm DkյJ mci k mOv (vJ, pU, mbJm&, kbkճm&), clmlhov, SJC jpծ k, vճ&lcOu iov, mbybOl mbmL, kh, cKuճ, mLhv k<&, JJClu Yl lm khju pCj cm, lb KhoL&, hoL& JkCm lkj JCl hƯ Ju pll.
J< DL&m$ :
Yjldz DL&kkmLl J<Ǯ mLv, jpij, J cu, GhuyO mOvmci, vճ&l, khj, kcU F. DOj l Dn. GhuyO mOvmciǮ Jճ&#c khj JjCm khju pCj mbl (Il HUծ mbl principle of Diminishing Returns hճ&hll lk- principle of substitution,, luvlcJ Hճծ lk- principle of Comparative Advantage F.) mcpv Ikl k DkCl kkl. l DL&mbJuhvծ hJj (Duh, cOc, oI&) lb JukO. l Jm ou pll F. lm l mOjC Jճo, JU Jճo, Jcu pcv OjC Jճo, hjl Juu k<& F. lcu kկm kkmL, J< GlhV ypj mcl, c@[u D@Jw, Jjj l, ypjh F. Yjldz DV cncb[Uծ mLhv, Jճ&, cKuճ, J<cu Dճiծ mLhv, lJNb Dlcnl, JjC, Ghճ, h@Jp l mbybOl vcuu mcl F. ib DYm Jjk k l Dv<biv CN hϵvb lճj Jjk.
kju hj#mbybOl mk& IJb DYm, i vճpv k i o jkv DhC SJJ hTu h{ Jl ium l ncKm յhճեl vF&u. J< n k<ճ pj Ju, k%v, kCp, DYճb$J k kJdz kLեv DkI[ kl Dmu lj DYm Jjl iuvblj Jubljv l mcpճu uil DC ll jm kճu uil. Ovko. h{n `u I[k Hpoj' n hj#YcK cuJ m jnuծ. jpmk (hk&) hj# pnjl Duvblj `u I[k mvo DOJj' n vk hj#YcK cuJ m JjCծ hyOvǮ cvm Dn.
mbJuv: hϵbl ocK
mbuJ, mbl i[iyy hϵmJdz ci&o&v hyOv (mbhJ& cyF&u- 09371919006/9969539051 )

J<k<ճJ IJkju Jn vcv kmlv hϵv
Jbodz J<cb$- jo hkj.
Dbljjdz njl blǮ pvJ- v@c&v yju@i
Yjldz njl blǮ pvJ- [@. Sc. Sm. mkcvLv.
cnjlu njl blǮ pvJ- kmbljk vF&J.
Yjll J< iCv mv 1970-71 hmv m Pu.
cnjծ SJC vT J< nkcv kYi Dnl. llu lv cbJծ J< nkcv kYi mk&OJ hp&vծ kYi Dn.
jij hJj pcvcO Jhm hJ mk&l pml Ilu pl.
YF&ci hJcO Fm@ lb$%vծ khj յmkjl cnj<l JjCl Du Dn.
cnjl jyy nbicl njYj hJծ Yjhj uik[.
Gj ho jpծ GmKuu #$l hnu cbJ, mKj Glhovl cnjծ hLc cbJ, c$ oj nJwj pml Tm Glhovl lcUv[ hLc cbJ uil.
Dbljjdz Yl mbOv Jbo- cvu lj Jbodz Yl mbOv Jbo- JJ.
`JwJ ji' YF&ci hJkj h[l. JUkj h[Cj ji- hvc.
mjl cnǮ oOcO mviOյb hcC mk&l pml Dn.
mvv n UǮ pl Dn.
Yjldz kv kkmLhv mbmL- [nj[v.
jhdz obJ[v Yjllu ybyu cյu pml ciC Dn.
cnj jp yճC cncb[Uծ cKuճ DJu L Dn.
[@. hbpyjk ocK J< kh DJu L Dn. .