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mckj 4 D@im 2008

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vճpv cb[Uv 1979 mu vcuu mJ Hm&v hl kJwlu uiCN Jcv Ypv-cumbybO hlhov Jjl Dmlv K[ikl hl cCյ, hl ov 2400 J@uj cuծ Ypv k njl oj[F& ojjp 2100 J@uj cuծ Ypv DVOv GhuyO nCծ DkյJl kJwl Ju Dn. DVOvծ Jbcl nծ ojoj<-poverty line DOj. ojoj< DOj k<& 1973-74 jkCl Du. DVOvkju oj[F& ojcn Kծ& K[ikl 49.9 . lj njl 56.64 . inl OjCl Du. nǮ l ojoj<- ijy j<! nj pvlm inJ vo&bJ k icC pvlm lcpj vo&bJ bյ mbi[ Iuv ojoj<l mOjC JjCծ ƵHjm uJ[ku mclv Ju. 2003-2004 mu mOjl ojoj< vƵl JjCl Du. l nl K[ikl ojcn oj cCյ 356 . 20 hm k njl 538 . 60 hm. oj Jbyl vkj, yճJ k 2 cu Dյ 3 v vƵl Jv Jbyծ Jcv Kծ& vO&jl JjCl Du; hjbl hlJ Jbyl DF&, yh SKo vjOj, vjʹl Dml, lծ Jbyl iCv Juu vn. 2007 cO vճpv cb[Uv Jbyծ hhlǮ cճ&o . 2000 hl cm Dյ vƵl Ju Dn. DVOvծ k{l JclǮ DOjkj ojoj< Hjkծj JjCծ DkյJl Dn. 1993-1994 l 2003-2004 JUl Juu v@vu m@chu mk& DOjkj v@vu Jcյv H@j FbjhճPm Fv DvD@i&vFP[ mJwj DO# [@. Dp&v mvihl bv J{uu v<J<& ibYjhC kծj JjCծ kU Du Dn. [@. mvihl b cl olu 83.6 J pvl oj okյǮ GlhV/ cUJl HJwl 20 . cnCp ojcn 600 . Dn. olu n 77 JwJ pvl ijyǮ ƵJj yvu Dn. llu 85 JwJ uJ cimki&, DvmƮl pl DC pclcOu Dnl. n mk& DmbIl #$lu- 40 J DmbIl Jcijb Jbydz Dnl. DmbIl #$ oծ GlhVlu 58 JwJ GlhVծ Yioj Dn; llu 25 JwJ GlhV J< #$lu Dn; hC lu 80 JwJwb oj okյǮ GlhV 20 .kj vn. 85 JwJ pvlu hjm DV cUl vn. 15 k<եhk& Dpծh# DOJ J@ujpծ DVOv GhuyO nl Dm. Ghյh, DO&h piCNծ mbK c Dn. ll 60 JwJ cnub mck Dn. cu DC Ij h<bv KT Ilukj Ghյh PhCծ hU lbkj l. Jh<l yuJ DC yu cl l SJ hcK JjC Dn. 1979 mu Ypv n pvcm DOJj Dn; u mbJwl j hj<ov cvl ou Dn; l cvl h$kj DhC mk#j Ju Dn. omN h{Ǯ DL&J mOjCծ JUl kojJ mlծ h[lUC JjCծ ijp Dn. ynmbK pvl ijy Dmu lj j ʹcbl nl vn n kmjl Jc vճ. ojo n cvklu cUuu h Dn.
ojoծ Gv JjCծ 10 k hbk<&J pv G DmHu ju Dn. l hLcJ #$l jpijl I Pu Dn. DiJ #$l Dh#l k{ jpijvc&ll Pu vn, Dpj JjKv ybo Juv Puu yJj, vl DC vճcl Jckj Jb$ Jcijb Yjl k Dյ DvJ JjCbv jpij GhuyO v Puv mkճbjpijJ[ vjյv kUuu JkO DO&Ju k DJu Jcij Dյ jpijnv kJm kƮ$ DkmL GojJjClv GlhV Puu DL&J mLlǮ LL& kC&v Dn. Jcijb Dmu klvl- Real wage cO Puu I, J[ mkեvǮ ou&# Ju Dn. youuu pkvյu k Kծ& hLcJll Puu u#Cdz you cU Ƶ#C, Dji, hkm ln l[p[ Jjk uil Dnl. cniF&v lj lb iClծ yI[kv Ju Dn. ijyb mbK okmbokm k{l Dn. k{l kJm oj n ijybJjl cipU Dn. pilJ ojoj<- hlov hlcCյ GlhV ov [@uj inl OjCl Du Dn; lhmv DhC Khծ oj Dnl. hծ KUi YjCm, YJ YikCm 9100/ 2400 J@ujkժv ojoj< cpch Jum, pkvu DkյJ DmCN Jh[, cJv, Ƶ#C, Dji-D<O b kծj v Jjl jkCl Cj ojoj<n Kj ijyj< Poverty line vmv Ghmcj j<-Starvation line cnCv inl OjC i nF&u.
pkvծ Jcv ijp hhl JjCծ DmcL&l Dյ ijyǮ kK Ju, Jbk vճpv cb[Uծ 1979 mu vcuu mJ Hm&v Juu, Jcv ijpb k jjJ YJ hl&l JjCj JcF&, Dյ kK inl Oju lj ojoj< Hjkծj nCծ pթj Dn. Yjldz mbkOvծ ci&o&J lkl Decent life Dkp&v GuuK Ju Dn. DiJ- mbIl k DmbIl Jcijbyjyj lcpjbvn HJwl Ghmcj UCmǮ vn lj lծ Glhov hƯlu SJ cnkծ IJ cnCv Jճ&#cl jKCm klv/ GlhV Dmu hnp, Dm mk& vճuճv Jcv klvmbybO (Hydro- Engineers Pvt. Ltd. V/S The workmen- AIR 1969- S.C. 182)) cnkծ vJu ou Dn. ojoj< Jcv klvծ DOjkj J jk vճ? Dյճ& i cnCp ijy- ojoj< vO&jCmbybO icC kJm cb$uճ k vճpv cb[U b SJcl vn. ojoj< jklv vճpv cb[Uv kJwlǮ Kծ& n hcC cvu Dn lj icC kJm cb$uճծ cl Jbyծ cUJl/ GlhV n hcC cvk. vճpv cb[Uծ cl 28 JwJ pvl ojoj<Ku Dn lj icC kJm cb$uճ 36 JwJ pvl iCv ojoj<Ku Jjl Dn. lHkl Dn vT J pvl. pkvkյJ DVOvb ijpb Jbcl kյ<l: DVOv, [U, lu, Yphu, D<O, Ƶ#C, vkj b mbi[ 2007-08 JjJU ypjlu Jclǵ mbi[ Iukճm uiu. [@. DjJb[ b H@cuvmj Jbk GhuyO cnlvmj vnj- lv hl Jbk ov YJN, SJ k Yp DC SJ Jh n; ohj pkC- ov YJN SJ k Yp, SJ k Yl, SJ k [U; j$Ǯ pkC- SJ k [U, ov k Yl, SJ k Yp b Jbcl nl 55 . mjhC, kp, lu, c, cmu b JclǮ ll DblY&k vn. mCmoǮ Kծ&, hC, oOoYl bn mck vn. D<O, h-hnC, vkj, DbiYj Jh[, hճlC, hkm b kծj Jum hlcCյ hlov 75 . DkJ Pu lj l ojoj<kj F&u. jhJp y JbhvǮ SJ kծjl mk& vճuճv cnljhCծ ijpbn kծj Ju Dn. Jbyծ ojokյǮ GlhV 225 . cnCp oj cnvծ GlhV 6450 . n ojoj<- Poverty line vƵl Pu hnp.
ojoj< Hjkծj Jjlv ojoj<Kuu pvlu DVOvyjyj Dv pkvkյJ kml DC mk Subsidised ojbl k mnpil, vjbljhC GhuyO JjCծ pyyoj mvv Guu hnp. mk&pvJ kljC kkmL K k vo&< yvku hnp. yUJ Ju hnp. mypkj J[J JjkF& Jv kճo ypjkj ybo DCk uiu. Kvp lukj Jhl Jv Dhl# Jjjv Hjkծj ll[v Jjkճm hnp. ojovc&uvծ oI&Juv pv kյ<l: l k lcuծ k{k Glhovծ Juy Jճ&c nl ICծ ijp Dn. ojoj< hvk&j- hvcե[CǮ pnj mbJuh Jv Dc DoccO kյkm GlhV Ju hnp. ojoj< HjkծjJ[ ou&# cnCp YJyU DC obiuu Dcb$C Dn. ծ oKu ll[v ICծ ijp Dn.
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