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mckj 4 D@im 2008

Dmcvu Y[uu Ykk{ k uvk{Ǯ klkjCl kpծ ojn pkn kj kj { uill, lkn Dhu nl ƵuuJ jnCj SJck Ghճ cnCp JJmju ui. hC Ku ouu Jn l[p[bcOv Jn pծ lj Jc Jjl F&u.
mbpճ mbi
JCln hlOjC Chk& kkO hJj Dbop-D[Kbv Tl l Dml. DL&lp%, c᮳Du Hb[b jmծ& n[dm, iblkCJ yBJ DC yJbi Jbhv Dhhuhjv jPkn& yBJ iknv&j vcJ Jճ J Ilu Dnl, ծ kkv cb[l Dmll. hlk<ճJ OjClcJ Jjl DkյJl vn, lj l Gu iknv&j Dhu kpծ ojk{Ǯ OjC Jճc m klu Dm clclbljlu lk kYpv kUn DvYkm Du.
kp ojk{Ǯ Jjlu hC&kjc cUu Dm kCNb cnCC nl J, SJ lj [ luծ Dbljj<dz mljkj hl y@ju 145 [@ujhճեl Y[Juu Jcl 125 [@ujhճեl Imju nl. cnCp Jc@[ ypjh Hi Dl Hl uu Dmuծ lb Jwlko nl. omj cnCp (jPkn& yBJ hlOjCծ SJ Dk[DO) uvk{Ǯ oj n 11.91 JwJwbkժv 11.89 JwJ Dm JƮl Imju nl. lmj cnCp, k<&iCJ DiJ Glhov vo&bJlu (DճDճh) l n ccO mn k<եlu vǮbJkj cnCp 3.8 JwJwbkj Imju nl. DL&l n ImjC oծ DiJ il cbokuJ[ mbJl JjCj Dn. lcU h{ DCK Jj hlOjC SJboj oծ DL&JjCծ kJmu DkjO JjCj ju, Dm lb cnCC nl.
kplu ojk{ Dknl jnu Dm Jm kJwl JjCNb Jwlkon m nl. SJ lj, pj ITJ Jbcl vo&bJ Ykk{ n JbƮl Imju Dmu lj jPkn& yBJm DkյJ DmCN 5.5 JwJ mcOvJjJ hlUh# l Kh G Dn. iu k<&lu DKj Jn cnvbcOu uvk{Ǯ vc> mlj hnl, h{u Jn cnvbl uvk{Ǯ oj DmjCh# DOJ {ծ jnCծ Jwl DOJ Dn. omj cnCp, mjJj kdz l n lJNbv Jp&cH DC ukJj DbcuypkC nT Iluu mnk Jc&j klv Dճihճ JcuǮ k{Cj ծ mh mbJl cUl Dnl. vk[CJ k<& Dmuv mjJjJ[v DI[kj cIj Ilu pCծ Jwl vmuv DL&JjCծ ov Jjkճծ Ghճճpv n mk&mk jPkn& yBJkj Dkubyv Dmu. lmj DC cnlkծ cnCp, DO kJwl Juu DbophcC boծ hkmU llJm biu jnuu vn. olu 36 hJ 14 nkcv #$bcO SJ lj mjmjh# Jc Jbk ljUJ hTm Dpkj Puu Dn. lcU biu hkmծ Gco hJ Tv Ykk{u DJwl DCl F&u, Dյun Hjm kk jnuu vn. DKj uvl Dmuu h̵ծ G DI (jPkn& yBJ 17 JwJ u#ծ luvl kcv 20.5 JwJ ki) DC hl hjkծ ki (20 JwJ u#ծ luvl 25.7 JwJ) n DL&JjClu ciC n Jn Ju Il vmuJ[ vo& Jjll.
Dp DKj hlOjC pnj Pukj, kp ojl k{Ǯ YJl JjCj yjyj Dmuծ mh nl. ljn Yjldz jPkn& yBJ iknv&j kճ. kn. j bv hl#l p hcCl ojk{ Ju l Dծbyl JjCjǮ Dn. pj jK jKkl hcC (mDjDj) n hk JwJwbv k{ku pF&u n Dh#l nl, lj jh jcO DO& JwJwb k{ Ju pF&u ծ JCn Dh# Ju vknl.
hjCc Jճ nlu?
Jp& cniCj : jPkn& yBJ kp ojl k{Ǯ OjCծ ly[lyǮ hjCc cnCp yBJ lbJ[v kljl Ju pCN Jpե kp oj k{kCj n vƵlծ oml Dn. yBJb kcv oj JCl hlUkj Dnl DC lb Jp& oƳlkծ mLl kj vkv nCN ojk{Ǯ hcC ju. `Dhvuv [@ J@c' cK Jճ&Jj DOJj n<& bi b cl, yBJbJ[v mk& hJj inJ Jpեkj Jcv DO& JwJwv lj k{ Ju pF&u. lj S[SHm yBJ cK DL&lp% DYJ yթD b cl, yBJb hOv $+C ojl (hSuDj) 0.5 JwJ l 1.25 JwJ k{ Ju pF&u DC l hcCl ci Dv inJ Jpե oj k{lu.
Jbhvb cUJll I : { kpojծ hjCc Yk<l Jbhvb cUJlln I nCծ hjCc I[u. ySmF& 500 vo&bJlu hlvOJ 121 Jbhvb JcijǮ DYm Ju Dml, DL&J k<& 2008-09 pvDKj hnu lcnl, yij-kdz Jbhvbkj kph Kծ&l k<&iCJ 49 JwJ k{Ǯ yp h[uծ D{Uv Du Dn. lj kdz Jbhvbkj nծ yp 25.5 JwJ k{u Dn. vkv nT Iluu k{ Jbhvb kph nCN Kծ&l DCKǮ k{ JjCj ju.
Ol, jmճv DC Fbpvdzjbi Gi#$bv Glhov#cll kmljծ cnlkJb# OjC DKu nl. lbkj lj Dl Khծ u#Cdz hjCc omv F&u. { kpojծ lb vH#clkj ku#C hjCc Puu omv F&u.
Spbu yJbiծ jmծ& kYiծ hcK nl Dijku b cl, ``kpծ ojbyyl mbkovյu Dmuu knv Gi k mLkj cuc Giu lj cծ HJ ymu. knv Gi (pL ynlb inJ n Jp& ITvծ knvծ Kjo Jjll) DC mLkj cuc (pL Ijb Kjooj DC kJmJ onb Jp&kj Dkubylk Dml) ovn #$l ciC hϮb[ Iu. yBJbi n khjl hjCc Jw Dmuu DCK SJ #$ n. vpJ JUl yBJb vhwծ vJwl cp&v n ku#Cjl Iu. DL&J k<& 2009 omN mncnl lb iblkCJ h&HuճcOu `cJ&--cJ&' lծ yBJbJ[v vkv Hjkծj Ju pCծ Jwl Dn.''
mvmJwm vO&jl JjCN Jbhvb k<&iCJ lcn cUJl n 2007 mulu mjmj 20 JwJwbkժv cծ& 2008 DKj lcnl vcckj cnCp 10.6 JwJwbkj Imju Dn. Dic JUl l DCKǮ Il pCծ Jwl Dn.
hCmLl kdz vճpvJj kj mjomF& bv mbiluhcC, ``Dpkj lj Jbhvb cnmu GlhVl hk&FlJծ pc Jճc Dn, hC vpJ Yk<l `kuL FHJw' Dm pu cnu pl lծ hjCc lln ImjC omu lj vku vճ. p hcCl mcYib DC incuc Jcl Imjl Dnl, lծ cvmJ hjCc cnCv inJbv lb mbhJ mLllծ Nnm PumjK k uiu DC llv lb Kծ& mkճn youlu, uծ `kuL FHJw' cnu pl.''
Dj ypjծ iUl : oI& coll Dj ypjlu iblkCJkju hjlk n Jbhvb cUJlyjnJc k{l pCj Dml. hC pj SJboj Jbhvb cUJlǮ DI[kju JcijǮ mOծ J cuծ k Dv Glhov mcikju Kծ&lu k{ lm { kpojծ hjmLlcU hYkl nCj Dmuv, Dj ypjlu iblkCJkju hjlkn Il pF&u.
 


{ kpojծ hjCc Dj ypjlu hjlk Jm hYkl nl ծ Gc GonjC cnCv DcjJ Dj ypjծ JcijJ[ hnk uiu. DcjJmLl Dy&j J@hu c@vpcb kj kյu<J cL kJ bv Dhu `nT hJ m@Jwm uFJ k@jv yH' hmlJl cnu Dn J, kpծ oj n kdz cubJvkj ilkJ<&Cծ YcJ ypkll. kp ojծ hcC plJ DOJ llJ cubJv Kuծ ov Ku pF&u. n mh Jjlv lbv 1964 l 1981 muojcvծ SJ GonjC hmll Ju Dn. JUl oI& colǮ mjJj jKbkju (y@C[dm) cUJl n j JwJwbkժv 15 JwJwbhճեl k{u. 17 k<ե hoI& JuKb[l, [ pvm Fb[m죳u D@knjpv 31 [mbyj 1964 cOu 874.12 kժv 31 [mbyj 1981 jp 875 FlJծ hkm Ju. lvblj SbǮ oJծ hjbY H[ju jPkn& llJuv DO# h@u kJj bv uvk{Ǯ Jbyj[ c[v J{u DC kpծ oj GljCu uiu. p hjCc h{u 17 k<& DcjJ Dj ypjl Dknl lpǮ iu. 1981 l 1998 17 k<եl [ pvm Fb[m죳u D@knjpv k<&J mjmj 19 JwJ ojv hjlk cUkv ou.
Jճ Jjճu nk?
cni[ Jp& H[v J : lcծ kdz mLl vճb$Cynj pT v oCm lcn Iluu cni[ Jp& pm [ J[&kju LJyJ, kJwlil lm knv Jp& mk&l DO H[v Jճu nk.
in Jp& kծju lj mk&OJ J inJp&ojbvծ mmk uiCj Dnl. oo&kv, ynlb inJbv mLkj cuc #$l lpu mkl Puhmv cnCp 2003 mul Ij Kjom `hwubi j' hJjlu inJp& Iluu Dn, lbkj j[ճծ hU Du Dn. Dյ inJbv Dhu pծ Jnm Jc nF&u m Jճ Jjk?
lcn mk&l Jc ojkj YjC Jjl Dnl Jճ? Dhvuv [@ J@cծ n<& bi mkll J, mOծ kp ojlu k{Ǯ mllhk& hwubi j hJjlu inJp& mk&l vc> oj n 11 JwJ nl. hC mOծ I[u uJ Dhu Jp& hjlH[ 12.5 l 13 JwJ ojv Jjl Dnl. lcU h# DOJ kpծ oj inJbkj DJju lj pl vn v n hnճu nk.
hjlH[ nծ Ghճ : inJbv lbkju mk&l cni[ oƳlk Gljkukj, inJp& mcvJl cmJ nhl (F&ScDճ) DC hjlH[ JukO n mLj jnk m Jp&n ukJjl ukJj hjlH[ nF&u, Dm hϳlv Ju iu hnp. mj Ghճ Jv Pu lj hjlH[Ǯ JukO n hijojծ yyll lծ mkvkǮ kճh# DOJ k{kl Cj vn, lcU yBJbJJ[v cmJ nhl k{ku pF&u. Dյ mcճ n<& bi b cl, inJbv lb Jn col k Dmlu lj l c[v DO inJp& hjlH[ Ju pճu nk. lcn Jp&kj YjCN nhlbkju kpծ oj n pj lcծ col kbkj cUCN kph# DOJ Dmu, lj Dյ kb Ghճi Jճ, Dm l mku Jjll.
mLj oj hJjl Jp& nmlbljl Jj : mLj oj (HJwm[ j) hJjlu Jp& mklv kj mjomF& cnCu, ``lcn YjCj Dmuu cmJ nhl n pj DOJ Dmu lj l vov mLj lj Dml. lcU JCln DJmcl OJwJwb lcnu Yճ vmu DC lcnu lճi vƵl kdz vճpv DKl F&u.''
n<& bi c$ hwubi j hJjlu Jp&Ǯ hcCJ jnCծ muu oll. lb cl, ``llhjl mljkj lcծ kpծ oj n Hj lj D[Ǯ l lv JwJwbv k{lu. hC kpծ oj n կ ilv ku Jjl Dmll. h{ pTv l GljCj Dnl. lcU mOծ I[u lj Jp& nmlbljCծ muu cu i kl vn.''
kju ovn JwlkobcO Jn v Jn lL pժj Dn. hC Dյ klkjCl mk&l i hTu n inJb pKcOjC #clkj Dkubyv Dmu. pj kpծ oj kj kj {l pCv lcծ Ph G[kv ou Dn lj mLj hJjlu Jp&l nmlbljCծ Ghճծ lcծm i ju. hC pj Jn JwJwb k{ mnv JjCծ lcծ hl Dmu lj hwubi j hJjlu Jp& Fcv kճu nk. mO lj DhC kp oj կծ JUm hlUkj Dnl, n u#l Dm k.
kjuhJ p Jn lcn Jju l SJ Ik ov lJ[ hlǮ Fjv John J vJ, Dm bi mkll. lb cl, ``pj lcծ mLj oj hJjlu Jp& Dmu lj hjmLlǮ oj mn cnvbv D{k Il jnu hnp. pj k<&-o[ k<&l kpծ oj Dmժ uiu lj lcծ Jp& ojyyl kI Jv hn Jbk hճ& Jp&oj yBJ hճ& Ov hnճu nk.''
oI& colǮ iblkCJǮ Ƶjml c[ vJ : Jbyjl[ Ykk{hճ SJboj pkvcvծ Kծ& k{u DC Jp&kju cmJ nhlbcOn k{ Pu lj c᮳Du Hb[ Jbk mcYibcOu iblkCJǮ lcծ Ƶjml c[ vJ. llv vkhյl vճpv Jbk cuyUb Ƶ#C k JjDjm iU Juu hbp k vճpvu ymu. pkj Jw Dn lkj lcծ oI& colǮ iblkCJ vճpvյ Fcv jKu iu hnp, kյ<l: c᮳Du Hb[lu mmc@J Fvknmcb hu@v (SmDճh) nhl n JCln mLll Yjlծ jnճu nk.
kj mkuu n Jn Ghճ inJbkju mOծ mbJb Jn Db lj hjcp&v J Ju, Dյ Dյ Dn.