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jkkj, 30 vknbyj 2008

}Jcv UJbv mn k<ե JU hCծ Ƶ# P}, l} bo bYj k<& hC& P}. UJbkj jponծ lv K} P}. lhJ lmN Kul l vo&< m}. lvn Kubk<ճ DC cb[} lbil lbv Yi}u lvbk<ճ `cb[} jpybo' n hmlJ Djkbo kb. iK} bv }n} Dn. `jpnbm' hmlJծ hJյv G (mckj) cbyF&l nl Dn. lvcv hmlJl} SJ hJjC mjbժhv...
uJcv cb[} lbil i}, lkn lbv }n}u h$blvծ lb lLu kmlkk<ճǮ lJ& ybOl l nl. lb h$bcO h<JUo mkl: hJlk<ճ L[Hj lկj Dml. J[J GvnUծ $m, Yi Jc, mll }Kv, vn lj kծv h}J[ omj pi lbv vknl. pil Ʈbl SJ c Jhh nl. l Dhu mYiklbk<ճ, c}bk<ճ mool piժJ Dm. lb Yծ Ob[hbl kbm bv lb h$lv Ʈblժh oծ o&v I[. lb cvl c}b DC hlvǮ JUph}J[ DCK SJ c pi nl, l oծ DkmL [Ubmcj DCv DmkmL nl Dm. DhC lbilv pkblhC ynj h[ JCj vn, n lbv kCj Yl nl. cb[}cO }Jcv Jm jnl nl, Jճ Kl nl, lbյ ihh cjճ} JC nl,

 

kh$ kծvl nl J, `Jmj', `cj' Do kh$ lbv cUl nl J, Dm DmbK hϵv l JUծ hjIl [Jklv Dp Dhumcj GY jnll. lbyjyj SJov Jbv, K Fbip ibLJjbv, cb[}} pTv lbv YCNbhJ Ob[hbl kbm lm iC ʹJ<C lL oomny Kh[& bյ J}u ծ&vblj p Jn }n} i}, ll cnl cUl. v. Ʈb. JUJj bv }n}u UJ j$lv Dյ cnl yNhJ nl }il. K UJbv cb[}nv mukj `Jmj'} p c}Kl o}, ll Jn ib yNhJ Tnhn Dn.
mkl: UJbv lbil ovbov }n} Dml, lj lb l }Kvծ SJ mklb$ Y} c ibL lճj P} Dml. lbilu lb pkvkj GchJ hJյ Jճ} l ovbov Ghճi h[} Dml, hC UJ n Jn lbil ovbov }nճ} i} vknl. SjkǮ pkvlm lbv ovbov }nuծ vbo D{Ul vnl. mkl: mcjCյkj pyjoml km Dmuv lbv Dյ vbobkj kmbyv jnk }il vknl, n Yi vjU! lbil lbv `iljnm' }n}. Yikodilkj UJ ov ibL }nCj Dnl, Dm UJb hjcc$ oomny Kh[& bv 1908 jponծ Kuhk& yNծ DO pnj J} nl. lm cnl& }Y} l cb[}! lbil Hb, pc&v Do Y< lbv Dlcml Ju. iCllu JJ kCN Jllj i lbv Jmj m[ku. lk%vծ DOjv pkvծ GJ} Jv SJ kiU hc} l mcj i}. nypbv iocjkv JCN Dյ l SJJ klkjCl lb myl} lb k nl DC Yikodil nl. Yikodil yjk DOճl} hbOjk }J nծ pC lb pkvծ mj yvv jn} nl.
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n mk& cc Dյm }n}, J cb[}l l i}, lkn lbv mcpծ Ʈbl DOJ nl, oծ mklb$k<ճ lb pk D#j: Jmkm nl nl, hC Dl Dn l mLll DhC JnǮ J Jl vn, ծ pCk kvծ l mYkl} kծj Jjl nl.
`cb[}} h}i m P}, lkn UJbmn yNծ Jbv cJ}ծ lbil n}kCl D}. lbyjyj cn cJ}} i}. cb[} lbi l cb[} mv ci&kj UJbv hnճ} olH& c io& nl. n ylc pj ihl k} Dm}, lj vijJbv io& J}Ǯ. ovn ypbv mյm$ ij ƵhF& nl. cb[} mvkj lj `UJ cnjpJ pճ' Dյ I<C vvou,' Dm lb ocl} oCl D}u kmok J}JC& DծNv cn} Dn.
`UJ DC Flj Jo cJ}m hn}. lL UJb ƵO yj lj cP kF& Dm,' Dm mbiv kmok J}JC& cnCl, `UJ cP ƵO cikv Il DC ƮcCbv I}l. lb DV l c} ol. FLu ƮcC Sk{ O Pu, J UJ pkճ} ym}, J lb hvYkl ƮkƮk Jjl Hjl. JO l UJb Kbkj K} yml Dml. lծ lbilu DOJNbv ji F&. lծ JjC vn JU}, hC n DOJj ƮcCbv hJ[v lb hbK Ghv Jv lbv KTv Jl. UJbv Dյ iǮ ji F&. l KV nl. ƮcC Dյ DbiKbkj KUl Dmlv SJ DOJj lL D}. lv cnjpbv kծj}, `n n Jճ clJj?' UJ lkj l} cnC}, `Dcn lbv Kl vn DC Yln oKkl vn. DcnǮ lbv KT I}l, ci l vY&lv FL kkjll. Dio k<j hCby}n Dcծ cv vk&j Dmuv ln Dcnbm Yl vnl.' UJbv cnvlv SJo Ij h$ JCm hjkvi Dm. cnvlv SJo h$ F&. oj lv cnvbv IjbhJ SJծ Y ICm hjkvi cU. h$kknj lhm} pF&. hnCbv p}jmcj y}k }i. jbivnv h. k. i. kphjJj, kNn[ oomny Kh[& DC hCnv Ob[hbl kbm Yv pl. n okm Dvboծ pl Dm.'
cb[} Jjinl UJbv p J[l kCl D} nl, l J[ omN cpukj nl DC l ov KC nl. SJ D KCb c yjJ} cO }J[ Ybl I}v n J[ kiU JjCl D} nl. mYkl p Dkj nl, l} kb Ybl Il}u nl. n Dkj mcj 130 H }by k 50 H bo nl. Dkjl Hjճծ UJbv cJUJ oCl D} nl. Ƶ# lv-j k<& vIv iukj c Dkjl mbOJU SJ lmYj nb[Cծ UJbv mk}l oCl D} nl. Dkjծ ojkp} Dnj$ J}h Il}} Dm. j$ UJb J[}n J}h JCl F&. yjyj p}j DmuƵkճ Dkjl JC}n hk cUl vm. UJb J[l SJ y}, SJ-ov K᮳&, SJ Jh[ DjcK&, SJ }Kb[ K k hmlJbm ov Jh Sk{ mcv nl. UJbv mkl:ծ h<K I}ճծ hjkvi oCl D} nl. UJb pkCKCծ kkmL mklb$hC knk, n i mjJjv nUnU cv Jukj omN cpukj} K}Ǯ K} Dm}u K}l mkճbhJIj LCl D}. mkճbhJIjl }iCN yjJmjJ mk& kml UJbv mkl: Kծ&v cikv Ilu nl.
pc&v Y<hcC UJbv JUl Hb Y<n DYm J}. cb[} p} mhjb[bJ[vծ ni yUyO Hb kJjC cUkv, 1909 D@im cnvDOǮ UJbv n Ghկc m J} nl. y mbhoճծ lk%v Dkil knk cnCv lbv DkOl JlJ h} ibLn kծ}.
`c} ibL yUiCծ hjkvi cU} vml, lj n okm pC Dlbl DkI[ nl, JjC... ynj} pi Dcnbm v P} nl. ibLbmbybOn lvo lv nJc P}. hnuv c plJ hmlJ cil} lk{, lbl} k<ճ Jճ Dn, n lhmv ciծ l cP lyl o} pl nl' Dm lbv cn} nl. kl&cvJ}v jpJjCծ k<ճkj} JCln hmlJ kCծ hjkvi vknl, l cUln vm. lm kl&cvh$ k cmJ hmlJ mk& ybo J}} nl.ibL}Kvծ lճj JjCl UJ cb[} Jjinl i{v i} nl. l DkOlծ ynj nbo jpJjC h<JU kmJUl DC vp&k P} nl. JBimcOv UJb Dvճbv Dbi J{v IlucU l mbmL lvnv yv} nl. blJjJb mnm Jlb CJ cOvcOv cUl Dm}, lj ybi}, hbpy, cnj kij Yibl P}u o[hյncU n h#oK} oyumjKծ nl. UJb cl Kh c$ UJb mvn-mylbv Dknl }ku nl. Fbi}b[cOu Dhu oI&J}v kmlkl oomny Kh[& bv ov Jjkճծ hϳlvb hjJ J} nl, hC lծ l kU Ghճi P} vn.
Kh v<HU nl Dnl, Dm ynlJj oml Dm}, lj lb UJbkj hjCc nl nl, Dm oml. UJbv cb[} Jjinl vTv kuhmv k<&Yjծ Dlծ l lbil SJSJ h}iծ mL Ƶj}. UJbv cb[}nv n}kv cJ} L} Jjinl kCl D}. UJbv Jn lǥkj m[Cm mjJj mcjm lճj P}, hC UJbv l& cv JjC} mh vJj oucU kU I[} JnǮ vn. DbcO jpJjChmv hC& D}hll n SJ D nl, l UJbv cvkC Jwծ vknl.
yon hbc p@p& b jpjnCvc ouum ojyj Yj}. l kU cnCp 1911 [mbyj cnvl UJb cl hϵv} }v cU} nl. jpjnCvc pnj nCN mk}lb k<&kl JoƮl Dh} cl nTv pF&}, Dյ DbOJ Dյ UJbv kl Dmk, Dm o. 2 vknbyj 1911} lbv }n}u h$lu ` mfl m} lj yj,' kJwkժv oml. ouu ojyjvblj yonb mkj J}Jʳm i}, lkn UJ cJwll hϵv lbh{ nl. UJb cJwllcU cnjdz pvcl mbl nF&}, Dյ K$ DmucU UJbv m[Cl k, Dյ ƵHjm mj ibiOjjk ƮCkm bmjK muuijbv J} nl DC mkl: yon DC iknv&j }@[& n[i b ƵHjhcC kiCծ lճjn nl, Dm cnCll. hC k cbyF& iknv&j }@[& m[vn@c bǮ o k GHUv D}. ln kU UJb cJwll P} vnǮ.
1910 nkUl UJbv ilkj} Dh} ibL }nCm hjbY J} DC ibLծ }Kvծ Jc 1911 Hykjl hC& P}. il }Jb Y<blj JjCծ Jc h{ mcj ov cnv }} nl. cnCp ny Dm, J kvcv ibLծ hn} nml}Kl mjmj mn cnvbl m P}. kUhճեl UJb hJl bi} Jv nl. lcU lbv ibLm Jjkճծ kծv lm ibLծ hl# }Kv i Glmnv Jjl Du. h{ h{ hJl #C nT }iucU UJb Dk[Ǯ kծv-}Kv Jճ&kj Jm Dv hjCc P}, ծ hjk UJbv 1 Hykj 1914 jp }n}u h$l D{Ul. UJ cnCll, `Dյ Gljkճl hJl c} Jճ oo ol? 1910 m} nkUl c j cnvbl ilkj} ibL }nv J{}. ilk<& nkUl cP nlv koJ J}vC&ծ ov Yin hj }nv P} vnl. cn} lj ovn k<& Lb[ llJǮ nl. lv k<եl kճcvcU hJl Dlvծ FlJ #C P}, J p Lb[ hk& cpj kl nl, lǮ Dl mmkl vn.'
cObljǮ JUl UJb hJl #C P} nl. hlv mlYcyF& b vOvծn UJb cvkj k jjhJlkj ibYj hjCc P}. `UJ n kծjm Jc&i k lhmk nl, l bJծ vn, hC lb mkYkl Ykvb D}k cUlծ vknl, Dm vn. lb cv} Okwk ym} vml, lj vk},' Dm Ƶ. }. JjboJj cnCll. lb jjhJlkj lծ ibYj hjCc P}. SJblkmծ Ƶ# Yil Dmlv, o:Kծ DIl DmnճhC mmCծ hmbi D}, pCkv UJb o:K liCl P} Dm} k l hcCl cvmJ kL jjhJlkj hjCc P} Dm}, n Dio mkYkJ Dn.
UJb hlv mlYcyF& bvn UJbhcC cOcnծ kL nl. Gljkճl Dhu hl} oI&J}v Ƶ# P}, n SJv lb cv} pyj Okwk ym}. c}-}Jjb mbihv Jjl l okm Jbl nl; hC lb cv mk&mk Gom k kj P}. `DhC DC oo&k b kwkj pbh}} Dn. llv JClj SJ njCj k SJ pbJCj. DL&l DhC nj v pCծ vսճ J}, lj DhCծ pbJ,' Dյ Dյճծ UJb h$l} kJw SJv Dճ& m$v Dhu hlokծ mcOvm pkl pk hJ[v kճծ vսճ J} Dm}, hC DKjm l Dhjծ h[}. 7 pv 1912} mlYcyF& UJ Dhu hlokb mcjC Jjl Jjl Fn}J m[v iu. n k UJbv DL&lծ ljv JUkCl D}.
`iljnm' }nv lbv mbhk} nl. lj vjvjU ibL kծv ll Yj I}Cծ, Dkյ lL oml JjCծ kij Jc ibLkծv ci&v } jn} nl. cUl oCl D}} mcpjǮ Ƶ# `mc' cnCp mO P} vml, lj Jjinlu vճcbhcC UJbv k<&Yjծ lj m mnp cU} Dml. l m Dhu} cU} hnp, Dյ ciC JjCj Dp& mjJjJ[ UJ Jjlծ nl, hC hϳlvblv Jn v<hV nCj vn, n c$ l Gc hJj pCv nl. `DhC Dp& Dh} JjCj Y} k l vcbpj JjCj Y},' n kJw UJbv 3 pv 1912 h$lծ }nv k} nl.
o. 8 pv 1914} mJU UJ Dhu J[l ym} Dmlv Jjinծ hճ&k#Jծ mkj lL D}. mcvծ ybOybO JjCծ mv lv UJbv o}, lkn lծ DL& UJbv DUK}. UJb mJ ylc Dio ihl jnk, Dյ mjJj lk Fs Dm} hnp. cb[} Juul juk SJ H pl, lL SJ [y k Fbpv DCkv ll UJbv ohj ymkCl D}. n [y h{ c}} p[Cl D}. UJb hi[ lbpkU nl, hC hkml lbv l I} vճ, Dm Hc&kCl D} nl. jbivhճեl UJbv h Il}. h{ lbv c} ybOk }i}. kl hlJ mvkj UJb [yծ oj }kv ICl l nl. 9 pv 1914} mJU jbiv ybojl GY Dm}u `c' ykj UJbv ymkCl D}. l kUn lbv JC DUK} vmk.
15 pv 1914} j$ 8 kpCծ mcjm UJ k lb j#J comծ ybojl Glj}. }i}Ǯ UJbv cjl ymkv comծ c mvkj vCl D}. cbyF&J[ pCj c} lճj nl. yJ ci p[}} omN ki& SJ [y UJ k lbyjyj h}m bm jKv kCl D} nl. ll UJbv ymkCl D}. [yծ ojkp k K[Jw ybo Jv JCl Du v hծ-on cvbl i[ m}. p p mvkj i[Ǯ ckwkc nF&, l l mvkj UJb [yծ K[Jw ybo Jv JCծ kkmL JjCl F&. 16 pvծ okm miU kU hkmlծ i}. cOj$Ǯ mcjm i[ hCծ pkU pkU T }i}.
UJbv hCծ mvkj Gljkv IC mjJj DOJNbv mF& k} vn. n[hmj mvkj i[ cc LbykCծ kkmL lbv hk& Jv k} nl. i[lv UJ Glj}, J lbv cjl ymkv L hCm vճծ, Dյ mjJj pv DmucU n[hmj mvkj ov cj lճj kCl Du nl. mvlv ynj h[CN UJbpkU n[hmj lJ J}Jwjv lJ cil}. lvn UJbv DUK} vn. UJbv yjyj Dm}u h}m hcKJ[ y oKk}. h}m hcKv mk& lJ DC mjJj Do oKkv mJ Jv Il}. h{ i[l h}m DOJj DC ciծ i[l UJ Dյ Ll cj } Pu. cj jk[ JjinJ[ kUll J Jճ, FJ[ UJb }# nl. l jml m[v cj ikծ jml} kUu, lkn UJbv mkl: mJk<ճ K$ k }i}. h{ cjl} DOJj UJbv hnkճ} iճJk[ k[hճեl i} vnl. ciծ cjl UJbyjyj iճ[j DC mokl& nl. n cj iճJk[ k[ծ mcj Tv hn}, lkn cOj$ G}v lm lj P} nl. UJbv i[lv Gljճ} mbilv iճ[j bv lbv SJ bi} ylc mbil}. `Gj}u colǮ Ƶ# mjJjv JhUhCv yvյl& cH J} Dn.' Dm iճ[jmnyv cnuyjyj `y} mjJj} cP DYj JUk,' Dm Gj UJbv o}. k[l ƵjCm UJ ob[ ojkphյ i}.
DKj UJ 17 pv 1914 jp hCm hjl}!
mckj ovbJ 8 pv 1914 jp }Jcvbv cb[} lbi m[} DC DkI on okmbl hC i}. l 17 pv 1914 cOj$ hjl}. lvblj JlJ Dk[ k hnvn, mjJjv cb[} lbil lbhmv J{v Il}u `iljnm' nml}Kl kn }kJj hjl cUCծ Ʈvn omv. pmpm okm } }i}, lmlm mjJj nlk<ճ }J DOJOJ mյbJ nT }i}. k JnpCbv mh y}v oKk}, J `mjJj }#C J oml vn. kn hjl v JjCծ kծj pkU pkU jumjK oml.' n lJ&JlJ& }Jcvb Jvkj h[lծ l cnC}, `YCծ JjC vn. kn mjJj Jypl Dmu, lj ibL cP [Jwl Dn. HjmlǮ kU mbni[kj ymv c l hvn mci }nv J{v.'