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vkj 22 vknbyj 2008

o#C DHJlu vyu hjl<Jkpl mnlJ [@. vov i@[&cj vJlծ cbyF&-Ykj Du nl. o#C DHJ mklb$ UkU lmb lLu kC& k kbYokjO u{kj lbv Dhu uKC DC kCvb Khծ hYk Ju nl. u{T yCծ uKJ kJwlkծ lmb uKvծ hjճ Jv oCj uK...
jkkj mJU. mfcU bl YmCj H& hjmj. iu ov lJbnv DOJ JU DvJ mbOJ k DYmJbv hjCoճ DC mnճYl juu SƵճJ mmճǮ ibLuճl l okյ SJ kiUb lv pCkl nlb. lL jmJ, pCJj, DYmJ b io& Pu nl. io&hcC ibLuճծ ojyj n@un GlJbl nl... [@. vov i@[&cj b hl# Ym! vyu hjl<Jkplb ol o#C DHJb vk hLcծ PUJkCN mnlJ DC kC&Yo, kbƵJ ʹlk kթ u{CN [@. vov i@[&cj!
ju kU l Du DC lbv hl# hnlծ cv kmcճծJl Pub. Dhu hmV mclvb, lpmk covb, ku#C mkJ, bl kJwllkvb lbv GhmLlbv pbJv Ilub. Dlյճ co, i[ Dkp DC nNkjb mnp Jlnu bv n oKC k DvJbv Dhu DpmjKǮ ku DmCj. ylծ GbǮ, unvKN CǮ vov i@[&cj DC lbb Gbi uKvJճ& b cvl mbi[ Iulv Dhu oi&yF& Yiklb jnv jnv DkC l nl. lյǮ DkC l nl cnյklokb! ojyj n@uծ Gbծ Gb slKu ymuu [@. i@[&cj b l sյ cl& Jl&lkծ Gb hlJծ cvl muu nl.
 


Dhu mnllv, kKvbcOv DC vybObcOv o#C DHJ mklb$ UkU h{ vCN, Dk<Jjmklb$ծ Din Ojl mvm@jƵh PijCծb, DHJv v@vu JBimծb momlk hlJjCծb O̳& oKkCN, o#C DHJ cU vijJb nJwJ lbv cUkl m mll hϳlvյu DmCN, JCKj kJwllkծ ծ l [@. i@[&cj kj kյkm ym vճ, Dmb l o㵳 nlb.
Fbiuյ DF& DC uLDvճv k[u b vov n omj cui. n p Jby mLublj Jv pnvmyi&pkU 30 cubkj Dmuu vmku hjiClu mhbip ik Dub. lLb 20 vknbyj 1923 jp vovծ pvc Pu. vovծb yjbmb yuhC lLb iub. Dpyp ho KCb Dmuv vmi&mbo& DvYk vnǮ. mk&$ JUծ jK, Oj... Dm[, kjC ho bծ DkC lծ cvl Dnl. SJo lj Dhu U mnu SJ hϵml mcյvYcǮ Dmhm iuծ DkCn lv mbilu Dn.
vovծ k[ubv mnlծ Dk[ Jbk kծvծ i[ cUǮ vknl. mLvJ jpJjCl lbv jm vknl. Jȳ uJbkj nCj puc, Dlծj yuծ lb Ykv yOjuu nl. vovծ DF& c$ kiU nl. vov k lծ c ynC bv pkU ymkv DF& biu hmlJ lbv kծv oKk. Dpyp讳 ynmbK Jȳ pvlkj nCj Dvճ, Jճv cv Juu kC&Yo, kbƵJ ʹ-Jvlk i lu KJl Dml. iN uJb kmnll jnvn vovծ DF&v Jȳ cubm hUCIj uku nl. mLvJ mcpJ Ghկcbln l Yi IF&.
vovծ yucvkj DF& J[J ƵmlǮb o[hC Dmub lj lծ mcpJ Jճ&n vbo Jlj Pu Dmk. c$, DF&v Dhu ovn cubv iNbm DmCN J@vknbcO Ilu nl. vovծ `o uƳbi [p' Jobyjl lծ yuhCǮ mN i, DvYk Ʈ$l Puu omll. Ulu cub k vovծ Hjm mK vknl. Dhu Dk[vk[ lbյ pUl vnl, ծ pCk lu Hj unv kճlծ Pu nl.
DhC uKJ knճծ, Dm Jn vյճ c$ lv Juu vknl. Kjb cnCp DhC JC knճծ, yu Jn vC& Iճu nk, Iճծ Dml, n lu pCku vknl. lcU mkl: I[Cyu yulv l cnCl, `c SJ mnp, mkYkJ uKJ Dn. JjC c DhDh, lm JCln vC& v Ilծ uKJ Pu. unv, uKJ nTv DL&p&v Jjk, Dm Jn kծj c Ju vknl. c unvhC p unu, lci JkU mkl: cvlu Dvbo kJwl JjCծ Fs nl. JO l Dvbo SK o㵳cU, JO ibOcU, lj JO mhյ&cU cUuu Dm. cP mbkovb cu nCj l DUK nl. lvblj JO cvl GbyUCN Gunmc&, lj JO mblh, JO Gi, JO vjյ Do Ykvb Dk<Jj cu Jjkm k.'
vovծ hnu JL `o Hjc' vkծ lLu vճlJuJl hm Pu lkn vov JkU hbOj k<ե nl. lvblj `o v@J&', `u jk', `knp&vճ Jwk&u& jk' bmjK hl<l vճlJuJbcOv lծ JL hm nT uiu. mkC&KCb l sյ njl l SJ kiUǮ kJwl cnCv I[l nl. JC myl k i vn. yob mcL& lv hLc DUKu l kծl kծlծ. DC ci l yobj cvk vlmbybO, cvkhj, llu iblibl b Dk<Jj JjCծ O[h[ l J uiu. m lծ SKo U nl J? l nl- mLvJ uճyj. ibLuճcO DmCj cm&u hml, K@kn, omlknmJ bmjK cnv uKJ Dhu ci&o&J nl, Dm l cnCl. n cnClv l nn mbiճu kmjl vn J, `pj c mLvJ DHJv uJbhJ Dml lj...? l cCmbv `cCm' n mk&mcv op&n ou pl vknl, lbv lm kiku pl vknl. c pj lbhJ Dml lj c JOǮ uKJ nT Ju vml. JjC l ibLuճ JkU iNbm nl.'
ծ JUl kC&Yoծ PU lu pCku. Jȳ uJbkju Dvճ, Dlծj n lj vncǮ nl. lծ pCk jpծ kknjbl v Jȳbv nl, v iNbv! hC <J k <l b mcpJ mLvծ jjl pCk vovu lծ jpծ kknjblvծ nT uiu. SK mO oJvl iukj lL kC&vmj Ju pCj cu oClu, Jcllu h#hl lu pCk k l DmkmL nF&. Dm Dmu lj Dlծjbkթ׮ u{l lv Yi Ilu l 1960 mu.
JUhճեl lծ Jn uIJL DC ov JobyN hJƵl Puu nl. DjbY ovbov kknjlu DvYkkյkkj DOjuu lծ JL nUnU kiU kUC IT uiu. lծ mcpJ k jpJdz Yv k{l iu. lv uiv Ju nl, hC l JkU lvծ k<& Ju. Dhu s cuu ITv l kYJwl Pu. vblj lv J@mj vkծ Jukml kկlյ uiv Ju. lu SJ cuin Pu. miȳ k̳JwlJ Ykpkvծ GuLhuLbcOoKu lծ uKv u nl. cO SJ k<& lv pnvmyi& Lu kk@j m@[ khl hk Ilu. hC l Ƶ#Cn lv lm m[u.
lvblj c$ pkvծ DJuv knk cnCv l ibYdz&v uKvծ kծj J uiu. lծ cnCChcC- l lkj mlծ O IT uiu nl.
1960 cO h&ku nlJb[vblj DHJv v@vu JBimծ mklb$u{ lk Pu. lծ Dio pkU c$C y @F nu DJ Pu DC vov jpJjCl D{u iu. h{ pkUpkU hbkm-lm k<& n u{ u jnu.
JukOl Dhu uKvlv vov i@[&cjv pC o#C DHJ mklb$u{ծ DC l oծծ mbhC& Flnm Ʈ$l Ju Dn. hl# Flnm I[l Dmlv m#Ykv lv l hnu. DvYku, l hƯl Yi Ilu DC l vblj lծ uKvlv kJwl Pu.
ծ DL& l FlnmuKv Jjl nl J? lj DL&lծ vn. hC mYkl I[CN Ivb p ku#C mcpJ, cvmJ hjCc nl nl, lb m#c Ʈ$C Dhu kJwljKbcOv lv I[ku. lծ JuhvյJwl Dlյճ mcL&u nl. lj JLvJծ cb[C, kJwlƮ$Clu DծJl l mOl Dm. lu p uJhϳl cUl iu lծ SJ JjC Dm nl J, l p unl nl, l kl&cvյ mbybOl nl. lծ yob hjCc#cl ku#C Dmuv lծ uKCu m$ծ h Du nl. cvk cvծ m#chC, Kukj pTv O Ilv lծ mcpJ Yv pjn {Ul vknl. ծcU `o J@vPkn&vm', `puճp hhu' bmjK lծ JobyN ku#C ipu.
`puճp hhu'cO cuJ DC vJj b mbybO #Cl Jm you Jll, ծ Yk<ծ l pC mbil nl. `J@vPkn&vm'cO lv Pu uJbcO hϮul oklJLb Dlbl hYk khj Juu Dn. Dhu ijkC& hk&mjbv Ju DC mnl b p chob[ Iuv ou nl, l Dub[v l Jllj h{ iu. vmi&yuծ SJ vjUծ oJv lv kJwl Ju Dn.
DL&lծ iN mvv lծ mnlkj mvm@j y[i Giju. DvJ k<& lծ Jn hmlJbkj ybo Ilu iu nl. hC lv JuǮ l[p[ Ju vn. `cճ mvm mj' lծ Jobyju vyu hjl<J cUu l 1991 mu. l Jobyjl lv hJb cJwlhC Dʹճ Ilu Dn. vyuծ hv pilu hll mnlJ hjmJjbcOu mk& hjmJj Dhuu uYu, ծ Dvbo lu mkYkJhC Pu. lLh 1986 mu DHJv v@vu JBimծ 22 mombkju Kul lv p m# ou, l okm Dhuu pml DYcvmho kl, Dm lծ cnCC Dn.
kbƵJ mcm, kC&YocU nCj cvmJ hjCc, cvk vlmbybOb GuLhuL, GoddOkml nCj kյk b kC&v Jjlv l JO Jklc u khjl, lj DvJo lծ u Duhl, lmL kl, Dm lծ JJj cnCll. hC lծyjyj lծ uKCǮ nn kƵ Dn J, iN mvkj J Jjlv l DHJvb hϮjJ yvu vn. lծb ohc FlJb hKj, J mvm@jƵh Dmu lj lu JOn omN ol pTv jnk, lLu vijJlk Ik, Dm ku vn. DvJ cvmvcv DC hjmJjb l cvJj Pu. hC l mkJjlv Dhu lkbv cj[ Iuճծ lv vJju.
JCl Yo v cvCN i@[&cj bv ubiYon DL&lծ cv vn. m$Ǯ oᳳc, iC YcJ cv vn. m$Ǯ ycyu lbv hϮb[ kյkm Dn. DC lcU `m$ճbm' Dm kiU uyu ukuu lbv Dk[l vn. 1988 mu JkU m$-mnlJbm DmCj `D@jbp hjmJj' lbv ծ lkcU vJju. lb uKvl m$Ǯ DJjC i[k iճuu vnl Jbk `l ijy yծj, <l' Dmn Ʈ$C D{Ul vn. Gu, mkճbhC& vC&յJwlǮb mklb$ ypkCj, ycv Dյ m$Ǯ lb uKvl ynO oml.
uIJL n Dpծ im i Dm mnlhJj Dn, Dm kյkm lbv kl. SJ kl&cv #Ckj u# Jbol Jv l GpUkv JCj n mnlhJj lbv Dk[l. Dpyp hϵv u#l ITv, l OhC Dhu JuJllv cb[v, lkj lbv kծJbv kծj Jjճu uku. l hϵvb lճj Gj lbv JOǮ ou vnl. DC p mnl Dblc&K Jjl l op&oj Dml, n DhC pCl.
1976 cO SJ mbmLv 700 uKJbv mkl: kJwlƮ$- h&ddm J{ճu mbilu nl. vov i@|[cj bv mkl: Ʈ$ cnCv ov cbpjb J{u. mkOhC, JCln hmbi Dhu hճbkj GY jnCծ lճj n iC lbv llv Dh#l Dmlu J? JC pC! hC mkOhC vnUuu Iv, lbb DJuv k DvkճL& i@[&cjv Dhu uKvlv kJwl Ju. l FlJb hYk Dn J SJ JJjvbn JlJvb cnub J, `lbJ[ hnv l m$mpp k YloճJ Dmlu Dmb kub vn, lj kC&<kjO u{l hyOv Jv mcppil JjCծb Jc lb yobv plJw hYkhC Jub, llJb Flj JCǮ Jub vmu.'
Dio hjkծ vov i@[&cj bv kճծ 85 k<& hC& Ju. Dճ<ծ hhkj Dmlv Dճ<Yj lbv pծ Fs Oju l Fs hjkծ DcjJv jO#b vk[cU mHu Pu. lbv kl&kuu Dյko Kj ju, ծ mcOv lbv vJwJǮ Dmu. hC lծkU omjJ[ lbv kl DmCj piYjlu nbmծjծ, onlkoծ, Yծjծ Yln (p lbv `nTmiv' (1998) k Flj JLbcOv kJwl Ju nl) Kj jl Dn... lb Juhvh# kկU h OjC Jjl Dn. cU l kLl nl Dmlu, Dm cvl Dukծv jnl vn.
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