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yOkj, 27 D@im 2008

Dhu Yjll GƵ#l, Dlckյkm Gcokj GhuyO Dnl. Dhu FbpvDj, [@Jwj, Ǯm&, vm&m, Ƶhbi, SDj nmm, m.S., k%vJ, FuJw@vJ, Dճ.. #$, j[D FbpvDj F. Gcokj cyuJ hcCl Dnl. mv 1978 #CJ #$l Kh c hcCl kL&-kL&v G Ƶ#Cm hjl Pu, lcU Yjll mk& #$lu cyuJ hcCkj Gcokj GhuyO Pu Dnl.
Dlծ iuyuճPvծ JUl Dbljjdz ol Yjldz GcokjJ[ SJil, ƮJ, Dlcmch&lhC F. iC DmucU Dbljjdz o YjlJ[ Dյv yIl Dnl. DpJu mk& k ki& cvOjC Dյ Dn J Jcl Jc DkOcO pmll pml hm Jckv Gk&jl Dճ< mK nCm hϳlv Jjll. Yun ci l Dճ.. #$ Dm Jbk Flj #$ Dm hlJ iu Kh hcCl ciC Dn.
ojk<& YjlJ[ 25 JwJ nj cv<yUծ ciC Dbljjdz o Jjll. cU Yjllu jJcb #$l
 

Kh k{ Pu Dn.
jcb #$lu (FvmF& o Fb[m) hlJ #$l Ƶ#Cծ hl D{ k{ucU hlJ Gcokj n GƵ#l hokOjJ DmucU Flj ʹ iCn lbcO GhuyO DmucU hlJ Yjldzb cnkJb# GlJ JjDjm Gbku Dnl. lcU hlJu Dknjmp (ynj ol vJjǮ DJ<&C vc&C Pu Dn.) l ov Dhu hok hhl Puvblj hokOjJ hlJ Gcokj D@y@[ (Dknjmp) jcb vphhm& J@uc h[lUlv omll.
jcb쮳 Spvmp Yjllu hcK njbcO Dnl. Go. cbyF&, ouu, com, hbpy, Jvhj, hC, DbO ho, ybiuj F. JC Dhu D@Hmm lbv GI[u Dn k ll okmbokm k{ nl Dn. JjC Kh c hcCl GƵ#l vc&C nl Dnl.
Yjll Koծ i cnCp pk{ hcCl i@pSv Jbhu Jv ynj h[ll, l hcCl Yjll Sk{ hcCkj vJN GhuyO vnl. cnCv hlJ Gcokjծ D{ DbljjdzJ[ Dn. JjC kLեv jp mljkj Jbk jmljkj hϳlvծ hjJ Jvn vJj cUl vn. JjCcU vjյ nTv l nlyu nll. cnCv k JbUll k D@y@[ ci& hJ[ll. m jcb Spvmp Kh biu Jc Jjlv omll. hJյ Jku jcv n jcb Spvmpծ SJwPJwkn jm& DmmSvծ DO# Dnl.
jcb Spvmpծ cnkծ Jc
c@vpcb [i kkmLhvcO jcb쮳 Spvmp Gcokjb uճJbi yIv l l #$l ITv pC Jbk Dh@&v oC n cnkծ Jc jcb Dn. kLե Dծjkծj yIv jdz, Dbljjdz GpJl vj#C Jv lbv JCl hmm cv<yU nk Dn, l pCv ITv lծ hl&l JjC. hlJ #$l O hhl JjCm GY Dnl, l JbhvǮ m@mJu [ Jm Dn n pCv IC, Jbhvb omN oյ mbybO Jm Dn n pCv ITv k lbv cv<yU hjkC.
hlJ GcokjcO lծ uճJbi OC, l #$lu hYlk, lծ Yjl k mbmLlu DOJNծ Dh#b hl&l JjC. kLե (mk& muJwv) JbhvǮ JCl hm lbv JCl DYmկc Ju Dn, l yIC. lծ @ub yIC, mkYk Dlchj#C k lvmj hoVl oC.
l kL& pj muJw Pu, lj Jbhv jcb Spvmu Gcokjծ k<&J hijvmj 33JwJ Jcյv jju oCl l. muJwv kl&U #$lu cK Jc, cK G Jbhvb mbhJ& mOv DC Gcokjյ mbhJ& mOv lb FbjkԳ ITv JbhvǮ ciCvmj lծ h$l DUKv lbv p@y oC. ojk<& 40 l 45 Jc&Nb ciC k{l Dn. i hJj Jc&j GhuyO vnl cnCv jcb Spvmp n Jc Jjll J, Gcokju (kkmLl) i jlv ci&o&v oTv l-l hmu mpm Gcokj lճj Jjll.
yPvm jcb SpvmcU ou 10 Jj[ hճb GlhV cUl Dn. Dhu olu GpJ mcn hl k<& Jcl Jc SJ Dyp vkv hob, vkv vJNb GhuyO vc&C Jv oll. lcU jcb Spvm n Gi SJ c GbJ il. 2007 hճեl JjJU DiJ #$lu JjJU kknjծ Gu{u 45 l 50 JwJ FlJ nl. c$ Dl Hճvvm #$l yBJ, D@Hm, DTmmեi cOn 35 JwJ kknj nl. hjbl Dl #C 30 Flj ob mbhJ& mOucU kkmճl k{ Pu Dn. n SJ pyjoml DknvlcJ #$ Dn.
cճ H@v - c@vpcb Jvmuvm
bv 2004 mu v@J& kb[j Jbhvǵ nlcUkC Jv JbhvǮ Gu{u Dl hϮb[ hcCl Pu Dn. lb D@Hmm 44 jbcO Dn. cU Yjllu jcb Hb[u Jbhvǵ nlcUkC JucU kkmճl pilJ mljkj Jbhvu 30 kkmճ k{u Dn. l k[j k Sv.kn. Jbhvb kuvJjCcU pilJ mljkj SJ kiUծ DvYk Du Dn. jcb Spvmpծ Jճ& k llhjl mk hj# Ilu pl. SpvmǮ mHu Dknv DC o[hC bv mcj pk uil. JjC jcb Spvmu p hJj pyyoj mhku pl, l cnCp jdz k Dbljjdz hlUkj c@v h@kj mm& okCIkC Jjlv hlUkj hϮb[ hcCl lHkl Dml. l lHkl Jc JjCծ ov jcb Spvmu Dnj$ J Jjk uill. cnCp @ub[ c@vh@kj i jlv lծ hj#, hm&vu FbjkԳ Iluvblj, c[Ju m Iluvblj mH jcb nl. Dl Yjldz vijJb Dh# Hj hcCl HHku Dnl. JjCcU Spvmu Gcokj k DiJ #$lu JbhvǮ pժjl ciC hC& JjCl Kh $m nl Dn. cU Spvmu Kh Jmjl Jjk uil Dn.
mHu j Juvblj JbhvǮ okCIkC Jcյvծ mboY&l mcPl Jjk uil. n Jճ&hCu DiJ #$l ծ lkbv ull. FbjkԳu Duu Gcokjbv Hj JU lJUl ymk uil cnCv lbm n-v hlJ iǮ m Jjk uil.
Dhu myl Fbjk讳 mcjm hlJ Gcokju hlv, DF&, k[u, mm, mmj bv kkmճծ hC&hC cnl k uil k mOծ vJjh# n vJj Jl hv mjm Dn n hkv olv Gcokju n ljkj Jmjl Jjk uil. jcb Spvmp oj lv cnvbv DiJ #$յ kikiU DYmկcյ vi[l Dmuu Gcokjծ Fbjk ITv (D@v o mh@ p@y D@Hj) cUk YjkCl ll. n cUk cbyF&, kյ, ooj, C, DbOj, kbo F. Yjku pll. Lv Gcokjծ vk[ nl. Dյ cUkծ JC uJm, cbyF& cjj, c[-[, Schu@cb vp, cnj< Fcm F. vphhm&cO pnjl l. l kUm Gcokjծ mk& lճj Dmu hnp. yճ[, H, Fbip Y<kj hYlk, SKo Dbljjdz Y< l Dmu lj Hj sv, vc mkYk DmC cnkծ cm JcvJvծ ijp, Dhu cnk piu hkv ol Du hnp.
#$l m$ճb mnYi 60 JwJ lj h<b mnYi 40 Dn. hlJ JbhvǮ D@HmcO pj vpj Ju lj DhCm vo&vm l J, h<b luvl m$ճ #$l DOJ Jճ&jl Dn.
mk& Jճ&#$cO kU k hlJ jծ jOkp mbmLu kC Yi Dml DC k<&l Jl kL& jcb Ju ծ hC& Dnku lճj kk uil.
Gcokjbv vk[lv ICծ JUp
1. mծ& : cO Gmho mljkju c@vpcb L i kJwlǮ vk[ Jjlv Spvmu lv l mn cnv uill. cyoul Gcokjծ hijծ 33 nmm jcb Spvmu cUl.
2. p@y D@Hj : jcb Spvm mk& J@upcO pTv J@up J@chm Fbjk ITv GlJ< Gcokj vk[ll k lbv p@y D@Hj Jjll.
3. muJwv : vk[ JjC kkmLhJծ vk[ JjC. kJwlbv kkmLhJb cnl Flj DvJ JbhvǮ [ymcOv cnl ITv Dhu Jbhvl DJ<&l hij oTv lbv mck< Jv IC. yu kikiȳ JbhvǮ p@y mF&kjl [ym Jv kժv cnl cUkv k l Gcokjծ cv kUkv lbv Dhu JbhvJ[ DCC k Jjj Jjkv IC yuծ H l DhC Dhu JwuճbJ[v Ill k lvmj muJwv nl.
4. yPvm hmm : Jc&j Jbhv, n@mh@u, y.h.D., Su.h.D., ju Jc&j, H@c&m, JPcj i.[md, cc Fb[mpcO Dյ hJj Gcokj mbmLbJ[v Yjl Ju pl. Jc&jki&u hijծ kljJwl Flj kikiȳ jlv Fvmknpd hhl nll. pj SK Gcokjv vco Juu ji lh# DOJ Jbhvu yPvm hhl Jv oum l Gcokju Fvmkn hhl nl. Jn Jbhv SJ cnvծ hij Fvmkn cnCv oll.
ih SJwPJwkn : Dյ Gcokjm hokOj k j l hծ k<ե DvYk DmC Yi Dn. Dյ Gcokjm 15,000 l 20,000 hij hhl nl.
mJwj n[ : p Gcokjm hծ l mn k<ե DvYk Dmu Dյ Gcokjbv [cv mhum cnCv mbyOCl l. Gcokjծ pyyoj Dhu mnJNJ[v i k kkmLl jlv Jm& Jjkv ICծ ybOvJjJ Dml. b hij 20 l 35 npj Dml.
mJum - Gcokjծ Dlchj#C : p Gcokj FbjkԳm npj nll, l hlJծ JCl #$J[ Ju, lbcO DvYk, Dlchj#l, i@mhbi h@kj, p%m k F. mk& ib vj#C JjC ybOvJjJ Dml. JjC moj Gcokj uճJǮ DmC Yi Dn. l uճJǮ Dmum vk[ vƵl Ju pl.
1. hlJ Gcokjծ n@C[jճbi, mbY<CJ J̵uծ hj#C Ju pl. p mcjm Gcokj Dhu yճ-[ Jbk FbjkԳ um& mvճj uknuծ mljkj JCl jlv moj Jjll DC JCl hJj FbjkԳpu JhJj mcj pll, ծ m#c vj#C Ju pl.
Fv[h [cv v@up : ծ DL& Dm, hlJ mbmLv Dhu JwuFu knp oTv lLu Jc&jki& ciC Jճ Dn, l m[ JjC k Flj JbhvǮ cvv JlJ hv mjm Dn Jճ? ծ GhճJwl cnl Dkil JjC DkյJ Dn.
vbi mbj : jcb mbmL mboY&l JCln Jm& GhuyO vn. hjbl y@uj D@H c@vpcb m[p hJj hokJ DYmկcl n hƵ#C ou pl. cnCp Գcv jmm& c@vpcb mnJճ& ITv GhճJwl cnl Gcokjbv cyuJ hcCl hhl Jv oll.
Dl ukJj jm& DmmSv hokJ DYmկc u JjCj Dn.
Hճo :
1. SJ Jun mbIl #$յ mbybOl DmC.
2. #$cO kU ybOv Dml.
3. #$l h<b cvv m$ճ DOJ hcCl Dnl.
4. kkmճl DhCm DvJ kJwlb mbhJ& mOճծ mbO hhl nl DC lծ y@JiTb[ JUl.
5. k쮳 #C vJmv nC :-
Jn mcjm ouu kUl DhC ybOv hUu vn, lj Juu J<ծ p nCj vn.
6. cvc :
hlJ k<ճkj mKu DYm JjC DkյJ Dml. hlJ k<ճծ GJu Jv nCj ծ kյu<C Yi Dn. ybOvJjJ Dn. Dյ Jճ&cU SJ hJj yDjbi kC Jbk l O hhl JjCm Jl jJwl pUk uil ծ Jnn vc vml.
7. Dhu mnJNbv (Gcokju) i jlv ck Ju, lj biu jlv Dknv huCծ #cl, hlJ hmbiu J hJj mcj pCծ O[m, O̳& hhl Jv oC ijp Dn. Dpծ k{l iuyuճPvծ JUl ol k hjol k{l GiObbv i cv<yUծ Dhu Yk<JUln ijp Ymu k l YmCj Dn. Dյ jcb mbmL DmC DkյJ Dn.
kjo cU-p
mbhJ&- 9421473131