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jkkj, 20 pvkj 2008

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cb yF&mn mbJwl cnj cUu lkn Ƶkmv pvcn Pu vknl. mbJwl cnj mclv ukuu hoI& u{l Dծճ& D$, J@. [bi, Sm. Sc. p, o ocK byjyj hyOvJj Jj nl. Dp Ƶkmv vlho Dmuu ynlJ cb[U lkU u k cnkuճv kճl nl. lcU l u{l vlho Dpծ Ƶkmv JCn vknl; DmC Jwn vknl.
յkbljk knCbv 1 c 1960 jp cnjծ Juյ hb[l vnbJ[v llNb ipjl mkJju DC SJ DL& lknծ mbJwl cnj mcl Flnmpc Pu. h{ mbhC& cnj mcl mLhv Pu, hC lծ Dmllku jpJdz DJj T Ju vn.

 

1957 vk[CJl mbJwl cnj mclv JBimu cbyF& hbll KjKj Dknv GY Ju nl. hjbl cnj vc&C Puvblj Puu 1962 vk[CJl յkbljk knCb vllkKuu JBimv cnjkj Dhu hYk hvn hmLhl Ju. յkbljk knC l vk[CJvblj Jn cnvbv hblhOv hb. pknjuu vnb vcb$Ckժv ouuu mbj#Ccb$ cnCv iu.
ci kUv hnlv kl J, յkbljkbmjK Jl&yij, ojo Dmuu DC DkI cnjծ vllk J JCj vl cnju lvblj Dphճեl cUuu vn. ljn h{ yjծ JU յkbljkb kJwlckծ hYk cnjkj jnucU jplu JBim hC&hC kmJu iu vn. յkbljkb clmhCcU lJj Jcij h#ծ vl SJlj JBimcO Du k uճu iu.
Dpծ lJj Jcij h# n lkU luvl KpiClln ICծ uճJǮ Gjuu vn. 1964 mu hblhOv hb[l vnb Puu vOvvblj olu JBimcO Jn JU vv&J hmju nl. mklu uuynoj m$ DC vblj Fboj ibO bv JBim h#kj lյ mk&kh hJ[ ymkl Du vknl.
Fboj ibOb Jj<c DC lb PbPkl vllk hmLhl Pu l 1969 vblj. cnCp 1964 l 1969 hծ k<եl JBimu- DC hճ&v oun onvl Du nl. ծ hծ k<ե JUl Ƶkmv pvcu Du DC k{ճu mkl Pu. ծ kU oծ Jn Yibl v#uko HHku. ocJ lcUv[l m Du ln ծ JUl- 1967 vk[CJvblj. lknn lcUv[ cKcb$ JCvOǮ nl.
ծ hծ k<b& JUl Jcvm h# Hu DC cJwm&ko cnCkCN h#v ybiu DC JjUcO Dhu pc ymku. hbpycO DJu ouv pj Oju, ln ծ JUl. c n J, hoƵJ Dmcl k Y<J-mbmJlJ DYcv n jpJdz c cnCv h{ Cծ l JU nl. Ƶkmv nm l JUlu jpJdz Dk<Jjծ hlJ nl.
lcUv[cO 1967 hmv l Dphճեl iu 40 k<եl JBim hvn ml JOn Duu vn. ocJ h# Hu ljn ocJ Jbk DCC ocJJ[ m jnu. ybiucOn 1977 hmv l Dphճեl iu 30 k<& cJwm&ko Jcvm h#ծ ml jnu Dn. cJwm&ko Jcvm h#v Y< pj Dbljjdz JcvPcծ Ju, lj l h# cKl: ybiu Dmcl Dk<Jj cnCvծ lL Gju Dn. Jn jpJdz hb[lbv lj ybiuծ cJwm&ko Jcvm h#ծ kC&v `ybiu Ƶkmv' Dm Ju Dn. cnCp lcUv[l ocJ (k DCC ocJ), ybiucO cJwm&ko, hbpycO DJu ou, h{ DbO hol lui omc bv p hJj m mbhov Ju DC Jkv Oju, lm Ƶkmvu iu 40 k<եl cnjl pcuu vn.
cnjcO 1995 mu Ƶkmv ml Du lm Yphyjyj l nl cnCv. l l Dmvn mv-Yphu mh yncl cUu vknl. [PvYj Dh# Dcojb o{ JjkUv Ƶkmvu mjJj ukk uiu nl.
Ƶkmv-Yph l mcO Du l jo hkjb JBimծ hjYk Jv. mvճ ibO lkn jpJjClծ vknl. lcU SJ ypv hkjbv DC omN ypv Ƶkmvu lm cJU jvծ nl. hkjb Dio mKK DC mծ u `Dh#' Dcojծ kY< Jv l mjJjcO mcu Pu nl. lǮ m ճu hյk&Yc nl l 1992 yyj cƵoǮ kOkbmծ. DկcJ nbolkko DC kJubi DkmLlu J@bim bcU lu m cUu. cnCp lcUv[ k ybiuhcC Ƶkmv mkJl&lkv DC mkl: pjkj ml Duu vknl. DC nll m Duvblj, 1999 mu, JBim h# Hvn l hvn mkj Du vn. ծծ DL& lu ml Cm mkJl&lkh# JBimծ vJl&hCkj kmbyv jnk uil. Kj lj 2004 mu JBim FlJw nlyu DkmLl nl, J lծ hjYk JjC lu Jw nl. hC ln lbv pcu vn. lu 2004 mu Jw Dmvn m Jyp Jjl Du vn, ծb JjC Ƶkmvl DC YphcOn hϮb[ hcCkj mbohmbo m Pu nl. vjճC jC, K jp Jj, mbpճ vթhc, mlǵ hOv Do DvJ vl cb[U h{ mvlv ynj h[u, hC l OmHu DC yb[Uu Dbli&l mkl PuǮ nl. hjmhjb lJ (DC hճ) JhC, n mvluծ vkn, lj YphcOu vlbn cK Gi Pu nl. Ƶkճ Yph k mv n mbJwlhC k SJouv hϮjln Glju vknl. pj h#l k ll SJp Dml lj cvnj p lb Dպl- oojcO h[u vml. lǮ hjYk J@bim DI[v Ju vn, lj lbv mkl: l Ju. lcU `vJl&' J@bimku hvn ml Du! kյ< cnCp DhC cnjծ kծj Jjlv `lǮ kծj Jjl, Ƶkmv vn'- nn Ƶkmv Dhճյծ cvk uiu. Dpn Ƶkmvu cnjYj mkl: mklb$ Dm hYk hmLhl Jjl Duu vn. mnpJ Dm hϵv vc&C nl J, p olu Flj hoƵJ h#bv pcu, l Ƶkmvu cnjl J pc Ju vn?
iu 40 k<եl Ƶkmvv cj cCmb, kJmծ, njb, Y<, mbmJlǮ, pkvյuǮ k Ƶ#Cծ JCl hϵv nl Ilu, Omm uku k m[ku? yybo j&yp, iij, nuu[yp, Kb[Cǵn DC Ƶkp cnjpb hCF&kj ljmkjl Juu I<Cyp huJ[ Ƶkmv cj cCmb mbmJlJ k DL&J kJmm JOn u{uu vn. JOlj PJ DuhcC oJvbkju Fbip y[&bv JU Hm, `kn@ubFv [' okյ ObiC Iu, `Hճj' k `k@j' Ʈ$hb kjOl obi Jj, `Iյjc Jlku' Jbk `mKjc yFb[j'mjK vJbkj nuu Jv OJoh Jj- huJ[ Ƶkmvv cj cCmbv JCl DOj ou? Ƶkmv mLhv JUl `ubikub'kj DC h{ cmucb kjOl, lm iu Jn k<& `Yճb'kj- cnCp ynj-Gj holu GhNbkj DC ybiuobkj onl ymkCծ nb hϳlv Pu. hjbl klkjC lbi JjC DC Dhu onlǮ hlckj `ybo' I[kv DCC- FlJ mƯ DC kh$dz cLU cUkCծ Jճ& Ƶkmvv Dpkj Juu Dn.
ljn Ƶkmv Phv kIv nl nl uճu pl Dn, n hnv DvJ cj cCmb pk Jmkm nl. Dm pk Jmkm nCNbcO Jn JBimku, yj jko, Jn mcpko DC Jn cj vJJj, JuJj, uKJ, Jk cb[Un Dnl. lbvn kl, Dl Dhu DOj iu.
J@bimծ vllkKu cnj<l mnJj UkU GY jnu. mKj JjKvb hϮb[ pU vc&C Pu. (Dl lbvǮ llu ynlJ JjKv okȳl J{u, n i kiU.) J[ U, cnkuճ, Ƶ#CmbmL GYjCl J@bimkub h{Jj nl. y@bJ, hlh{, Kjo-kկ mbI Dյ mbmLn vc&C JjCl J@bimծ DI[kj nl. Ƶkmvv iu 40 k<եl Dյ JCl mbmL vc&C Ju?
c$, Ƶkmv mk&l c յ n cvk uiu J, Dhu hoI& Dյ `Ưյu' JUl Jn m, mnp oKkl F&u Dm JCln Jc v JjloKu lbv Dhu hlc c$ cj cCmb, Dmcl, mbmJlǮ DOj- Dյ vc&C Ju Dn. cnCvծ `Ƶkmv Jճ nCj?' hϵvFlJծ cnkծ hϵv cj cCmb Dmnճl JjC Jճ, n Dn.
hnu i n u#l kճu nk J, Ƶkmv Dյ YkvJ ijp cKl: cj cbyF&Jjbv kl k Jn hcCl jplu Dv njbcOu cj cCmbv! cnjynj ol Flj$ (cnCp y[o, Fboj, ikunj, nojyo, VF& Flo JC) mLƳJ Puu cj cCmbn Ƶkmvyu nǮ Ykv Dn. kmll: n cj cCm l- l jpbcO `Ghj' Dnl. DC l njbcO pj `GhNb' kjOl UkU m Pu, lj n yծj cj i[ oO[u uilu! n mk& jkj (Ghj) cj- hvhlhmv lbpkjhճեlծ- pj hjl cbyF&l Du lj lbv cvnj p k Gvc< Jbk jp k Gk b iivծby FcjlcO hwu@md cUCj vnl DC cbyF& Ph[hfbcOn lbv Dʹճ cUCj vn. lcU cnjynj cj cCmbv Ƶkmv DOj kCծ hϵv JkU (DC hJU) Ykv Dn. Jbynv cbyF&l pj GhNbkթ nb Dbouv Pu, lj lJ[ mLƳJ Puu cj GhNbv lծ Jbcl Jkk uiu. lcU Ƶkmv vlb yYv Y<Cyp n kmlkյ KU Dn.
yUmny Jj b hlc l SJ jKJ, yvOml, cvmk cCm Dnl, Dյ Dn. lb hlc FlJ oyoy Dn J, siv YpyU, vjճC jC DC Dl jp k Gk Dm mk&pC lbv kbov Jvծ Dhu yb[Kj k jpJjC h{ jl Dmll. jp Jj bv lj yUmny k cnlc ibO b kJwlckcOn ku#C mc kl. (n luvծ cU ibOkbv D#hn& ku. lյǮ K yUmnybvn l Cj vn.) jpu lj j[& D@vyj bv J{uu `ibO' Ʈ$hmjK Yk (DC Dbljj<dz) Ʈ$h yUmnyb pkvkj J{ճծ Dn. jpծ cvl yUmnyb hl vlbl ʹ Dn. Gkn lյǮ Ykv kJwl Jjl. DC jCvbn cnu nl J, lb kjO Gku Dn, yUmnybv vn.
ƵkmvhcKbyu Dյ Ykv Dmvn siv YpyU h# m[v iu. Dvbo oIbv Dhu mkճ C mbmLv GY Ju. iC vF&J bv Dhu mY lճj Ju. mbpճ vթhc h# m[v iu. DC vjճC jCbv lj mv ib[mLUkj nuu {ku. Dl jp Jj bv lj okǮծ hJj Ju Dn. cnCp ƵkmvhcKbyuծ Ykv DC lb jpJjC yy lbv SJcJbhmv kYJwl ku Dnl. ծ Dmn DL& nT Jl J, yUmnybcU Dhu vk (k JcF&!) Pu cnCv lbv lbyu Jl%l Ykv Dn, hC Ƶkmv jpJjC c$ lbv cv vn.
mkYkJ Dm hϵv GhmLl nl J, Ƶkmv jpJjC cnCp vJwJ Jճ? mcj 40 k<եhk&- 19 pv 1966 jp Ƶkmv mLhv Pu lkn lbmcj SKo kծjmjC, vƵl Do&, kknjvl, cj cCmbmcj k cnjmcj Jn Jճ&c nl- Dm Jnn vknl. yUmnyb [ȳbmcj p lkU `Do&' nl, ll Dծճ& D$, J@c[ [bi DC DL&lծ hyOvJj Jj nl. (cnCvծ `cc&J' mLhv Dծճ& D$ b k{okյ- lb nll Jj bv Ju nl. h{ Ƶkmv Ykvl J@c[ [bi b Ƶkp cnjpbkj kKvn ku nl.) hk&n c ծ mlbYcOv unuu uKbcO p cnu nl, lծ mboY&l mkmlj hvթJwl J FƮsl.
Ƶkmv mLhv Pu lkn (cnCp cnjvc&lvblj mn k<եv) lv JCln (Jcij, lJj, cOcki&, yko bv [ȳbmcj kv) Jճ&c ou vn. cj cCmծ `mklb$' Dյ `knpv' ou vn, J cnjծ hճ& (lpmk) kJm pvn cb[u vn.
cj cCm GiObl Gljl vn, Dյ Dj[ Dml. Ƶkmvv Dյ JCln pv lkn cb[u vn, J pcU cj GpJl k kkmƳJl k{ Ju, Jbk hl#l GiObl Dmuu cj cCmbv Gpv cUu. `com' cCmbv (ubikubv!) `yUJkuu' JjJv, mviHm&, mjpd pi yJj cj lթCbv cUkl, n Ƶkmv `blJjJ' ciC nl. miU KVm nl- cbyF&l vJNbm Duu Jv cOcki& o#Clbkj.
`Ych$' vkv iU J{CN mvv JOn ipjl, cjk[ (cnCp Dcj) Yb[kuojb, khNb, cuyj nu, h[j j[ DC hll o#C cbyF&kj Jyp Dmuu Ov{b kթ `y'n J{u vknl. Gu, lb GibcO Dmuu cj Jcijb mbIv c[Cm, mbh H[Cm Dhu ckȳbv mvv pbhu. cbyF& ynlJ Jh[ ijC `Dcj' cuJb nl. hjbl pkUpkU miU ijC Jcij Dmmu cj nl. JJClv k Ikժv Duu. Jcijb vճvm cKl: Jcvmb (J@c[ [bib) nl. p mbJwl cnj UkUl hyOvJj nl DC p u{v Dhuu `hjC' cUu Dm Jj mbill, ll J@c[ [bi DI[kj nl. hjbl 1967 hmv mvhCl Jcij mbIvbv (Dcj) Gihlb mhN ITv cj JcijbǮ oiHJ Ju. Dp pb kճ 55 h{ Dn, lbv lkU cbyF& Dkl Dmu. cj cCmծ vkKu `pu o, pu o, uu yk pu o' Dյ I<C ol p ƵkmvJ njYj klkjC Y[Jkl Dml, lbhJǮ h{ Jn vl Pu. vlbv JCl cj Jcijb Yu Ju?
Dp cbyF&lu mk& ijCb pi Yuc @hbi c@um, yi yPj, cuhuJwm, J@chuJwm, hyp DC H@vyu jmljB GY jnl Dnl. p pi ijCb ƮcC nl, lhJ Jn ƮcC Dl `[Jj'- cnCp oKk cnCv ku pl Dnl. GoddOkml ijCb mbi[bv `D& hm' cnCv ku pl Dn. n , Dknuv k Gh# cj cCmծ nl, vn lj JCծ? Dյծ Jn ijCb pcvkj Dl m#ld cp cKcb$ cvnj pb Ʈjbpk jp Jjb colv `Jnvj J@chuJwm' GYjl Dnl. Ƶkճ kj lb[ Jv lb Y< Dյ Dn J, `ll Jճ, cj cCm GiObl, ybOJc kkmճl Glju, lj lծ cj cCmv mkilծ Jjkճm nk.'
cj GpJlu, cnjծ DiJ kJmu k kkO kkmճbv Gpv oCծ OjC kv lvmj pv DKC k lb DbcuypkC JjC kiU DC mkl: Dhu onlǮ jpJjCծ pjkj i[ibp mbh iU JjC kiU. SJo yUmny Jj mkl: cnCu nl J, cnjl Ƶkmvh#n `Jnvj' K pml Dnl!
`cj cCmծ kJm cnCp mkl: kJm'- n mvvlb kK lJU յkbljk knC, J@c[ [bi, Smc p k Dv hYlbv Ilu Dml, lj lbn cbyF& njl Duյv cnu, y[ Gi, @hbi c@um GY jnu Dml. hjbl lkU vlbv (Dpծ JBimkubv vkn!) cnjծ- DkI cj cCmծ kJm mOճծ nl. JkU mkl: lby[ Yjճծ vknl. cnj n olu mk&OJ njJjC Puu jp Dn. Ƶkmv n `Hv@cvv' cbyF&- cnCp nj pkvծ DilJllv GY jnu. hjbl njlu cj Jcijki&u pm mvv oi ou, lmծ cnvijծ mcv cj pkvյuun ou.
iu 40 k<եl Ƶkmvv cj pkv, Ƶ#C k Ju GVl JjCm Jճ hϳlv Ju? Jj Jby lm JuJjb. yUmny mkl: Klvc kbiƮ$Jj, Gk O[m sճƮ$Jj, jp mkl: kbiƮ$Jj DC JuhJ `Fknv Jvmh c@vpj', ʹJbl Jj mbil oio&J. cj Jukյku vk k mc hjcC oCm Jj Jbydz h{Jj IT Ju Dml. hjbl y@uk[ v-vb iu@cj-kյkl mkl:u cJkCmǮ lb O[h[ jnu. DclY yծv DC Dյ Ymu k cj vmlu L[Hj cv muypd byjyj kU IukChuJ[ lbhJ JCn cj Jukյk n ouv mpkCծ hϳlv Ju vn. mnl #$yu Ƶkmvu JOǮ DJ<&C vknl. (lm cj, Fbip, nbo mnlծ kծv uil. mv DC kծvmbmJlǮ mbybOծ vn!) lǮ i cnjdz hJuǮ! ub[vcO Jn k<եhk& Puu Dbljjdz `H[ Hmknu' cO hLc cbJ cnjdz hoLեv cUu nl. PCJ-YJjhmv cukC Jby[-k[bhճեl DC hjChȳbhmv Junhj cChճեl, kuծ GmU- yj[hmv l kNn[ ƮJvhճեl DvJ hoL& l HmknucO ku iu nl k pilJ hj#Jbv cj `pkCյu'u hLc cbJ ou nl. hjbl phcC cj cCm Dhu cu-cubv Fbip cOcծ UbcO oKu Jv ynj cj Dmcl icp cjll, lծhcC cj kkn mcjbYl hbpy- Ʈv hoL& kv cj hoLե JlJ Jjl ymll. cbyF&cO Ʈv DC G[h, FjC DC hbpy, ipjl DC Fuճv hPP jmljB juծu Dn, lյ Dmmu DC kkO cj hoL& moj JjCj jmljB vnl. Dioj uJhϳ Dmuu cbyF& Jjcvb k Jcijb `k[hk' Ƶkmvv hjmJl Ju, FlJǮ lb #$lu lpmk Jcij. h{ l DvJ k[hk i[n cj cCmbv JC `Yճ'u k `f'u ukճu ou. cbyF& (DC SJCծ jplu) cj cOcծ U Dhll nT uiu. hjbl mkYcv cj cCmv (Gk k jp b cun y@cy mJ@cO pll!) cj Ub Gh# Ju, yu cj cCmb Ƶkmvu JOǮ Kbl kuu vn. cj Ʈ$hbm Duյv Ʈ$hin vnl, cj vinn Jc h[ll, cj hmlJb oJv Hj vnl, cj Flnmծ JC DYm Jjl vn, Ƶkp cnjpb vk uv vCmjK khjճծ, llN HbJճծ, HJwb ubyծ uby cU kpkճծ- huJ[ cj Flnmkj mbOv Jjճծ vn, cj k%vJ vc&C knkl cnCv hϳlv Jjճծ vnl DC cpm c$ `cj' cnCv cjճծ; Dmu mkbi, {bi DC cluy jpJjC iu 40 k<& Ƶkmvv Ju Dn. cj cCmծ cvlu lLJLl Dmj#ll n lծ vvib[lv Duu Dn. vvib[lvծ Ƶkmv pvcu Du nl. JoƮl Ƶkmv uճu iukj l vvib[n uh hku DC cj cCm mkl: nclkj k mp&vյulkj Yj oTv mkl: k cj mcpծ Yk< I[ku. cj cCmծ Yk< Gppku Dn. Ƶkmv vmu ljn!
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