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mckj 15 [mbyj 2008

DL&J-mcpJ mkmL JkCl yBJbi #$ծ iov
DcjJlu myhF&c cJ&cOu IU n pilJ cboǮ vbo ju, n pj Kj Dmu k n IU JcU Pu yyll DL&m$dz DJ[kj hm Ju pl Dmu lj ծ cU n cv<ծ biUko k uum hkl Dn, n vJժv uCj vn. uY DC uY cO pj SJ c$ HjJ Dmu lj ovn hkbcO pcv-Dmcvծ Dblj Dmuծ DhC DvYku Dmu. cU Dhu mcpJ DL&J mkmL Jkճծ Dmu lj DL&J j$mbhV mcp n oծ ijp Dmuծ Dhu u#l F&u. cU mcvb cvkcO you I[kCm DL&m$dz JjCccbmyjyj mcpJ ovn cboǮ JjCccbm kյu<C JjC ijp Dn.
 


DcjJv vijJb SJbojlծ v k biUko kcU lb JcF&h# lb Kծ& n vncǮ pml Dml. DcjJv vijJ k<&u mcj 800 Dyp [@uj Kծ& Jjll. L hlJ Ij mjmj 13 [ J[&ddm Dnl k lhJ 60 kwk J[d&mkj Jp& Iluծ DhCm omv F&u. mv 1974 mu Lu inJpե hcC n 680 Dyp [@uj nl, l mv 2008 cO 14,000 Dyp [@ujkj iu. DcjJlu Jp& SJC hcC n lծ jdz GlhVծ 140 kwk Dn. cU L mll Jp& J{v mC mpj JjCծ k omv l. DhCJ[ hk& hm mkv lծ kvճi DkյJ l ibm Ju pճծ. cnCp h̵ծ yծl k vblj lծ Ghճi n mbmJl hk& phmu pճծ. hjbl c DL&kkmLlu mhO&cO cJ&biծ vkKu yBJbv DO Jp&uj GhYi k vblj hjlH[, Dյ vkv mbmJl Gou DCu k L mcpծ DL&J k mcpJ mkmLoKu yI[ uiu. kcU DcjJl myhF&c Jp&ojb mbK pml Dmuv ki&u DJ<&l JjCN pv yBJbv DKu.
omj mk&l cnkծ i cnCp hjbhjJ yBJbiծ hlvmj pc Puu Jpե kh, jkJ ljul kv Jp&khm Ju pl. c$ DcjJv yBJm&v hjbhjJ k mj#l yBJbi hCuu ypu kl DhuJ[u Jpե jKJjC Ju k lb kկlv hm GY Ju k lծ hvս Jp&kh Ju. lb hjl jKJjC k hjl Jp&kh. hlcU SJծ ljCkj lծ Jllj hv o jkwkc ypjlv GY Ju iu. hll Jp&kh Jjlv cOmLb (yJj) khj Ju iu. Jpե kկlv jKJjC Puv, Jp&khvblj kh JjCj yBJ, yJj k Jp&ojb mbybOծ jnu vn. Jp&kh SJ yBJ lj kmu omN mbmLJ[, Dյ kƮ$ hjmLl vc&C Pu. Jpե jKJjCuj kկ JjCծ hlcU mbhC& hƯl yBJ k Jp&oj n ovծ IJ v jnl lbyjyj yJj, Jp&jK kկ JjCj mbmL (Issuer), cmJ nhl iU JjCj b$C, (servicer) Jp&jK kկ mboY&lu nc oCj mbmL (underwriter), cuchv JjCj mbmL (Rating Agency k mjlk yB[cJ&cO iblkCJ JjCj iblkCJoj Dյ DvJ IJbyjyj kc Jbhv k Flj mbmLb mck Dmuv hjbhjJ yBJbi hlu H ol po vH JckCm Dյ hlv hlvc&l JjCծ hϳlv mkեvծ cnil h[uծ DhC hnu Dn. cU p kU D@im-2007 cO inJpե Hi Hu l kU mbhC& DL&kkmLl ljul hϮb[ lk[ pCk uiu k ljul hhmbiծ hblj h{ DL&J hhmbil Pu k lcU DcjJl m Puu cbo DcjJ v@vu yj D@H FJv@cJwm mbmLv vJlǮ DOJlhC cv Ju Dn. JjCb kծj Jjlv Yjldz yBJbv k pvlvoKu DkյJ k pթjhjl Jp& hjbhjJ mbJuhv kmj h[ v oC cnkծ Dn. Dյ Yjcm Jp&khcU pvl Kjoǵ k{uv hjbY mk&$ lpǮ u oml Dmu k DL&kkmL ilcv Puծ oml Dmu lj DvlhoJ JpեcU k kJmծ ki cbokuƵkճ jnl vn, n ml yBJbv vpjD[ Jv uCj vn. cU inJծ cL vJvhJj Jp& cjCծ Giu cJ&bi n ib[m vk ol Dmlvծ DյkU inJծ oYu Jjl lծ Kյlv vJUl hm J{v ICծ ku yBJbicOu kkmƳJl (Professionalism) cnCCl T uiu.
Dյ kkmƳJl vo v uil Yjldz yBJbv mcpծ DL&J mkmL JkCm h@h& ljCkj Jp&, 100 kwk Jp&mkO, Glhvvծ mOv vmlv kL& k Flj ki&u [ J[&ddm oC, DL&J j$ vmCNbv Jp& oC Flo pv jykCծ ybo Ju hnp. cU l olu ivnijǮ hcCyjyj J&h{u okbcOoKu pyjoml k{ Puծ omv Du Dn. mk& IvbcU DcjJv DL&kkmLkj Dkubyv DmCN pilu mk& obv L[ynl hcCkj cboǮ PU ymCj, n GI[ Dn. lv ci& J{Cm DcjJv mjJjv mcj 700 Dyp [@um& yu-DT hu@v mbmoJ[v cbpj Jv Ilu (hLc n hmlk nTm D@H jhPvknv 228 kթ 205 clbv HUu nl). DcjJhcC jhճv mcnv 1300 Dyp [@uj k vv 584 Dyp [@uj cJ&cO DCu. hk& vi&blkCJJjCծ OjCvmj mvծ DKljlu DvJ Jbhvb KmiJjC Pu. c$ cbocU hvս SJo Kmi Jbhv mjJj lyl pTv DcjJv DL&kkmLlu SJ կ hC& Pu, Dm cnCCm njJl vn. Yjldz DL&kkmLlu iblkCJ hjo iblkCJojbv J{v ICm mkl Juv vc&C Puu ljul hhmbilv ci& J{Cm Yjldz jPkn& yBJvn mDjDj, cnCp kOvJ jKl hcC vT JwJwbkժv 5.5 JwJwbhճ&bl Ku DCu. lm kOvJ ljul hcC 25 kթv 24 JwJwbkj DCu. lծhcC jhj Jc Ju. Ghճbv jPkn& yBJv pkUpkU 1,85,000 JǮ ljul Yjldz DL&kkmLl DCu. ծyjyj ypjcO kmlb Jcl Jc nTv cuծ Gk k{Cm mvkn@cO j JwJwb Jhl Jjl Dmlvծ h{u j cnvbl vjvjȳ #$bcO lv uK J hճ DCCծ h@Jp Jbo mjJjv pnj Ju Dn. n mk& Jjl Dmlv h{u j cnvbl mcj 10 npj J hճb cnmukj Jbo mvm hC m[k uiCj Dmu lj ciCu Gk oCm n DkյJ Dn. JjC u DL&J k<& omN lcnl obli&l Glhovk{Ǯ oj (p[h) 7.6 kwk jnuծ mjJjv vJl pnj Ju Dn. iu DL&J k<& omN lcnl nծ oj 9.3 kwk nl n kmժv uCj vn.
h&Yckj DճScSH `ku[& FJ@v@cJ DTuJ' 8 D@Jwyj 2008 jp hm Puu cmJl pilJ DL&kkmL cboJ[ kUl Dmuծ vov Jjl Dmlvծ pilu ʹcbl obv mv 1930 vblj ymuu mk&l c HJ, Dm cboǮ kC&v Ju Dn. jhcO yvծ DL&kkmL 2008 k쮳 lcnl Dlbl kF& Dյ DOil oKkl Dn. lj pc&v, Fu, Hvm b p[h Gljl Dn. SJbojlծ pilJ KjoǮ #cl k lծ iCk (purchasing power parity) lv JwJwbv Ku Du Dmv mv 2009 hճ&bl l 2.2 JwJwbhճ&bl Ku pF&u, Dm Dbop mhlnJl Ju Dn. cU pilJ ypjhl kkmƳJb km [UcUl Puծ omv l Dn.
h&Yckj pilJ cboǮ hLc Yjlkj k vblj Dhu mjJj yBJbi #$kj Jճ hjCc nF&u l hnCDioj Yjll cbo hl#l Du Dn J l hnl. DL&lp%b cl p kU SK DL&kkmL kJm, cnCp obli&l Glhovk{Ǯ ki (p[h) Jc nl k lcU inJb DL&kkmLkju km G[v l Jc Kծ& J uil, iblkCJoj Ylh Jc iblkCJ J uil, cU ciCu Gk v Duv Glhovl I, hճ&v u-D@H, yjpij FlocO k{ uծ cbo, Dm mbyOCl l. hjbl, Jnb cl Glhovk{Ǯ ki p kU cbokl, c$ l DOilJ[ pl vn l kU l ocO hl# cbo Du vmv pilJ cboǮ hjCc Jn hccl om uiu Dnl Dm cvu pl. Dv<biv Yjldz DL&kkmL kծj Jum mv 1999 Dioj, mcj 40 k<& Yjlծ kJmծ oj n JkU 3.5 kwk nl. mv 1999 l 2002 JukOl l mn kwk iu, lj 2002 l 2006 JukOl l D JwJwbkj iu k mv 2006 l 2008 cO l vT JwJwbnkj iuu omv l. h&Yckj phճ&bl n oj mn JwJwbh#, cnCp J-D@H h@F&b쮳 Ku pl vn, lhճ&bl hl# cbo Du Dm cnCl Cj vn. c$ mOծ kJmծ oj hnl Yjlu cboǮ PU yml Dn, Dm cnCl F&u. PUǮ hl# cbocO hjkl&v nT vճ cnCvծ Jbo mjJj k jPkn& yBJv kju Ghճճpv Juծ DhC hnl. hjbl ծ hjCc o#hl Cm lv-j cnvb JukO uiCj n vƽl. cU ohlUkj (macro level) cboǮ PU pml pCkCj vmu lj kƵ kkmճcOv (micro level) l pml pCku, Dm kl. cboǮ n JukO mcj o[ l ov k<& FlJ jnu Dm lp%b Dbop Dn. c$ kU pilJ cbo n mv 1929-32 JukOlu cboh# Jc hKj Dmuծ lp%b cl Dn. lkU DcjJlu yjpijǮ oj n 35 kwk nl k obli&l Glhovk{Ǯ oj n GC, cnCp vikn 33 kwk nl. cU n mv 1930 vblj miȳl c HJ cvCl l Dmu lj lծ lkl 1930 cboh# Jc Dn n vƽl. DյhJj cboǮ JjCccbm Jjl Dmlv cO yBJbi #$ծ pyyoj mk&l c Dmuծ DhCm pCku Dmu. cU #$v Dlbl JUphk&J Dhu kkmճ OjC jkC DkյJ Dn.
(GjO& h{u DbJl)'

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