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vkj 1 vknbyj 2008

yjyj 35 k<եhk& 20 D@Jwyj 1973 jp j@u D@hj nTmծ pbi GoddIv mnU Fbiub[ jC SuPyL omj n Ynml hj h[u. DYlhk& j<CF&v m[v yboj GpUu nl. SJ DvK kml DubJjծ hl m[v ybojծ Y k{kCN D@hj nTmծ GoddIv mnU u#kO h#Jbv Dhu [ȳl mku. GddPvծ mpvյul piYjl JlJ Pu. `i[&v' y kh$v `o Doj lp' cLȳKu yu cnl ou.
mSJ k<եhk& nJJl Dn. pv iPvm n DcjJlu SJ hm kkbo mbuJ D@muճl l.
 

m[v mbHv D@J&mm l hnC mbuJ cnCv D@muճծ oNkj l. lL puu DvJ mbil mcjnblu SJ mcjn m[v njl Dճpuu Dml. l mbil mcjn m[vǮ vij cbojl hj h[l. pvu l KJlb. m[vmjK c njcO J@vm& n@u lkn vknlծ, hC cOc DJjծb SKob vinoKu vmkb ծb pvu o:K Pub. pv lծ oj hC& Jv DcjJu hjl pCj l mcju D@muճv y@[Jmbi J@h&jv lu jm[b D@J&m Jb[Jwj pi mkJjCծ kvbl Jjl. l ho l Dvbov mkJjl.
h{ k<& cnCp mv 1948 pu cnvcO pv hvn D@muճl l k kkbo mbuJ hoծ m$ nl Il. DvJ Ghկc hokj Dmlv Jjkճծ lv jku Dml. SJ Dlյճ Gc Dm D@hj nTm m[vcO GY JjCծ pv lծ cvl Dml. lb hlJ mbil mcjbYcO, h$Jj hj<obcO, mjJj DLk Kpi DOJNb yjyj nCN yJbcO mbJuhl D@hj nTmmbybO l Dhu kծj cb[l jnl. mkե hjCc hծ k<եvblj omv l. u&md cPm vkծ DOJNu pvծ hJuhyu mnvYl k uil. hJuhծ GYjCmboY&l ծ& I[k cnCv l Dv mJdz hoOJNb k pvծ SJ yJ yukl. yJl GhmLl Dmuu p@v pmH Jnu DOJNu m[v njl D@hj nTm ybOճծ Juhv cvcv hl. ծ mboY&l Dpv Jn yJ nll. h{ 1954 muծ vknbyj cnvl hJuhծ GYjCm SJ mcl vճJwl Ju pl. l mclcO pv iPvm, u&md cPm, lm m[v vknm&cO DJ&Jwj k<ճծ hHmj Dmuu n@j D@kL&, Ƶkճ m[v m JGvmuծ Tv JwuJ& j@ nb[ k m@v nkub[, p uJu iknv&cb [h&cbu hcK nl, kJwlb DblY&k nl.
D@hj nTm ybOճծ n hJwJ Pukj m[v njl l J ybOճծ m i pi O m nl. DvJ hճ& pi lhmv hnuvblj m[v ybojlu yvuBi h@Fb n pi vƵl Ju pl. SJ GlJ D@hj nTm GY JjCծ mclǮ cvm nl, lm Gc DC pCJj DJ&Jw vճJwl Jjճծ nl. mclǮ Jn mombv D@hj nTmծ kmlm SJ mjK [PF&v nl k Jjl Dbljjdz mhO& Dճpv JjCծ Juhv cb[u. lkj kծj Jv mhO& ICծ vƵl jl. 1956 mu pvDj cnvl Dbljjdz mhO& I<C Ju pl. lvn ypbv hCv k{uu yvuBi h@Fbkj jdz D@hj nTm m[v njl nCj vml Juhvv Yjkv iuu mjJjv hJuhծ Kծ&kj Jun cճ&o Ilu vknl. Dhhu [PF&vm moj JjCm piYjlu kmlƵuhJjbv [mbyj, 1956 hճեl cnCp SJ k<& col ouu nl. mhO&m hj#Jb vcCJ Ju pl. lbl n@j D@kL&, Fbiub[cOu uPdu c&v, D@muճlu J@y[v hJ& k DcjJlu Sj mjvv Dm oo kmlƵuhJj Dmll. mhO&u piYjlv YjIm hlmo cUl. yvuBi h@FbmjK jcBJ pikj D@hj nTmծ hJuh mJjճծ v lm hJuhcO D@hj nTmծ Dv<biv Jճ Jճ i Dmճu nk nm mhO&JbvǮ jkճծ nl. jkv ouu colcO mk& cUv 233 kmlƵuhJj Dhhu mbJuhv mclJ[ hkll.
1957 pvkj cnvcO hj#J cb[Uծ Jc m nl. Sj mjvv bv DcjJlv m[vu ճu kuby nl. lhճեl Dv hj#Jbv Duu [PF&vmծ svv Juu Dml. lb cl yo Puu [PF&vm SJ ypu kuu Dmll. mjvv Duvblj lu mk& [PF&vm oKku pll. Dv hj#Jbv yo cnCv ypu kuu [PF&vmծn mjvv vj#C Jjl. lcOu SJ mJ [@Fikj lծ vpj pl. SK ybojl mbL hCcO Dhhu Ƶ[ GYժv Jn vJ okv GY Dmkl Dյ hJj l mO, hC hYk [@Fi Dml. mjvvu l Dlյճ Ykl. mjvv Dv hj#Jbv mbill, ``cu
kl n Dio mO mJc@J [@Fi Dn, n pj Kjb Dmub lj lcO cu SJ Dlmboj hjJ kml o&v nl Dn. l kml pk{ Yk lk{Ǯ cvcnJ Dmu. kmlcOu kkj mcOvJjJ Dmճu nk, hC ll kkjCNծ cvl hjJ Yk vc&C knճu nkl, lj l յmk kmlƵuh. [PF&vcO cu n iC oml Dnl.'' hj#JbcO l [PF&vyu ծ& nl DC hLc cbJծ [PF&v cnCv lծ vk[ Ju pl. l [PF&v nl DJ&Jw p@v GddPv b. hj#Jb Dnku Dio cpJ nl. ``mbJuhl kml vkkU jKJl oKkCj Dm n mO [@Fi Dn. hv: hvn l [@Fiծ Dcn yjJF&v hj#C Ju v Dcծ K$ Pu J mO hjbl DյճhC& mbJuhvlv D@hj nTmծ kml hl#l mJj nF&u lkn pilu l SJ Dldz kml Dmu.'' 29 pvDj 1957 jp p@v GddPvv n mhO& pbJuծ pipnj Pu. m[v ybojcOu Yk, DJ<&J hu k ybojծ SJC o㵳 mkժhu Dlյճ hjJ ju, Dm D@hj nTmծ kml DJj Dn. kNv Hiuu Ƶ[b DJjծ unv-c shjbv SJ DoddYl k vճvjc Dյ uճ kmlu uYu Dn, n kml讳 mbo& ihl Dn.
p@v GddPv [vcJ&. 1918 mu 9 Shu jp lծ pvc Pu. [vcJ& D@J@[c D@H D&ddmծ mJu D@H DJ&Jwj mbmLl lv mv 1942 cO DJ&Jwj k<ճl hok mbhov Ju. lv k<& l m@JnccOu DJ&Jw ivj Dmhub[ bJ[ Jc Jjl. vblj SJ k<& Hvub[cOu numbJ njl Dukj Du hlYkv DJ&JwJ[ Jcծ DvYk Il. 1947 l 49 lv k<եl GddPvv jh, Gj DHJ, DcjJ, cJwmJ ob oj Ju. lumv hk& L HBJ u@F&[ jF& ծJ[n Jn cnv Jc Jjl. 1950 mu [vcJ&u hjl Tv GddPvv Dhu mkl: kkmճ m Ju. muJyi& D& cPDc, Jhvnivծ v@vu cPճc, y@ipn[& ծ& kmlb jv lv Ju. D@hj nTmծ mhO& pbJu lkn GddPvծ kճ nl D[lm. Juvc&lǮ #$lu Sv GcoǮ JU.
1957 pu cnvl GddPv D@muճcO l. lhճեl Yk hJuhծ GYjCm vOmbJuv mclǮ mLhv nTv vO mbJuvծ Jc m Puu Dml. D@hj nTm hJuh mclmcj GddPv D@hj nTmծ kml c@[u moj Jjl. kmlcO JCJCl mkO J hJj Dmճu nkl yu hJuh mclyjyj mkmlj ծ& nl. lvmj Dh#l mkOb Dblc o lճj Ju pl. ybOJcծ ov [@Fip lճj JjCm GddPv [vcJ&u hjl pl.
pkUhm yUm npj jm cm& FlJw c pikj D@hj nTmծ kml GY Dn. lhJ mcj lkm npj jm cm& Sk{ ybOJc Dn. D@hj nTmծ shhj DJjv mOmO oml Dmu lj lծ DYճb$J jv Kh DkI[ Dn. unv-c Jcvb DJjlu n shhj Dn. mkեl c JcvǮ Gb Dn mom cm&. mbhC& shjծ kpv Dn mkm npj 250 v. hJuhծ mJwju Fbpvdzm& cnCv ub[vծ Dkn Djh DB[ h&vm& bv Jc Ju.
p@v pmH Jnu u n hJuh ukJjl ukJj mJj knճu nk nl. hC hJuhծ khl c nl. kml mk& DjK[ DJ&Jw, FbpvDm& bJ[v JUphk&J DC kծjhk&J nC ijp nl. lu lm kUn uiCj nl. hC pikj hl# ybOJc m JjCm p mk& hk&lճj knճu nk nl, l Jnuծ GlkUhCcU Pu vn. ovbJ SJ mhbyj 1957 jp pikj Jc m JjCm lv Din Ju. lhcC Jcu DjbY nl DC hJuhծ ybOJccO DvJ D[C T uill. Jc m Pu vd Pu l hJuh mclv ov h#inbSkp j h#inb ciC Ju. lkn mk& DjK[bcO you JjC hhl Pu. FcjlǮ Kuծ cpub ybOJcծ mbi[l Dl you JjC Jw vknl, JjC lծ ybOJc hC& Puu nl. lծ ybOCkj ci j h#inb cb[C p@v GddPv Jjl k lvmj Dhu [@Fip youl.
hJuhlu mk&l JC k DknvlcJ Jc nl l shjb [PF&vծ. Ƶbhuծ Jbk Db[ծ Jkծ Dml. pu u (shell) cnCll. SJ kյ< hJj jvcU n Jkծ Dio hlU DmvoKu cpyl Dml DC kpvu nuJ Dml. uծ jvkj DOjl D@hj nTmծ shjb [PF&vm Dkn Djh Jbhvv kJml Ju. Dmb mbill J, JbhvǮ m[lv uK lm Jcm 1957 hmv 1965 muhճեlծ JukOcO Kծ& Pu. u [PF&vծ DvJkO Juhv nlUu iu. mk& shhj unv-c Dmu lj l SJծ hJj DJjl yboml Puu omճu nk nl DC vcJ hnu j k<& nǮ i mO nl vknl. lcU hJuhծ Jc jK[l nl. k kmlƵuhJj GddPvuծ lv SJ ci& mh[l. lv shjb unv-c DJj Dյ hJj yboml Ju J, pcU l mk& um SJծ $p iuծ Yi Dmlu. lcU shjb GYjCm p hk&jƮl (prefabricated) Yi khjճծ ju nl l Yi yvkCծ Jc SJoc mh Pu. Ƶkճ kU DC Kծ& ovnb yծl nCj nl. n mk& nF&hճեl 1962 mu Gp[u. shjb unv-c Yi lճj JjCծ Jc n@v&yJ ih vkծ JbhvlH& m Pu. SJboj 2194 hk&jƮl Yi yvkճծ nl. n mk& Yi vblj huo ojKb[ծ mԳv SJ$ p[u. ojKb[ծ uby pkUpkU m[lvյ Jucm& Yju.
m[v D@hj nTmծ hJuhlu kkO ib DJ[kj Dծbyl JjCj Dn. kmlkju mk& shj mj@cJ F&umծ khj Jv Jju Dnl. 10,56,056 FlJw F&um lm khju. hbkm cm& Ku hCl GY Juu 580 JB쮳 Kbybkj n kml DOju Dn. mbhC& kml kpv 1,61,000 v Sk{ Dn. Kjb lj Jծ lճj JjCծ Gil yupճc o Dimj Dn. hjbl D@hj nTmm khjCl Duu Jծ HvmcOv vu Dn. n Jծ ohoj Dn. Dlu Jծ mO Dn, ynj Jծ b[ Dn. Jծ SJC #$HU Dn 6,500 jm cm&. kp ljb uby 645 Jucm&. klvJuJjCծ b$C 26 Ku Dnl. ojJ cvu mcj 28,500 Ivcm& Sk{ Lb[ nk pkUhm m[ SJCm Jucm& ubyǮ knJbcOv mk& ouvbl KUku pl.
p kiv hJuhծ Jc nC DkյJ nl, l kiv Jc nl vknl. 1965 mu mjJj youu. F.S. Hc&j vkծ kmlƵuhJjծ mjJj klv Jckj vcCJ nl. GddPvծ ci lv Jc ukJj mbhkCm lio uku. Kj lj hJuhծ Jcծ mkժh FlJ kյu nl J, lծ pCk mjJju Pu vn, Dm Kov cnCk uil. ծ mcju D@hj nTmծ mkObcO k{ JjCl Du. vin, Ʈ$hin, ynGhճi mYin, SJ c Ghnjin Flo mkO oCծ jl. lm cU vJյl you Jjk uiu. ll GddPvծ yjծ kU iu. J@vm& n@ucO ov npj Dmvb m cU DjK[l Dml. ll you Jv 2679 Dmvb m Jjճծ jl. lcU ybOJcl yjծ you Jjk uiu. l Dv<biv Okv mbpvծ DjK[bcOoKu you Jjk uiu.
vk mjJjcO [knm pmdd vkծ inmL mk&pvJ ybOJc Klծ cb$ nl. lծ k lծyjyj Dmuu mjJj DOJNb GddPvյ hl vm. GddPvծ k FbpvDj Djy b pv pm k lծ mnJj cv Jjl vml. hjCc hJuhծ ybOJc jK[l Dm. lծ Khj c$ GddPvծ cLkj Hl Dm. Dlhճեl GddPvծ Jcծ cvOvhJ 51 npj hb[ C yJ nl. yyll 28 Hykj 1966 jp GddPv k pm b SJ yJ Pu. ll yjǮ koiml ծ& Pu. ` Dk[l lcծ cvOvyu Jճ l jk k lcnu JUk', Dm pmv mbilukj GddPvv Jn lmblծ jpvcծ h$ pmJ[ ou. h$cO lv p unu l L[Jwl Dm. ` hJuhl l Dmuu mcmbkj kծjhk&J i l[i J{vծ Jc h{ vճծ n mk&vcl ju Dn. Dlhճեl c cP Dv hJuhb yyll Dյ lNn l[p[ mkJjuu vn. D@hj nTmծ yyloKu cP n OjC jnu Dn. DvJ ibm lcծJ[v Dh#l mnJճ& cUlv oml vn. cP cvOv oCJjl iu Jn cnv kvJjC kuby nl Dn. SJ DJ&Jw cnCv cP Jnm cv jKu pl vn n cu mhhC pCkl Dn. mk& JjCmlk cu vFupv jpvc k uil Dn.' GddPvծ jpvc pmv ly[ly J@yvJ[ hkv ou. l myl SJ h$m ou. ll unu nl, J hyuJ kJ&mdd [h&cb Fbpvdzm& k DJ&Jwmdd cUv D@hj nTmծ Jc puo ilv hC& Jjlu. GddPvծ Dl Dhuu ijp vn.
vjյ cvv GddPv [vcJ&u hjl pl, Dm jkv J Dl m[vu hjl ճծ vn. n mk& I[u 1966 muծ Hykj cnvl. GddPv vIv iu, hC lu hby oCN uJb oyk k mk& hJjyyl nCj pnj ծ& ծ hjCc cnCv pmv cծ& hnu Dk[l GddPvu SJ h$ O[u. GddPvv m[vu hjl Tv mjJj kmlkյjo k DYճbl b cb[Uyjyj Jc Jjk, Dյ kvbl JjCj l h$ nl. DL&l GddPvv n kvbl cv Ju vn.
mbhC& hJuhծ Jc lv hhbl Pu. hnu hhl LNծ Jc Pu. 1959 cO l Jc u Pu k 1963 mu hC& Pu. h{ hhl mk& shjb Jc Pu. lu j k<& uiu. h{u hhlu Jc n hcKv DbljmpkǮ nl. p 1973 hճեl u nl. omN hhծ Jc mbhl Du Dmlv GddPvv jpvc ou. lcU DbljmpkǮ Jc lծ oKjKKu Pu vn lj ynlb Jc lծ [F&biphcC Ju iu. hj n@u, uճvu @[ k [knm uucj n lI v<Cl Fbjj [PFvj Jckj oKjK Jjl nl. GddPvծ [F&bipcO Dio JjJU you Jv lbv mk& Jc hC& Ju. cU kUh$JhcC D@hj nTmծ mbhC& Jc 1968 mu mbhճu nk nl, hC l 1973 mu hC& Pu. ml cuճv [@um& n hJuhծ cU Dbopl Kծ& nl, k l Kծ& 102 cuճv [@um& FlJ Pu.
yjyj hmlm k<եhk& 20 D@Jwyj 1973 jp j@u D@hj nTmծ pbi GoddIv mnU Fbiub[ jC SuPyL omj n Ynml hj h[u. DYlhk& j<CF&v m[v yboj GpUu nl. GoddIvծ hk& lv Dk[ cnCp 28 k 29 mhbyj jp D@hj LSj k J@vm& n@uծ ծCm k@j D@C[ hm D@hj vlծ hϳi k u&mdd c@Jj kKl mbil mbuJv SJ J@vm& moj Ju. GoddIvծ okյ yLkv pihm pc&v mbilJjv juu `mbHv vb. 9' hϳi Pu. SJ DvK kml DubJjծ hl m[v ybojծ Y k{kCN D@hj nTmծ GoddIv mnU u#kO h#Jbv Dhu [ȳl mku. GddPvծ mpvյul piYjl JlJ Pu. `i[&v' y kh$v `o Doj lp' cLȳKu yu cnl ou. mhO& hj#JbcOu mjvv kmlƵuhJjv GddPvծ [PF&vyu kJwl Juu kյkm mk&L&v Kj ju. hC oo&k Dm J, GoddIv mnȳl Puu Y<Cl jCJ[v p@v GddPvծ JlJ lj m[ծ, hjbl vcuuKn Pu vn.
mlj k<եvblj cnCp 1990 vblj D@hj nTmծ vk Jcv GddPvyjyj hk& yI[uu mbybO mOju. D@hj nTmծ h{u Jcm 1999 cO GddPvծ muuij cnCv vճJwl Pu. DbljmpkǮ yyll Jn unv-c you Jjճծ pv Jcv DKuu Dml. D@hj nTmծ mkil J#ծ Jc GddPvծ cU Juhvvmj hvn Ju pl. GddPv c vkv Dl n J# DUKu pl. mhbyj 2004 cO J#ծ DvkjC Pu.
ojcv, 2003 mu GddPvu hddPj DJ&Jwj hF&p oTv mvcvl JjCl Du. nDl HTb[v mbmLcH&l n hjl<J ojk<& Dյ pilJ Jl& kcv kmlƵuhJju ou pl p v<Cl Dn, pծJ[ ojo Dn k pv kmlƵuhJum Dhu Dճ< knu Dn. m[v D@hj nTmծ shjb ibliblǮ [PF&vm J@chj D@vummծ hLcծ Ghճi Ju iu. kmljvյm$l GddPvծ n iov Hj cnkծ cvu pl.
kճծ vkko iuu p@v GddPv lծ DJ&Jw cuyjyj Dpn Jճ&jl Dn. mll vT k<ե GddPvv D@hj nTmծ hJuhkj pk l[v Jc Ju. m[v D@hj nTmծ kuYvdz kmlv D@muճu SJ mklb$ DUK uYu. GddPvծ cvlv n hJuh JOǮ pl vn. lծծ yol mbiճծ lj `` hJuhv cu Sk{ hs[u Sk{ hs[u J, cP cv mll ll kkjl Dml. c cuvbljn cP Dlc lL IUl jnu.''
uKJ mbhJ&- 9323753058.
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