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vkj 26 pvkj 2008

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cbyF& y hl&ipb lyl Dmlv SlƵճb c hcCl Ocեlj JjCl D}. JUl ƸսvOc&bJjl hl&ipbv hL&vmLU ybO}. vblj Fbipb JjJo&l mklǮ JUl jhճv vijJ, mvJ, c}J k }<Jj DOJj b Ghmv Jl} yjJbcO m JjCl D} nl. 1718 cO ծ&i mkj mb L@cm J@L[} ybOCl D}. cbyF&l} hm yjv hbLծ ƸսvbJjl kiU ծ& vknl. hbLծ Oc&hoJ pcm Jw} bv 1815 cO cbyF&l Duvblj Jl} mvJb cm ccO Ghmv-Jճ&c m J}. vblj JUl n Ghmv mOծ nճJ& hjmjl Dm}u }nv K}l m P}. F&m Fb[ JbhvǮ [ճjJwj y[&v hm yjv hbLծ ծ&Jjl j@ch& j[pkU Dh} mkj ծ& ybOCm pi o}. 1816 cO ծ& FcjlǮ ybOJc m nTv 1818 cO hC& JjCl D}. ծ& ybOJcJjl
 

mjJjv 50 npj hճ o}. 1826 cO ծ& cvNkj kp h[v cvNծ vJmv P}. 1827 cO $kboc L} kOյU Ki}m$% p@v J@u[J@ b oKjKK} vkv cvj ybOCl D}. ծ&cO hLc jkn Jw} b JjJo&l D@i&v ymkCl D}. vblj JUl Fbi}b[cO} yյh D@C[ m@j JbhvǮ c D@i&v ymkCl D}. Jbhvv mb L@cm J@L[} k Tv n@}cO D@i&v ymk} nl. DճlJl Dm}u ծ& hkjkj $JC hlǮ ybOJc Dmv, hkjmcj [jJ hlǮ Yk Kby Dnl. 19 k lJծ mklm cbyF&l hϮ}l Dm}u iJ-jcv }l} n Fcjl Dn. FcjlǮ o&v Yi Tv n@} kml}ǵ mOc& o&kl. 1915 cO ծ& mYcb[hl nk Lb[ kCծ b$C ymkCl D}. 189 k<& pv Dm}} n mb D@C[p DC mb J}byp ծ& H& hjmjl ocKl GY Dn.
cbyF& JuucO Dm}} mvJb skC J}ym n}kuvblj Ƹսv mvJb GhmvJjl ծ& ijp vc&C P}. mbO (1838) k hnu DHiC cO (1843) nbomLv }<Jjl} npj SlƵճ k Fbip mvJ k DOJj OjlL& h[} lm G<C nkcvcU DHiCmlvcO DvJ mvJ clcK h[}. mvJb mcjCL& SJ ծ& GYjճծ Juhv hLc jkn. hi bv cb[}. lvmj ծ& DjK[ S J@vyDj bv lճj J}. J}yծ o#C Jkj Dm}u mb pv Fknvp}m DHiC ծ& hճYjC mcjbY 4 [mbyj 1845 cbyF& llJ}v iknv&j p@p& Jw}J& b nml hj h[}. ծ& ybOJc Dlbl cboilv } nl.
DO&k ybOJc Dmlv 7 pvkj 1858 cO cbyF& llJ}v yյh n[i b nml ծ& hmohl JjCl D}. (cbyF& kvl, h 369). 1858 hճ&bl FcjlǮ ybOJcծ SJC Kծ& SJ }K 27 npj hճ D} nl. mjJjv Fcjlm 68,644 hճ vO o} nl.
ծ& cvNծ ybOJc yJ nl. ծ& cvNծ ybOJcJjl jkn. [yu. c} bv vijJbJ[v c hjʹchk&J vO iU J}. ծ& cvNkj I[U ymkCJjl mj Jkmp pnbij bv o}} 7500 hճb oCi lb Dvclv ծ& cvNծ ybOJcJjl khjCl D}. cvNծ ybOJcծ SJC Kծ& 56,500 hճ D}. (c@Jw}vm iF&[ y@cy). 1865 cO mb p@v ծ& ybOJc hC& P}. ծ&cO Oc&hoJbv ymCծ pi 50 H }by Dmv, 27 H bo Dn.
ծ& vcUl cvNծ Gb 198 H Dn. ծ&cO} Dmv knJwjv JUl} Dnl.
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