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jkkj, 30 vknbyj 2008

kmk lJծ GjO&lu Ʈ$hkյkkj p oio&Jbv Dhu sh Ju, ll jcv huvmJǮ vk c Dojv Ilu pl. huյ Ʈ$hb kJml lj lծ Hj c k Dn, hC pilJ Ʈ$hlu vk oio&vkjn lծ hYk omv l. lծ cU vk- jpcb[ jcv uyubi. p DF&-k[ub h lծ pvc 18- 8- 1933 jp h@jmcO Pu. lծ k[u Ʈ$Jj DC hu@mJ kml lճj JjCj nl. 1937 cO lծ Jby hub[cO hjlu. c$, l lb Hj c J ju. ovծ k<եv pc&vv hub[kj DկcC Ju. lծ k[u p DmucU mN Jbyu sUskCbl pk uiu. skClծ jcvծ DF&u i@m byjcO [byv j cjCl Du. jcv Jmym l skClv hUv pCl յmk Pu. lծ k k[ub Y Kh okmbv mbhukj Pu. c$, lhճեl DF& cl Puծ Juhv lu vknl. huvmJv hub[ Huc mJucOv Ʈ$hk<ճJ [huc Jm& hC& Ju. n

 

DYm Jjlv lv DvJ uIh vc&C Ju. pCJjbv l kKCu. h{ Ʈ$h oio&J yvukj SJ cuKll l cnCu J, Ʈ$hh# uIh vc&C JjC DkI[ Dml. uIh Jjlv Hj o# jnk uil. cnCvծ Hj L[ biu uIh vc&C nll. huvmJǮ hnu hC& ubyǮ Ʈ$h `vFH Fv o k@j' (1962) n nl. n Ʈ$h huյ Ʈ$hbl bl JjCj ju. n Ʈ$h lm hn pl SJ Ljjh (Luj) nl, hC lu Ku cvmյm$dz yJ nl. cCmծ cvlu JU yp, lծ kmv, lծ kJj lu JCl Lju vT Jll, k k lծ J JblJ nl, n Ʈ$hl Dlbl hjCcJjJhC huvmJv cb[u nl. SJ ʹcbl, hC DmcOv p[h SJ i{ kJwlu myl ITv SJ ykj kJ-Sb[m pl. ci p Y<C Iv I[ll, lծ JnC cnCp n Ʈ$h n. Ʈ$hծ nlUCoKu vkvhC& nl. ll HJwl lvծ h$ nl. llu oI lj Ʈ$hu vkK nl. Dlbl L[ Kծ&l huvmJv n Ʈ$h vc&C Ju nl. Ʈ$hcU huvmJǮ vk Dbljjdz Ʈ$h #$l ipu. `vFH Fv o k@j'u `ym H@jv Huc'm vcbJvn cUu. c$, Ʈ$hl mcpJ mbo Jbk Dյko vn, JjCmlk lծkj `huյ Juju D@L@j'v J Ju.
1965-68 ojcv jcv huvmJv Fbiub[cO lv Ʈ$h vc&C Ju. huvmJ n ynY<J Dn. lu huյ, jƵճv, Fbiuյ, Hb, mh@vյ k Fuճv Dյ mn Y< Gc hJj Dkil Dnl. 1967 mu lv `Ju-o-m@J' vkծ SJ kƵhC& Ʈ$h yvku. [J DC Duy n SJ iBicOu ov ib[ SJ Jcijl pKc nTv humb hui Jkl hUl Dmll. Dhu y@m J@uyK n Dhuu col Jju, Dյv l mll lծյ mbhJ& mOCծ hϳlv Jjl Dmll. J@uyKծ Dmllk Jlj Dn, Dm Ʈ$hYj YmkCl Du Dmu lj l JOǮ h[kj l vn. l Dn J vn, ծn Gui[ nl vn. Ʈ$hkj `kbi H@j io' hjbou vkvծ hYk pCkl, Dm Jn DYmJb cl Dn. `o HDjum knchճj Juj' (1967) Ʈ$hծ biojcv huvmJ k Ʈ$hծ vƳJ @j@v n SJcJb hcl h[u. h{u k<& lbv uiv Ju. jcv huvmJv Dlcծj$l vboku Dn J, @j@v yjyj mnpkvծ JU n lծ pkvlu mk&l mboj k Dvboծ JU nl. oo&kv n JU Hj Duh ju. 1969 cO Dhu hnu n@uk[ Huc `jPcj yy' JjCm huvmJ v@J&u iu nl. lmboY&l lծ v@J&-ub[v Dյ HN u nl. 9 D@im 1969 jp Jn cCm huvmJǮ Ij Imu k lbv vo&hC @j@v k Ijlu Flj j cCmb Kv Ju. n cCm `c@vmv H@cu' vkծ SJ kJl ihծ cbyj nl. huvmJ lkU p Ijl jnl nl, l Ijl hk& j cuj vkծ cCm jnl Dm. jǮ k c@vmvծ ko PucU c@vmvv Dhu cCmbkj jǮ J J{Cծ Jcij mhku nl. cCmbv Dl lL huvmJ Jby jnl Dn, ծ Juhv vknl. lbv cuj mcpv @j@vծǮ nl Ju. lkU @j@v D cnvb iY&kl nl.
Iv huvmJǮ cvkj Hj hjCc Pu. l lkU oynj DmucU k cjJNb JnǮ mik v uiucU humbv lun mbƳlb ol Ju nl. c$, Jn JUvblj ml GI[Jm Du.
1971 cO jcv huvmJv JwmhDj `c@JdyL' vJkj DOjl Ʈ$h lճj Ju. hC lծ n hϳlv JJjbv DC h#Jbvn Hjm hu vn. Ʈ$hl huvmJv nbmծjծ Ʈ$Ckj pml Yj ou nl. `huvmJǮ `c@JdyL' cu cUǮ Dk[u vn. JjC DOYlJ hϵv Uv JC JwmhDjkj Ʈ$h J{ Jl vn,' Dm ljJknmJv lyu cnu nl.
c$, huvmJǮ vk KN DL&v piYj ipu l lծ `ճv Tv' Ʈ$hcU. `ճv Tv' (1973) n SJ ihlnjJL Dmu lj n Ʈ$h mk&mcv ivnijhbh# Hj kiU Dn. i{ jnmb huvmJv cvmյm$dz vծ Dhlc mbi[ mvcl Ilu Dn. u@m SbpumcOu hC pv hcK FbpvDj n@um cuj ծYkl Ʈ$hծ jnm Hjl. Ʈ$hծ vճJ p. p. SJ յmk ihlnj Dn. n@um cujkj vpj kCm lծ yճJ p.p. vcCJ Jjl. Jcijojcv p.p.u JUl J, cuj SJ mboj lթCǵ uH[ Dn. l oIb SJ$ Dmlvծ H J{l. n hJjC kl&cvh$bln ip uil. c$, lծkU p.p.u mcpl J, p yF&v Dhuu cujkj vpj kCm mbilu l lծ Kj yճJ vnǮ. c$, Jcijlv Jn kiȳծ i p.p.u mcpll. lծ u#l l J, mjJj p vkv OjC ybOl Dn, l hJuhci Jnlj JUyj Dn. cuj n OjC ybOCծ Juhv Jfj kjOJ Dml. h{ cuj hCl y[v cl nl k hJjCu hvn kiU kUC uil. mjJj lhmծ կ H uill k llv DC p.p. Olv vk hjk h{ ll.
YlJUծ DbOj Jhj GpU uill. ml Dhuu ikml Dn, Dm kl Dmlvծ kmlkծ SJ vk hu mcj l k hvn mN i vkv lhmCծ ijp Ym uil. Ʈ$hծ k n DL&lծ Dlbl OJwJoճJ Dn. lcU h#J pm կkv pll, lmծ p. p. n! k lծ mnճJ p. p. u cnCll, `kmժv p. Dճ< SJ ճv Tv Dn!'
j@y& @v ծ Jobyjkj n Ʈ$h DOjl nl. Jobyjlu yNծ Ivbv 1930 mu DcjJl I[uu `k@j mJB[u' DOj Dn. Ʈ$hծ vkn kƵhC& Dn. ճv Tv n u@m SbpumcOu SJ Ghvij. Ghvijl kikiȳ ivnij ȳb Sk{ iblibl Puu Dml, J DhC biuծ col Jjl Dnl J kF&ծ, n humbvn mcpl vn. uKJv ճv TvcO Jc JjCN SJ hum DOJNu kծju nl, `lcn lL Jճ Jjl?' lv Gj ou nl, `Jw lk{ JnǮ v JjCծ hϳlv Jjl.'
n Ʈ$h huvmJv SJ Km hlv- hC&hC p. p. oJvlv Ʈ$l Ju. p hmbi p. p. u oml vn, l h#Jun oml vn. lcU Ʈ$hծ hlJ hmbil p. p. Dn. SJ hmbi p. p. y h[l lkn h[kj DbOj nl k l kj Duvblj h{u o㵳 oml.
h{ uv n@uk[ @hծ DYvl yvuu p@J vJumv v p. p. YcJ Dlbl hYkhC Ju nl. ihlnjծ kJwlckծ DvJ hu lv p lJov o&ku, l ku#Cծ nl. DvJ kU JkU lծ nNkժv l Jճ kծj Jjl, n pCkl. huvmJvn Ʈ$hl SJ sǵ YcJ Ju nl. `ճv Tv'u D@mJjm DJj vcbJv cUu. hC hjl<J c$ HJwl GlJ hJLm cUu. cCmծ cvlu YlJU n lu mll DmkmL Jjl Dml. lծ kl&cvkj lj hjCc nl Dml, hC Yk< I[kCln lծ Hj c k Dml... n mvccOu mNծ kJwljKbv ui nCj cOkl& m$ Dn. hKl mc#J j@pj Fy&v cnu Dn J, ``ճv Tv' n JkU cvjbpJ ihlnjh vn. l DOJ Jn Dn. lv p mO Ju Dn, l hk& pkUpkU DյJwhճ kl nl. ihlnjh Jm Dmk, ծ n Do& kmlh Dn.'
1977 mu huvmJǮ Dճ<l SJ Dlbl KUyUpvJ Iv I[u. SJ o k<&b cuv- lv Dhukj yulJj Juծ Djh Ju. n Djh Kj J K, yu Dpv clYo Dnl. c$, Kul Dhuu Ƶ# nF&u, Ylv huvmJ DcjJlv hUv iu k lv HvmcO Dʹճ Ilu.
j@v v clhk& Jn okm huvmJu L@cm n[& `m' n Jobyj kծkճm ou nl. lv lծkj Ʈ$h J{k, Dյ Fs nl. lծ mcjCL& 1979 mu huvmJv `m' n Ʈ$h lճj Ju. vblj mcj 20-22 k<&bl huvmJǮ nlv JCln mbmcjCdz vc&l Pu vn. 1986 lծ `hճjddm' n cnkJb# Ʈ$h mhv JmUu. h#Jbv k mc#Jbvn l cUǮ Dk[u vn. hC `huvmJ mbhu', Dm JJj cnCl Dmlvծ lv 2002 mu `o hճvm' n Dhlc Ʈ$h vc&C Jv JJjbv K Gj ou.
`o hճvm' n Ʈ$h ʹ huյ mbilJj mhucv ծ Dlcծj$kj DOjl nl. mhucvu omN cnճl pc&vbv sUskCl [byu nl. lLv ynj Dukj lv `[L D@H D m' n Juv okmblu DvYk mbiCj hmlJ unu. lkj hub[cOu Jcvm jpkv ybo Ilu. lծ hl pc Jv v Ju. hVm k<b&vblj mhucvծ cuv l `o cj@Jwum mkn&knj' vkv hJƵl Ju. hmlJkj huvmJv yvkuu Ʈ$h hnCm c$ mhucv pkbl jn Ju vn. Ʈ$h hoƵ&l nCDOǮ lծ vOv Pu.
pc&vb sUskCblu Dcv< Ivbkj DOjl DvJ Ʈ$h hoƵ&l Pu Dnl. huvmJv n JL vk[Cծ JjC lծ yuhC skCb Y<C DvYk lvn Ilu nl. Ʈ$hծ kƵ cnCp Dbikj Cj hmbi Ʈ$l v Jjl, SJ Jukbl cvծ cCm mbJbv Jm mcj pl, lծ Ʈ$C huvmJ Jjl. YkJl, Y[JhC, kpvlcJl bhmv oj jnv JcuǮ DuhlhC lv n Ʈ$C Ju Dn. lu p `nj' vnl Jbk mj pc&v o vnl. Ʈ$hծ vճJ mbilJj Dn. lծ ʹ Dn J, SJ okm vƵlծ biu Giku. JjC p mbilkj hc Jjl lu mbil lժv vl. Ʈ$hծ mbil Dlյճ kƵhC& k hjCcJjJ nl. mbilJj pvP DuvPJ v Ʈ$hl cnv mbilJj yLknv, yK, @hv b mbilծ mjK Ghճi Jv Ilu Dn. lu hcK YcJ D@[ճv y@[ v Dlbl hYkhC Ju. DYvճl mnpl Cm l hճv ƵJu. HJwl Ʈ$hծ k ml cvb Dhlc hճv hm kpklv JwupDhcO p nl omll l mbilJj pvP ծ Dnl. Dճ<l o:K Dn, kov Dnl, hC lb Oj Jc JjCm mbilծ kjovn cv<u uYu Dn, ծ m#lJj n mbil SJlv nl.
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