jJJj , 14 pvJj 2007
vWo
[@. D. j. kukCa
mljJ Mlkl s$hl MJp cnjpbv lj kv Iluu `jpJJnj kM`vblj cjl Slnmk yob JUJU Yj h[l iu. l yob Sk k kju nJ pCJ Flnm DYmkbv Dmu lj k&ynucU l lbv kw Pu vn. n ƵJOv< huu l mnlmc v. E. kUkjb kv h$ . v. kUkj bv. 1962 cO m Puu lb Slnmk yok omj DJ= vklǮ m Pu Dn, lvc

MyokM kUkj
cnj^ kMhjbhj Hj pv Dn. cK kjC vjvjU vcv hjkdz uk Yjll Du, L JmlJ ku, jp ku. lcU mJYJk lb Y<lu Myo, Jkwj cjl DhYbM hv Du DC l { Pu. F.m. mlJ Mlkl Lc Jhj箳 vcv Yjl箳 hƽc kvNJj Djy Du, vblj lk&, ciu, hl&ip, Fbp Du, YjlJj lb jpkdz J&mJn kn kU kv jnu. lcU Dio oJkuhmv, cnCp 12 l 14 Mlkhmv HMa Myob Jhj cj Y<l nT uiu.
mljJ Mlkl s$hl MJp cnjpbv mJoM, mJOc& DC mJY< j#CL& `cnj^ jp mLhv ku` lJn jpkjYjl DC ovbov JJnjl Duu Dvk Hma, Djy, lka- cnCp vJ Myobv
 

h& mbmk=l DLJ k=l Myo pC kuhv lbv mu DC llv jpY<kvblj (1674) lbv `jpJJnj kM` lj kjCm jIvL vjC nCcbl hb[l v ku. jpJJnj kM箳 on mi&l 1380 Hma- oKKv Go& Myo Du Dmv, lb h& mbmk=l k=l Myo mJu Dnl.
DL&l jpJJnjkM lj Pu lj h$JJnjlu DLJ J*ddclu Hma Myob Jhj kc Pu Dm vn. vv H[Cmv 1772-73 mcjm Fbiub[ yoMnu unuu s cj h$l 57 Hma Myo Du Dnl. Hma Myo h$l hju cnCp Y< DOk { J yyoj nl, DM l kU mcpl DmJ. lcU Hma Y< DYmkbv- h$uKkbv uk `hjmvm` Jkvm (Jkd-Jl&, vJm- uKk) cnCv DUK uiu. Slnmk J*ddc JM<l: yKj, Mnj J*ddc, ukJ*ddc, mblJ*ddc l Hma, oKKv Eno Myo Jhu cCl Du. ovbov JJnjl JM<l: h<K, i=nhi Jml, mbil, uKv Flo J<l Hma Myo cjl Du. GonjCL& Fcjl, pv, cpu, oJCKv, yi, pcv, Pi, Pyu, lcv, hpc, hhm, p[, oj, jpF&, Ka, cp, lyk, mcF&, iuyoC, hml, yoc, cvk, huJ, [H, {u, lyu, vij, kuc, ol, kio, oHwlj Flo Myo DhC mnphC ovbov JJnjl Jhjl.
yM kUl jpklv cj Myob DL& mcpJv ICm DC cj vkjojbv Fbp Y< hj kv oCm, F&m Fb[ kbhvǮ u<kj DC Flj Klblu mJkbv cj-Fbp, Fbp-cj Dm kM lj ku. vblj Jnvm j@y& kv[ (1747- 1846), pcm . cumJL& (1795-1872) L@cm kB[, S. S. Jumv Flo JRv lj kuu kM GuuK kjl F&u.
yM jpJl cjbv Dhu Flnm mcjC nT v cnCv jbYǮ kUl, pb Flnm mOv, Fbpbv k[kuhl yboml kv Ju DC cj hb[lbv DLJ mbMOkbv mjkj oHwljKvl JM c&ol ku. vyOcU Flnm mbMOkbv yKj, IjC kio iU kjC cnc m ku. l cKv kMvL vjC mv (1851- 1927), JmoJ Jcv KjMm$ (1858-1924), JvL kMvL jpJ[ (1863-1926) DC o$ yUJbl hjmvm (1870- 1926) bv Slnmk mOvb mbkuv DC kMv Flo kc hjchJ&k kv Dhu ijJMu Flnm phv JC Hj cu kcij ku.
mOv GhuyO Pu, hC l Slnmk omlSJpl Dvk Hma, Go& Flo `Jv` Myob YjC Jhu cCl Dmuv DYmkbv l h$b Jv kjC DC DL& uJC kC J uiu. Flnm& jpJ[ b u#l n i Du nl. hjbl, kioh$ iU kjCm lbv Kh Ykbl kjJ uil nl DC lb kMvm Hj hjc kjJ uil nl. n kc Dlbl DJMk Dmuv, Slnmk MyokM lj kjC箳 kck[ lbv nJ lJ{ vJbl JU cUu vn. c$ Dhu `cjb Flnm mOv` cuk DJ Kb[箳 mlJvl cj kioh$blu Hma Myob cC J< Jml=l JJv kv Skkj Slnmk MyokM DJMkl J ku nl.
. cOJ E$yk hJO&v
. hJO&v bv jpJ[ b mӮv hhjJ kjC v ku DC 1925 mu Hma- cj kM m kv jpJ[b kuhvu cl& mJh oC DC FlnmcR DYmb ci&lu D[C oj kjC mll on J<x lv kv Sk Dlbl GodyOk DM 30 hv mlJv unv n kM Yjl Flnm mbMOk cb[U箳 mJdz bLculHx (cbk 29) m ku.
Yjl Flnm mbMOv cb[U mLhv 1910 mu jpJ[bv ku. l mcjm cOJjJ hJO&v hC箳 v FbiuM s$ucO nl. Dhu mlJvl l cnCll, ``Hma cjJj k mbmkj Pu h{ DYm kjJ, Dm nl cvl Ov 1915 mu Hma kUphJ&k DYm m ku DC mcj 4~~-5 J<hJa kM kc m nTv Dpclm kM shvn Puu Dn.`` cOJjJ hJO&v n Yb.F.mb.c. mom nl DC mll kMm lbv GhuyO ynlk mJ& mnl, yKj, KjMm$, jpJ[, hjmvm b bL, cb[U kMv b Jv ku nl, n lb mlJvJv mh nl. jpJ[ DC cOJjJ b l# Y Pu nl k, DC n kM jC lbv jpJ[ bhmv Ilu k, n mcpCm ci& vn, hjbl lbv bL箳 `GhodIl` Hmalv cjl Duu JkjC JM< DC `Myom` jbYǮ kjCblv, DC Myob DL& olv l k Du Dn l `DJljC` oTv l Myo Slnmk mhkjC kjC p lv ku Dn lJv lbv Skbv SJ{ hjc, l SJ{ JJmLv kjJ n lbm Dlbl Y<CJn Dmv, J< l mJ祮 OvJom h$ Pu Dnl. l mbM vn. n o Jcv hlojb mlJvlu Mmlh$ Dio mL& Dn.
MJbl vjEmn kUkj
. v. kUkj n mnlmc v. E. kUkjb kv h$ DC Flnm DC J*ddc jmk DYmk. Uk cnj^ Jh J*ddc JMjo (J.J.) n hoJ mbhov kv kn kU mlN箳 kvMUl cmljk ku. Dhu uKv nm lbv mlNlu `Skw` mhlnkl uKv kv hjJv Ilu. Flnm DJ[ lbv uKvcU vc&C Pu. Slnmk hJ[, uJC b lbv DYm kv h{ lJj bLn unu. JmF& cnc, Flnmlu mnu, nUkjb kHl Flo lb FlnmJju bL m Dnl. `kmj` J=h$l lbv kn kU Ghmbhok cnCv kcn ku. mjomb jmlJj lbv 1930-32 kUl `kmj`l D oI& klck uK unu. c$ jmmlkjbv pJn lbv hMJ oHwljl kc kjCm Dcb$C ou lJn lbv c Dvbov l mJkj ku DC hMJ oHwljlu Dvk kio Jv l vJ[lv DC llu Myob DL& uJlv lbv p hjc kjJ uiu llv Slnmk MyokM pvc Pu. h$b Jv kjlv lbv hJO&vb Hma-cj kM mll h{ JJ ui. hC hJO&vb kM Hma Y<hjl nl. Slnmk h$ J*ddcl Flj Dvk DhjƮl Myo l nl. lcU hJO&vb kM lbv Dhj h[ uiu DC Dio 1930 muhmv vJ Ola `Slnmk MyokM` lj kjC kuhv lb cvl cU O uiu. hJO&vbv Iuv ouu hlcC Slnmk J*ddclu DhjƮl Myo l pL Du nl l Jkwmn lbv iU kjCm jbY ku. kU箳 DIl lb youuu DL&n u#l Ilu DC mll 25-30 J<x hjc kv 1962 mu ov Kb[l hbOj npj Myob `Slnmk MyokM` m ku. b[ kM箳 mbhov pyyoj uKv Jv Yb[j mbuk i. u. kU bv mJkju DC Flnm mbMOkb c ijp YiJu. kMl mcJ Dmuu hbOj npj Myo lbv mcj 350 Slnmk bLlv DC kn Dm kioh$blv vJ[u. kMm Myo vJ[C n SJ{ kc kv YiCmjK vJnl. l Myo Jlh oC, l DL& mboY& kbml ITv uJC DC lm l p Jkwl- DJljCl Du Dn l DJljC oC Flk Kh kjJ uil Dm. n Dhj k kc, Dvk D[CRv lW[ oTv hojc[ kv kjJ uil nl. kUkjb n kc hnv, FbpǮ [kwMvj lj kjCN p@vmv DJC nl. p@vmv DUK pM `[kwMvj p@vmv` cnCv { Pu Dn, lMǮ kUkjb DUK `MyokM kUkj` cnCv jnu. MyokM 1962 mu m Pu, lj vJv m Puu bL DLJ vpjlv muu bLb Jv kjC DC Myo iU kjC DC lJj mbmkj kjC kUkjb kc DJjlhC uӮ nl. DmbK Ʈ-hC lj Pu nl. Sk hjJC kM Yju Flk mc l nl. hC kUkjbv kc mbhu Dn Dm Jl vJnl. hjJC Kb[ Y< l kjl vml EkJ lM ciC kum lu lmo ol vml. DM mcj 4000 Myob vWo lj nl. moJv lb ƮjbpJ Jvk kUkjbv phv Ju nl...
1962 hnu DJ= vIu l Dl o|cU Pu nl. cjb Flnm箳 DYm箳 k# Duk[ boJl uu Dnl. cjb Flnm- mcpk- mbmk=lk DYm Dl Dbljj^dz mljJj hnu nl. hC 1994 mu kUkjb vOvvblj MyokM箳 DJ=Ǯ Y<n ci h[u. 2002 mu lb pvcMlyovc Sko Jj Pu, hC k&Jn Pu vn. lk hmlk kn i Dml. [cb[ hyukMvm o$ ib. h, bv Yjldz Flnm DvmbOv hj<o ouu (ICHR) 11 hmlk DuhJOl k{u. lvcv lb Glmn DC kn lj YjJ kcij kjC p hnv c mnp lbk[ kUkjb kM Jj k{u. lbv hnu ykl l cv ku DC DJI lv-j cnvb kuJOl Dhu kMv mbmL 100 J hmlk cnCv hC Jh cvJj kui [@. vjW pOJ b MYnml l kMv ku. lJn MJOv< Guu mcOv lb nNJj oml nl.
Slnmk MyokM : uKk : . v. kUkj.
mOjl omj DJ= 2006.
hv 1500, kbcl 1800 h
[cb[ hyukMvm, hC.