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yOkj, 16 pvkj 2008

Dճ.S.Sm. n Fbip yjK[lu vml kC& vknl. Jnbm l yuhChmvծ mkhv, Jnbm mhճեl vCj jpci& DC Jn cpJwbm DvJ ciեv- hlbv Dhu oybOkb mk JjCծ uv Duu hk$ mbO! lcծyjyj uK uJb pkv you JCj `c[m ' Dn l HJwl vijmkbcOu JjDj cO JGj hj#b 1855 cOu mklvblj (l lkn ub[vcO Ilu pl) Dphճեl DvJ ibcO Dio Juhvll you Pu, hC SJ i c$ JOn youu vn l cnCp vijmkk<ճǮ DJ<&C!
Jbodz uJmk Dճi (Union Public Service Commission) n Yjldz uJnǮ DOjmlbYbhJ SJ cnkծ mbkOvJ Dճi. Yjldz kkmL SJboj mkժh u#l Il, pl, Oc&, hbL, ki&, ubi kj DOjl h#hl, YoYk Uv, olu YiuJ- mbmJlJ kkOծ, hjbhjb mL& DYcv pkCm hSmmmjK mbkOvJ jv ijp Dio vmi&J k mkYkJ nl.
mklb$hhlǮ kU Yjl n SJ vk jp nl. Yjldz mcpծ kJm k GVlǮ Jճ&l hϵmJdz kkmL YcJ Dh#l nl. ybv ybOuu vJjnb mKU, n okj jp JjCm nl. y nJclu mL̳& oCj n vJjnb mKUǮ `huo J' DL&l `mu Hc' cnCv vkժhu Du. vk Yjl I[kCm huo JǮ GhճJwll koll nlǮ, hC hϵmvծ n kkmL Yojnl v:h#hlhC DC m#chC Jճ&vkl nCm vճJwlǮ hƯhl, iCk- mծ Dn&lbkj yluu DmC ijp nl. Yjldz mcpkkmL Dյ ijp u#l ITv mbkOvծ vc&lbv hSmm vkծ b$C mJju.
Yjldz mbkOvծ Juc 315 Dvkճ hSmm DJjm Du. ol GhuyO DmCN khJ yc lթCF&lv, HJwl iCk DOjkj m#c DC Dn&lhhl Gcokjb vk[Ǯ pyyoj Dճiu oCl Du DC Dlbl hjo&J, kmlv DC v:h#hl hƯlv Dճi l hj h[l Du Dn.
mbI uJmk Dճi ojk<& kkO mkbm mhO&lcJ hj# Il. IAS / IPS / IFS Ƶkճ kkO Klbm DOJj vk[Ǯ vijmk hj# (Civil Services) n hSmmǮ hj#, IAS hj# cnCv DUKu pl. n IAS hoծ Jj<c Dn. DLk vijmk hj# n kkO Klb DOJj vk[Ǯ hj# Dmv, IAS n lhJ SJ cnkծ mk Dn.
ojk<& j l hծյ pibm Ilu pCN vijmk hj#u mOjChC j l hծ uK kL& ymll. cnCvծ Hb vij mk hj#vblj pilu mk&l JC hj# cnCv vijmk hj#J[ hnu pl. lyjyj Yjllu mk&OJ hl, llJǮ JC k `iu@cjm' cnCvn DUKu pl.
Yjldz hϵmv kkmLl pun n SJ cnkծb v Dn. hϵmvծ hlJ KlcO pun mljkj JjYj hnCm p DOJj Dmll lb vk[ hj#j nl. hϵmvծ o (Policies) DC DbcuypkC (implementation) ojcvծ cnkծ okծ pyyoj n DOJj vYkl Dmll. Sk{ c pyyojcU l DOJNbv cUCj DOJj, m-mkO lծ hcCl c Dmll. mcpl cUCj cv-mvcv, uu-hkȳ okb i[, cc ybiu n lj myl Cj k mcvbv uYkCj DJ<&C! cnCvծ `mu Hc' mom nCb n hlJ Ok[ lթCծb SJ mkhv Dmlb.
 

mkhvhl&m FL ijp Dn lcծ `hjC, mHl& 1 Yi DC J 99 Yi.' mbc, mll DC cnvl n $m$ hj#mǮ hnu ijp Dn. n $m$Ǯ յծ K$ oT Jl. k FLu Dl mhO&lcJlun [k&vծ 'survival of fittest' n mvl ui nl.
GhuyO pibm nCN vij mk hj# 2008 pnjl vJlծ hm Pu. ojk<& `Schu@cb vp' Jbk `jpij mcծj'cOv mkmlj pnjl hm nl. Dp& Jm, J Yjk, col, H, hj# Jbo, hombK mk& cnl yjyj J{jG mkmlj DYmկc llv hm nl. DYm JjCNbv n DYmկc UPSC yճyu' cvv kծu, mcpu k Dlcml Ju hnp.
pnjl hm nCj `Schuճcb vp' DbJ UPSC DYmկcծ lbllbl J Dn. mk&l JC mcpu pCN vij mk hj# l mk&l mh J Dn. JǮ DlcmlJjClծ յծ iJuu Dn k huo Jl hkծ mh ci& Dn.
hk&hj#, cK hj# k cuKl Dյ lv hhbl vij mk hj# nl. hlJ hhkju hj# mkժh YV Dml.
hk&hj#- (Preliminary Exam)
hk&hj# mkժh n kmlv Dml. ll ynhճ& mkժhծ hϵv kծju pll.
ovn k<ճb hϵv Fbip k nbo Dյ ovn Y< cOcblv kծju pll. hlJ hϵvm j hճ& ouu Dmll. hJ DծJ hճ& Gj h$Jl sճbJl Jjkճծ Dml.
2007 pnjlvkճ `vikn cJi mmc' hk&hj#m ui Pu Dn. JǮ hl GjoKu SJlldzb (0.33) FlJ iC kp nCj Dnl. (vikn cJi- v vv n uK m u#hk&J kծk.) hk&hj#l cUCj iC h{u hj# hƯl inl Oju pl vnl.
hk&hj# n UC hj# Dml. hj#m Dp& JjCNb mbK j l hծ uK Sk{ Dmu lj hl# hj#u ymCNb hcC Jc Dml. pkUpkU uK l o[ uK nkm-ikm-vkm mkYkJhC hj#u ijnpj jnv, IAS hj# H@c& Yju' lծ Dvbo cvll. Ƶkճ hl# hj#u ymCj uKYj Gcokj, hnu hhj [Jwkժv iu J ln mkl: [Jwu pml $m v ol, mjU n@u m[v hjlll. Dյ hJj hk&hj# oCN o[-ov uK Gcokjblv, cK hj#m mOjChC, SJC GhuyO hob lj l hbOj h GcokjbǮ vk[ Ju pl. cK hj#m vk[u pCN Gcokjb mbK lj l hbOj npjb Dmhm Dml. cnCv Gcokjbv cc DJ[b YuYu̳m IyjCծ ijp vn.
cK hj#lv cnCp 13 l 15 npj Gcokjblv kJwlclk ծC k cuKlm yuku pll Hjlj 1500 l 2000 Gcokj. lv Dblc յ hoj h[l, GhuyO pi Dmlu lk{ Gcokjb, cnCp mOjC j l hծյ յkblb. cnCv Gcokjbv DhC J Dnl DC J hnu hnp, ծ vճpvy jCvl DKu hnp. hk&hj#mcճ DhC hծ uKblu SJ Dm hC Dblc u#, Dblc `hծյ pClu SJ' yvCծ Dmu hnp. n u# ojk<& j-hծյ pC ill, cnCp l lcծn DkJwlu Dn, Dm Dlckյkm yUiv cnvl Ju hnp.
cK hj#
n uK hj# Dml. kmll oI& mkժhծ k ynkO hϵvbv Jwl hC&l: kC&vlcJ hlǮ Dml.
cK hj#l GC& Puu kLեv cuKlm yuku pl. cuKl cnCp kJwlck ծC n 300 iCbm Dml. cK hj# k cuKlǮ cUv 2300 iCbhJ Jl iC cUll kj Gcokjb Dblc o lճj Ju pl. Gcokjv hhl Juu iCmbK, hki& k lv ouu mkk<ճJ Diϯc vmj Gcokjm kƵ ho hhl Jjl l.
hk&hj#lv Gcokju Dmuu `cnl' DC cK hj#lv `%v' lhmu pl. cnl DC %vծ huJ[ Dmuu DJuvյJwlǮ Jm cuKll lhmu pl. hk&hj#m mKu, mkեiC k khJ kծvծ mkճ cnkծ jl. vcJhC, DծJhC n kƵ hk&hj#l յmk nCm DlkյJ jll. cK hj#l ov cJեhmv l m cJե hϵvb Gj unk uill. SJboj 2300 iCbhJ 2000 iC cK hj#m jKv kuu Dnl, kժvծ cK hj# cnk u#l l. cK hj#l uKv J̵uyjyj kLե kյu<C, cuchv k vC&#cl lhmu pl. m hk&- cK hj#b SJboj mkժh u#l ITv, DYmկc k ciu k<ե hϵvh$J mcj kv, mkl: DYmծ vճpv Ju hnp.
hϵmJdz mkb lճj Jjlv mk&hLc vճpv DKk mkճb hϵmvծ. DOJj yvCm hj# lճj JjC, DYm JjC k kv yvCm kծv JjC ovn YV DYm hƯ Dnl. Ƶkճ onb hjCcn kiU Dnl. n HjJ lճj JjCNbv pCv Ilu hnp. vճpvծ DL& Dm Dn. GhuyO mOvmciǮ i k Jճ&#c khj Jv յ mO JjC. mhO& hj# lճjl DYm k kU vճpv yybv DvvmOjC cnk Dn. kU vճpvl lmծ, okmծ, Dk[ծ, cnvծ vճpv mcj Dmk uil. cnCvծ kj GuuKuu c `kv yvCm kծ vJ, DOJj yvCm DYm Jj' n ibYdz&v mcpv Ilu hnp.
kU vճpv DJjm Cm ciu k<ե hϵvh$Jb kյu<C DvJ DL&v cnkծ jl. hϵvb mkժh u#l Duv lDOj hlJ IJծ hj#u Dv<biv DYm Jjl l. khJ DYmկclu JCl ckj Jl Yj k ծ J[ Gui[l. cnkծ c DOjKl Jjl lu. mboY& ibLb GhճJwll u#l F&u. pCJjb ci&o&v vcJ Jճ Iճծ nn JUu. Ƶkճ hj# hllu youl hkn oKu u#l Il lu. DYmծ vcJ o jkCcO n kյu<C cuic jl.
DJjuu vճpvu hl# Jll GljkCm k jkuu okj Dkծu jnCm Gcokjbv `hHvu D@[' Dbi yCkC DlkյJ Dn. hnu hϳlv nծ k hϳlv cvv J{jG covl Gljճծ Dmu lj n D@[ Dhjnճ& Dn. m hj# lճj, DYmծ vճpv n lcծ pkvյu yvu hnp. Dճ<lu Jn okm, Jn cnv hC& kU UPSC u mch&l Jjճծ Dnl. youl J{jG lcnu mbhC& Dճ< DOJNծb DC DOJjծb piCb oCj Dn.
hnuծ hϳlvl յ n Dl mkhv jnuu vn. hnu hϳlvl vk[ub pCb n HJwl .h. Jbk ynjkubծ cJwln jnuu vn. Dio cnjծ Gcokjbv mkhvu kmlkl piv k pbJv oKkub. vJ DJocǮ DYvճ JbYj (IRS), DjH K (IPS), lu Giu (IRS), DYvk ocK (IRAS) DC Ƶkn Jn Gcokjbv hnuծ hϳlvl յ cUkub. UPSC u `hbk<&J pv' cvv vճpv JjCNbv mkl: vճpv youu hnp. youl Juhknyjyj jCvl DKC nn յci&lu cnkծ H@Jwj Dn. DYm c$b ih Dmu lj yNծ OJwbhmv Gcokju mbj#C cUl. ov jp hϵmJdz kkmճ Ƶ#C mbmL (SIAC), cbyF& mbmL GhճJwll koll Dn. SIAC v cnju hծյh# pml mvo DOJj ou. UPSC Ol&kj SIAC vk[ hj# ojk<& nl. (siac. ac. in)
kUh$JhcC Jc Jjճu pcl vmu lj njJl vn. JchcC kUh$J yvkv DYmu vճ k, hC p vճpv Jiokj Jub l hl#l Dծjub hnp. k lcծ mhO& hծ uK Gcokjb, piյ k Dv JCյ vml. lcծ mhO& Dml lcn mkl:Ǯ, hn hծu Gv DYm Jjճծb vճpv lcծb Dmlb, lm Duc& lcnǮ ukuu Dml; hC hn hn Duc& kpukj l ybo JjCj nln lcծծ Dml. cnCvծ HJwl mkl:u njkl Dub hnp. piյ pbJCb mhb Dmlb, hC lm mkl:u njkCb DkI[ Dmlb. HJwl mkl:u pbJ ci յ lcծb Dmlb. mkl:b յ, mkl: hlv cUkճծb Dmlb, ծm ui jn... Ys.
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