Leading International Marathi News Daily
jkkj, 8 pv 2008

Yb[kuյnm Jcij, Yb[ku DC Yb[ku vlcub/ Jճo miȳb ijp nl. hC mjbpcյncO Yom n pcvu ybOuu nl. pcvoj mkl:m c pcv kv Gjuulu unvunv lJ[ Yombv Y[vb ol. YombcOn Hcv, knuvm, J@pm& DC iuc Dm yj hJj DC hlȳ nl. lu `Hcv' n pcvoju Y[b oukj Flj Jnn J Jl. `knuv' cb[Ubv pcvojծ pcv Jmv DC lծ Fljn yjǮ Jcb Jv Gjuu kUlծ mkl: pcv Jml F&. lbv ik m[v Jճvb J pln l vm. J@pm&v lj okmYj pcvojbJ[ Jc Jv jnճu HJwl Ph[ DC KChjlb DV cU. iucbv miȳl Jc nJwJ Dml. L[Jwl pcvojծ c pcv, Yombv `Y[vb' Jmճu ouu pcvǮ unvunv lJ[ DC ijbv jCm SJ mcƳJ pcv Dmb pcvǮb kh l JU Dm.

 

lծ kU Fbiub[cOu uJju Yk biu ճu uiu. ci cb{bv jճu pml pcv cUk cnCv pcvojbv mcƳJ jCծ pcv JbhC ukv (SvJwup Jv) Fljb ijbv khjճu hjkvi vJjճu mkl Ju. lvծ h{ `SvJwupm&' UkU u Pu. k mjJj n pcvojbծ ypvb Dmuvb lk<ճǮ `D@Jwmd D@H SvJwupm&' Dm Jճon JjCl Du. cU ci DvJ Yombv l JjCb DյJw nTv ymub. ci llu uJb ub{ njJ[ ճu uiu. n cb[U unvmnv Jcb JjCb, YJ ciCb yjyj NcNn Jjճu uiu. lknhmv knuvkժvծ `knuv (KuvճJ)' n yo vIu. hC h{h{ llu nj, lթC cub b$bkj Jcb Jjճu uiu DC Dյ lNnvb pilu hnu DiJ Jcij lճj Pu.
SvJwupjyu F&uv h@kj cOճiv FlnmJjvb mbojhC unv kub. n hJj 13 k lJl pj m Pu Dmu lj 19 k lJծ mklhճեl lvb JUm iu nl. k Fbiub[ uik[uճJ pcvǮ vcc cnCp 1 J SJj pcv `SvJwup' Pu nl. cU 15 k DC 16 k lJhճեlծ JlJ pcvbkj 75 l 90 JwJ Yom n pcv m[v njbJ[ pճu uiu nl. L@cm cjvb lծ `hճ' yJ kvcO l kU Dcv<hCk<ճ unv kub nlb.
hk& JU jhcO DvJ unv unv hoM/ hbl, lb kikiU uvb DC hlJlu kikiU Jճo bv khNbv Yb[kv m[ub nlb. HJwl NnF&v voǮ Jkjl 60 kikiȳ uvJwbkj khNbv cu vlv kikiȳ vճcbhcC Jj Yjk uil. Fbiub[cO n hl Kh Jc hcCkj DmucU lL khj YjYj k{u. h{ Hvm, pc&v DC Flj JCn ծ unv hjiClv c SJmbO jp/ j vc&C Pu. DC lblu mcv Jճo, uv kijbcU khj DC lcU Gi DC Yb[kuյnn YjYju hnu.
hC Yb[kuյnu JcijbFlJǮ Yb[kuծn ijp nl. n Jv Dub? `pil hk& miU cCmb mjKǮ nl, hC llu Jn JU DC nj cCmb ʹcbl Pu lj DU DC GOU cCmb ijy. lvblj ci ʹcblbJ[ Yb[ku GYb jnub' Dյ SJ Dlbl yUyO hC JǮ LDj l JU hϮul nl. k<ճ mcLvb `hknm D@Jwcuv' LDj cb[u lj cJwm&vb `hckn D@Jwcuv'! n Yb[kumbճ JwJ nbm, ucj, HmkHmk, iucb khj, kmnlko b khj Jvծ Pu Dn n cJwm&vb chC cb[ub. lu iucb khj DC kmnlko ov Khծ cnkծ i ju. F.m. 1500 l 1750 ojcv ovncO jhճv jbv Fljbkj p hϮb[ ̳& DC puc uou l SJv Dbikj nj ll!
16 k lJծ mklu hl&ipbv DC vblj jhcOu Flj `mmbmJl' obv iucb khj m Ju. DHJcOv vi cCmbv ymkOhC hCbhcC hJ[v pyjomlvb `v ku[&'cO vTv huBvmcO cjhճեl ijmjKb jykv Ilub lj Khծ hm cUu, Dյ Juhv hLcl: p@v n@Jvm Fbip cCmu mu. Kvյ cCmvb iucbkj Sk{ Dlծj Ju J cȳbkj jyjy jyv l uJj cjl. Dյ PJm Jcijyu K nTv lvb iucbv hJ[v DCCծ ov mHj Juyjyj lu SuPyL jCvb `mj'J ynu Ju. Sk{b Jճ, hC lծ h{ mHjm jCvb n@Jvmu SJ y oT Ju nl DC ibcl yI! l yǮb vk nlb `pPm'! Dյծ lNnvb ucj, o[hյn, hUkCJ b pjkj GibmǮb `Yb[ku' GYb jnl nlb!
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iucijyjyj kmnllu un Yb[ku mbճm Kh cnkծ ju. SJ DbophcC y jpkl Fbiub[vb Yjllv 5 l 10 uK J [@um& uv vu! y jpkl lb OjCcU Yjldz lǮ hϮb[ DOil Pu DC Fbiub[ c$ Khծ Hճo Pu. l CDioj 2000 k<եl HJwl 17 o<JU h[u nl. l y jpkcOu JUl c$ 31 c o<JU h[u DC ll JkO uJ cjC hku! ybb jp Yjll hmLhl nCDioj Fbipbb mjmj oj[F& GlhV n Yjldzb oj[F& GlhVh# Jc nlb. ybv kCJj, unj, JbYj DյbmjK miU Jjijkj DOjuu Gi v Jv lb Ycnv lcpj yvku. 1750 l 1900 muhճեl piծ c@vH@JwjbicOu DƵճF& ob nmm n Jc Jc nl iu DC kmnlko hƵcl jb k{l iu. @cuvmvv mbiluhcC n DJ[ 1750, 1800, 1830, 1860, 1880 DC 1900 mu Fbiub[ Dvc 1.9, 4.3, 9.5, 19.9, 22.9, 18.5 Dm nl. lj n DJ[ Yjlծ yyll 24.5, 19.7, 17.6, 8.6, 2.8 DC 1.7 Dm Pu. DL&lծ 1757 mu humǮ vblj DC ybiuծ OUOC ukuvblj 100 k<եl Yjllu Gib hC&l: kunk Fbipbv uku nl! J cu DC mv b v-DC JjCJjl lbv ybOuu juk DC jmlbl mOjC JjCb lbv Yiծ nlb.
Fbiub[ DC Yjl blu khj n SJlH& nl. 19 k lJծ mklu Yjldz Jh[ DC jc bkj Fbiub[cO 70 l 80 [ h[, lj y kmlbv YjlcO lv HJwl 2 l 4 [ h[. DL&lծ JnǮ JUl y kmlb Dճl 50 hbv k{u, lj Yjllu vճ&l SJ lLե Pu. nǮ DkmL jc, uJj, uKb[, Jծ, h@j DC Jio miȳ kkmճծ Pu DC Gilu miU Jjij oO[u uiu. 19 k lJծ k쮳 50 k<եl Yjlծb j<dz GlhV 50 vb Iub DC mklb$hk& 190 k<եl Yjldz DL&kkmL n m@ivb nl Dmb cF&J [knmvb `u knJwjv nuJmmd'cO cnuub Dn. DL&l k<ճ Jn kokko u Dnlծ.
Yb[kuյnǮ k{m Jcij DC Yb[ku n GYb jnub, hC cUlծ Gi J{Cb, vH cUkCb, kp DJjCb mbybOǮ vlJl DC lk<ճǮ Jճo n youCծ ijp nl DC JUծ ijphcC l youun. 1200 mu mjbpcյncO ծ&, Flj Oc&mbmL, pcvoj DC jpjpk[ b DOhlKu n Jճo yvl Dml. Dhuu hju Sk{b Glhov Jv mcOv cvkb Dյ cvOjC DmucU vH ICb nm hh cvub pF&. hC Dl khj, JjKvoj, yBJwm vkv ki& vhwm Ghճi DC Hճoj Dm Jճo yvCծ ijp nl. ծ kUu J@L@uJ ծ&vb pv mjbpcյn kkmL yp Oju, lj hmb ծ&vb Gikl Yb[kuoj ki& yp Oju. hmb Oc&cO hjvm, cL@[m DC J@uknvm Dm DvJ hbL vIu. hC Jc-pml hcCl l miȳbv Yb[kuյnu hbyծ ou. `vH cUkCb, yծl Jv ʹcbl nCb n vlJ Dn DC llvծ lcn okծ mk Jju' Dm miU cnCl. Dj.S. @v `jupv DB[ o jF&P D@H J@h@uPc' hmlJl n mbojhC oub.
vblj cCmb nUnU h̵u DC ʹcblu ok cvճu uiu. n cu 16-18 lJl kj mbiluu JjCbcU k{l Yb[kuյnyjyj phmub iub. Oc&vbn ci lǮ ƵJkCJ ou DC lvblj c$ uJbv n cvk mkYkծծ SJ JOn v youCj Yi Dn Dmb (JǮb) kճu uiub.
Dծl i[yu
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