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vkj 29 [mbyj 2007

Dhu o[ k<ե Flnmv Yjldz G Ƶ#Cu mc JjCN cbyF& khv cnju KN DL&v iuyuFp[ Ju Dn. Dhu lJj mkC& cnlmk k<&l khv jpuծ vn lj, Yjldz G Ƶ#Cu DvJ pilJ yncv hhl Jv ou Dnl. vmJv vJlծ khծ Jkmp pnbij o#vl mYinu njp hjmJj oTv ijku Dn. 31 [mbyj 2007 jp mYinծ kmlvc&lu 133 k<& nl Dnl. l vcv mYinծ kmlvc&lǮ k kmlJu n Iluu D{k.
Ju mbo&vc&llub lb$%v n Fbipbv Yjldzbv ouu oC Dn, hbjl Fbipb Diojhmv Julv mbo&vc&lǮ mc hjbhj Yjlu uYu Dn. lb$%vv Yjldz Ju mcl Yj Ilu Dmu lj Julv vc&C Puub mbo& JkCծ DC plv JjCծ ƵJkC Yjlv mbhC& piu ou Dn, n Flnmlu DvJ IvbcOv Dhu u#l l, cnCvծ hjlv kmlJu plv Jճ&l Yjl Dp lpcnuծ hv pilJ Dյճ& cnCv kյku DJ<&l Jjl Dn. hjlv kmlJu mc kjm phCN Yjll, mk&OJ hjlv kmlbb plv JjCjb nj cnCv cbyF& mLv Dkku Dn. Sk{ vn lj DƵճ h@mHJ kYilv hjlv kml plvm mk&OJ cnCp D hjmJj cUkCj nj cnCv cbyF&u ijkCl Du Dmuծ ijkoddij vmJ kYidz mbmJlJ muuij j[& Sbiun& bv J{u Dnl. vc nl vmJlH& hjlv kmlb plvm oCl Cj SƵճ h@mHJ njp JvPkn&v kյ< hkC hjmJj kljCծ! n hjmJj cbyF& khծ Jkmp pnbij o#vl mYinm oCl Du Dn. khծ o#vl mYin n njծ oiv Dmv c J̵uv lծ oml JjCl Du Dn, l KjKj kKCCmjK Dn. lcU Yk<l n kml k lծ oml n Flj hJuhbm hLo& jCj Dn. lծyjyj kmll ƵJCN kLեmn l SJ Do& DC DYcvծ yy jnu Dm cvh$ cbyF& khm vmJ klv mcjbYl oCl Du.
 


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SJCmk lJl cbyF&lu mk& UkUb JbomLv cbyF& Tv n@u n nl. khծ JjYjn Tv n@ucOv ul nl. khծ JcJpծ kh k{ uiu lյ Tv n@uծ pi Dhj h[ uiu. mj Jkmp pnbij hj Gihlbv khծ Fcjlm l JUl (1863) SJ uK hճb oCi oT Ju, llJuv Juhl mj y&u HDj bv l c Glmnv mkJju. mj Jkmp b oCivblj k<&Yjv 22 pv 1864 jp llJuv mjJjv khu FcjlǮ ybOCm 400250 jm H Sk{ #$HUծ pi ou. lvblj lyyu j k<& mYinծ vc&lǮ JcJpyyl mcmc nl. lcU mj Jkmp pnbij DmkmL Pu. lbv llJuv Juhl mj HlPj@u[ bv SJ mcjCh$ hkv hJjCyyl DmcOv kJwl Ju. Sk{ vkn lj khծ JumƮkvbn h$ unu DC Dhu oCi kpmn hjl Jjk Dյ ciC Ju.
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khծ JumƮk mJwuDj bv kmlm$% mj iuy& mJ@ bv kh mYinyylծ Dh# JUklv unu nl J, mYinծ #$HU 600 jm H Dmk. mYinl j kLե hj#u ymCծ kkmL Dmk. lm DOJj cb[Uծ mYbm mYin, JumƮkb Jճ&uճ, DivhlybOJ m Dmuu DYuKij b jv L Dmk. lծyjyj mYinծ ciu ypm DO&kl&UJj Ic, D@i&vm hcU DmCj knjb[, ibLb Jh kCծ mmn i@uN, Okvյm$o vo&< ʹkCkkmLmbybO mv ou nl. lm nkcv, kj-hkmծ o mbybOǮ cnl h$l oCl Du nl.
mj iuy& mJ@ bv Hykj 1869 cO kh mYinծ FcjlǮ lhյukj DjK[ DC jKƮ$ J{v khJ[ hkv ou. Yjldz nkcv DC khծ mv b kծj Jv lbv l DjK[byyl lhյukj cnln myl p[u nl. mk& Jճ&uճb mck mYinծ Fcjll JjC Jw v Puv kh mYinյ Dծsol i@ujv p[uu omN Fcjll lb kkmL Ju Dn. Yjldz G<C nkcv DC hkmU n u#l ITv FcjlǮ mYklu nk KUl jnCm i@uN, knjb[ lm onj sl b jv Jv cK Fcjll Lb[k jnu n hnu Dn. DjK[kժv ybOJcծ Kծ& hl# Dbop ICl Du. GhuyO pc DC hl# Kծ& b lUcUm mbhC& DjK[l JjJU you JjCl Du. mOjl Dbopvmj hokov mYinծ Fcjlm 4,15,804 hճ Sk{ Kծ& Dh#l nl. ybOJcծ mbhC& pyyoj kmlm$dz DYճbl p. S. Huj DC mnճJ DYճbl cJbo jcծbo bkj mhkCl Du. kh mYinծ Jc vknbyj 1874 cO hC& Pu DC 31 [mbyj 1874 jp khv FcjlǮ ly Ilu. mYinծ ybOJcծ Kծ& hճ 3,79,093 Sk{ Pu cnCp cU Dbopl 36,711 hճb yծl Pu. 4 cծ& 1875 DOmY yJl SJclv jk Jv `mj Jkmp pnbij n@u D@H o vknm& D@H y@cy' Dm mYinծ vcJjC JjCl Du. n Fcjl Dpn cbyF&lu kյ< FcjlbcO iCu pl. FcjlǮ ybOJcl yjJ-mjJ lhƵubcO JUphk&J mOuu JulcJl k hcCyl pCkl. Jn JjJU i m[u lj Fcjlm khjuu mk& ybOJc mnl cbyF& FuKluծ kikiȳ JCbnv cUkCl Du Dn. nn FcjlǮ kƵ Dn. mj Jkmp pnbij mYinmjK Yk DC oKC mYin pilu Hj L[ khbv uYu Dn, Dm pCJjb cl Dn.
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SJ Gc kml cnCv iCu pl. pcvkj Iluu cvvծ F&um, slծ hb Iluu Ju DC knjb[ծ Jn Yilu v#oj uKb[ Jc n m[u, lj kmlm Flj JCln mnl Fbiub[nv cikuu vknl. oKYu JjCj FbpvDj Jv&u Huj lbv uiCj mk& mcv cbyF& FuKծ v l Yilv cUkCl յmk Pu nl. o&v Yim khjuu hkUmj oi[ n ymu Dmv l cbyF&hmv vT cubkj Dmuu Ju&u cUu. hb{N vK[lu Jjk Jc Jv kƵ DJj ouu hb{j uF&c-mv n hjyboj Lv cikCl Du. uu Kby hCnv, pvծ m[hlU Kby jlvijǮ YN i@vF& DC Dlu ikb[Jc mOjCl: cbyF& yu @hծ mnճv Jv ICl Du. mikv uJ[ DL&lծ yolv DCCl Du, JjC lkn nbomLv mikv uJ[ JwkƮlծ cUl Dm.
Jkmp pnbij n@u TH& mv TH& J@vknJv n@u n 104 H uby DC 44 H bo Dn. lծ Gb pcvhmv slծ Jhճեl 63 H Dn. mYinhmv 38 H kmծ DO&iuJj Ic SJ Yk Jcvv kiU Ju Dn. o&v knjb[ 11 H bo Dn, lj yp knjb[ hlJ 8 H boǮ Dnl. v#oj uKb[ pȳb DOjkj n@uծ lv ypbv, kj Yim 8 H boǮ knjb[ Dn. knjb[J[ pCm hkjծ ovn ypbv DJv cvNcOv pv Dnl. Gj Ju SJ iuJj, Dhlc mboj K[J Dn. lծ km 20 Hb Dn DC lծ ynj J[u jbil Jծkj (mv[ iumkj) yj jյb Ʈ$ Dnl. jcb[hhյ Dmuu i@LJ hlǮ IcJj sl n Jcvb hjmhjkjO j< vmucU Kh kƵhC& Pu Dn. Icծ j< Dյ J{u Dnl J oi[b mbO m[vn Joj JcvbcOv l mnphC kj ll. n oi[ Jc Dlյճ hlU DC FlJ nuJ Dn J lcU ynj Yl DC lbv ouu DOj kj Jc Yj h[l.
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o[ k<ե JukOl vknm& D@H y@cy cbyF& kh Pu. Ƶ#J DC kL& bl h{vd h{bl mbko nl jnu. DvJ kU DYmկcl you Pu, vkvk hhmlJ vcu iu, vkvk k<ճ DYmկcl DblY&l Pu, vk kYi khl m Pu. khծ op&l {Glj Pu, vk Jճo ui Pu. Jkmp pnbij mYinv n mj mLlblj hnu Dnl. mkkյ k<եnv DOJ JU khծ hjmjl Ivb cJ m#oj DmumjK n kmlƵuh lL GY Dn.
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kml vc&C Ju Dn n Ovl l, pC l h<Clu Jkծ Dn. lծ nlUC llJwծ vpJlv Jjkճm nk.
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kj shjծ Ybll Ʈj h[uծ lm oi[ vKUv Duծn omv Du. Yllu Du lj k{lծ uu nl. cnCp hճcOv Cj pcvlu hC k<&vk<& oi[b Ljl PjhucU Jn JC Jhծ vIu nl. J J hh[ vIu nl. mծCN hkmU hCu k Jv oTv l hCծ vծj nCm p cK c kmll kll, lbv icK cnCll. kmlkJ khծ kmll icKm kvo l<hobn jv Juu D{Ul. llJuv DvJ oi[ kmlbcO nծ hJj D{Ul. sl DC icK b omlm lm hCծ PjhC LbykCm vK[Ǯ DC pujOJ cʹCծ Lj ubhC DkյJ nl. oi[l Jjuu DvJ cl&, mlbY DC mծ Kjy Pu nl, c[u nl. lb oml Jbk l youC n lծ hJj pv mnl khժv JjC DkյJ nl. m kmljvյm$l p oml hlu [cv jhDj JwvJ Dm cnCll. lǮ hl i cnCv DkubyCl Du.
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mYinծ khj cKlkJv hokov mcjbY lm kյ< hokovծ hmbi nl. DOmY mY k mcl-kKvb kUn n Ghճil l. mYinծ ʹldzpvyyln Jn lկj nl. lp%b muuvmj lկjbJ[n u# hjkCl Du. cU ybOCl JclJc {kU{kU, K$Ǯ mnl, ybOJcծ pv hlǮ k vk lb$%vծ DYm Jv yjJ mjJ lhյu jkv SJ kƵ hl DKCl Du DC ci SJծ kU DvJ c DhDhu Jcu uiu. DhC Jn lj kiU Jc Jv oKkl Dnl ծ DYcv Jjijbv DmucU vcv ouu Jc kյ< JUphk&J Jjl nl. Jkmp pnbij mYinmjK vpJlǮ SlnmJ kml plv DC mbkO&v Jjlv hlJծ kkmƳJ DYcv mYinu Dp hhl Puu uJJkժv omv l. DY vjճC uby b vllkKu DvJ c Jc Jjl jnu. lb Jcծ hϵbm knk m mkեv GlJ Jc Ju Dn. mkl boi{Jj bv mv[ ium Ju hƵ#C Iluu jnbiv DC hjkv cm$ oIbyjyj jbil Jծ oml Jv lbv vk JJ hhl Jv ou Dn.
kml kյ< oKYu Puv mYinծ pkvcv vƵlծ k{u Dn. SJCmk lJlu kmlu vklթC hhl Pu Dmv cbyF& khvcJ %vmiju KN DL&v mYinծ hv hj J[ uYu Dn DC n kml %vmijծ mbo&ybo Dn.
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