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jkkj 24, Hykj 2008

yniC mbil-lp% : y. j. okOj
mv 1945. vihj Oblu kYi. mbilյJv Ʈ$Jj cnvjp Dku b m[D. FLb Dp h. y. j. okOj b cHu nCj nl. iճvծճ& k<C oibyj humJjb Ƶ< DC Jcj ibOkե i Dmuu okOjbk<ճ mkեvծ Jlnu. n iճJ my, ճJ Dյ mny klu Dmu lj Doy c$ Dmmu nbomLv nl. jmJb Dv% ITvծ lbv iճu hjbY Ju. DO sճv k cici mkv yni jbiu. ʹl GlmJ k jmu. okOjn Kuu. DvJ DvK ybo lbv h Ju. lkj ծ&n Pu. l cHu vihjJjbv Dhk& Dvbo oTv iu.

 


okOjb JkU kծ vkn lj kJwlckn DhjbhjJ nl. mbilJuJ[ hnCծ o DOvJ nl. l ci k<&vk<եb Ʈblv-cvv nlb. okOj JkU iճJ vknl. DCKn Kh Jn nl. Gojclko i, iճvյU mbmLhJ, IjCn PijCj mbilhmjJ, oc&U Ʈpb mbinJ, Dkpյm$ծ Yjllu hkl&J, hյʳ k nbomLv ivhjbhjb luvJ DYm JjCj mbOJ, m#h mbhoJ, mlv j$Jj DC lj h$Jj DC mk& hbci GY nl l iho hnuvbljn, v Jcpuu lblu lթClp kL&! okOjb yniC kJwlckծb o&v pmb lbv mbhol Juu `mbilJuknj' DbJblv I[lb, lmb l `Lj mbilJj' lb ibLlvn I[lb. DYpl nbomLv mbillu kkO IjCb iճJ-koJ, lb pkvJL, JuhjC b cik Il Il okOjbv mbilJuknjm n uK unu. okOjb DvJ uKb mkl n SK DkCvb k vhC& hmbivb nl. DkC jib, Ʈpb, mbil ծb& k cHub Dmll. DkCblv okOjb JU k lknծb mbilJ klkjC Piciv Glb. n uK unlv okOj Jukblj l kƵ JUn pCv Il Dmll. mKmbko Jjl Dmll. Jukblb mbillu l #C okOj Dlbl GlJhC pill. `1945 cOu i Dmk. KBmny y[ iuc DuKB k c hkj ymu nl. m& ckUCծ yll nl. lծ uu JjC DJյl hbKmjK hmju nl. n o㵳 hnlծ KBmny cPJ[ kUv cnCu, n cjk iCծ kU Dn. Jճ Dhu hk&p lj JuhJ n! cjklu l $+<Y k Okl kCl Jճ Jul oKku Dn lbv!... l uiuǮ cP kuճl Du. lbv cu n ji kkO lNnbv SJku.' mjK kC&vb kծlv hJյPllu ojmL Jukbl kծJbv pkU k uill. okOjb <clv hnlv cOub Dblj clb. okOj kծJu mkl: DvYkl mckv Ill. DhCn pC l okյ hkj GhmLl nl, Dmb kծJu k uilb. kJwlil DvYkծ kuyf jbikl jbikl Jukblծb mcho&v I[kCj okOj, Duio lծ pkvJLl Ƶjll. lծ hlY hTuKC oKkl oKkl hjl l Jukblu v#$ծ Picil ovճl vTv kll. hjl l ojmL k uil. Jwup-Dhm k uBi @md b khj okOj SK mjF&l Ʈ$h- oio&JmjK Jjll. SJ kJwl kikiȳ hjcCblv oKkll. Lj mbilJjb JnC mbilv okOj l cCml jcv pll. ikunUhC, cյJuhC Jmm mbil JLvծ uppl k{kll. DhC n JLv kծl vmv SKo Ʈ$JL hnl Dnl, Dmb JJo klb. JU hճIU JHv DC iȳl Hub cU Iluu mbo KB, HhLkj ymv kLեv Ʈp unv oCj kuճl nmv KB, Ʈb P[Ku ymv luuvhC iCj Dyou Jjc KB, Duo KB luc mcj Ijl ymv v SJCj jpyu KB, mjKծ hK Jv p[vb uCj YmJjyk yKu k jIkj hbj, SJou ibimvv JjCj Gmlo DuuGv KB Dյ Jllj Ʈ$b JLvծ DIl okOj jbikll. n mjb FlJb mnplvb u Dmlb J, okOjb `u' kiU pCk nl vn. SK Gc uKJmjK l mjF&lhC uKv Jjll. ll mbo& mm vml, Dvճ kC&vb vmll DC yob Dl<ypn vml. mkl: Dlhϳ mbilkյkl l jcuu Dmll. kյkvLyk pOkbyu pkn l mbill, `lb kubyl iճJhcC kknjlu lb kiCJn kubyl uճǮ Dn.' lkn iճv k kl&vlu vlb vcJb hll.
ynjikծ Jukbl cbyF&l Du J okOjb `ojyj'l npj ukuƵkճ mnm pճծ vn. Dյ kU llhjlv okOj lծ mbilJuknjm cuKl Il. lծյ mbilkj ծ& Jjl DC lծJ[v Ʈpn cUkl. okOjb kJwlckl Dյ Jn lj po nl J Dhu Ʈp mnp JCu v oCj n Jukbl okOjbh{ ouKumhC Ʈpb `Kpv' Ku Jjl. okOjb iCinJl, kl DC mbOvծ lUcU cU n Jukbl hYkl nl. yy Ƶbo KBmjK Dkuճ okOjbkj yn K nl. lbv okOjbv mbilub, `c jkub Dn J, pk{ Ʈp cu h l Dnl, l mk& lcnu kճծ.'
mcj cCmu yuJb Jjճծb Jmy okOjbhյ Dio lթC kճhmv nlb. l hvb h$Jj vml lj kvb h$Jj nl. Lj Jukblb hlYOc&k<ճǮb DlblJ Jlnu k Ob Dm n h$Jjծ cuJ hu nl. hb. k. v. YlKb[ k okOjb i k. o. humJj bl mK vknlb. okOjbv pkn YlKb[ b `nbomLv mbilhl' n ibL kծu lkn llu jiծծ&, hb[lpb hKj yc bcU l Yjku. lbv Yճu cuyj nukju Ij iu. hC humJjykb n Ƶ< Dn cnClծ, lbv okOjbv kCծ D#l uku. YlKb[bv yulb Jmb Jjճծb?
okOjbv SJ cpoj Jwl pu. YlKb[ TH& lj hb[l k okOjbl o[uu njnVj h$Jj b hkju Y c ku#C ju. mbY<Cծ mkl okOjbv c OF&vb Ju. SJ cHul SJuu KBmnyb hj OvʹǮ oKu oTv okOjbv JwJ Djh Ju, `l jiծb mkժh Dhu hmlJlu kC&vh# Hj kiUb nlb. lkn Dhu hmlJlu cnl JǮ Dn.'
yC kc& uiu. hb[lp GmUv cnCu.`lcn unv Dnl Dpv. jib hb vƵl Jjճu c Jճ Jճ hϳlv Ju lcnu TJ vn.' lvblj lm-o[ lm lbv hk& Llu ji, kkO IjCծ Ʈp kj lhյukj ծ& Ju. %vk<&kl okOj Ʈby Ypu. lթCmuY kpճvbovb k KUhC lbv hb[lpbv mbilub. `n mjb pCv ICm c lv cnvbhk& Dhu Ij Du nl. Dl mbiluu cHuǮ i Kj vn. DhC JǮ cnl oul Dmb c cnClծ DhC jiku k yuu cnCv c lmb mbilub.' kj hb[lpbv n Ku[hC okOjb Gmlou oo ou. l okյ hb[lp p yuu llv mbilծb mbOv Jmb Jjkb uilb, JCl D[C ci&l ll ծb o&v okOjbv I[ub. hb[lpb hlJ Y cnCp okOjbv %vci&kj vk O[ nl. k<C oibyj n okOjb iճv-i nl; lj YlKb[ n mbOv-i nl. i-Ƶ< vlծ Gj pj JC Ju vmu lj l Dyu, ljn mh Dmb vlb nlb. SJcJbyu D{ yUiCj k<Cܳ cnCp ov cnh< nl. ov hjbhjb Goddil nl, DC okOj n lbv p[Cj ok nl. oIb mbmJjlv okOj vkծb SJ Gcob, mkJju, %vlmJ kJwlck I[ub. k<C oibyjbhcC okOj Gc Ƶ#J nl. Jcj ibOk&mjK hlYkv Ƶ< lbv I[ku. YlKb[ bhcC l mbOJn nl. mbillu Ʈpbb plv JjCծ o# lbv YlKb[bhmv Ilu k l kl pvcYj vYkub. ov obv pCN ov ibv Dhu Jճ&lv io#C oCj okOjbmjK Ƶ< cnCp k<Cܳlu mlybOv nlb. okOjbv I[kCj lmj i cnCp hյʳ mbillu cvlhhl jvJj, JuJj k mc#J Dmuu h. pDknv mJbP. nbomlv mbilծ DYm Dmuu lթCu hյʳ mbil ƵJkCծ lճj mbPbv oKku DC k<C oibyjbv okOjbmjK mƵ#l k ycv lթCծ vk[ Ju. jPm lbv hճv DCv ou. mbPbcU SJ vkb kյk okOjb J#l Dub. ibLhjuvծb cu mbPbvǮ lb cvkj mkub. ik<ճ okOj Dlbl Jl%lvb cnCll, `mk& %v SJծ kJwll Dij IjCl mkuub vmlb; lj DvJ ibLblv k ipvbJ[v l cUkճծb Dmlb, n i h. mbP bvǮ cP Ovl DCv ou.'
okOjb Dյ OjC nl J kl&cvJuծ mi lNnvb DhC kO Ilu lj DhC `Yk<Juv Flnm' vbokCծb Jc Jjl.
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cj Y< Gh#y} mƮbl Ko DC JUkU DOvcOv k nl Dml. mcj 10-11 J cnj<kmdzb }JY< Dm}u cjǮ kknjl Dյ ovdz DkmL J P} Dn, ci} JjCb O c$ llJwծ vv Il} pl Dmuծ Hjm hJ<&v DvYkm l vn. ovbov pkvjnǮ }JY< Dm}} cճcj %vY< cnCv hl hkl vmuv yo}l }Jkknjl lծ YU Gh# }C }kk} pl Dn, Dm SJ kյ}<C cjǮ Gh#mboY&l J} pl. n kkv mk&L&v LL& Dn. DOvJ k%v, lb$%v, kJ, Ki}, kkmLhv, DkJյ mbOv, DCk bmjK k<ճbmboY&l kh$bmjK cOclv hmbihl }Kv nlv oml. c$, k<ճbmboY&l c}Yl kkv JjCj, mbOJdz, op&oj DC cK cnCp mk&mcv, hjbl p%m kծJbv hծl} Dյ Y<cO }n} i}} ibL cjcO Hjm Dpn D{Ul vnl, n kmlmLl Dn. DL&m$ n k<ճn m Dhko vn.
Kj cnCp n SJ c kjOYmծ Dn. Dp mcpծ mk& mljbl DL&J m#jl YJ k{lv oml. kյ<l: 1991 m} Dklj}u GojJjCvblj DL&J mOjC hk&l lj n ijp DOJ mlhC pCkl. Fs Dm Dij vm, vv hJj DL&J DC kdz lhյ} Dhu Dbikj nbJ[v hln D#j: JmUl Dmll. hkn-Dbl:hknb Dvkճ kյo JjCj mbOJdz }Kv FbipcO kh} hcCl Gh}yO P} Dn, nl Dn. hjbl, cKl: mk&mcv cj cCmծ DL&k<ճJ I[c[b DJ}v hLc mc DC ln h{ pTv hiuY yvk ov hճյ, kյ}<J DC cK cnCp mh k kծvm}Y }cO }n}} kծvmnl cy}J hcCl Gh}yO vn, n SJ c GCkծ Dn. kKl DL&lp% DC `Dbljjdz kkkmL' DL&m$l} SJ l}vv vkv DC llJwծ lb$J %vյK kյ<% cnCv hjƮl DmCN [@. hYJj jIvL lL h. Dj. p bv }n}u `Yjlծ Yk<kO : vk DL&vlǮ O-yO' hmlJcU n GCk vov JnDb lj Yժv vI}} Dn, n vƽl!
mk&mcvb DL&J m#jl hlU biuhJ Gbk}} DmC, n yy GojJjCծ Dpծ il DOJ JUǮ yv}} Dn. mjJj DC Kmi #$ b hjmhj vlծ hvj&v nl Dmlv DC lծ kU ypjh vճcbvmj DL&JjCծ kkmLhv DOJ khJ hcCkj I[v l Dmlv mN yo}bv lcծ-cPmjK cCm Jm k JCl hlmo ol, n Dcծ DL&J m#jlkj Dk}byv Dml. ibcl cnCp DL&J mOjCb hjCl, o, ki DC Dյճ n hlmokj Dk}byv Dml. mjJj k Kmi #$ p p Ghկc jykl lb }Y- nvǮ JJ mcpkv IC, hJuhb Jճ&knǮ `m} D@[' JjC, kJmծ hƯ n DOJOJ }JmnYilcJ yvk, m kJmծ hkml} m#c Yioj cnCv ll DL&hC& DC Ưյ} mnYi ICծ mk&mcvb Jkl k{C bm DL&J m#jl Jcv hmj n Dvkճ& Dn. Jbynv, vճpl kJmծ hճ& DbiJjCN mklb$ Yjll hLc #CJ m#jl DC vblj DL&J m#jl b hmj cճ&olծ jnuv `Yjlծ vճpvhƯ} Yjk mkժh hhl P} vn, l} ki D} vn. mjJj DC pvl bv SJ$ Tv DL&J pv hj h[ճծ Dmll, n Yv vc&C P} vn. hjCcl: Yjlծ DL&J vճpvծ hճ [UcUl jn},' n [@. p bv vbok}} vj#C cc&J DC cc&in Dn. (h. . 129-132).
mmbko DC mcbpmhC& mcpJ yJǮ DYk, `m} D@[' v mJj}} mbJuhv DC m#cJjC mO} v i}u pvl pvo&vծ DL&J vճpvl} Dhj mnYi, [@. p b }K Yjldz vճpvl} cK $ (h. 152) DL&J vճpvl} DmcOvJjJ Dm kJboJjC, n DCKn SJ JjC lծծ p[} Dn. yjJF&v hn} lj Jh<l, oy&} jn}} DL&J m#jl n mN $b pvv Dmuծ Ovl l. DL&J vC&hƯ, vճpv kJm hC}Ǯ kJboJjC nC, n kJmծ hƯ hjCcJjJ k mLvdz ijpb DOJOJ mmbko jnCծ ov JkU GhJjJ vn lj Dvkճ&n jl. lcU kJmծ hƯoK} DOJOJ }JmnYilcJ yvv mnpJ hkl&l P}u kJm pv-hJuhb `m} D@[' n DOJ o# k JJj yvl. c$, DOJj k kJbol vC& hl Dc}l Dukj nmlbljl JjCl D}} DOJj hiuYhC jykCyyl, kJmծ hƯl [Um mnYi ITv mƯ yvCmboY&l DkյJ DmCN #cl mk&mcvb ճ kJml Pu Dnl DLk vn, n c JUǮ jl. DL&J m#jl hmj-DbiJj n m#cJjCծ D hճ& Dn, n yy }KJv vծ GonjCj mh k mOj DOjKl J} Dn. (h. . 146 k 148) pcoj k mllյ} DL&J kJmmboY&l vծ Do& Yjlmcj kjbkj k} pl. c$, mllv lv oJ mjmj 10 kwk k<&J ojv k} JjCծ Jcճ vv J mO J}, Yjl} c$ l yyll vծ J J ijkl l vn, ծ jJ kkv Dm}} `Ʈv clǮ Jcճ' n hmlJl} hJjC svծ GodyOJ Dn.
mh Y<, hkn kkv, o-ko mbmLbv Yjldz DL&kkmLmboY&l kUkU hm J}u Dnk}b DOj, hjJ Dյ hjbl mcv kծJծ Dbikj v Cj Dյ DJ[kj DC mk&l cnkծ cnCp Jw}, lb$J, yp[ Dյ DL&m$dz hjY< (pi&v) khj JjCծ cnkj cUk}} kpճ, n [@. p b }Kvյ}Ǯ kƵ hmlJծ hvhv D{Ull. mk&mcv cj kծJv `DL&JjCkj} hmlJ' cnuvblj yծJv pk, Dm Jnn ibLl vn. DL&m$kj} hmlJ n }}lcճ Dmk, Dյ Dh# JClծ m% kծJ JjCj vn, hjbl Dյ lb$J k ibYj k<ճծ kkv Jcv ic DC kծvdz Dmk, n DL&m$ծ DhծjJ Ƶ#C v Il}u, hjbl Ykl} I[CN DL&J Ilbyyl pyyoj Jln} DC lci} Jճ&JjCYk pCv ICծ hiuY p%m h yUiCN JCn mk&mcv kծJծ Dh# n hmlJ KƮlծ hC& Jjl.
hmlJl} hlh k<ճծ Dյճ lm Khծ khJ Dn. mklb$j mn oJ k}ojcv mJj}u Yjldz DL&Ʈ$ծ kkO h} G}i[l Dic JUl} Yjldz DL&kkmL Yk< kOCծ hϳlv JjC, Sk{ khJ Dm n hm Dn. mnpJ, J#l mckCN mk& k<ճbv mcv vճ oC, n hmbK kknjJ cճ&o Ovl Il DյJwծ Dn n mcpv-Gcpvn Jn h}bv kkvl hjm vճ cU}} vn, n C }il. cKl: mk&mcv kծJ [Ubmcj k}} Dmuv Jn JC kkv n Dlյճ hLcJ DC hmbi yUyOn kl. Yjldz lǮ Kj}}-Kb}} GlhoJl, lcO} j[k}} mjJj iblkCJ, GhpkJm lkj Dpn Dk}byv DmCj c ʹcյ, yjpij, nj DL&kkmLl} DmbIl jpij #$, Yjldz DL&kkmL mkhOvl, mkhOvl ճl, Dmlkml vijJjC, mLvJ mkjp mbmLb kdz hJl, `mP'hCl DL&J kJmծ lU G}v OjCծ OjChճ kJbol kJmծ lk} Hm} i}} njlU, GƮl k mmh Dյ cv<yU kJm OjCծ DYk `[ciHJ [kn[b[' `[ciHJ }ճy}' cO hblj nCծ OJ... bmjK Jn k<ճb DC lb Dbihbib DOJ mK}, mIv DC kյ}<J kkv kծkճm Dk[} Dml.
c$, `Yjldz }vծ kkmLhv' DC `DL&J hilm mmpp yBJbi' n hmlJl} ov hJjC Ghj cճ&ob Jmj hjhj Yժv J{ll. Dbljjdz kkkmL n kյ< kmbi k hkCծ k<ճ DC Fb[m죳} [ D@v[ Fvknmcb J@h&jv D@H Fb[mjK hLlճյ mbmLl} hoI& k llJծ mc DvYk iǵ Dm}u [@. p b l mbƮl GYճ hJjCbl hjhj Glj}} Dn. kյ<l: Yjldz hճծ hjkl&vdzl, ljhj mcl, Yjldz yBJb Yb[k} hճ&hllmboY&l} y@m}- 2 vճck} bmjK Jc}Ǯ lb$J k<ճb lbv I[k}} m}Y hjճ cUlvծ kծkճm nk. `kmlkծ yNhJ DծJ Yv Dm} lj Yk<ծ `%v' nT Jl,' Dm hmlkvJj Jcj JlJj p cnCll l Yjldz DL&JjCyylծ Dh} Yv hiuY yvkCj n ibL cnCp DL&J m#jl hmjծ mOvժh omlSkpծ Dn!
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