jJJj, 4 HyJj 2007

`j$Ǯ DkM k=<CJCa k?` n mcj lvM J<x Mm$%bv h[uu Mv... Mv箳 Dvk Gjbhk Sk Gj Dm k, j$Ǯ DkM lpmJ kjCm uiCj DJMk Tp& JcO DmllJl vn. kjC Jlu mJ& Jmlb Tpxl hblj ku lj l MvKu 253 DbM mumDmh# pml kOǮ nCj vn...
j$ DbOj k Dml? EkJ j$Ǯ DkM kU k Dml? n Mv JjCN JǮ mbYJv koƮl cK& cnCv ku pF&u. n Mv DioǮ nmmho DC yuM Dn, Dm JCn mbYJ Dn. Mvb Gj Yulb mhb Dn. j$ DkMl mӳ& vml DC DhC h=LJǮ o mJul mh[l, cnCv j$ mJ&$ DbOj Dml. hC Mvb Gj Flkb mhb vn. mcj 300 J<x Mvv Dvk cc Mm$%bv k[l kub nlb. khuj, n@u, n<&u Jij KiuMm$lu oiipbv Dhhu hjv, j$Ǯ DkM kU k Dml, Mv Gj oC lv ku nl. mjlMJ JmJ Mlk箳 GjO&l Mv mk Gj mh[u.
J Jmlj Dc&o Dn, DM vv Jmbkuhv nl. DM Jl DhC kn GY jnu lj mYJj mJ& oMbv lNb pC kn pbiu hmju Dn, Dm Dhuu Ym nF&u. llu kn lj Dhu pJU, lj kn Dhuhmv DlM oj DbljJj Dmlu. lm pbiulu J=#bcC pJU DmCj lj lb ciu lNbv Pkv klu. pJU DmCN lNbk[v Dhuu pml kM cUu, lj oj oj DbljJju lNb kM ccv cbo nl pF&u. hjmhjb J oMbv DmCN lNb kM

 

Jpyk v nl vnc yjp nCj. mcp- J DhjJl&vdz Dn DC lcOu lNb Ivl- cnCp l Iv DJkMl Dmuu lNb mbK mJ& Jl mcv Dmu, lj Jmll: Jlu mJ& lNbk[v Dhuu cUCN SkC kM cC b[ Dmu nJ. DL& Dm k, j$ Dm J oJm, DkM Kj lpv lUhu hnp. l#l c$ j$Ǯ DkM k=<CJCa oml. DcJm oJM lj l DCKv i[o kU oml. n biu JjOYm Dn. Mm$dz lk& J l# JmlmLl cOu n lHJl u#Cdz Dn. `D@uym& h@j@[@kwm` vJv n JjOYm mm Dn. hjbl nvjǮ D@uym& Dioj kcv 250 J<x JjOYm Gj MOC lv u nl.
mUJ Mlkl kh|vkmv mӳ&kW J mbkuhv cb[u DC mj KiuMm$dz Ʈ$ youu. lJUhl J kW cnCv cvlhl Dmuu h=LJ mLvY Pu. Jl mӳ&mjK DmbK lj Dmu hnpl, n in mh Pu. lcU L@cm oim n yM KiuMm$% j$ k=<CJCa omCN DkMv Lc Ju. mbybOlu Dhu cl lv 1576 mu vWoJv Ju Dn. J Dvbl Dmv, lcO DmbK lj Dmlu lj Dloj DbljJju lj Dhuu DlM DbOk omlu J lbk[v Dhuu hjm kM cUCj vn. lcU j$Ǯ DkM k=<CJCa omu, Dm oim Jo nl.
KiuMm$l khuj n Sk c vJ Dn. n mӳ&YJl oI&Jl&Ukj ci&v YcC kjll, n i Lc khujv voM&vu DCu. nb mӳ&YcC lv vc lv 1610 mu m ku. J Jmlj Dvbl Dn, Jj khuj Jm vJnl. J Dvbl DC Dc&o Dmu J lcO DmbK lj Dmlu, lj j$Ǯ DkM kMv PUUu hnp. p DLa l j$ k=<CJCa oml, l DLa J c&ol Dmu hnp, hC l箳 mJ& ypbv k=<CJCa h[ DJjC DmJ, Dm khuj cl nl.
S[cb[ n@u n vv Km oml nl. vv mm `vmhD` n bL n@uv hojc[ kv shu. hJa DkMl Ockl i Pu k ukb Iyjib[ G[. Ockl knlj Dh yjyj ITv ll, DM mcvpvb K$ nl. Dvk Ockl JjbJj mӳ&u Y oCm l Dmll, n i Lc n@u v m ku. 1721 mu vv箳 DO#lKu- j$Ǯ DkM k=<CJCa k oml, Jj n@uv Sk JKv ou. oj lNb Sk$l kM pJU lNbh# kc Dml J pJU lj oj lNbv Pkll. lcU j$ hjm kM cUl vn, Dm n@uv Dhu Y<Cl lhov ku nl. cnJ i DM k, vvv mbybOl kCln cl k ku vn.
SkCmJ Mlk Gp[u lj `j$Ǯ DkM k=<CJCa k?` Mv mch&k Gj mh[u vn. l kUl nvjǮ D@uym& vJ Sk pc&v [@kwj Mv Jj kjl nl. D@uym& JJmv [@kwj Dmu lj DkMJ[ nl. lv Dhu Ij箳 DJjl Sk JOMU ybOu nl. h Ockl DC ov uIn nM KiuMm$%箳 vJJj pc Dnl. Skboj 18 Ocklb YcCk# lv vƽl ku nl. DJkMl JJO kj Jb J OukCb DmllJ Dml. lNbv Glm|pl kuu kM J DC OukCbcO M<u pl DC hjCcl: j$Ǯ DkM k=<CJCa oml, Dm Dhu cl D@uym& v 1823 mu vco kv Ju nl. h{ 1848 mu n<&uv Dm m ku k, lNbv Glm|pl kuu kM DJkMlu J M<v Il Dmlu lj l kubljv biu lhl nlu J DbllilJ mJl: kM Glm|pl k uilu. DL&l n<&u箳 lJov D@uym& lhov uk h[u. c$, `j$Ǯ DkM k=<CJCa k?` n JjOYm h{ D@uym& vJv DUKu pT uiu.
S[ij D@uv h vJ Sk mm kJ Dcjkl nTv iu. Kjb lj l KiuMm$M ojvJvn mbybO vJnl. 1848 mu l `jk` vJ Sk kJ m Pu. D& i DM k, kJl S[ij D@uv h cnCl k, ojoj lNb kM Dpv Dhuhl Tv hnuu vn. cnCv j$Ǯ DkM Dhuu k=<CJCa oml. h JOvl h<kU lL Dn. kjC Dm k, Sk JM c&ohl Dhuu J oM&v nl. l箳huk[ J DhC hn Mkl vn. cnCp lLv vIuu kM Dhuhl Dpv hnuu vn. [ n@Fu n Duk[ kUlu vJpuu KiuMm$% nl. J Jmlj nl Dmu MO 1929 muǮ S[Jv nyu bv uJu nl. [ n@Fu bv J Jmlj nl Dn, n i cv nl; hC l mLjmLl J hjmklx nl. J nl Dmuu Jmlj n j$ k=<CJCa Dmu cK kjC Dn, Dm 1955 mu n@Fu bv Lc mƮl ku. J Jmlj nl DmucU oj DbljJju lNb Dhuk[ CN kM ljbi- uby J{l J lb Tp& kc nl. kju `lcm=l` EkJ `j[MHw` Dm vJ Dn. DL&l lcU oj DbljJv CN kMk[ j$ GpUv ku SJ{ Tp& Muuk vml.
`j$Ǯ DkM k=<CJCa k?` JjOYm vjkjC kjCj Jj GuuKuu kn Gj hC&l: kǮ Dnl, lj kn DbMl: yjyj Dnl. hC hC& yjyj Dmuu Skn Gj vn. mO Jlu l Ivcj DJkMl mjmj Sk n[^pv DC Dn. mcp- Jlu mJ& Jmlb Tpxl hblj ku, lj iClv Dm m kjl l k, J lhcv Mv箳 Ku 253 DbM mumDmh# pml nCj vn. DL& Dm k, j$Ǯ DkM lpmJ kjCFlhl Tp& JcO DmllJl vn. `j$Ǯ DkM k=<CJCa k?` JjOYm n Kj Gj Dn.