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jkkj, 4 c 2008

DL&m$l D@[@c mcLծb `kuL D@H vvm' n SJ uB[cJ& hmlJ jub. lծյ yjyj J Ju Dmb SJ hmlJ lyyu 100 k<եvblj unub iub. l cnCp Ju& cJwm&b `J@hu!'
`kuL D@H vvm'kj c, u@J, mD&, h, JBu@v, i&, Jwkv b kծjbn Khծ hYk h[u nl. HjJ FlJծ, J hlJvb pC ƯJ Jbk Hy@uծ c covkju SJ unvյ Yikj hJյ Ju nl, lj mcLvb mbhC& cov uKK hJյvb Piciv Jub nlb! DC cnCvծ l SJcmjhm jub.
` hmlJl D@[@c mcLvb i mbik lmb DL&m$ ƵJkub. DhC unv cuu nlյ Oժv KծKUi mbYUl, nml-KUl lbv yjyj ITv pl, lmb FL mcL Jjl. cO l DkI[ pi Lbyl DC SKo i mbiv l mh Jv mbil,' Dmb 1843 muծ mcLծ `kuL D@H vvm'u hmlkv unCN kJHu[vb cnCv kub.

 


mcLծb hmlJ Dյko nlb. DC ibcl cnCp n Dյko cCmծ oUhClv vc&C v nl lծ mkL&hClv vc&C Pu nl! hlJpC mkl: mLl mOjCm i l Gi Jbk vJj Jju, Dmb mcLvb inl Ojub nlb. mcLvb lծ c@[ucO Ƶkճ DCK ov i cb[u nl. SJ cnCp-mjJj u[y[Ƶkճ Gil nCj Ku mhO&. DC omj i cnCp- ʹckYiCǮb ([knpv D@H uyj) cnk. `kuL D@H vvm' hnu Yil l ʹckYiC DC lծ Hճo bk<ճ yul. `plJ ypjh mc nF&u DC knlJcU l pյ miUJ[ hmju lյ ʹckYiCǮ ijp DC lcU hl# ʹckYiC k{u' Dmb l cnCl.
mcLvb Kjb lj n hmlJ Fbiub[ DL&J k{ J Pu, n mbiCm unub nlb. bYj k<եhk& n@ub[ DC vojuB[ (n lkU kikiU o nl!) obl Fbiub[h# my J pml Dn, hϵvvb kuc hu Yb[kv m[ub nlb. 1723 mu pkn mcL pvcu lkn Fbiub[vb lhճեl n@ub[- vojuB[ b yjyj Ju nl. DC 1776 muhճեl c$ Fbiub[vb n@ub[- vojuB[ DC Flj obvn Khծ ci Jub nlb. ciծ JjCb D@[@c mcL O Il nl.
Fbiub[cO nkcv DC pcv b DvJul Flj obh# Jc Dmvn hilǮb JjC Jճ Dmkb? yjb [Jb Kpkukj mcLu lծb Gj mh[ub. Fbiub[cO Glhovl ʹckYiC yjǮ pml nl nl. ʹckYiCcU GlhoJl J k{l, n mbiCm lvb Flnmlub vblj hϮb[ ipuub hvծ JjKvծb GonjC Ilub. mcp, Dյ JjKvl on uJ Jc Jjlnl. Dl hlJpC ծC yvkCm uiCj miU Jcb Jjl Dmu lj JjKv oj okյ Jn J[ ծC lճj J Ju. hC ʹckYiCcU c$ GlhoJl Khծ k{u. GonjCL&- pj SJ cCm lj lճj Jjl, omj l mjU Jjl, lmj Jhl. L llu SJ ypu J DCl DC hծk l hvծb `[Jb' lճj Jjl, kij. miȳ hƯl hlJpC Dhu jkJ Jcl Ju Dn, Dmb inl Ojub lj l Jc mll Juvb hlJծ GlhoJl Khծ k{l. cU oj okյ l JjKv npj ծC lճj J Ju. mcLծ cl, Jun kml ciC pk{ pml, lk{ l hC& JjCm GlhoJl ijp pml; DC lcU ʹckYiCn pml Dml.
mcLծ hmlJl hϮb[ DJ[ Jbk mcJjCb vknl. ll SK h$Jjvb unkb lյ mh Y< khju nl. hC lvb cb[uu lkb GLU vknl. oծ my n mhuճPvkj- cnCp ʹckYiCkj Dkubyv Dml, Dmb mcLvb cb[ub. D@[@c mcLծ ʹckYiCǮ Juhv nvj H[&vb DcjJl 1912 mu lծ `c@[u ' n cji[ lճj JjCm khju nl. hlcU mbhC& cji[ HJwl 93 cvbl lճj knճu uiu! ծ lkkj h{ cc JjKv vIu. h{ c@vpcbcO `JDj J@chvm' yyll khjub pCjb lk n nlb. pvju FuJwJ p@J kun 1980-90 oJl n Dj[v mbil nl. lkb cUbn D@[@c mcLcO Dhuu mh[ll.
omN Yil jdz GlhVծb cpch (v@vu FvJc DJbbi) DC Yb[ku mbճ (J@hu D@Jwcuv) k<ճ mcL yul. n mbilv Dhl#hC DL&kkmLlu hm DC kml b կJj HjCk<ճ l Dhuu mbil.
lmN Yil mcLvb jcծ h[kvblj jhծ Flnm GlJ lNnvb jbikuճ. L Yil cJum kծjbkj lvb pjoj nuu {kul. khjkj ybOvb IuCծ mjJj hϳlv Dhճեl mbhC&hC Jm Hmu Dnl, n ll oKkub. DC cO cJwl khjծ mcLvb hhjk Juճ. hծk Yil mcL hyuJ Hճvvmk<ճ Dhuu mbil. n mk& mbiCծ mcLծ u Dlbl mboj Dn.
D@[@c mcL hmlJl `cu' (kn@u) k<ճ yul. l `p kn@u' DC `SJwmbp kn@u' bl HjJ Jjl. kU l hC DC nj bb hm GonjC ol. hCծ pkvu Dlbl- cnCp nNծ DvJ h GhճJwll Dmuvb lծ `p kn@u' hϮb[ Dml. hjbl ljn lծ ypjlu Jbcl- cnCp `SJwmbp kn@u' c$ nNh# Khծ Jc Dml.
SJwmbp kn@uk<ճ yulv mcL hvn ov Juhv khjl. SJ cnCp lծ FJwkuyϳcծ Jbcl (u l `v@ju hFm' Jbk `vmi&J Jbcl' cnCl.) k omj cnCp `ypjYk' (cJ& hFm). mcLծ cnCChcC, hl# ypjYk n `FJwkuyϳc hFm'YklǮ ciC-hjk lkhcC kj-Ku nl Dml. pj SK iǮ hjk lk{ծ Dmlv ciC k{u lj lծ Jbcl k{l DC pj lծ ciC lk{Ǯ Dmlv hjk k{ku lj lծ Jbcl Il. n lk ci miUJ[ ui nlb. pj SK kml ypjYk n v@ju DLk FJwkuyϳc Jclh# pml Pu, lj ll vH pml cUl. cnCv DvJ GpJ DC pcvcuJ Dhu Glhov mOvb l kml lճj JjCm khjlu. Jc&Nbvn lծ kml yvkCN JjKvl ci vJN cUlu. hC l kmlbb Glhov pml Puvb hjk n ciCh# pml Pu lj hvn l kml讳 Jcl Ku lu. cnCp l kml ypjYk n v@ju JclJ[ PJu. Dmb nl nl pj ypjYk n l kml讳 v@ju JclǮn Ku iu, lj hvn miU GpJ DC pcvcuJ Dhu Glhov mOvb omN Ju lj kml yvkCm khjճu uilu. ci l kmlbb Glhov DC cnCvծ hjk Jc Pu J hvn lb ypjYk k{v l v@ju JclJ[ PJlu. Dյ lNnvb n կ u jnu! DC ibcl cnCp n miUb mjJj nml#hƵkճ DhDhծ nF&u! nծ l `ypjh Do㵳 nl'!
Ƶkճ l DmbK mhO&J Dnl k lbv hlJ kml Glhov JjCծ mjKǮ mbO Dn, Dmb inl Ojub lj kkmLcU miȳ kmlbb i hcCl, biu op&b DC Jcl Jc Jclu Glhov mcLծ c@[ucO nl nlb. JjC SK JbhvǮ SK kml Jbcl pml Dmu Jbk lծ op& Jc Dmu, lj inJ l JbhvǮ mhO&JJ[v kml kJl Ilu DC ci l Jbhv mhO&cOv ynj lj HJu pF&u Jbk lu vkb lb$%v khժv cuծ op& k{kv Jbcl Jc Jjk uiu. L[Jwl- mhO&cU lb$J hil DhDhծ nl. DC n JjCm Jubn mjJj Jbk Jubn vճpv JjCj ynj b$C uil vn. ypjh vճc DhDhծ n miUb mO Jjll.
mcL n DiJ Yb[kuյnǮ DuJ[u DL&m$% nl. lvb hϮb[ cJwloj, vճvm Jbk yPvm mճJum yIlu vknl. lvb DiJ blǮ o<hjCc, llv nCj Jcijb hϮb[ hUkCJ yIlu vknl DC lcU miȳbb kյu<C Jbk lbkj Gjb lծ LSjpdcO Dhuu mh[l vnl. hC lծ cvklko lծ Jn kOvblv omv l... `p mcplu ynlb uJ ijy DC o:K Dmll, l mcp mK DC mc cnCl Cj vn.' n lծb kOv lj Dpծ Yjlu lbllbl ui Dn!
mklu `kuL D@H vvm'J[ Hjmb JC u#ծ oub vn. vblj c$ lծ Kh hϮb[ k{u. pkUhm miȳծ jhճv Y<blv lծ Y<bljb Pu. l ynj h[ukj lyyu D k<&bvblj u&md H@Jwm `nTm D@H J@cvm' mYmovb l hLc hu&cbcO GoddOl Jub. ibcl n J, lvb l hmlJ JOn kծub vmuծb vblj Jyu Jub. l hmlJu Kj cvl cUճu JwJ 1800 mu Gp[kb uiub! lhճեl Fbipl lծ vT Dkʳ vIu nl DC l jh k DcjJ Kb[l miUJ[ hnub nlb. lJU Gikl Yb[kuojbv l yճyumjKb kub. lbmǮ l unub Dn, Dmb lbv kճծb.
mcLծb hmlJ DvJb Ij HJwl Y k{kCm kuub Dmub lj l Hjmb kծub c$ iub vn. hC llu kծj pC `vmi&J vճc' Jbk `jpIvlu Jucb' DmumjKǮ DyOl DC DY Dnl, Dmb lvblj cvub iub l pkUhm Dphճեl! cU DvJ ihkl&J hmlJb ol n hmlJ pTv ymub!
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