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mckj 22 [mbyj 2008

Yjlu Dl lv DI[bkj u{k uiCj Dn. oծ mc mj# DC mYlu noj oCj onlko, DL&J I[ kmJCj cbo, cniF& DC yJj ijy DC YճvJ YJ lv nCj Dbli&l GoJ! DiJ #$u Gpv ol stimulus Dmlv b mkեiC kծj Puu oml vn. kdz h@Jp moj Jjlv mj#ll, bll kծj Puu oml vn. cvk pkvu, cubv noj yml Dmlv, Dmj#ll k{m uiuu Ykv, b kծj JjCծ Yvn JC kuu oml vn. mvծ kյkmn&l hϵv GY jnuu Dmlv h@Jpծ SJbi kծj DkյJ l hjCc I[kCm mcL& jCj vnl. llv DOJ ibliblǮ hjmLl vc&C nCծ Jwlծ DOJ.
 

DcjJ, Fbiub[, Hvm, pc&v, phv, jƵճ k v bv SJծ {mUuu DL&J DI[kj u{k uil Dn, ծ Yv kC DkյJ Dn. lb DvJjC JjC DkյJ vn. ijy, hճ&kjC, nkcvlu you, hCծ lk bF&, Dvji bJ[ u# oCm JCun Hjml vn. lǮ oo&, p DmbIl #$l oծ mJu GlhVծ GDP JwJ k Dn, vճ&lln mk&OJ mnYi Dn, ծ kծj JCn Jjl vn. ciC k{Cm mcv cCmb յJwl k{u hnp, ծ hmmn GuuK vn, pvn vn. DծvJ GoddYkuu cboǮ k cniF& i JjCccbm vn J, DcjJlu DL&J mbJծ k piYj hmjuu cboǮ ƮJlm vn. stimulus n Dic vk[CJ [ȳmcj kv Juu cuchf Dn. Dlbl ppy k Lljclj Ghճճpv Dnl. h{u k<&l kJm oj k{CSkp cboǮ u Cծ Jwl DOJ oml. Kvp luծ Yk 70 JwJwbv Jc Puv, cbocU Kvp Ol, Kl, mcb b Yk Jc Puv ITJ cu vo&bJbl WPI I Puu oml, hjbl inJ cu vo&bJ CPI 8.4 JwJwbkժv 10.52 JwJwbkj mjJu Dn. WPI vo&bJbl Glhovm uiCN J cub JclǮ DblY&k Dml, lj CPI vo&bJbl pkvkյJ kmlb JclǮ DblY&k Dml. DVOv, J[Ov, [U, lu, cbm, cm, oO, Yphu pkvkյJ kmlb vo&bJ k{l Dn. Costs of living index lj vkծ vJ. pkvkյJ kmlb Ykk{ k bF&v pvl $ml Pu Dmlv lծ kծjn v JjC, n Ʈbl yy Dn. DL&J hϵv ibYdz&v v nlUuv h{u k<&l Stagflation cniF&, cbo DC yJjǮ mLl GlhV nCծ Jwl Dn, hjmLl Y<C nF&u DC Dbli&l bll DC mj# hϵvn yJ nCծ Jwl DOJ.
DL&J kJm cyclic cb[uJj Dml. {-Glj n lծ DkYp Dbi Dn, n vkv mbiCծ ijp vn, hjbl lJ[ pvJlեv ou&# Juu oml. DL& cb$uճv Bail-out package moj Jjlv pvlu kյkml Ilu vn. Jn cnkծ i vpjD[ kCծ hϳlv Juu Dn. SJ uK hbkm npj Jbkj hjkC ciC uJmYl IF&IF&v hm Jv Ilu. lծ mbYk hjCcbmbybO mkեv DbOjl ku. Dboph$Jblu pv k pvy Kծ&hJ 40 JwJwbkj jJwJc Kծ& Dh JjCl Du vn. ƵuuJ h[v Dn. l J Kծ& JjCj kj Y< Ju vn. vճ&ll 12 JwJwbkj I Pu Dn. lճj Jh[, ml, nj, oioiv, Kvp, cbm, Jl[ b ciC Jc Pu Dn. J.U. Giu cbov imu Dn. uK Jcijbkj yJjǮ hU Du Dn. ծ oKu Iluu oml vn. mjJj OjC k hLcJl yu ko iblkCJoj mյbJ Dnl. hjCcl: ko Yb[ku Duh hcCl l Dn. iblkuu Yb[ku ypjlv, DjcOv J{v Ilu pl Dn. hճծ Jbcl Jc nl Dn. mhbyj cnvhճեl ko uv ml 19 JwJwbkj I Pu Dn. mym[, hjkC ciC, hl# k Dhl# Jj kmul Dh#h# I k Dl Bail-out package cU kdz l Dh#l GDP 2.5 JwJwkժv hծ JwJwbkj pCծ Jwl, n Ʈbl k<ճ Dn. jp mjJjb kdz l pcm Ojum kdz l 10 JwJwbkj pF&u. 1978-79 muhճեl ƵuJ DL&mbJuh Dmuu ol kdz l 10 JwJwbkj pk, DOilǮ kծj GpJ pv- stimulus olv J Pu vn? 2003 cO jPkn& yBJ k Jbo mjJj b SJ Jճv Fiscal Responsibility & Budget management Act 2003 kdz l GDP lv JwJwkj DCճծ k 2010 muhճեl l vkj vճծ kj SJcl Pu nl. kdz l GDP lv JwJwkj cճ&ol JjCSkp hծ JwJ vkn lj 10 JwJwbkj vC, n Jճծ GuubIv Dn. yƵmlǮ Jcu Dn. yƵml mvu vճuճmcj vCծ JC kծj Jju? DL&J Ƶml ukCծ JC hϳlv Jju J? n mku Dn. Jbo mjJj 515 pvbhJ 234 pv Jճ&vkl Pu vnl Jbk jbiUu Dnl, DO&k h[v Dnl. lbkju Kծ&l ocohv k{ Pu Dn. ll Yծj Pu Dn, l kiUծ. pilJ yBJv hJuhbv Jp&-col v oCծ mbJl ou Dnl. DL& cb$uճv kj hhC JjCծ Uu Dn. kJml obhcC Jp&cH JjcH, mkml Jp& oTv hjmLlkj cl JjCծ DmcL&l kJwl Ju Dn. kJml oծ Bail-out JjCծ hl, hLcJl kiU DmCj. Dhu yumLvb, mkYk kƵb, mcpJ k jpJdz hjmLlǮ kծj Jv DL&J mbJlv ci& J{k uiu.
llhk& Dhu hjmLlǮ D{k IC i nF&u. obl cbo-(mll ov lcncO vJjlcJ kJm oj) Dn J cboǮ mbk Dn, slowdown Dn J meltdown Dn; kj DL&cb$, DL&cb$uճ k pv Dճiv IU Ilu Dn. vճ&l Jc Puv, Gk vmuv DvJ JjKv, lkj Dkubyv DmCj uIGi D[Cl Du Dnl. Ij ybOCv cj Kuu Dn. uK Jjij, J{, mlj, ncu yJj Pu Dnl. ikiklu yj yuloj yJjǮ ƵJj yvu Dnl. uKb[, mcb, inhճi kml, Kvp, l b Glhovbl I Pu Dn. mk #$u cboǮ mk&OJ PU hnu Dn. hճ&vu c HJ ymu Dn. onlkocU ko hkյbl I Pu Dn. lcublu uIGi k mkճbjpij #C nl Dn. vkv Gi GYjC Lb[ h[u Dn. vkv Jcij Yjl vn. SJ Jcv DbophcC 50 uK Jcijb mcj Dmllkծ hϵv GY jnu Dn. NSS DnkuhcC 1999-2000 cOu 7.3 JwJwkj Dmuu yJj 2004-2005 cO 8.3 JwJwkj iu Dmv Dl l 10 JwJwJ[ hnl Dn. Dkp[ Gi, Glhov- Manufacturing Activity cbokl Dnl. pilJ Jcij mbIv- ILOv Juu mbybOǮ Y< kojJ Dn. lb cl k<& kJml k kJmvյu olu kJm oj Jc Dmu. h{u k<& l DOJ Ku pF&u. Jcijb klv Jc nF&u. 0.8 JwJwkժv 0.5 JwJwkj Imju. kJm ojl SJ JwJwbv I Pum klvbl 1.55 JwJ I nF&u. yJjb mbKl c hcCl k{ nF&u; DiJ bll OJwl F&u. pilJ khjծ GojJjClv klv Jc nCծ Jwl DOJ. Kvp lu-i@m b ojlu {Glj, DVOv, luyճb bF&, pilJ DL&J mbJ, credit facility uvծ kvcճlu DvƵll k Dmclu, ciClu I cU pilJ khjkj khjl hjCc nF&u. Dճl k{u; o Gi mbJl lu k l k{u k o կlv DL&J mbJ i[o nF&u. Y<v [ȳl Dbpv h[uծ.
jPkn& yBJv DvJ hku Guv Gim (c) DOJ vO GhuyO Jv oCծ hϳlv Ju Dn. Ij ybOC, knv k Dkp[ Gi, vճ&lhOv Gi, Jh[Obo, hճYl #$lu Gi k Gihl Jj mkul, vճ&lm ouu mkul; #$lu uI k cOc Gibv nmlbljl JjCծ Jwl JcǮ. (yu kUkj v cUuv Dpj h[CN uI Gib mbK u#Cdz Dn.) lb hճեl Bail out Package Jm hnCj? DL&J kknjbl jJ[ liquidity Jc Puv, crunch Duv DL&J mbJ GY jnu; Dյ ccbm Ju pl. ci pu-D@imhճեl hlmbmLbJ[u Gob[ hm mhbyjcO J uhl Pu; kj JCǮ Y< Jjl vn. mhbyjcO DcjJlu hlmbmLbv okU J{lծ Lu Dj ypj, yBJ, hlmbmL nyJv iu, mbuJbv Gilv Dhu hm J{v Ilu. Jp& hjlH[yyl hlmbmL mյbJ Pu k lbv Jp& khl nl DK[l Ilu. mbYkl y[l Jp&H[Ǯ Dյkmv ouƵkճ DOJ jJ[ GhuyO Jv oC F nCj vn. Jp& nhl hjlH[Ǯ Dյkmv mvv Ilu k hlmbmLbv L[ pKc risk hlJju lj DOJ jJ[ GhuyO Jv ouծ Hճo nF&u. Jj y[kCj, JkCj b svv Jv hm Dv$ kUku pl vn v; ծ JJj J v Jum mkuu Ghճ Yծjծ jim JjCYl nF&u. ciC k{l vmlv hlhjk k{kC OJwծ jCծ Jwl DOJ; llv cniF& c$ k{u. kp ojl Jhl k Jjmkul bn mbybO k{l ciCǵǮ Dn. onlkocU iblkCJkj khjl hjCc nlu; ծ oKu IkǮ uiu. ciC k{kC; pvl յJwl k{kC; YklǮ Jjmkul, Jp&mkul k Jp&cH b kծj Pu hnp. DcjJv mvv Bail out u kjO Jv hϵmvmcj ibYj mcm GY Ju Dnl. vpJ JUl GpJ mkulb hjCc omv Du vn lj lL pvlծ hv Gu.
Gi-Obo Dp yvkCJ[ Ju, yBJb cnyBJl hblj JjCծ IF&, hijblu Yjcm k{, biUkoծ kj<c; n DcjJ DL&J mbJծ JjC Dmu; lj hcK JjC Dn; hjmLlǮ mJuv kծj Jv vC& ICծ k Dcul DCCծ #cl Dmuu vllkծ DYk! Bail out DkյJl hkv oCl lbv յ Du vn. `DƵճճ jbv hJkk k DhC Kk' n hjmLl youCծ Jkl vmuu vllk; n Kj JjC Dn. pvll, Gi #$l Dlckյkm GlhV JjCj, pKc ICm lճj Dmuu Kbyj vllk; n JUp ijp Dn. monetary Policy-hl hjk k lkj DbJ kCN jPkn& yBJkj pyyoj uu pl Dn. (RBI was baised towards stimulating growth-P. Chidemberam) Fiscal Policy-kdz OjCծ Jbm Oժv Jj (Jhl) jv, hϵmvlu Dkpk Kծ& Jc Jv Government spending-Expenditure kj Yj oTv pvl յJwl k{kCծ hcCJ hϳlv Pu hnp. DmbIl #$lu mk& Jcijbv mOjl Jcv klv oC; n յJwl k{kCծ Ghճ Dn. mcj 45 J pvl Market economy mbybO vn. lծ ojjpծ GlhV Dn; 15 . Dl. lbv cnvlu Jcv 20 okm Jc cUu k ojjp Jcv 60 . cpj cUu Dյ Jc m Jjk uilu. c njbv p[Cj cnci& j k<եl 20 JwJwծ h{ iu vnl. v p[Cծ Jc jpJdz mkmLv jK[u Dn. yboj DC hjmj kJmծ Jc Diϯcv nl Ik uilu. mPu Jjh$ Jv mcv hϵmvծ oKjKKu DCk uiu. jdz icC jpij pv DOJ hjCcJjJ JjCm pu-mbOjC, YmbOjC, clmmbkO&v, kv<O mbihv b pvbl mck Jjk uiu. pvblv social asset GlhV JjCծ u# kk uiu. hճYl pv k mk #$l effective Kծ& JjCծ pժj Dn. ipjl jpv 6.7 uK nJwj #j pcvl JHճlյj uik[Ǯ blJjJ pv nl Ilu Dn. Ol&kj icC Yibl kJm Jճ&c nl Ik uilu. mcplu lUiUծ, vO&vb h<Cm jvbi kkmL yUJ Jum Dbli&l bll k mkkmL jKCm cuծ col nF&u. Ovob[i, m ouu DC vk[v Cծ #cl n SJck Jm DmCNbv oj kv ypu, hC DC m[J b kJmծ Doc FsյJwl Dmuu Kbyj, pvll k GpJbl Dlckյkm GlhV JjCj vllk nk; h<K, GLU, hmlJ vllk vJ! mbc nk! Dhu DL&kkmL cul: yUJ Dn. ijp Dn mpC, O vllkծ!
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